Kemerovo Oblast

Kemerovo Oblast (Russian: Ке́меровская о́бласть, Kemerovskaya oblast, pronounced [ˈkʲemʲɪrəfskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]), also known as Kuzbass (Кузба́сс) after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in southwestern Siberia, where the West Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian mountains. The oblast, which covers an area of 95,500 square kilometers (36,900 sq mi),[7] shares a border with Tomsk Oblast in the north, Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Republic of Khakassia in the east, the Altai Republic in the south, and with Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai in the west. Kemerovo is the administrative center of the oblast, though Novokuznetsk is the largest city in the oblast, in terms of size. Kemerovo Oblast is one of Russia's most urbanized regions, with over 70% of the population living in its nine principal cities. Its ethnic composition is predominantly Russian, but Ukrainians, Tatars, and Chuvash also live in the oblast. The population recorded during the 2010 Census was 2,763,135.[8]

Kemerovo Oblast
Кемеровская область
Coat of arms of Kemerovo Oblast

Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Kemerovo Oblast[3]
Kemerovo in Russia
Coordinates: 54°56′N 87°14′E / 54.933°N 87.233°ECoordinates: 54°56′N 87°14′E / 54.933°N 87.233°E
CountryRussia
Federal districtSiberian[1]
Economic regionWest Siberian[2]
EstablishedJanuary 26, 1943[4]
Administrative centerKemerovo
Government
 • BodyCouncil of People's Deputies[5]
 • Governor[5]Sergey Tsivilyov (acting)[6]
Area
 • Total95,500 km2 (36,900 sq mi)
Area rank34th
Population
 (2010 Census)[8]
 • Total2,763,135
 • Estimate 
(2018)[9]
2,694,877 (-2.5%)
 • Rank15th
 • Density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
 • Urban
85.4%
 • Rural
14.6%
ISO 3166 codeRU-KEM
License plates42
Official languagesRussian[11]
OKTMO ID32000000
Websitehttp://www.ako.ru

History

The oblast was established on January 26, 1943,[4] but it has considerably older antecedents. Shors, Teleuts and Siberian Tatars are native peoples of the region. The oldest city in Kemerovo Oblast is Novokuznetsk, founded in 1618, soon after Cossack ataman Yermak's push into Siberia.

The territory of modern Kemerovo Oblast has been inhabited for several thousand years. In 1618, Kuznetsk fort was established in the south of the future oblast to protect the land from Russian and Mongolian Dzhungarian invaders. During the 19th century, the territory of the modern oblast was a part of Tomsk Governorate.

Soviet period

After the October Revolution Kuzbass became part of the West Siberian Krai, and then the Novosibirsk Oblast. Post revolutionary period was characterized by the transition to a planned economy, the creation of the Ural-Kuzbass industrial complex development of the coal, metallurgical and chemical industries Kuzbass Kemerovo Coke built, Kuznetsk Metallurgical Combine, a lot of new mines. Industrial enterprises are being built near the workers' settlements, which quickly became a city: Kiselevsk Osinniki Krasnobrodsky, Tashtagol Kaltan Mezhdurechensk and others.

During the Great Patriotic War, Kemerovo region became a major supplier of coal and metal. From Novokuznetsk steel produced over 50,000 tanks and 45,000 aircraft. In Kuzbass from the occupied areas were evacuated equipment 71 enterprises, most of which have remained in the Kuzbass.

In January 26, 1943, the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet issued a decree, decided to allocate from the Novosibirsk Oblast of Kuzbass and the establishment on its territory of Kemerovo region with administrative center in the city of Kemerovo. In the new Oblast included 17.5% of the Novosibirsk region, 9 of the 12 cities of regional subordination, 17 of the 20 workers' settlements, 23 of the 75 districts. The population of the Kemerovo Oblast was 42% of the total population of the Novosibirsk Oblast.

Climate

The climate of the oblast is continental: winters are cold and long, summers are warm, but short. The average January temperature ranges from −17 to −20 °C (1 to −4 °F), the average in July is 17 to 18 °C (63 to 64 °F). Average annual precipitation ranges from 300 millimeters (12 in) on the plains and the foothills of up to 1,000 millimeters (39 in) or more in mountainous areas. The duration of the frost-free period is 100 days in the north area, and up to 120 days in the south of the Kuznetsk Basin.

Economy

Kemerovo Oblast is one of Russia's most important industrial regions, with some of the world's largest deposits of coal. The south of the region is dominated by metallurgy and the mining industry, as well as mechanical engineering and chemical production. The Evraz Group and an ore subsidiary Evrazruda operate iron ore mining and processing facilities along with the Raspadskaya, Yuzhkuzbassugol, the Siberian holding company SIBPLAZ, coal and coking coal mines there. The northern area of the region is more agricultural. The region has a dense railway network, including the Trans-Siberian Railway, which passes through the oblast. Prokopevsk, Kiselevsk, and Andzhero-Sudzhensk are coal-producing centers, and Novokuznetsk is the center of the engineering industry.

Politics

Kemerovo Soviet Square
Building of the Oblast Government

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kemerovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Kemerovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Kemerovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Honors

A minor planet 2140 Kemerovo discovered in 1970 by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova is named after Kemerovo Oblast.[12]

Demographics

Population: 2,763,135 (2010 Census);[8] 2,899,142 (2002 Census);[13] 3,176,335 (1989 Census).[14]

Settlements

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 37 624 (13.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 41 417 (15.1 per 1000) [15]
  • Total fertility rate:[16]

2009 - 1.67 | 2010 - 1.62 | 2011 - 1.59 | 2012 - 1.76 | 2013 - 1.79 | 2014 - 1.78 | 2015 - 1.71(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Russians - 93.7%
  • Tatars - 1.5%
  • Ukrainians - 0.8%
  • Germans - 0.9%
  • others - 1.5%
  • 55,899 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[17]

Religion

As of a 2012 survey[18] 34.1% of the population of Kemerovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% declares to be nondenominational Christian (excluding the Protestant churches), 3% are members of Rodnovery, the Slavic folk religion, 1% are either believers of Orthodox Christianity not belonging to any church or members of other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 1% are Muslims, 5.9% are followers of other religion or people who did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 31% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 17% to be atheist.[18]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of the Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Anthem of Kemerovo Oblast ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  4. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, Article 2
  5. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, Article 9
  6. ^ RBC Путин принял отставку Тулеева ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  7. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  10. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  12. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 173. ISBN 3-540-00238-3.
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. ^ Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации. Gks.ru. Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  16. ^ Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Gks.ru (2010-05-08). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  17. ^ Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. Perepis-2010.ru (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  18. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  19. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Кемеровской области. №10-ОЗ 5 июня 1997 г. «Устав Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №65-ОЗ от 8 июля 2015 г. «О внесении поправки в Устав Кемеровской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №102, 11 июня 1997 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kemerovo Oblast. #10-OZ June 5, 1997 Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #65-OZ of July 8, 2015 On Amending the Charter of Kemerovo Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

See also

Administrative divisions of Kemerovo Oblast

Cities and towns under the oblast's jurisdiction:

Kemerovo (Кемерово) (administrative center)

city districts:

Kirovsky (Кировский)

Leninsky (Ленинский)

Rudnichny (Рудничный)

Tsentralny (Центральный)

Zavodsky (Заводский)

Anzhero-Sudzhensk (Анжеро-Судженск)

Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:

Rudnichny (Рудничный)

Belovo (Белово)

Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:

Bachatsky (Бачатский)

Gramoteino (Грамотеино)

Inskoy (Инской)

Novy Gorodok (Новый Городок)

Beryozovsky (Берёзовский)

Guryevsk (Гурьевск)

Towns under the town's jurisdiction:

Salair (Салаир)

Kaltan (Калтан)

Kiselyovsk (Киселёвск)

Leninsk-Kuznetsky (Ленинск-Кузнецкий)

Mariinsk (Мариинск)

Mezhdurechensk (Междуреченск)

Myski (Мыски)

Novokuznetsk (Новокузнецк)

city districts:

Kuybyshevsky (Куйбышевский)

Kuznetsky (Кузнецкий)

Novoilyinsky (Новоильинский)

Ordzhonikidzevsky (Орджоникидзевский)

Tsentralny (Центральный)

Zavodsky (Заводский)

Osinniki (Осинники)

Polysayevo (Полысаево)

Prokopyevsk (Прокопьевск)

city districts:

Rudnichny (Рудничный)

Tsentralny (Центральный)

Zenkovsky (Зенковский)

Tashtagol (Таштагол)

Tayga (Тайга)

Topki (Топки)

Yurga (Юрга)

Urban-type settlements under the oblast's jurisdiction:

Krasnobrodsky (Краснобродский)

Districts:

Belovsky (Беловский)

with 8 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Chebulinsky (Чебулинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Verkh-Chebula (Верх-Чебула)

with 6 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Guryevsky (Гурьевский)

with 7 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Izhmorsky (Ижморский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Izhmorsky (Ижморский)

with 6 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Kemerovsky (Кемеровский)

with 9 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Krapivinsky (Крапивинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Krapivinsky (Крапивинский)

Zelenogorsky (Зеленогорский)

with 9 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Leninsk-Kuznetsky (Ленинск-Кузнецкий)

with 8 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Mariinsky (Мариинский)

with 12 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Mezhdurechensky(Междуреченский)

Novokuznetsky (Новокузнецкий)

with 16 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Prokopyevsky (Прокопьевский)

with 10 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Promyshlennovsky (Промышленновский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Promyshlennaya (Промышленная)

with 10 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Tashtagolsky (Таштагольский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Kaz (Каз)

Mundybash (Мундыбаш)

Sheregesh (Шерегеш)

Spassk (Спасск)

Temirtau (Темиртау)

with 4 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Tisulsky (Тисульский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Belogorsk (Белогорск)

Komsomolsk (Комсомольск)

Tisul (Тисуль)

with 10 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Topkinsky (Топкинский)

with 11 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Tyazhinsky (Тяжинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Itatsky (Итатский)

Tyazhinsky (Тяжинский)

with 10 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Yashkinsky (Яшкинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Yashkino (Яшкино)

with 10 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Yaysky (Яйский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Yaya (Яя)

with 9 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Yurginsky (Юргинский)

with 9 rural territories under the district's jurisdiction.

Belogorsk, Kemerovo Oblast

Belogorsk (Russian: Белого́рск) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Tisulsky District of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern spurs of the Kuznetsk Alatau mountain range. Population: 3,278 (2010 Census); 3,540 (2002 Census); 3,772 (1989 Census); 4,400 (1969).

Belovsky District, Kemerovo Oblast

Belovsky District (Russian: Бело́вский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the nineteen in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Belovsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,400 square kilometers (1,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Vishnevka. Population: 30,204 (2010 Census); 33,382 (2002 Census); 25,815 (1989 Census).

Beryozovsky, Kemerovo Oblast

Beryozovsky (Russian: Берёзовский) is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located between the Barzas and Shurap Rivers (Ob's basin), 27 kilometers (17 mi) north of Kemerovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 47,279 (2010 Census); 48,299 (2002 Census); 51,250 (1989 Census).

Flag of Kemerovo Oblast

The flag of Kemerovo Oblast is a red rectangle with a blue stripe at the hoist side, its width 1/3 of the flag length. In the upper part of the blue stripe is the Kemerovo Oblast coat of arms. The coat of arms contains the year 1943, the year of the oblast's foundation, on a red Order of Lenin ribbon with gold edges. The emblem contains a pick axe and a hammer. The oblast is a major the coal and metal mining centre of Russia. The flag ratio is 1:2, however a variant used from 2003 is 2:3 ratio.The current flag was adopted on 7 June 2002, however according to Sergei Sherniakov of the Heraldic Committee of Perm Region the adoption date of the Kemerovo Oblast flag was 29 May 2002.

Gornaya Shoriya

Gornaya Shoria, Mountainous Shoria, or Mountain Shoria (Russian: Горная Шория, Gornaya Shoriya, Shor: Тағлығ Шор, Tağlığ Şor) is a territory in southern Siberia, Russia, east of the Altay Mountains. It is the southern part of Kemerovo Oblast. The indigenous population are the Shors people.

The territory is mountainous: spurs of Abakan Range, Salair Ridge and Kuznetsk Alatau. It is rich in ores, and it is also part of the Kuznetsk Coal Basin. Other industries include logging, fur hunting, pine nut harvesting and tourism (ski resort in Sheregesh).

Guryevsk, Kemerovo Oblast

Guryevsk (Russian: Гу́рьевск) is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located 195 kilometers (121 mi) southeast of Kemerovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 24,817 (2010 Census); 27,381 (2002 Census); 28,152 (1989 Census).

Kemerovo

Kemerovo (Russian: Ке́мерово, IPA: [ˈkʲemʲɪrəvə]) is an industrial city and the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Iskitim and Tom Rivers, in the major coal mining region of the Kuznetsk Basin. Its population was 532,981 in the 2010 Census; 484,754 in the 2002 Census; 520,263 in the 1989 Census.It was previously known as Shcheglovsk (until March 27, 1932).

Kemerovo International Airport

Kemerovo International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Кемерово) (IATA: KEJ, ICAO: UNEE), also known as Alexei Leonov Airport, is one of 2 major airports in Kemerovo Oblast area (Russian: Кемеровская область, Kemerovskaya oblast), Russia, Southwestern Siberia located 10 km southeast of Kemerovo. It is a civilian airfield serving medium-sized airliners, but large enough to be used for military purposes.

Komsomolsk, Kemerovo Oblast

Komsomolsk (Russian: Комсомольск) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Tisulsky District of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 2,294 (2010 Census); 2,631 (2002 Census); 3,479 (1989 Census).

Mariinsk

Mariinsk (Russian: Марии́нск) is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, where the Trans-Siberian Railway crosses the Kiya River (Ob's basin), 180 kilometers (110 mi) northeast of Kemerovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 40,526 (2010 Census); 42,977 (2002 Census); 40,956 (1989 Census); 39,700 (1972).

Mezhdurechensk, Kemerovo Oblast

Mezhdurechensk (Russian: Междуреченск, IPA: [mʲɪʐdʊˈrʲetɕɪnsk]) is a city in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 101,678 (2010 Census); 101,987 (2002 Census); 107,014 (1989 Census).

Mezhdurechensky District, Kemerovo Oblast

Mezhdurechensky District (Russian: Междуре́ченский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the nineteen in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. Its administrative center is the city of Mezhdurechensk (which is not administratively a part of the district). Population: 2,268 (2010 Census); 2,658 (2002 Census).

Prokopyevsk

Prokopyevsk (Russian: Прокопьевск, IPA: [prɐˈkopʲjɪfsk]) is a city in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 210,130 (2010 Census); 224,597 (2002 Census); 273,838 (1989 Census).

Spichenkovo Airport

Spichenkovo Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Спиченково) (IATA: NOZ, ICAO: UNWW), also known as Novokuznetsk Airport, is one of two major airports in Kemerovo Oblast area (Russian: Кемеровская область, Kemerovskaya oblast), Russia, Southwestern Siberia located 17 km west of Novokuznetsk. It is named after the nearby town of Spichenkovo. The area has skiing resorts, and the airport is the place where Russian holiday makers pass through arriving to Mezhdurechensk, Kemerovo Oblast.

It is a civilian airport, servicing medium-sized airliners, such as the Airbus A320, Boeing 737-300, Tupolev Tu-134, Tupolev Tu-154, Yakovlev Yak-40, Yakovlev Yak-42, Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26, Ilyushin Il-76, and helicopters Mil Mi-2, Mil Mi-8

There are a 2,680 m × 45 m (8,793 ft × 148 ft) and a 2,000 m × 49 m (6,562 ft × 161 ft) active runways.

Yashkino, Kemerovo Oblast

Yashkino (Russian: Яшкино) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Yashkinsky District of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 14,719 (2010 Census); 15,583 (2002 Census); 16,649 (1989 Census).

Yaya, Russia

Yaya (Russian: Яя) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Yaysky District of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Yaya River (Chulym's tributary), 277 kilometers (172 mi) north of Kemerovo. Population: 11,688 (2010 Census); 13,575 (2002 Census); 14,280 (1989 Census).

Yurga

Yurga (Russian: Юрга́) is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Tom River. Population: 81,533 (2010 Census); 85,555 (2002 Census); 93,202 (1989 Census).

Yurginsky District, Kemerovo Oblast

Yurginsky District (Russian: Юрги́нский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the nineteen in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Yurginsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,510 square kilometers (970 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Yurga (which is not administratively a part of the district). Population: 22,448 (2010 Census); 22,779 (2002 Census); 22,994 (1989 Census).

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