The Kentucky Derby /ˈdɜːrbi/, is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kilograms) and fillies 121 pounds (55 kilograms).
The race is often called "The Run for the Roses" on account of the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is also known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes In Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" in reference to its approximate duration. It is the first leg of the American Triple Crown and is followed by the Preakness Stakes, then the Belmont Stakes. Unlike the Preakness and Belmont Stakes, which took hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912, respectively, the Kentucky Derby has been run every consecutive year since 1875. The Derby, Preakness and Belmont all were run even every year throughout the Great Depression and both World Wars (when the Olympics and nearly all professional sports seasons were canceled).
A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown. In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races.
The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, and the Breeders' Cup.
|Grade I race|
The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports;
The Run for the Roses
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
|Distance||1 1⁄4 miles (10 furlongs; 2,012 m)|
|Record||1:59 2⁄5, Secretariat (1973)|
|Weight||Colt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg)|
Filly: 121 lb (55 kg)
|Purse||US $3 million |
In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780. From there, Clark went on to Paris, France, where in 1863, a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club and had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France.
Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build quality racing facilities just outside the city. The track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack. Officially, the racetrack was incorporated as Churchill Downs in 1937.
The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles (12 furlongs; 2.4 km) the same distance as the Epsom Derby. The distance was changed in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles (10 furlongs; 2 km). On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, who was trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby. Later that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes.
Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby then became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.
Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete later in the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, Maryland, followed by the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term was coined, the race, which had been run in mid-May since inception, was changed to the first Saturday in May to allow for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.
On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby was originated by WHAS and was also carried by WGN in Chicago. On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville. This coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first (and to this day the only) horse to win the race and then be disqualified after traces of phenylbutazone, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug, were found in the horse's urinalysis; Forward Pass won after a protracted legal battle by the owners of Dancer's Image (which they lost). Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years later, allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone. In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom.
The fastest time ever run in the Derby was set in 1973 at 1:59.4 minutes, when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964. Not only has Secretariat's record time yet to be topped, in the race itself, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: each successive quarter, his times were faster. Though times for non-winners were not recorded, in 1973 Sham finished second, two and a half lengths behind Secretariat in the same race. Using the thoroughbred racing convention of one length equaling one-fifth of a second to calculate Sham's time, he also finished in under two minutes. Another sub-two-minute finish, only the third, was set in 2001 by Monarchos at 1:59.97.
The Kentucky Derby will offer $3 million in purse money starting in 2019. Churchill Downs officials have cited the success of historical racing games at their Derby City Gaming facility in Louisville as a factor behind the purse increase. The Derby first offered a $1 million purse in 1996; it was doubled to $2 million in 2005.
Since the Kentucky Derby is considered the biggest race in the world, millions of people from around the world bet at various live tracks and online sportsbooks. In 2017, a crowd of 158,070 watched Always Dreaming win the Derby, making it the seventh biggest attendance in the history of the racetrack. The track reported a wagering total of $209.2 million from all the sources on all the races on the Kentucky Derby Day program. It was a 9 percent increase compared to the total of $192.6 million in 2016 and an increase of 8 percent over the previous record set in 2015 of $194.3 million. TwinSpires, a platform for betting online and a partner of the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup, recorded $32.8 million in handle on the Churchill Down races for the Kentucky Derby Day program. This was a 22 percent increase over the preceding year. On the Kentucky Derby race alone, the handle of TwinSpires was $20.1 million, which is a 22 percent rise compared to the prior year.
Norman Adams has been the designer of the Kentucky Derby Logo since 2002. On February 1, 2006, the Louisville-based fast-food company Yum! Brands, Inc. announced a corporate sponsorship deal to call the race "The Kentucky Derby presented by Yum! Brands." In 2018, Woodford Reserve replaced Yum Brands as the presenting sponsor.
In addition to the race itself, a number of traditions play a large role in the Derby atmosphere. The mint julep—an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and a sugar syrup—is the traditional beverage of the race. The historic drink can be served in an ice-frosted silver julep cup, but most Churchill Downs patrons sip theirs from souvenir glasses (first offered in 1939 and available in revised form each year since) printed with all previous Derby winners. Also, burgoo, a thick stew of beef, chicken, pork, and vegetables, is a popular Kentucky dish served at the Derby.
The infield—a spectator area inside the track—offers general admission prices but little chance of seeing much of the race, particularly prior to the jumbotron installation in 2014. Instead, revelers show up in the infield to party with abandon. By contrast, "Millionaire's Row" refers to the expensive box seats that attract the rich, the famous and the well-connected. Women appear in fine outfits lavishly accessorized with large, elaborate hats. Following the Call to the Post, as the horses are paraded before the grandstands, the University of Louisville Cardinal Marching Band plays Stephen Foster's "My Old Kentucky Home," a tradition which began in 1921. The event attracts spectators from a large area, flying in hundreds of private aircraft to Louisville International Airport.
The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition originated in 1883 when New York socialite E. Berry Wall presented roses to ladies at a post-Derby party that was attended by Churchill Downs founder and president, Col. M. Lewis Clark. This gesture is believed to have led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race's official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to roses being draped on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the Kentucky Derby Trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed the song "Run for the Roses" which was released in time for the 1980 running of the race.
“Riders Up!” is the traditional command from the Paddock Judge for jockeys to mount their horses in advance of the upcoming race. Since 2012, it was recited by a dignitary or celebrity attendee.
In the weeks preceding the race, numerous activities are held for the Kentucky Derby Festival. Thunder Over Louisville—an airshow and fireworks display—generally begins the festivities in earnest two weeks prior to the Derby.
Margin of Victory:
Most wins by a jockey:
Most wins by a trainer:
Most wins by an owner:
Longest shot to win the Derby:
|Year||Winner||Jockey||Trainer||Owner||Distance (miles)||Track Condition||Time[a]|
|2018||Justify||Mike E. Smith||Bob Baffert||China Horse Club, Head of Plains Partners, Starlight Racing and WinStar Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.20|
|2017||Always Dreaming||John Velazquez||Todd Pletcher||MeB Racing, Brooklyn Boyz, Teresa Viola, St. Elias, Siena Farm and West Point||1 ¼||Wet Fast (sealed)||2:03.59|
|2016||Nyquist||Mario Gutierrez||Doug O'Neill||J. Paul Reddam||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.31|
|2015||American Pharoah||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||Zayat Stables, LLC||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.02|
|2014||California Chrome||Victor Espinoza||Art Sherman||Steve Coburn & Perry Martin||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.66|
|2013||Orb||Joel Rosario||Claude McGaughey III||Stuart S. Janney III & Phipps Stable||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:02.89|
|2012||I'll Have Another||Mario Gutierrez||Doug O'Neill||J. Paul Reddam||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.83|
|2011||Animal Kingdom||John Velazquez||H. Graham Motion||Team Valor International||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.04|
|2010||Super Saver||Calvin Borel||Todd Pletcher||WinStar Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.45|
|2009||Mine That Bird||Calvin Borel||Bennie L. Woolley, Jr.||Double Eagle Ranch et al.||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:02.66|
|2008||Big Brown||Kent Desormeaux||Richard E. Dutrow, Jr.||IEAH Stables / P. Pompa||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.82|
|2007||Street Sense||Calvin Borel||Carl Nafzger||James B. Tafel||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.17|
|2006||Barbaro||Edgar Prado||Michael R. Matz||Lael Stables||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.36|
|2005||Giacomo||Mike E. Smith||John Shirreffs||Jerry & Ann Moss||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.75|
|2004||Smarty Jones||Stewart Elliott||John Servis||Someday Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.06|
|2003||Funny Cide||José A. Santos||Barclay Tagg||Sackatoga Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.19|
|2002||War Emblem||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||Thoroughbred Corp.||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.13|
|2001||Monarchos||Jorge F. Chavez||John T. Ward, Jr.||John C. Oxley||1 ¼||Fast||1:59.97|
|2000||Fusaichi Pegasus||Kent Desormeaux||Neil Drysdale||Fusao Sekiguchi||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.00|
|1999||Charismatic||Chris Antley||D. Wayne Lukas||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.20|
|1998||Real Quiet||Kent Desormeaux||Bob Baffert||Michael E. Pegram||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1997||Silver Charm||Gary Stevens||Bob Baffert||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.40|
|1996||Grindstone||Jerry Bailey||D. Wayne Lukas||Overbrook Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.00|
|1995||Thunder Gulch||Gary Stevens||D. Wayne Lukas||Michael Tabor||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.20|
|1994||Go for Gin||Chris McCarron||Nick Zito||William J. Condren & Joseph M. Cornacchia||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:03.60|
|1993||Sea Hero||Jerry Bailey||MacKenzie Miller||Rokeby Stables||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.40|
|1992||Lil E. Tee||Pat Day||Lynn S. Whiting||W. Cal Partee||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.00|
|1991||Strike the Gold||Chris Antley||Nick Zito||BCC Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.00|
|1990||Unbridled||Craig Perret||Carl Nafzger||Frances A. Genter||1 ¼||Good||2:02.00|
|1989||Sunday Silence||Pat Valenzuela||Charlie Whittingham||H-G-W Partners||1 ¼||Muddy||2:05.00|
|1988||Winning Colors||Gary Stevens||D. Wayne Lukas||Eugene V. Klein||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1987||Alysheba||Chris McCarron||Jack Van Berg||D. & P. Scharbauer||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.40|
|1986||Ferdinand||Bill Shoemaker||Charlie Whittingham||Elizabeth A. Keck||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.80|
|1985||Spend A Buck||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Cam Gambolati||Dennis Diaz||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.20|
|1984||Swale||Laffit Pincay, Jr.||Woody Stephens||Claiborne Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.40|
|1983||Sunny's Halo||Eddie Delahoussaye||David C. Cross Jr.||David J. Foster Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1982||Gato Del Sol||Eddie Delahoussaye||Edwin J. Gregson||Hancock & Peters||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.40|
|1981||Pleasant Colony||Jorge Velasquez||John P. Campo||Buckland Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.00|
|1980||Genuine Risk||Jacinto Vasquez||LeRoy Jolley||Diana M. Firestone||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.00|
|1979||Spectacular Bid||Ronnie Franklin||Bud Delp||Hawksworth Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.40|
|1978||Affirmed||Steve Cauthen||Laz Barrera||Harbor View Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.20|
|1977||Seattle Slew||Jean Cruguet||William H. Turner, Jr.||Karen L. Taylor||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20 *|
|1976||Bold Forbes||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Laz Barrera||E. Rodriguez Tizol||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.60|
|1975||Foolish Pleasure||Jacinto Vasquez||LeRoy Jolley||John L. Greer||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.00|
|1974||Cannonade||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Woody Stephens||John M. Olin||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.00|
|1973||Secretariat||Ron Turcotte||Lucien Laurin||Meadow Stable||1 ¼||Fast||1:59.40|
|1972||Riva Ridge||Ron Turcotte||Lucien Laurin||Meadow Stud||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.80|
|1971||Canonero II||Gustavo Avila||Juan Arias||Edgar Caibett||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.20|
|1970||Dust Commander||Mike Manganello||Don Combs||Robert E. Lehmann||1 ¼||Good||2:03.40|
|1969||Majestic Prince||Bill Hartack||Johnny Longden||Frank M. McMahon||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.80|
|1968||Forward Pass[b]||Ismael Valenzuela||Henry Forrest||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1967||Proud Clarion||Bobby Ussery||Loyd Gentry, Jr.||Darby Dan Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.60|
|1966||Kauai King||Don Brumfield||Henry Forrest||Ford Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.00|
|1965||Lucky Debonair||Bill Shoemaker||Frank Catrone||Ada L. Rice||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.20|
|1964||Northern Dancer||Bill Hartack||Horatio Luro||Windfields Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.00|
|1963||Chateaugay||Braulio Baeza||James P. Conway||Darby Dan Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.80|
|1962||Decidedly||Bill Hartack||Horatio Luro||El Peco Ranch||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.40|
|1961||Carry Back||Johnny Sellers||Jack A. Price||Katherine Price||1 ¼||Good||2:04.00|
|1960||Venetian Way||Bill Hartack||Victor J. Sovinski||Sunny Blue Farm||1 ¼||Good||2:02.40|
|1959||Tomy Lee||Bill Shoemaker||Frank E. Childs||Fred & Juliette Turner||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1958||Tim Tam||Ismael Valenzuela||Jimmy Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Muddy||2:05.00|
|1957||Iron Liege||Bill Hartack||Jimmy Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.20|
|1956||Needles||David Erb||Hugh L. Fontaine||D & H Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.40|
|1955||Swaps||Bill Shoemaker||Mesh Tenney||Rex C. Ellsworth||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.80|
|1954||Determine||Raymond York||William Molter||Andrew J. Crevolin||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.00|
|1953||Dark Star||Henry E. Moreno||Eddie Hayward||Cain Hoy Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.00|
|1952||Hill Gail||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.60|
|1951||Count Turf||Conn McCreary||Sol Rutchick||Jack J. Amiel||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.60|
|1950||Middleground||William Boland||Max Hirsch||King Ranch||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.60|
|1949||Ponder||Steve Brooks||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.20|
|1948||Citation||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:05.40|
|1947||Jet Pilot||Eric Guerin||Tom Smith||Maine Chance Farm||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.80|
|1946||Assault||Warren Mehrtens||Max Hirsch||King Ranch||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.60|
|1945||Hoop Jr.||Eddie Arcaro||Ivan H. Parke||Fred W. Hooper||1 ¼||Muddy||2:07.00|
|1944||Pensive||Conn McCreary||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Good||2:04.20|
|1943||Count Fleet||Johnny Longden||Don Cameron||Fannie Hertz||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.00|
|1942||Shut Out||Wayne D. Wright||John M. Gaver, Sr.||Greentree Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.40|
|1941||Whirlaway||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.40|
|1940||Gallahadion||Carroll Bierman||Roy Waldron||Milky Way Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.00|
|1939||Johnstown||James Stout||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.40|
|1938||Lawrin||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Herbert M. Woolf||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.80|
|1937||War Admiral||Charley Kurtsinger||George Conway||Glen Riddle Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.20|
|1936||Bold Venture||Ira Hanford||Max Hirsch||Morton L. Schwartz||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.60|
|1935||Omaha||Willie Saunders||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Good||2:05.00|
|1934||Cavalcade||Mack Garner||Bob Smith||Brookmeade Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.00|
|1933||Brokers Tip||Don Meade||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Good||2:06.80|
|1932||Burgoo King||Eugene James||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.20|
|1931||Twenty Grand||Charley Kurtsinger||James G. Rowe, Jr.||Greentree Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.80|
|1930||Gallant Fox||Earl Sande||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Good||2:07.60|
|1929||Clyde Van Dusen||Linus McAtee||Clyde Van Dusen||Herbert P. Gardner||1 ¼||Muddy||2:10.80|
|1928||Reigh Count||Chick Lang||Bert S. Michell||Fannie Hertz||1 ¼||Heavy||2:10.40|
|1927||Whiskery||Linus McAtee||Fred Hopkins||Harry P. Whitney||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.00|
|1926||Bubbling Over||Albert Johnson||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.80|
|1925||Flying Ebony||Earl Sande||William B. Duke||Gifford A. Cochran||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:07.60|
|1924||Black Gold||J. D. Mooney||Hanley Webb||Rosa M. Hoots||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.20|
|1923||Zev||Earl Sande||David J. Leary||Rancocas Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.40|
|1922||Morvich||Albert Johnson||Fred Burlew||Benjamin Block||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.60|
|1921||Behave Yourself||Charles Thompson||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.20|
|1920||Paul Jones||Ted Rice||William M. Garth||Ral Parr||1 ¼||Slow||2:09.00|
|1919||Sir Barton||Johnny Loftus||H. Guy Bedwell||J. K. L. Ross||1 ¼||Heavy||2:09.80|
|1918||Exterminator||Willie Knapp||Henry McDaniel||Willis Sharpe Kilmer||1 ¼||Muddy||2:10.80|
|1917||Omar Khayyam||Charles Borel||Charles T. Patterson||Billings & Johnson||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.60|
|1916||George Smith||Johnny Loftus||Hollie Hughes||John Sanford||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.00|
|1915||Regret||Joe Notter||James G. Rowe, Sr.||Harry P. Whitney||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.40|
|1914||Old Rosebud||John McCabe||Frank D. Weir||Hamilton C. Applegate||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.40|
|1913||Donerail||Roscoe Goose||Thomas P. Hayes||Thomas P. Hayes||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.80|
|1912||Worth||Carroll H. Shilling||Frank M. Taylor||Henry C. Hallenbeck||1 ¼||Muddy||2:09.40|
|1911||Meridian||George Archibald||Albert Ewing||Richard F. Carman||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.00|
|1910||Donau||Frederick Herbert||George Ham||William Gerst||1 ¼||Fast||2:06.40|
|1909||Wintergreen||Vincent Powers||Charles Mack||Jerome B. Respess||1 ¼||Slow||2:08.20|
|1908||Stone Street||Arthur Pickens||J. W. Hall||C. E. & J. W. Hamilton||1 ¼||Heavy||2:15.20|
|1907||Pink Star||Andy Minder||William H. Fizer||J. Hal Woodford||1 ¼||Heavy||2:12.60|
|1906||Sir Huon||Roscoe Troxler||Pete Coyne||Bashford Manor Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.80|
|1905||Agile||Jack Martin||Robert Tucker||Samuel S. Brown||1 ¼||Heavy||2:10.75|
|1904||Elwood||Shorty Prior||Charles E. Durnell||Mrs. C. E. Durnell||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.50|
|1903||Judge Himes||Hal Booker||John P. Mayberry||Charles R. Ellison||1 ¼||Fast||2:09.00|
|1902||Alan-a-Dale||Jimmy Winkfield||Thomas C. McDowell||Thomas C. McDowell||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.75|
|1901||His Eminence||Jimmy Winkfield||Frank B. Van Meter||Frank B. Van Meter||1 ¼||Fast||2:07.75|
|1900||Lieut. Gibson||Jimmy Boland||Charles Hughes||Charles H. Smith||1 ¼||Fast||2:06.25|
|1899||Manuel||Fred Taral||Robert J. Walden||A. H. & D. H. Morris||1 ¼||Fast||2:12.00|
|1898||Plaudit||Willie Simms||John E. Madden||John E. Madden||1 ¼||Good||2:09.00|
|1897||Typhoon II||Buttons Garner||Julius C. Cahn||Julius C. Cahn||1 ¼||Heavy||2:12.50|
|1896||Ben Brush||Willie Simms||Hardy Campbell, Jr.||Mike F. Dwyer||1 ¼||Dusty||2:07.75|
|1895||Halma||Soup Perkins||Byron McClelland||Byron McClelland||1 ½||Fast||2:37.50|
|1894||Chant||Frank Goodale||H. Eugene Leigh||Leigh & Rose||1 ½||Fast||2:41.00|
|1893||Lookout||Eddie Kunze||William McDaniel||Cushing & Orth||1 ½||Fast||2:39.25|
|1892||Azra||Alonzo Clayton||John H. Morris||Bashford Manor Stable||1 ½||Heavy||2:41.50|
|1891||Kingman||Isaac Murphy||Dud Allen||Jacobin Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:52.25|
|1890||Riley||Isaac Murphy||Edward Corrigan||Edward Corrigan||1 ½||Muddy||2:45.00|
|1889||Spokane||Thomas Kiley||John Rodegap||Noah Armstrong||1 ½||Fast||2:34.50|
|1888||Macbeth II||George Covington||John Campbell||Chicago Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:38.00|
|1887||Montrose||Isaac Lewis||John McGinty||Labold Brothers||1 ½||Fast||2:39.25|
|1886||Ben Ali||Paul Duffy||Jim Murphy||J. B. A. Haggin||1 ½||Fast||2:36.50|
|1885||Joe Cotton||Erskine Henderson||Abraham Perry||James T. Williams||1 ½||Good||2:37.25|
|1884||Buchanan||Isaac Murphy||William Bird||Samuel S. Brown & William Cottrill||1 ½||Good||2:40.25|
|1883||Leonatus||Billy Donohue||Raleigh Colston Sr.||Chinn & Morgan||1 ½||Heavy||2:43.00|
|1882||Apollo[c]||Babe Hurd||Green B. Morris||Morris & Patton||1 ½||Fast||2:40.00|
|1881||Hindoo||Jim McLaughlin||James G. Rowe, Sr.||Dwyer Bros. Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:40.00|
|1880||Fonso||George Lewis||Tice Hutsell||J. Snell Shawhan||1 ½||Dusty||2:37.50|
|1879||Lord Murphy||Charlie Shauer||George Rice||Darden & Co||1 ½||Fast||2:37.00|
|1878||Day Star||Jimmy Carter||Lee Paul||T. J. Nichols||1 ½||Dusty||2:37.25|
|1877||Baden-Baden||Billy Walker||Edward D. Brown||Daniel Swigert||1 ½||Fast||2:38.00|
|1876||Vagrant||Bobby Swim||James Williams||William Astor, Jr.||1 ½||Fast||2:38.25|
|1875||Aristides||Oliver Lewis||Ansel Williamson||H. Price McGrath||1 ½||Fast||2:37.75|
The 1954 Kentucky Derby was the 80th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 1, 1954.1959 Kentucky Derby
The 1959 Kentucky Derby was the 85th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 2, 1959.1968 Kentucky Derby
The 1968 Kentucky Derby was the 94th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 4, 1968.1987 Kentucky Derby
The 1987 Kentucky Derby was the 113th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 2, 1987.1989 Kentucky Derby
The 1989 Kentucky Derby was the 115th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 6, 1989.1994 Kentucky Derby
The 1994 Kentucky Derby was the 120th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 7, 1994. There were 130,594 in attendance. Rain made this the first sloppy track since 1948.2003 Kentucky Derby
The 2003 Kentucky Derby was the 129th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 3, 2003, and there were 148,530 in attendance.2005 Kentucky Derby
The 2005 Kentucky Derby was the 131st running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 7, 2005.2008 Kentucky Derby
The 2008 Kentucky Derby was the 134th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race took place on May 3, 2008 with 157,770 in attendance, the second largest in Derby history. Post time was 6:15 p.m. EDT and was televised in the United States on the NBC television network.
Big Brown won the race by nearly 5 lengths. Eight Belles, the second-place finisher and the first filly to run the Derby in nine years, was euthanized following the end of the race after fracturing both front ankles while galloping out. It is believed to be the first fatality in Kentucky Derby history.2009 Kentucky Derby
The 2009 Kentucky Derby was the 135th running of the Kentucky Derby. The value of the race was $2,177,000 in stakes. The race was sponsored by Yum! Brands and hence officially was called Kentucky Derby Presented by Yum! Brands. The race took place on May 2, 2009, and was televised in the United States on the NBC television network. The Atlanta-based Southern Tourism Society named the Kentucky Derby Festival, which was April 11 to May 1, as one of the top tourist attractions in the Southeast for the first half of 2009. The post time was 6:24 p.m. EDT (10:24 p.m. UTC). The official attendance at Churchill Downs was 153,563.2014 Kentucky Derby
The 2014 Kentucky Derby was the 140th running of the Kentucky Derby. The race was scheduled to start at 6:24 pm Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on May 3, 2014 at Churchill Downs and was run as the eleventh race on a racecard with thirteen races. The race was broadcast in the United States on the NBC television network. The attendance for the race was 164,906, the second-largest after the 2012 race with 165,307 spectators. The winner was California Chrome.2018 Kentucky Derby
The 2018 Kentucky Derby (officially, the 2018 Kentucky Derby presented by Woodford Reserve) was the 144th running of the Kentucky Derby, and took place on Saturday, May 5, 2018, in Louisville, Kentucky. The field was open to 20 horses, with a purse of US$2 million. The Derby is held annually in Louisville on the first Saturday in May, at the end of the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. It is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of 1 1⁄4 miles (2.0 km), and has been run at Churchill Downs racetrack since its inception in 1875.The race was broadcast by NBC, with coverage by NBCSN of undercard races beginning at 12:30pm EDT and main network coverage of pre-race activities starting at 2:30pm EDT. Post time was 6:52pm EDT. The race was won by Justify, who was the post-time favorite, in a time of 2:04.20 over a sloppy track. It is the first time since 1882 that the race was won by a horse that did not race at the age of two.Churchill Downs
Churchill Downs, located on Central Avenue in south Louisville, Kentucky, United States, is a Thoroughbred racetrack most famous for annually hosting the Kentucky Derby. It officially opened in 1875, and held the first Kentucky Derby and the first Kentucky Oaks in the same year. Churchill Downs has also hosted the renowned Breeders' Cup on nine occasions, most recently on November 2 and 3, 2018. Churchill Downs Incorporated owns and operates the racetrack. With the infield open for the Kentucky Derby, the capacity of Churchill Downs is roughly 170,000.In 2009, the Horseplayers Association of North America introduced a rating system for 65 Thoroughbred racetracks in North America. Churchill Downs was ranked number 5 on this list.
In 2014, prior to the start of their spring meet, Churchill Downs announced an increase in parimutuel takeout rates. As a result of the takeout increase, Churchill Downs was ranked number 22 in the 2014 Horseplayers Association of North America Track Ratings.Justify (horse)
Justify (foaled March 28, 2015) is a retired American Thoroughbred racehorse who is the thirteenth and most recent winner of the American Triple Crown, accomplishing the feat by winning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes in 2018.
He first attracted attention with a win in his first start on February 18, 2018, followed by two more victories, including the Grade I Santa Anita Derby, to qualify for the 2018 Kentucky Derby. Justify then won that race, the 2018 Preakness Stakes, and the 2018 Belmont Stakes to win the Triple Crown. He was retired undefeated several weeks after the Belmont.
Justify is only the second horse to win the American Triple Crown with an undefeated record, following Seattle Slew. Justify is descended from Seattle Slew, Secretariat, Count Fleet, War Admiral, Omaha, and Gallant Fox, all of whom also won the American Triple Crown. He is also a descendant of English Triple Crown winner Nijinsky. Of the 13 American Triple Crown winners, Justify is the first who did not race as a two-year-old.Kentucky Derby Festival
The Kentucky Derby Festival is an annual festival held in Louisville, Kentucky during the two weeks preceding the first Saturday in May, the day of the Kentucky Derby. The festival, Kentucky's largest single annual event, first ran from 1935 to 1937, and restarted in 1956 and includes:
Thunder Over Louisville, the largest annual fireworks display in North America;
the Great Balloon Race;
The Great Steamboat Race, featuring the Belle of Louisville;
the Pegasus Parade, one of the largest parades in the United States; and
the Kentucky Derby Festival Marathon & miniMarathon.
the Kentucky Derby Festival Basketball ClassicKentucky Derby Museum
The Kentucky Derby Museum is an American Thoroughbred horse racing museum located on the grounds of Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. Dedicated to preserving the history of the Kentucky Derby, it first opened its doors to the public in the spring of 1985. Much of its early funding came from a donation from the estate of James Graham Brown.
The museum consists of two floors of exhibit space, including a 360-degree theater that shows the HD video The Greatest Race. Through the film and exhibits, visitors can learn what goes into the breeding and training of a young foal and the path it takes to the Kentucky Derby's winner circle. Every Kentucky Derby win is honored in the Warner L. Jones Time Machine, where visitors can watch any Kentucky Derby from 1918 to the present day. Exhibits highlight the stories of owners, trainers and jockeys as well as the importance of African American jockeys and trainers to the race and the Thoroughbred industry. Guided tours of Churchill Downs' barn and infield areas, jockeys' quarters, "millionaires row" and press box are also offered.Mint julep
The mint julep is a mixed alcoholic drink, or cocktail, consisting primarily of bourbon, sugar, water, crushed or shaved ice, and fresh mint. As a bourbon-based cocktail, it is associated with the American South and the cuisine of the Southern United States in general, and the Kentucky Derby in particular.The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved
"The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved" is a seminal sports article written by Hunter S. Thompson on the 1970 Kentucky Derby in Louisville, Kentucky, first appearing in an issue of Scanlan's Monthly in June of that year. Though not known at the time, the article marked the first appearance of gonzo journalism, the style that Thompson came to epitomize through the 1970s.Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States)
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. These races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner.
The first winner of all three Triple Crown races was Sir Barton in 1919. Some journalists began using the term Triple Crown to refer to the three races as early as 1923, but it was not until Gallant Fox won the three events in 1930 that Charles Hatton of the Daily Racing Form put the term into common use.
In the history of the Triple Crown, 13 horses have won all three races: Sir Barton (1919), Gallant Fox (1930), Omaha (1935), War Admiral (1937), Whirlaway (1941), Count Fleet (1943), Assault (1946), Citation (1948), Secretariat (1973), Seattle Slew (1977), Affirmed (1978), American Pharoah (2015), and Justify (2018). As of 2018, American Pharoah and Justify are the only living Triple Crown winners.
James E. "Sunny Jim" Fitzsimmons was the first trainer to win the Triple Crown more than once; he trained both Gallant Fox and his son Omaha for the Belair Stud breeding farm. Gallant Fox and Omaha are the only father-son duo to win the Triple Crown. Bob Baffert became the second trainer to win the Triple Crown twice, training American Pharoah and Justify. Belair Stud and Calumet Farm are tied as the owners with the most Triple Crown victories with two apiece. Calumet Farms won with Whirlaway and Citation. Eddie Arcaro rode both of Calumet Farms' Triple Crown champions and is the only jockey to win more than one Triple Crown.
Secretariat holds the stakes record time for each of the three races. His time of 2:24 for 1 1⁄2 miles in the 1973 Belmont Stakes also set a world record that still stands.
Kentucky Derby Winners
Kentucky Derby winners
Legend – ₩ = Triple Crown winners, ♥ = Filly
Triple Crowns of horse racing
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