Ken Boyer

Kenton Lloyd "Ken" Boyer (May 20, 1931 – September 7, 1982) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) third baseman, coach and manager who played on the St. Louis Cardinals, New York Mets, Chicago White Sox, and Los Angeles Dodgers for 15 seasons, 1955 through 1969.

Boyer was an All-Star for seven seasons (11 All-Star Game selections)[a], a National League (NL) Most Valuable Player (MVP), and a Gold Glove winner five seasons. He was named the NL MVP in 1964 after batting .295 with 185 hits and leading the NL with 119 runs batted in, and leading the Cardinals to the World Series title. He hit over .300 for five seasons and hit over 20 home runs for eight seasons.

He became the second third baseman to hit 250 career home runs, retiring with the third highest slugging average by a third baseman (.462); he was the third after Pie Traynor and Eddie Mathews to drive in 90 runs eight-times, and he remains the only Cardinal since 1900 to hit for the cycle twice. When Boyer hit 255 home runs, he was second to Stan Musial (475) with Cardinal career home runs; he held the team record for a right-handed hitter from 1962 until Albert Pujols passed him in 2007. Boyer also led the NL in double plays five-times and in fielding average once, and he retired among the all-time leaders in games (sixth, 1,785), assists (sixth, 3,652) and double plays (third, 355) at third base.

Ken Boyer
Ken Boyer 1955
Boyer in 1955
Third baseman / Manager
Born: May 20, 1931
Liberty, Missouri
Died: September 7, 1982 (aged 51)
St. Louis, Missouri
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 12, 1955, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
August 9, 1969, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
MLB statistics
Batting average.287
Hits2,143
Home runs282
Runs batted in1,141
Managerial record166–190
Winning %.466
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Early life

Born in Liberty, Missouri, Boyer grew up in Alba, Missouri as the fifth of 14 children, and third oldest son, of marble cutter Chester Vern Boyer (1903–81[1]) and his wife, the former Mabel Agnes Means (1907–71[2]), including sons Cloyd (born 1927), Wayne (born 1929), Ken, Lynn (1935–2016), Clete (1937–2007), Ronnie (born 1944) and Lenny (1946–2013[3]) and daughters Juanita Woodmansee (1923–2016), Lela Thelma (1926–1928), Dolores Webb, Pansy Schell, Shirley Lockhart, Bobbi McNary and Marcy Layton. He attended Alba High School. All seven boys played professional baseball, with two of his brothers also reaching the major leagues: older brother Cloyd was a pitcher for the Cardinals in the early 1950s, and younger brother Clete became a third baseman for the New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves.

Baseball career

After signing with the Cardinals in 1949, Boyer was initially assigned to the Rochester Red Wings, where his brother Cloyd was his teammate, but Ken appeared in no games before the organization opened a roster spot for him at a lower level, where the Cardinals initially tried him as a pitcher.[4] With the Lebanon Chix of the North Atlantic League in 1949, he posted a record of 5-1 with a 3.42 earned run average (ERA) in 12 games, batting .455; the following year, with the Hamilton Cardinals of the PONY (Pennsylvania – Ontario – New York) League, he posted a record of 6–8 with a 4.39 ERA in 21 games while hitting .342. After seeing him hit so well, the Cardinals shifted him to third base, and he batted .306 for the Omaha Cardinals of the Western League in 1951. After serving in the U.S. Army from 1951 to 1953, he batted .319 with 21 home runs and 116 runs batted in (RBI) for the champion Houston Buffaloes of the Texas League in 1954. He joined the Cardinals after they traded Ray Jablonski following the 1954 season.

Major leagues

St. Louis Cardinals

CardsRetired14
Ken Boyer's number 14 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1984.

Boyer made his major league debut with the Cardinals on April 12, 1955, in a 14–4 road loss to the Chicago Cubs, hitting a two-run homer in the eighth inning off Paul Minner as his first hit, and batted .264 with 62 RBI his rookie season. In 1956, he received his first of seven NL All-Star selections and started at third base (first of five starts at third base) batting cleanup for the National League All-Star team; he finished the season with a .306 batting average, 26 home runs and 98 RBI, and led NL third basemen in assists (309) and double plays (37). He was shifted to center field in 1957 to allow rookie Eddie Kasko to break in at third, and led all NL outfielders in fielding percentage, but returned to third base in 1958, winning the first of four consecutive Gold Gloves and again collecting 90 RBI while batting .307 and scoring 100 runs for the first time. That year he also became the Cardinals' regular cleanup hitter, a role he would hold regularly for the remainder of his time with the club. His 41 double plays in 1958 equalled the second-highest total in NL history to that point, and fell just two short of Hank Thompson's 1950 league mark; he also led the league in putouts (156).

He became the Cardinal team captain in 1959, and compiled a 29-game hitting streak from August 10 to September 12 of that year, during which he batted .350 with eight home runs and 23 RBI;[5] it was the longest hitting streak in the major leagues since Musial's 30-game run in 1950. Boyer finished 10th in the MVP voting that season after batting .309 with 28 home runs and 94 RBI, and began a run of six consecutive All-Star selections, starting the second of the two 1959 games; he again led the NL with 32 double plays. In 1960–61 Boyer led the Cardinals in batting average (.304 and .329), home runs (32 and 24), runs (95 and 109), RBI (97 and 95) and total bases (310 and 314), and finished 6th and 7th in the MVP voting. He led the league with 37 double plays in 1960, and with 346 assists in 1961. He was also named the NL's Player of the Month for September 1960 after batting .385. He hit for the cycle, with an additional single, in the second game of a doubleheader on September 14, 1961, against the Cubs, becoming the first player in history to complete the cycle with a walk-off home run in the bottom of the 11th inning for a 6–5 victory; his RBI double in the 9th inning had tied the game. In that game he also joined Musial as the only Cardinals to hit two walk-off home runs in a season in two different years; Boyer also had two walk-off homers in 1958 (May 31 and June 11; he was the fourth Cardinal to hit two extra-inning walk-off homers in a season, with both leading off the bottom of the 12th inning) and a previous one in 1961 on August 8.[6] On September 19, 1962, Boyer broke Rogers Hornsby's team record for home runs by a right-handed hitter with his 194th career round-tripper, a 2-run shot off Billy O'Dell in the first inning of a 7–4 loss to the San Francisco Giants. He finished the season with 98 RBI, equaling his career best to that point, and started both All-Star games, also leading the league in double plays for the last time with 34. On June 7, 1963, Boyer became the second Cardinal to hit 200 career homers, connecting off Al Jackson in the 4th inning of a 3–2 road loss to the New York Mets. He was again named to the NL All-Star starting lineup, increased his RBI season total to 111 that year, and won his fifth Gold Glove award.

Boyer had his best season in 1964, keeping the Cardinals alive for much of the season as he batted .350 in May and .342 in July, and starting for the NL in his last All-Star appearance. On June 16, he became the 19th player in major league history to hit for the cycle twice, and the seventh to hit for a natural cycle, in a 7–1 road victory against the Houston Colt .45s. Boyer's productivity early in the season kept the team in contention, although they were still only 54–51 and tied for fifth place on August 4; they fell 11 games out of first place by August 23, but mounted one of the great comebacks in history, overtaking the Philadelphia Phillies in the final weeks to win the NL pennant by a single game; Boyer batted .400 in five September games against the Phillies. He enjoyed his career highlight against the New York Yankees in the 1964 World Series, hitting a grand slam in Game 4 off pitcher Al Downing to give the Cardinals a 4–3 victory; the home run came after Yankee second baseman Bobby Richardson misplayed Dick Groat's double play ground ball, which would have ended the inning without any damage done. His brother Clete, playing in his fifth consecutive Series with the Yankees, later conceded that he was privately thrilled for his brother because it was Ken's first Series. Then, in the decisive Game 7, he collected three hits (including a double and a home run), and scored three runs as St. Louis clinched the World Championship 7–5, their first title since 1946. Clete also homered in that game, the only time in World Series history that brothers have homered in the same game.[7] Boyer earned National League MVP honors after hitting .295 with 24 home runs and leading the league with 119 RBI, becoming the first NL third baseman to do so since Heinie Zimmerman in 1917; he was also honored as The Sporting News Major League Player of the Year, and received the Lou Gehrig Memorial Award for character and integrity. It was also his seventh consecutive season of 90 or more RBI, tying Pie Traynor's major league record for third basemen. Boyer hit exactly 24 home runs in each of 4 consecutive years (1961–1964) (32 homers in 1960 and 13 homers in 1965) to set a record for most consecutive years with the same home run total and at least 20 home runs; the record was tied by Fred Lynn of the California Angels and Baltimore Orioles (23 each year from 1984 to 1987). On July 10, 1965, Boyer hit his 250th home run off Dick Ellsworth in the 9th inning of a 5–3 road loss to the Cubs, and on September 28 he became the fifth Cardinal to drive in 1,000 runs, in the 9th inning of a 9–1 road win against the Giants. After 11 years with the Cardinals, Boyer began to suffer back problems in 1965, but still led the league in fielding percentage (.968) for the only time in his career; after batting just .260 with 13 homers and 75 RBI.

New York Mets

In October 1965, Boyer was traded to the New York Mets for Al Jackson and third baseman Charley Smith. With the downtrodden Mets, he was stuck on a losing team but managed to achieve several more career milestones. On May 13, 1966, he scored his 1,000th run in a 5–4 17-inning loss to the Giants; he ended the year batting .266 with 14 home runs and 61 RBI. On May 10, 1967, he collected his 2,000th career hit, a single off Milt Pappas in the 4th inning of a 7–4 loss to the Cincinnati Reds, and on May 20 he hit his 300th career double off Nelson Briles in an 11–9 loss to the Cardinals.

Chicago White Sox

On July 27, 1967, with Boyer batting .235, the Mets traded him to the Chicago White Sox along with second baseman Sandy Alomar, in exchange for third baseman Bill Southworth, whose career ended after he spent the remainder of the year in the minors, and catcher J. C. Martin. Boyer hit .261 over the rest of the season, but the White Sox released him on May 2, 1968, after he batted only .125 in 10 games.

Los Angeles Dodgers

Boyer signed with the Los Angeles Dodgers on May 10, 1968. He hit .271 in his return to the NL, and he appeared in his 2,000th game on September 7 in a 4–2 loss at Cincinnati. Boyer returned to the Dodgers in 1969, but he was used almost exclusively as a pinch hitter. He appeared in his last game on August 9, 1969, a 4–0 loss to the Cubs, grounding out as a pinch hitter in the 9th inning. After batting just .206 in 25 games that season, Boyer felt that his playing career was over and he wanted to become a coach. The Dodgers encouraged him to return as a player for the 1970 season, feeling that young players would be more likely to listen to him as a veteran player than as a coach, but Boyer chose to retire.

In his 15-year MLB career, Boyer was a .287 hitter with 2,143 hits, 282 home runs and 1,141 RBI, 1,104 runs scored, 318 doubles, 68 triples and 105 stolen bases in 2,034 games played; he also batted .348 with two home runs in his seven All-Star and ten All-Star Game appearances (played in 7/8 games in 1959–62).[8] His career slugging average of .462 ranked third among players with at least 1,000 games at third base, behind Eddie Mathews (.509) and Ron Santo (then at .478), and among NL players he trailed only Mathews in assists and double plays at third base. Upon Clete's retirement in 1971, the Boyers' 444 career home runs (282 by Ken, 162 by Clete) were the fourth most in major league history by two brothers, behind Hank and Tommie Aaron (768) and the separate pairings of Joe DiMaggio with his brothers Vince (486) and Dom (448).[9] Boyer's 12 career walk-off hits for the Cardinals remain a record for any player since 1950, equaled only by Lou Brock and Albert Pujols.[10] On April 28, 2007, Pujols broke his Cardinals record for right-handed hitters with his 256th career home run, in an 8–1 loss to the Cubs; he had tied the mark six days earlier with a 3-run homer in the 12th inning at Chicago.

Post-playing career

Boyer became a manager in the Cardinals' minor league system, first leading the Arkansas Travelers of the Texas League in 1970. He returned to the Cardinals as a coach under former teammate Red Schoendienst in 197172, then went back to managing in the minors, leading the Gulf Coast League Cardinals (1973), Tulsa Oilers of the American Association (1974–76), and Rochester Red Wings of the International League (1977–78); he won a league title with Tulsa in 1974. Among the players he developed in the minors were Keith Hernandez, Garry Templeton, Mike Easler, Tito Landrum, and Larry Herndon.

Boyer was named manager of the Cardinals in early 1978, after Vern Rapp was fired with the team at 6–11 (Jack Krol served as interim manager for two games), and posted a 62–81 record. The following year St. Louis finished in third place at 86–76, but Boyer was dismissed 51 games into the 1980 season with a record of 18–33; Krol again served a game as interim manager before Whitey Herzog took over the reins. Boyer finished with a 166–190 record in three seasons. He was scheduled to return to Rochester for the 1981 season, but lung cancer forced him to give up the job.

Hall of Fame candidacy

BBWAA

Boyer became eligible for election to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1975, at a time when the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) had only elected one third baseman in thirty elections (Traynor in 1948); despite his 512 home runs, Mathews had received just 32% of the vote in 1974. Boyer fared no better in the voting than most other star third basemen, and received less than 5% of the vote every year before being dropped from consideration after the 1979 vote. After several years of complaints about overlooked candidates, Boyer was one of three players restored to the ballot in 1985, along with Cardinals outfielder Curt Flood and fellow third baseman Ron Santo – who had himself received less than 4% of the vote in his only year on the ballot in 1980. For four years, Boyer outpaced Santo in the voting, peaking at 25.5% of the vote in 1988; but popular support for Santo grew afterward, and he outdrew Boyer every year afterward until Boyer's eligibility expired after the 1994 vote. Santo received 43% of the vote in his final year in 1998.

Veterans Committee

Boyer has since been a candidate on the Veterans Committee ballot in 2003, 2005, and 2007.

Golden Era Committee

Boyer appeared again on the Golden Era Committee (replaced the Veterans Committee in 2010 and votes every 3 years) ballot of 10 candidates from the 1947–1972 era, in 2011 and 2014. Ron Santo's nomination (the only candidate elected in 2011) in 2012 has led to suggestions that Boyer's chances of election to the Hall of Fame have increased, but in each of the two elections, Boyer fell short by 9 of the 12 required votes for Hall of Fame election. None of the 10 candidates (three of the nine player candidates including Boyer were MVP winners) were elected by the Hall of Fame's Golden Era Committee in 2014.

Honors

Boyer was inducted into the St. Louis Sports Hall of Fame in 2012.[11] In 2014, the Cardinals announced Boyer among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.[12]

Personal life

Ken Boyer married Kathleen Oliver in April 1952.[4] The couple had four children – Susie, David (born December 28, 1955), Danny, and Janie – but eventually divorced; David was drafted by the Cardinals in 1974 and played in their farm system until 1978. Boyer died from cancer in St. Louis on September 7, 1982, at the age of 51; he had undergone laetrile treatments in Mexico in an attempt to fight the disease. He was survived by twelve of his thirteen siblings, and by his four children. He was buried in Friends Cemetery in Purcell, Missouri. His number 14, which he wore throughout his career with the Cardinals, was retired by the team in 1984.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ MLB held two All-Star Games 1959 through 1962.

References

  1. ^ "Chester Vern Boyer". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  2. ^ "Mabel Agnes Means Boyer". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  3. ^ "Leonard E. "Lenny" Boyer". Find a Grave. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Biography: Childhood and Apprenticeship". KenBoyer.net. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
  5. ^ "Top Performances for Ken Boyer". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  6. ^ "Rasmus youngest to share Cardinals walk-off record". The Cardinal Nation Blog. August 21, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  7. ^ Spatz, Lyle, ed. (2007). The SABR Baseball List & Record Book. New York: Scribner. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-4165-3245-3.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Donnelly, Patrick. SportsData LLC. (2012). Midsummer Classics: Celebrating MLB's All-Star Game. 1959–1962: "all players who were named to the AL or NL roster were credited with one appearance per season" http://www.sportsdatallc.com/2012/07/09/midsummer-classics-celebrating-mlbs-all-star-game. SportsData http://www.sportsdatallc.com. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  9. ^ Spatz, p. 175.
  10. ^ "You can't 'contain the mane'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. May 18, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  11. ^ "2012 Inductee: Ken Boyer". St.LouisSportsHallOfFame.com. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  12. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  • Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia (2000). Kingston, New York: Total/Sports Illustrated. ISBN 1-892129-34-5.

Further reading

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Warren Spahn
Major League Player of the Month
September 1960
Succeeded by
Joey Jay
Preceded by
Bill White
Jim King
Hitting for the cycle
September 14, 1961
June 16, 1964
Succeeded by
Lou Clinton
Willie Stargell
1958 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1958 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 77th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 67th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 72–82 during the season and finished 5th in the National League.

1959 Major League Baseball All-Star Game (second game)

The 1959 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 27th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues composing Major League Baseball. The game was played on August 3, 1959, at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California, home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of the NL. The game resulted in a 5–3 victory for the American League. This was the second of two All-Star Games played in 1959, the first game having been played on July 7 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

The first Midsummer Classic to be played on the West Coast, this was also one of only two All-Star Games to be played outside the month of July, the other being in 1981.

1960 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1960 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 79th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 69th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 86–68 during the season, a fifteen-game improvement over the previous season, and finished third in the National League, nine games behind the World Champion Pittsburgh Pirates.

1963 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1963 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 34th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 9, 1963 in Cleveland, Ohio, at Cleveland Municipal Stadium, home of the American League's Cleveland Indians. The game was won by the National League 5–3.

From 1959 to 1962, baseball experimented with a pair of All-Star Games per year. That ended with this 1963 game, which also marked the 30th anniversary of the inaugural All-Star Game played in Chicago in 1933.

1963 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1963 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 82nd season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 72nd season in the National League. The Cardinals went 93–69 (.574) during the season, and finished 2nd in the National League, six games behind the eventual World Series champion 8Los Angeles Dodgers. The season was Stan Musial's 22nd and final season with the team, and in MLB.

1964 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1964 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 35th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was played on July 7, 1964, at Shea Stadium in New York City, New York, home of the New York Mets of the National League. The game was a 7–4 victory for the NL. Johnny Callison hit a walk-off home run, the most recent MLB All-Star game to end in such a fashion.

1964 Major League Baseball season

The 1964 Major League Baseball season was played from April 13 to October 15, 1964. This season is often remembered for the end of the New York Yankees' third dynasty, as they won their 29th American League Championship in 44 seasons. However, the Yankees lost the World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games. As of 2017, the Cardinals are the only National League team to have an edge over the Yankees in series played (3–2), amongst the non-expansion teams.

1964 World Series

The 1964 World Series pitted the National League champion St. Louis Cardinals against the American League champion New York Yankees, with the Cardinals prevailing in the best of seven games. St. Louis won their seventh world championship, while the Yankees, who had appeared in 14 of 16 World Series since 1949, did not play in the Series again until 1976.

In an unusual twist, the Yankees fired Yogi Berra after the Series ended, replacing him with Johnny Keane, who had resigned from the Cardinals after the Series. His job had been threatened by Cardinals management, and it was unexpectedly saved by the Cardinals' dramatic pennant drive.

This was also the last World Series that matched the Yankees up against the Cardinals; in the previous four meetings, each team had won twice, with the Yankees winning in 1928 and 1943, and the Cardinals in 1926 and 1942.

This pennant for the Yankees concluded their remarkable run of 15 World Series appearances over 18 years. In total, they won 29 American League championships in the 44-year span from 1921 through 1964.

1965 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1965 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 84th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 74th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 80–81 during the season and finished seventh in the National League, 16½ games behind the eventual World Series champion Los Angeles Dodgers. It was also the last full season for the original Busch Stadium.

1978 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1978 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 97th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 87th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 69-93 during the season and finished fifth in the National League East, 21 games behind the Philadelphia Phillies.

1980 St. Louis Cardinals season

The St. Louis Cardinals 1980 season was the team's 99th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 89th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 74-88 during the season and finished fourth in the National League East, 17 games behind the eventual NL pennant and World Series champion Philadelphia Phillies.

The Cardinals played the season under four different managers, Ken Boyer (fired June 8 between games of a double-header against the Expos in Montreal), Jack Krol (the second game of the double-header that same day), Whitey Herzog (June 9 until he was hired as the team's general manager in late August, succeeding John Claiborne, who was fired earlier in August) and Red Schoendienst (from late August to end of season). After the season, Herzog reclaimed the managerial job.

This team set a record for the most Silver Slugger Award winners in one season: Keith Hernández (first base), Garry Templeton (shortstop), George Hendrick (outfielder), Ted Simmons (catcher), and Bob Forsch (pitcher). Hernández also won a Gold Glove.

1985 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1985 followed the system in place since 1978.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Lou Brock and Hoyt Wilhelm.

The BBWAA petitioned the Hall of Fame Board of Directors to reconsider the eligibility of Ken Boyer, Curt Flood and Ron Santo with the intention of restoring their names to the 1985 ballot. Each had failed to achieve 5% in their first years on the ballot (Boyer, 1975–79, Flood, 1977–79 and Santo, 1980). The Board approved and Boyer, Flood and Santo returned to the ballot.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.

It also selected two players, Enos Slaughter and Arky Vaughan.

Cotton Nash

Charles Francis "Cotton" Nash (born July 24, 1942) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder and National Basketball Association forward.

Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, Nash played for the Los Angeles Lakers and the San Francisco Warriors during the 1964–65 NBA season. He had his most success in the American Basketball Association with the Kentucky Colonels, averaging 8.5 points per game, 4.9 rebounds per game, and 1.2 assists per game. He had already played in the state of Kentucky with Adolph Rupp's legendary University of Kentucky Wildcats basketball team, as well as the University's baseball team.

Nash also played 13 games over 3 MLB seasons with the Chicago White Sox and Minnesota Twins. One of those games was with the White Sox on September 10, 1967, in the ninth inning of Joe Horlen's no-hitter; he replaced Ken Boyer at first base and recorded all three putouts in the inning.

List of Chicago White Sox nicknames

In the last 100-plus years, the Chicago White Sox have had many players with colorful and memorable nicknames from "Shoeless Joe" Jackson to "Old Aches & Pains" Appling, Minnie the "Cuban Comet" Minoso, "Little Louie" Aparicio, "Black Jack" McDowell, and Frank "The Big Hurt" Thomas. These are some of the best.

Dick Allen: "Wampum"

Sandy Alomar: "Iron Pony"

Luis Aparicio: "Little Louie"

Luke Appling: "Fumblefoot" or "Kid Boots" or "Old Aches & Pains"

Cuke Barrows, Roland Barrows: "Cuke"

Bruno Block, James John Blochowicz: "Bruno"

Ken Boyer: "Cap" or "Captain"

Smoky Burgess, Forrest Harrill Burgess: "Smoky"

Iván Calderón: "Ivan The Terrible"

Norm Cash: "Stormin’ Norman"

Eddie Cicotte: "Knuckles"

Rocky Colavito, Rocco Colavito: "Rocky"

Eddie Collins: "Cocky"

José Contreras: "Commander"

Joe Crede: "Clutch Norris"

Bucky Dent, Russell Earl O’Day: "Bucky" or "Bucky 'Fucking' Dent"

Octavio Dotel: "Ol' Dirty"

Richard Dotson: "Dot"

Brian Downing: "Incredible Hulk"

Red Faber, Urban Clarence Faber: "Red"

Carlton Fisk: "Pudge"

Nellie Fox, Jacob Nelson Fox,: "Nellie", "Little Nel", or "The Mighty Mite"

Freddy García: "Chief"

Ralph Garr: "Road Runner"

Kid Gleason, William Gleason: "Kid"

Goose Gossage, Richard Michael Gossage: "Goose" or "The White Gorilla"

Craig Grebeck: "The Little Hurt"

Bo Jackson, Vincent Edward Jackson: "Bo"

Joe Jackson: "Shoeless Joe"

Bobby Jenks: "Big Bad Bobby Jenks"

Lance Johnson: "One Dog"

Ted Kluszewski: "Big Klu"

Paul Konerko: "Paulie"

Carlos Lee: "El Caballo"

Ted Lyons: "Sunday Teddy"

Jack McDowell: "Black Jack"

Catfish Metkovich, George Michael Metkovich: "Catfish"

Minnie Miñoso, Saturnino Orestes Armas (Arrieta) Miñoso: "Minnie" or "The Cuban Comet"

Blue Moon Odom, Johnny Lee Odom: "Blue Moon"

Magglio Ordóñez: "El Caribe Mayor (The Caribbean Mayor)" or "Mags"

Tom Paciorek: "Wimpy"

Don Pall: "The Pope"

Herbert Perry: "The Milkman"

Bubba Phillips, John Melvin Phillips: "Bubba"

Billy Pierce: "Billy the Kid"

Scott Podsednik: "Pods"

Carlos Quentin: "TCQ"

Tim Raines: "Rock"

Alexei Ramírez: "The Cuban Missile"

Ray Schalk: "The Cracker"

Tom Seaver: "Tom Terrific"

Bill Skowron: "Moose"

Moose Solters, Julius Joseph Soltesz: "Moose" or "Lemons"

Nick Swisher: "Dirty Thirty"

Frank Thomas: "The Big Hurt"

Jim Thome: "Big Jimmy" or "Mr. Incredible"

Javier Vázquez: "The Silent Assassin"

Robin Ventura: "Batman"

Dayán Viciedo: "The Tank"

Ed Walsh: "Big Ed"

Skeeter Webb, James Laverne Webb: "Skeeter"

Hoyt Wilhelm: "Old Sarge"

Walt Williams: "No Neck"

Taffy Wright, Taft Shedron Wright:: "Taffy"

Early Wynn: "Gus"

List of Gold Glove Award winners at third base

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985, 2007 and 2018), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in the entire league; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.Brooks Robinson won 16 Gold Gloves with the Baltimore Orioles, leading both the American League and all third basemen in awards won. Mike Schmidt is second in wins at third base; he won 10 with the Philadelphia Phillies and leads National League third basemen in Gold Gloves. Scott Rolen has the third-highest total, winning eight awards with the Phillies, the St. Louis Cardinals, and the Cincinnati Reds. Six-time winners at third base are Buddy Bell, Nolan Arenado, Eric Chavez, and Robin Ventura. Ken Boyer, Doug Rader, and Ron Santo have each won five Gold Gloves at third base, and four-time winners include Adrián Beltré, Gary Gaetti, and Matt Williams. Hall of Famers who have won a Gold Glove at the position include Robinson, Schmidt, Santo, Wade Boggs, and George Brett.The fewest errors committed in a third baseman's winning season is five, achieved by Boggs in 1995 and Chavez in 2006. Two National League winners have made six errors in a season to lead that league: Mike Lowell in 2005, and Schmidt in 1986. Chavez' fielding percentage of .987 in 2006 leads all winners; Lowell leads the National League with his .983 mark. Robinson leads all winners with 410 assists in 1974, and made the most putouts in the American League (174 in 1966). The most putouts by a winner was 187, made by Santo in 1967. Schmidt leads the National League in assists, with 396 in 1977. The most double plays turned in a season was 44 by Robinson in 1974; he turned at least 40 double plays during three of his winning seasons. The National League leader is Nolan Arenado with 42 in 2015Ken Boyer and Clete Boyer are the only pair of brothers to have won Gold Glove Awards at third base. Older brother Ken won five Gold Gloves in six years with the Cardinals (1958–1961, 1963), and Clete won in 1969 with the Atlanta Braves.

List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches

The St. Louis Cardinals, based in St. Louis, Missouri, are a professional baseball franchise that compete in the National League of Major League Baseball (MLB). The club employs coaches who support – and report directly to – the manager. Coaches for various aspects of the game, including pitching, hitting, baserunning and fielding, give instruction to players to assist them in exercising the major disciplines that must be successfully executed to compete at the highest level. These specialized roles are a relatively new development, as coaches initially did not have specific roles and instead had titles such as "first assistant", "second assistant", etc. St. Louis Cardinals coaches have played an important role in the team's eleven World Series titles. Many are retired players who at one time played for the team. Coaching is often part of the path for Major League managerial hopefuls, as a coach's previous experiences typically include managing and/or coaching at the minor league level. Charley O'Leary and Heinie Peitz, both former Cardinals players, became the first coaches the Cardinals employed as positions separate from the manager in 1913.

The longest-tenured coach in Cardinals' franchise history is Red Schoendienst, who has filled a variety of roles for the St. Louis Cardinals. First, he played 15 seasons as a second baseman for the Cardinals before becoming an on-field coach in 1962 in his penultimate season as an active player. He continued to coach through 1964, and the next season, became the Cardinals' manager. Returning as an on-field coach for the Cardinals in 1979, Schoendienst remained in that capacity until 1995. Since 1996, he has served as a special assistant to the general manager as a coaching advisor. In all, Schoendienst has coached for St. Louis for 38 total seasons. He has also worn a St. Louis Major League uniform in eight different decades, won four World Series titles as part of on-field personnel and two more World Series titles since moving into his role as an advisor.The current longest-tenured coach through 2015 is third-base coach José Oquendo, who has been coaching for the Cardinals since 1999. The latest addition is assistant hitting coach Bill Mueller, who was hired before the 2015 season. The longest-tenured on-field coach in franchise history is Buzzy Wares; he is also the only coach for the Cardinals with a consecutive on-field season streak of 20 or more seasons with 23. Schoendienst is the only other with 20 or more total seasons; he also had a streak of 17 consecutive seasons. Dave Duncan and Dave McKay are both tied for third with 16 total seasons and both with a streak of 16 consecutive seasons. Jose Oquendo is also tied with Duncan and McKay with 16 years during the 2015 season as it marks his 16 consecutive season as an on field coach. Others with ten or more seasons include Mike González, Johnny Lewis, Marty Mason, Gaylen Pitts and Dave Ricketts. Dal Maxvill is the only former Cardinals coach to have become a general manager for the Cardinals. Ray Blades, Ken Boyer, González, Johnny Keane, Jack Krol, Marty Marion, Bill McKechnie, Schoendienst and Harry Walker have all also managed the Cardinals. Cardinals coaches who have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum include Bob Gibson, McKechnie and Schoendienst.

List of St. Louis Cardinals team records

The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). in 1892. Before joining the NL, they were also a charter member of the American Association (AA) from 1882 to 1891. Although St. Louis has been the Cardinals' home city for the franchise's entire existence, they were also known as the Brown Stockings, Browns, and Perfectos.

In 134 seasons, the franchise has won more than 10,000 regular season games and appeared in 27 postseasons while claiming 12 interleague championships, tying one other, and 23 league pennants. 11 of the interleague championships are World Series titles won under the modern format since 1903; the other championship and tie occurred in 1885–1886. 19 of the league pennants are NL pennants, and the other four are AA pennants. Their 11 World Series titles represent the most in the NL and are second in MLB only to the New York Yankees' 27.

Notable players have defined, in part, the Cardinals' success and history. Stan Musial owns the most career batting records with 22. Rogers Hornsby owns the most single-season records with 11. Bob Gibson owns the most career pitching records with 18. Silver King owns the most single-season pitching records with nine.

List of Tiny Toon Adventures episodes

Tiny Toon Adventures is an American animated television series created by Warner Bros. Animation and Amblin Entertainment. It aired for three seasons between 1990 and 1992, accounting for a total of 98 episodes. Most episodes are either divided into three seven-minute segments with wraparounds before each segment, or a single segment of approximately 22 minutes; eight episodes use a "two shorts" format. Besides the 98 episodes, two specials aired: "Tiny Toon Spring Break" and "Tiny Toons' Night Ghoulery". A direct-to-video release, the two-hour Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation also aired in four parts as part of the show's episode package.

St. Louis Cardinals

The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri. The Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006. One of the most successful franchises in baseball history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the second-most in Major League Baseball (behind the New York Yankees) and the most in the National League. Their 19 National League pennants rank third in NL history. In addition, St. Louis has won 13 division titles in the East and Central divisions.

While still in the old American Association (AA), named then as the St. Louis Browns, the team won four AA league championships, qualifying them to play in the professional baseball championship tournament (a forerunner of the modern World Series, established 1903) of that era. They tied in 1885 and won outright in 1886 and lost in 1888 for the early trophy Hall Cup versus the New York Giants. The others both times against the Chicago Cubs (originally the Chicago White Stockings then), in the first meetings of the Cardinals–Cubs rivalry between nearby cities of St. Louis and Chicago that continues to this day.

With origins as one of the early professional baseball clubs in St. Louis and the nation, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased a barnstorming club in 1881, then known as the Brown Stockings, and established them as charter members of the old American Association (AA) base ball league which played 1882 to 1891, the following season. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the continuing National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, later known simply as the National League, (organized in 1876), in 1892; at that time, they were called the Browns (not to be confused with a later team also known as the St. Louis Browns in the American League, 1902-1953) and also as the Perfectos before they were officially renamed eight years later as the Cardinals in 1900.

Cardinals achievements that have impacted MLB and sports events in general include manager/owner Branch Rickey's pioneering of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average (ERA) in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire breaking the single-season home run record in 1998, and the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four different seasons and won 100 or more a total of nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, and three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, and Bruce Sutter.

In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, making them the 7th-most valuable franchise in MLB; their revenue the previous year was $319 million, and their operating income was $40.0 million. Since their purchase in 1995, owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group has seen enormous growth from the $147 million purchase price. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager. The Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they routinely see attendances among the league's highest, and are consistently among the Top 3 in MLB in local television ratings.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.