Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska

Kenai Peninsula Borough is a borough of the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,400.[3] The borough seat is Soldotna.[4]

The borough includes the entirety of the Kenai Peninsula and a few areas of the mainland of Alaska on the opposite side of Cook Inlet.

Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska
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Map of Alaska highlighting Kenai Peninsula Borough

Location within the U.S. state of Alaska
Map of the United States highlighting Alaska

Alaska's location within the U.S.
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1964[1][2]
Named forKenai Peninsula
SeatSoldotna
Largest cityKenai
Area
 • Total24,752 sq mi (64,107 km2)
 • Land16,075 sq mi (41,634 km2)
 • Water8,677 sq mi (22,473 km2), 35.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)58,533
 • Density3.4/sq mi (1.3/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneAlaska: UTC−9/−8
Websitewww.borough.kenai.ak.us

Geography

The borough has a total area of 24,752 square miles (64,110 km2), of which 16,075 square miles (41,630 km2) is land and 8,677 square miles (22,470 km2) (3.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent boroughs and census areas

National protected areas

Ecology

Bear Lake, Tutka Bay, and the Trail Lakes, have been the site of salmon enhancement activities. All three sites are managed by the Cook Inlet Aquaculture Association[6] Some of the fish hatched at these facilities are released into the famous Homer fishing hole. Cook Inlet Keeper and the Cook Inlet Regional Citizen's Advisory Council are groups that attempt to influence public policy on the use of the areas resources.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19606,097
197014,250133.7%
198025,28277.4%
199040,80261.4%
200049,69121.8%
201055,40011.5%
Est. 201858,533[7]5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2018[3]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 49,700 people, 18,400 households, and 12,700 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1/km² (3/sq mi). There were 24,900 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 86% white, 7% Native American, 2% Hispanic or Latino (any race), and 4% from two or more races. Black or African Americans, Asians, and Pacific Islanders each were less than 1% of the population. Just under 1% were from other races combined. 1.92% reported speaking Russian at home, while 1.74% speak Spanish.[13]

There were 18,400 households out of which 38% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55% were married couples living together, 9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2.

In the borough the population was spread out with 30% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 26% from 45 to 64, and 7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 109 males; for every 100 females age 18 and over there were 110 males.

Government and infrastructure

There is a borough-wide government based in Soldotna, consisting of a strong mayor and an assembly of representatives from all areas of the borough. They collect sales and property taxes and provide services such as road maintenance, waste collection facilities, emergency services and major funding for public schools, along with mitigation of damage from spruce bark beetles that infested the borough in the late 1990s and early 2000s.[14] Incorporated towns also have their own local governments and city councils. The Alaska Department of Corrections operates the Spring Creek Correctional Center near Seward [15][16] and the Wildwood Correctional Complex near Kenai.

Communities

Kenai Peninsula Borough Building
The George A. Navarre Building on Binkley Street in downtown Soldotna serves as the administrative headquarters for the borough and its school district. Navarre moved to Kenai in 1957, owned and operated a variety of Kenai-based businesses, and served as an early mayor of the borough. His son, Mike Navarre, is the borough's current mayor.

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kenai Peninsula Borough, Resolution No. 1: Legal Status - Borough and Borough School District" (PDF). Kenai Peninsula Borough. 4 Jan 1964. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  2. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 8.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Project Bear Lake". Archived from the original on September 7, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2007.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  13. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  14. ^ "Kenai Peninsula Borough Government official site". Borough.kenai.ak.us. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  15. ^ "City of Seward 2020 Comprehensive Plan Volume II Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine." City of Seward. 94/97. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "Spring Creek Correctional Center Archived 2010-08-26 at the Wayback Machine." Alaska Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.

External links

Coordinates: 60°25′N 151°15′W / 60.417°N 151.250°W

Chigmit Mountains

The Chigmit Mountains are a subrange of the Aleutian Range in the Kenai Peninsula and Lake and Peninsula Boroughs of the U.S. state of Alaska.

Funny River, Alaska

Funny River is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 877, up from 636 in 2000.

It is best known for the Funny River Fire in May 2014.

Jakolof Bay, Alaska

Jakolof Bay is an unincorporated community in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 40. The location of this community is south of the city of Seldovia, across Kachemak Bay from Homer. Jakolof Bay is connected by road with Seldovia but neither community is otherwise accessible by road to the outside world. There is a rough gravel airstrip on the beach which is underwater during some high tides. Jakolof Bay was recognized as a census-designated place in the 1980 Census.

Kachemak Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve

Kachemak Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, on the western coast of the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska, is part of the National Estuarine Research Reserve System and is managed jointly by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Covering more than 370,000 acres (1,500 km2), it is largest reserve in the system, encompassing one of the most diverse and intensively used estuaries in Alaska. The local community pursued the designation of Kachemak Bay as a National Estuarine Research Reserve to preserve the lifestyle and economy of the region.

Kachemak Bay State Park

Kachemak Bay State Park and Kachemak Bay Wilderness Park is a 400,000-acre (1,600 km2) park in and around Kachemak Bay, Alaska. Kachemak Bay State Park was the first legislatively designated state park in the Alaska State Parks system. Kachemak Bay State Wilderness Park is the state's only legislatively designated wilderness park. There is no road access to most areas of the park, visitors normally fly in or travel by boat from Homer. Kachemak Bay is considered a critical habitat area due to the biodiversity in the area. Wildlife within the park includes marine mammals such as sea otters, sea lions, and whales, large land mammals such as moose and black bears, and numerous sea and land birds. Terrain consists of both rocky and sandy beaches, dense mountain forests, and higher up, glaciers, and icefields. Because of the rugged conditions and unpredictable coastal weather, visitors are advised to be prepared for sudden wind, rain, or snowstorms at any time of year, especially at higher elevations, and to file a travel plan with rangers. The park is mostly wild land, although there are a few cabins and semi-developed campgrounds. The park ranger station is located in Halibut Cove Lagoon. The Kachemak Bay area was infested with spruce bark beetles during the late 1990s, and thousands of acres of dead trees are still standing within the park. There has been at least one wildfire, the Mile 17 fire that burned areas of dead standing spruce on park land.

Kachemak Selo, Alaska

Kachemak Selo (Russian: Качемак Село) is a small unincorporated community in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. Located on the Kenai Peninsula, it lies roughly 30 miles east of Homer. The community is one of several settlements of Russian Old Believers in the Fox River area. There are about 160 residents. The only land access is by driving east of Homer to Voznesenka and descending a steep switchback trail to the beach, then traveling about 1 mile up the beach to reach Kachemak Selo.

Kasilof River

The Kasilof River ( kə-SEE-lof) or Ggasilatnu in the Dena'ina language is a river on the western Kenai Peninsula in southern Alaska. The name is an anglicization of Reka Kasilova, the name given to the river by early Russian settlers in the area. It begins at Tustumena Lake and flows northwest to Cook Inlet near Kasilof. The upper section of the river is very swift, with several sections considered Class II whitewater, and underwater hazards are difficult to detect, due to the silty nature of the glacial runoff that comprises most of the river. The entire river has powerful currents and is very cold. There is public access to the lower section from the Sterling Highway. Drift and bank fishing for salmon is popular on the lower Kasilof.

Kenai Lake

Kenai Lake is a large, "zig-zag" shaped lake on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. The lake forms the headwaters of the Kenai River, and is itself a destination for fishing and other outdoor activity. Due to its size and shape it is accessible from both the Sterling Highway and the Seward Highway.

Kenai Mountains

The Kenai Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Alaska. They extend 192 km (120 mi) northeast from the southern end of the Kenai Peninsula to the Chugach Mountains, and have an average elevation of 3,000 to 5,000 feet.The Harding and Sargent Icefields, as well as the many glaciers that originate from them, derive in the Kenai Mountains. Several prime fish-producing rivers, including the Kenai River and the Russian River, also flow from the mountains.

The name "Kenai" was first published by Constantin Grewingk in 1849, who obtained his information from I. G. Wosnesenski's account of a voyage to the area in 1842. The Kenai Indian's name for the mountain range is "Truuli."

Mount Douglas (Alaska)

For other mountains by this name, see Mount Douglas.Mount Douglas is a stratovolcano located south of Kamishak Bay, near the northeasternmost part of the Alaska Peninsula. It lies in the Katmai National Park and Preserve in Kenai Peninsula Borough. The mountain was officially named in 1906 after nearby Cape Douglas based on a 1904 report by USGS geologist G. C. Martin. The Alaska Volcano Observatory currently rates Douglas as Level of Concern Color Code Not Assigned.

The volcano has a warm and highly acidic crater lake approximately 160 m (525 ft) wide. In 1992, the lake had a temperature of 21 °C and a pH of 1.1. At the north flank of the volcano unglaciated and relatively uneroded lava flows are found. The last eruption is not known, but probably occurred during the Holocene.

Mount Iliamna

Mount Iliamna is a glacier-covered stratovolcano in the largely volcanic Aleutian Range in southwest Alaska. Located in the Chigmit Mountain subrange in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, the 10,016-foot (3,053 m) volcano lies approximately 134 miles (215 km) southwest of Anchorage on the west side of lower Cook Inlet. It is the 25th most prominent peak in the United States.

The volcano's glaciers have extensively altered its profile, cutting, deep and creating steep cliffs and cirques. A ridge extends 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south from the main body of the mountain, with North Twin and South Twin peaks along its length. There is no summit crater, only a zone of fumaroles just south of the summit at the top of large collapse zone at the head of Red Glacier, which exposes a cross section of the mountain.Holocene eruptive activity from Iliamna is little known, but radiocarbon dating seems to indicate at least a few eruptions, all before the European settlement of Alaska. Prehistoric eruptions have been dated to 5050 and 2050 BCE (VEI 4), 450 BCE, 1650, 1867 (VEI 2) and 1876 (VEI 3). Fumaroles located at about 8,990 feet (2,740 m) elevation on the eastern flank produce nearly constant plumes of steam and minor amounts of sulfurous gases. These plumes are quite vigorous and have resulted in numerous pilot reports and early historical accounts of "eruptions" at Iliamna Volcano. Earthquake swarms and elevated seismicity and gas emissions were reported in 1996-97 and 2011-13. Iliamna was ranked as a high-threat volcano by the U.S. Geological Survey in 2005 and 2018. The 2018 assessment ranked Iliamna as the 20th most hazardous volcano in the United States, up from 22nd, with an aviation threat score of 34 and an overall score of 115, the second highest of the "high threat" category.Major glaciers associated with Iliamna are Red Glacier, Tuxedni Glacier, Lateral Glacier and Umbrella Glacier.Iliamna was first ascended in 1959. It was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1976.

Mount Neacola

Mount Neacola (or Neacola Peak) is the unofficial name for the high point of the Neacola Mountains, the northernmost section of the Aleutian Range of Alaska. Despite its low elevation compared to many of the major Alaskan peaks, Mount Neacola is an impressive peak, due to its steep, pointed shape and its low base.

Mount Neacola was first climbed in 1991 by James Garrett, Loren Glick, and Kennan Harvey, on an expedition inspired by the intrepid Fred Beckey. They climbed a notable couloir on the West Face to the North Ridge, and thence to the summit. The route involves 4,600 feet (1,400 m) of ascent, mostly on ice up to an angle of 65 degrees.

Mount Torbert

For the mountain in Antarctica, see Neptune Range.Mount Torbert is the highest point of the Tordrillo Mountains, a small, primarily volcanic range, northwest of Anchorage, Alaska. It is a heavily glaciated peak, and is not itself a volcano, although nearby Mount Spurr and Crater Peak are active volcanoes.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map.There are 35 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the borough, including 2 National Historic Landmarks.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 12, 2019.

Peninsula Clarion

The Peninsula Clarion is a regional newspaper published in Kenai, Alaska that serves the population of the Kenai Peninsula. They also publish the Peninsula Clarion Dispatch which is a free weekly circular released each Wednesday with local human interest stories and advertisements. The paper was founded in 1970, and was purchased in 1990 by Georgia-based Morris Communications. In 2017, Morris sold its newspapers to GateHouse Media. In 2018, GateHouse sold its Alaska papers to Sound Publications.

Point Possession, Alaska

Point Possession is a census-designated place (CDP) on the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska. As of April 1, 2010, the CDP population was 3. Since 2009 Point Possession has been owned by the federal government and has been made a part of the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge.

Razdolna, Alaska

Razdolna (Russian: Раздольна, pronounced [rɐzdˈolʲna]) is a small unincorporated community in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. Located on the Kenai Peninsula, it lies roughly 30 miles east of Homer. The community is one of several settlements of Russian Old Believers in the Fox River area. There are about 30 families in Razdolna. In 2009 the Mile 17 fire threatened the hamlet.

Trail Lakes

The Trail Lakes are two lakes on the lower Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. The lakes are near the town of Moose Pass and adjacent to the Seward Highway. They are the home of a large salmon hatchery owned by the state of Alaska and operated by the Cook Inlet Aquaculture Association. The fish hatched at this facility are released into streams and lakes at various points on the peninsula, and are also the source of the salmon runs at the "fishing hole" on the Homer Spit. The hatchery was at the center of a prolonged legal battle between the Wilderness Society and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The society claimed that the hatchery was conducting commercial activity in a wilderness area, and such activity is illegal under the Wilderness Act.

Voznesenka, Alaska

Voznesenka (Russian: Вознесенка, pronounced [vəzʲnʲɪsʲˈɪnkə]) is a small unincorporated community in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States.

Places adjacent to Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska
Municipalities and communities of Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States
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