Kenya News Agency

The Kenya News Agency (KNA) is a government-run national news agency created in 1963.[1] Its headquarter is in Nairobi and it is run by the Department of Information, Ministry of Information Communication and Technology. News reports are created by KNA reporters in 72 county and sub-county offices and disseminated from the National Editorial Desk (Press Office) in Nairobi to subscribers made up of news media companies in Kenya and around the world. Their services also include Electronic/TV News Unit, Mobile Cinema and Photographic Services.[2]

Pre-Independence

The work of the Kenya News Agency as a national news gathering operation began decades earlier with the Kenya Information Service (KIS) formed in 1939 to disseminate information on World War II.[3] In 1945, after the war, the service changed its name to the African Information Service (AIS) and it served as an information unit mainly for the white settlers of the colonial British government.[4]

Between 1953 and 1954 the African Information Services became the Department of Information with the appointment of the first Director of Information and the first press officers. The new Department consisted of several sections – Administrative, African, Press, Films and Photographs, Provincial Organizations and Information and Reference.[5] It was administered from the Office of the Chief Secretary, at the time Richard Turnbull. The Department of Information served mainly as a propaganda machine especially during the state of emergency between 1954 - 1960.[6]

After Independence

In 1962 in the lead up to independence, the Department was moved to the Ministry of State for Constitutional Affairs and Administration under then Hon. Mr. Ronald G. Ngala. On December 5, 1963, the Kenya News Agency was created. On December 12, 1963 Kenya attained self-rule and the Office of the Prime Minister was established with Hon. Mzee Jomo Kenyatta as the first Prime Minister of Kenya. Kenyatta convened his cabinet with the Hon. R. Achieng Oneko as the first Minister for Information, Broadcasting and Tourism. The Ministry’s functions then included Information Service (including Publications & Photographic Services) and the then newly created Kenya News Agency and Press Office.[7]

As a state-owned agency the Kenya News Agency was expected to project a positive image of Kenya and promote the work of the Government.[8] With a national network, the Agency was initially the primary source of news report from outside the capital Nairobi, but as the road networks expanded and internet infrastructure improved, access to the rural areas became easier and more affordable for private sector news organisation to send their own reporters to cover news outside Nairobi.

In 2016 Kenya News Agency made its historic image collection (more than 50,000 images) available online through a public portal Urithi.[9] Urithi also includes audio and video content sourced from the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation.

Publications

The Kenya News Agency has in the past produced the following publications:[10]

  • Habari [1921 Monthly]
  • Habari za Vita (News of the War) [Weekly]
  • Baraza [1939]
  • Pamoja [1939]
  • Kenya Today

References

  1. ^ A Guide to the Contents of the, Kenya National Archives and Documentation Service. pp. Part 1, p. 1 to 22.
  2. ^ Kenya News Agency: Products and Services
  3. ^ Gadsden, Fay (1986-01-01). "Wartime Propaganda in Kenya: The Kenya Information Office, 1939-1945". The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 19 (3): 401–420. doi:10.2307/218973. JSTOR 218973.
  4. ^ Sriramesh, Krishnamurthy; Vercic, Dejan (2009-01-13). The Global Public Relations Handbook, Revised and Expanded Edition: Theory, Research, and Practice. Routledge. ISBN 9781135845544.
  5. ^ Office, Colonial (1955-01-01). Report on the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya for the Year 1954 (1st. ed.). Colonial Office.
  6. ^ Sriramesh, Krishnamurthy; Vercic, Dejan (2009-01-13). The Global Public Relations Handbook, Revised and Expanded Edition: Theory, Research, and Practice. Routledge. ISBN 9781135845544.
  7. ^ "A guide to the contents of the Kenya National Archives & Documentation Service in SearchWorks". searchworks.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
  8. ^ Kalu, Onuka (1989). Modern Journalism in Africa: A Newspaperman Looks at His Profession. Kalsam West Africa.
  9. ^ "More Than Half A Million Images From The Kenya News Agency's Archives Are Now Available Online". iAfrikan. 2016-11-10. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  10. ^ RURAL PRESS/PUBLICATIONS

External links

Agenzia Fides

Agenzia Fides is the news agency of the Vatican. It is based in the Palazzo de Propaganda Fide in Vatican City. It is part of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. It was formed on June 5, 1927, as the first missionary news agency of the Roman Catholic Church and was approved by Pope Pius XI.

Bush Mwale

Bush Mwale (born November 7, 1993) is a Kenyan rugby sevens player. He competed for Kenya at the 2016 Summer Olympics. He was named in the squad for the Wellington and Las Vegas Sevens of the 2014–15 Sevens World Series.Mwale missed out on selection for the 2016 Las Vegas and Vancouver sevens tournaments because of a knee injury.

Cyclone Nadia

Cyclone Nadia was a powerful tropical cyclone that struck both Madagascar and Mozambique in March 1994. It formed on March 16 and moved westward for the first ten days of its duration. Warm waters and low wind shear allowed for the storm to gradually strengthen. After developing a well-defined eye, Nadia intensified to reach winds of 175 km/h (110 mph 10 minute sustained) early on March 22, according to Météo-France (MF). In contrast, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) estimated winds of about 220 km/h (140 mph 1 minute sustained). On March 23, the cyclone struck northern Madagascar, causing flooding and localized damage where it moved ashore. There were 12 deaths in the country. Nadia emerged into the Mozambique Channel as a weakened storm, although it reintensified slightly before making landfall in northeastern Mozambique on March 24. The storm turned southward through the country, emerging over water on March 26. It turned to the northeast and meandered over waters before dissipating on April 1.

Damage was heaviest in Mozambique, estimated at about $20 million (1994 USD). Cyclone Nadia severely affected four provinces in the country, primarily Nampula Province where it moved ashore. There, 85% of the houses were destroyed, and across its path, the cyclone left 1.5 million people homeless. High winds caused widespread power outages, left areas without water, and significantly damaged crops, notably the cashew crop. The storm struck before the harvest, and lack of food resulted in 300 deaths in the months after the storm. Across Mozambique, Nadia directly caused 240 deaths and injured thousands. Effects spread as far inland as Malawi.

Gucha River

Gucha River, referred to as the River Kuja by Luo community originates in the highlands of Kiabonyoru in Nyamira County passing through the heart of Gucha District running west through Migori country where it is joins the Migori River and flows as the Kuja-Migori River into Lake Victoria.

As it runs across the Gusii Land part of it becomes the Mogonga River, known for its deadly effects when it floods. Mogonga and Gucha are almost equal in size and they meet just 1 mile before flowing through the Ogembo Town center.

The Gucha-Migori river changed its course near its mouth in 2001-2002, moving north to its present location.About 45 km from Migori, the Gogo Falls dam was completed in 1956 with a hydropower capacity of 2MW, connected to the Kenyan national grid.

The dam is operated by Kenya Electricity Generating Company (Kengen).

In 2014, Kenyan government announced an upgrade to the dam, to increase capacity to 12MW, regulate flow to prevent flooding, and allow irrigation of approximately 25,000ha.

As of February 2016, the Orango irrigation intake and canals have been built downstream of the dam for the use of Okenge and Owiro farmers in Migori County, but construction of distributary channels have been delayed.The Gogo Falls archaeological site is located near the dam.

Irungu Kang'ata

Irungu Kang'ata is a Kenyan politician and the Senator for Murang'a County. Kang'ata is a Law graduate from The University of Nairobi and a principal in the firm Irungu Kangata & Co. Advocates located at Flamingo Towers 4th floor , Upperhill ,Nairobi. He is the immediate former member of parliament for Kiharu Constituency and a former Councillor for Central Ward in Murang'a town.He is a PhD (Law ) researcher at University of Nairobi and he teaches law at Catholic University of Eastern Africa,Nairobi.

Julius Muthamia

Julius Muthamia (1933/34 – October 7, 2015) was a Kenyan businessman and former politician who represented Meru in the original Senate of Kenya from its establishment in 1963 until its abolition in 1966; he subsequently served in the Parliament of Kenya, where he was Assistant Minister for Agriculture and Livestock Development in the government of Daniel arap Moi.

He also served as the chairman of the traditional Njuri Ncheke council, of the Horticultural Development Authority, and of the Uchumi supermarket chain.Muthamia died at the age of 81 on October 7, 2015.

Kimaiyo Sego

Kimaiyo Karoney Arap Sego (born September 1952) is a lawyer and a former prominent politician from Kenya. Between 1988 and 1992, he served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Tinderet Constituency and briefly as Minister of Commerce in the Moi government. He also served as Chairman of the Kenyan National Anti-corruption Campaign Steering committee.

Kiserian Dam

Kiserian dam is a water catchment project by the government of Kenya located in Kiserian Town, Keekonyokie Ward.

The dam construction started in 2008 and ended 2013.The dam has a height of 18 metres and a capacity of 1.8 million litres.

This project was set up in order to overcome water challenges in Kajiado county and parts of Nairobi county. The dam has a daily supply capacity of 15,700 cubic metres and is currently supplying domestic water in constituencies in Kajiado north and kajiado west. It's under maintenance by Oloolaiser water and sewage company who are also in charge of water and sewage treatment and supply. The dam has a water treatment storage of 5000 m³ and serves over 253,000 residents.

Kiserian dam relies on four seasonal rivers, two which originate from Ngong Hills.

List of news agencies

News agencies were created to provide newspapers with information about a wide variety of news events happening around the world. Initially the agencies were meant to provide the news items only to newspapers, but with the passage of time the rapidly developing modern mediums such as radio, television and Internet too adapted the services of news agencies.

Founded in 1835 as Agence Havas, and changing its' name in 1944 Agence France-Presse (AFP) is the world's oldest news agency, and is the third largest news agency in the modern world after the Associated Press (AP) and Reuters. Founded in 1846, Associated Press (AP) was founded in New York in the U.S. as a not-for-profit news agency. Associated Press was challenged by the 1907 creation of United Press Associations by E.W. Scripps and the International News Service in 1909 by William Randolph Hearst. United Press absorbed INS to form United Press International in 1958. In 1851 Reuters was founded in England and is now the second largest news agency in the world with over 2000 offices across the globe. With the advent of communism in Russia, Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) was founded in 1925. Xinhua was later founded as Red China News Services in the Chinese Soviet Republic. Political change in the Third World resulted in a new wave of information dissemination and a series of news agencies were born out of it. These agencies later formed their own Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool (NANAP), which served as a premiere information service in the Third World.

Makutano, West Pokot, Kenya

Makutano is a settlement in Kenya's West Pokot County.

Mbiyu Koinange

Peter Mbiyu Koinange (1907 – 3 September 1981) was a politician from Kenya. He served in the government and cabinet of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, for 16 years. During this time, he held the post of Member of Parliament for the Kiambaa constituency and the portfolios of Minister of State for Education, External Affairs, Pan-African Affairs, as well as Minister of State in the Office of the President.

Media Council of Kenya

The Media Council of Kenya is an independent national institution established by the Media Act, 2007 as the leading institution in the regulation of media and in the conduct and discipline of journalists in Kenya. It is mandated amongst other to register and accredit journalists, register media establishments, handle complaints from the public and create and publish yearly media audit on the Media Freedom in Kenya. During accreditation the journalists agree to adhere to the Code of Conduct and Practice of Journalism in Kenya, which was created by media practitioners and stakeholders with the view of making Journalism in Kenya a more professional and respectable field.

Prior to the Media Act 2007, the Media Council of Kenya was a self-regulatory body formed in 2004 by media stakeholders to regulate the media and prevent Government from creating a regulatory body. It was only after agreements between the Government of Kenya and the Media stakeholders in Kenya did it convert from a Self-Regulatory to a Statutory body in 2007.

Council membership is drawn from media stakeholders in Kenya including the Media Owners Association, Kenya Union of Journalists, Kenya Correspondents Association, Kenya Editors Guild, Public Relations Society of Kenya, Kenya News Agency, Private and Public Universities, the Kenya Institute of Mass Communication and the Law Society of Kenya.

Nathif Adam

Dr. Nathif Jama Adam (Somali: Nadiif Jaamac Aadan, Arabic: نظيف جامع آدم‎) is a Kenyan banker, writer and politician. He previously served as a Senior Vice President and the Head of the Sharjah Islamic Bank's Investments & International Banking Division, and as the managing director of the First Community Bank. He also co-authored the first book on sukuk investments. In March 2013, Adam was elected Governor of Garissa County.

News agency

A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters. A news agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.

Although there are many news agencies around the world, three global news agencies, Agence France-Presse (AFP), Associated Press (AP) and Reuters, have offices in most countries of the world and cover all areas of information. All three began with and continue to operate on a basic philosophy of providing a single objective news feed to all subscribers; they do not provide separate feeds for conservative or liberal newspapers. Jonathan Fenby explains the philosophy:

To achieve such wide acceptability, the agencies avoid overt partiality. Demonstrably correct information is their stock in trade. Traditionally, they report at a reduced level of responsibility, attributing their information to a spokesman, the press, or other sources. They avoid making judgments and steer clear of doubt and ambiguity. Though their founders did not use the word, objectivity is the philosophical basis for their enterprises – or failing that, widely acceptable neutrality.

Ofafa

Ofafa is a southeastern neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya in a low income, high-density area generally known as the Eastlands. Politically it belongs to Makadara Constituency. In the mid-1950s the Quakers erected a building in Ofafa to act as a hub for individual craftspeople making and selling furniture. It is also known for its Jericho school.

Early housing estates there were part of Erica Mann's planning work in the 1940s and 1950s. The Ofafa Jerusalem scheme created two-storey blocks of maisonettes that were connected to the electrical supply, had an internal water supply and sanitation, and were surrounded by ample open space. The 1950s Ofafa Jericho estate was built in a similar style but now houses about 50,000 people: five times more than it was intended for. People are living in poor quality iron sheet extensions and water and waste management are inadequate.Ofafa was named after Ambrose Ofafa, a prominent politician who received a Colonial Service award on the 1953 Coronation Honours list, and was murdered in November of the same year.

Phares Oluoch Kanindo

Phares Oluoch Kanindo (born 29 November 1942-died 24 May 2014) was a veteran politician in Kenya.

He served as a member of parliament from 1979 to 1988, when the then president Moi prorogued parliament after the attempted 1982 coup. This he served in the larger Homa Bay Constituency, now divided into two constituencies (Rongo and Rangwe)

During that time, Kanindo was appointed to serve in the then government as an Assistant Minister in the Ministry of Education.

Kanindo is the son of the late Andrea Anindo.

Rebecca Joshua Okwaci

Rebecca Joshua Okwaci is a South Sudanese politician, and the Minister of Telecommunications and Postal Services in the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. She is a "prolific peace campaigner and advocate of women's roles in peace", and she is a founder member of several Sudanese, South Sudanese or pan-African women's organisations, including being the Secretary-General of Women Action for Development. In December 2013, Jess Mathias of The Guardian described her to be an ideal role model for young girls over traditionally idolised women such as Rihanna and Beyoncé.

Sonia Birdi

Sunjeev 'Sonia' Kaur Birdi is a nominated member of the Kenyan Parliament. She was the first Kenyan Asian woman to serve in the national legislature.

Suam–Endebess–Kitale–Eldoret Road

The Suam–Endebess–Kitale–Eldoret Road, is a rural road in Kenya. The road links Suam, in Trans-Nzoia County, to the towns of Endebess, Kitale, and Eldoret in Uasin Gishu County.

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