Kekaha, Hawaii

Kekaha (literally, "the place" in Hawaiian[1]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 3,537 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 3,175 at the 2000 census.

Kekaha, Hawaii
Aerial view of Kekaha
Aerial view of Kekaha
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°58′18″N 159°42′59″W / 21.97167°N 159.71639°WCoordinates: 21°58′18″N 159°42′59″W / 21.97167°N 159.71639°W
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyKauai
Area
 • Total1.29 sq mi (3.35 km2)
 • Land1.00 sq mi (2.60 km2)
 • Water0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,537
 • Density3,527/sq mi (1,361.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)
ZIP code
96752
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-35600
GNIS feature ID0361086

History

Kekaha sugar mill
Kekaha Sugar Mill

For most of the 20th century, the Kekaha Sugar Mill (owned by Amfac) was the centerpiece of agriculture on Kauaʻi's west side. The sugar mill had a major influence in Kekaha's development, including banking, employment, transportation, housing and utilities such as water and electricity. The mill employed several generations of local families. It closed in 2000 when the entire sugar industry in Hawaiʻi collapsed. The mill was purchased in 2005 by mainland investors who sold off its heavy machinery to other mills as far away as Africa.

Hawaiʻi's first (and only) train robbery occurred here in February 1920, when a masked gunman stopped a slow-moving sugar train and escaped with the locomotive and $11,000 taken from the labor paymaster on board. Police recovered the money in a swamp near the home of a local fisherman, whose suspicious behavior soon resulted in his arrest and conviction. The fisherman was a big fan of Western movies, and was thought to have been inspired by some of the films he had seen.

Geography

Kekaha is located on the southwest side of the island of Kauai at 21°58′18″N 159°42′59″W / 21.97167°N 159.71639°W (21.971690, -159.716290).[3] It is bordered to the east by Waimea and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. Hawaii Route 50 passes through the community, leading northwest 7 miles (11 km) to its end at the Pacific Missile Range Facility and east 15 miles (24 km) to Kalaheo.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Kekaha CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) are land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2), or 22.48%, are water.[2]

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,175 people, 1,073 households, and 799 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,178.2 people per square mile (1,225.9/km²). There were 1,162 housing units at an average density of 1,163.2 per square mile (448.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 15.9% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 43.6% Asian, 12.4% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 26.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.7% of the population.

There were 1,073 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,103, and the median income for a family was $48,629. Males had a median income of $32,969 versus $26,739 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,117. About 10.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Items of interest

Kekaha Beach Sunset
Kekaha Beach at sunset

Located near Kekaha is the U.S. Navy Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF). Within PMRF's property is located WWVH, the U.S.'s Pacific-region short-wave station operated by NIST broadcasting time signals from an atomic clock. The station also broadcasts weather alerts for portions of the Pacific Ocean. Kekaha Beach Park offers splendid views of Niʻihau, Hawaiʻi's Forbidden Island.

Communications

Circa 1962, the Army Radio Station a few miles west of Kekaha provided ionospheric and tropospheric scatter communications as part of a line of stations from California to Vietnam, sending TTY traffic back and forth during the Vietnam War.

References

  1. ^ Pukui, Mary Kawena. Place Names of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-0524-0.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kekaha CDP, Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Broadcast call signs

Broadcast call signs are call signs assigned as unique identifiers to radio stations and television stations. While broadcast radio stations will often brand themselves with plain-text names, identities such as "cool FM", "rock 105" or "the ABC network" are not globally unique. Another station in another city or country may (and often will) have a similar brand, and the name of a broadcast station for legal purposes is normally its internationally recognised ITU call sign. Some common conventions are followed around the world.

Claude Horan

Claude Horan (29 October 1917 – 11 June 2014) was an American ceramic and glass artist who was born in Long Beach, California. He received a BA from San Jose State University in 1942 and an MA degree in art from Ohio State University in 1946. His wife Suzi Pleyte Horan collaborated on many of the larger projects. He was a lifeguard and longboard surfer in Santa Cruz in the late 1930s, and is credited with naming Steamer Lane.

He started the ceramics program at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1947. After a sabbatical in 1967 during which he learned glass blowing, Horan established a glass blowing studio at the university in 1968. In 1978, he retired from the University of Hawaii as a professor emeritus. Horan’s students include Toshiko Takaezu, Isami Enomoto, Henry Takemoto, Chiu Huan-tang and Harue Oyama McVay, who became chairman of the ceramics program upon Horan’s retirement.Standing Female Figure, in the collection of the Honolulu Museum of Art is an example of the whimsical ceramic figurines for which he is best known. He begins with a cylindrical vessel on the potter’s wheel, onto which he sculpts human features. The Hawaii State Art Museum, the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Museum of Arts and Design (New York City), and the Division of Ceramics and Glass of the National Museum of American History (Washington, D.C.) are among the public collections holding work by Claude Horan. His sculptures in public places include:

Untitled 1976 sculpture, Leilehua High School, Honolulu, Hawaii

Hoʻolaulea (1976) and Cecil (1976), Red Hill Elementary School, Honolulu, Hawaii

Vita Marinae, 1975, Waikiki Aquarium, Honolulu, Hawaii

Na heʻenalu o kailua maluna o ke kilohana a na nalu, 1974, Kailua High School, Kailua, Hawaii

Kiʻi Kalai Mea Pa'ani Na Kamaliʻi, 1974, Kealakehe Elementary School, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii

The Stallion and His Crew, 1979, Pukalani Elementary School, Pukalani, Hawaii

Moby Dick and Friends, 1980, Kekaha Elementary School, Kekaha, Hawaii

In the Spirit of the Koolaus, 1980, Kalaheo High School, Kailua, Hawaii

KAUI

KAUI may refer to:

KAUI-LP, a low-power television station (channel 51) licensed to Wailuku, Hawaii, United States

KSHK, a radio station (103.3 FM) licensed to Kekaha, Hawaii, United States, which held the call sign KAUI from September 1989 to March 1999

KQNG

KQNG may refer to:

KQNG (AM), a defunct radio station (720 AM) formerly licensed to serve Kekaha, Hawaii, United States

KQNG-FM, a radio station (93.5 FM) licensed to serve Lihue, Hawaii

KUAI, a radio station (570 AM) licensed to serve Eleele, Hawaii, which held the call sign KQNG from 1987 to 2015

KQNG (AM)

KQNG (720 AM) was a radio station broadcasting a Classic Country format. Licensed to Kekaha, Hawaii, United States, the station served the Kauai area. The station was owned by Ohana Broadcast Company LLC and featured programming from CNN Radio.

The station went on the air as KUAI on June 20, 1965. At the time, its tower was the westernmost in the United States, on land owned by the McBryde Sugar Company. It was owned by the American Islands Broadcasting Corporation, which was a business of Richard Hobby and Ron Gay. Charles T. Erickson bought the station in late 1966; he sold it to John Short and William Dale in 1975.

KQNG's license was surrendered on March 22, 2016, and cancelled by the Federal Communications Commission on the same day.

Kani Kauahi

Daniel Kani Kauahi (born September 6, 1959) is the assistant head coach for the Arizona Rattlers in the Indoor Football League (AFL). He joined the Rattlers in 2007 as the defensive line coach.

List of transmission sites

In the following there are lists of sites of famous radio transmitters. During the early history of radio many countries had only a few high power radio stations, operated either by the government or large corporations, which broadcast to the population or to other countries. Because of the large number of transmission sites, this list is not complete. Outside of Europe senders and repeater stations are emphatically presented from international services.

National Institute of Standards and Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a physical sciences laboratory, and a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness. NIST's activities are organized into laboratory programs that include nanoscale science and technology, engineering, information technology, neutron research, material measurement, and physical measurement.

Navy Region Hawaii

Navy Region Hawaii (CNRH or NAVREGHI) is one of eleven current naval regions responsible to Commander, Navy Installations Command for the operation and management of Naval shore installations in Hawaii. The region is commanded by RDML Robert B. Chadwick, who also serves additionally as the commander of Naval Surface Group Middle Pacific.

The region's most important installation, Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam hosts two of United States Pacific Command subordinate Service components - United States Pacific Fleet on the Pearl Harbor side, and Pacific Air Forces on the Hickam side. The region also oversees installation support for the Pacific Missile Range Facility, the world's largest instrumented, multi-dimensional testing and training missile range in Kekaha, Hawaii.

Pacific Missile Range Facility

The Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands (IATA: BKH, ICAO: PHBK, FAA LID: BKH) is a U.S. naval facility and airport located five nautical miles (9 km) northwest of the central business district of Kekaha, in Kauai County, Hawaii, United States.PMRF is the world's largest instrumented, multi-dimensional testing and training missile range. The US military and subcontractors favor its relative isolation, ideal year-round tropical climate and encroachment-free environment (see "PMRF Agriculture Preservation Initiative" below). It is the only range in the world where submarines, surface ships, aircraft and space vehicles can operate and be tracked simultaneously. There are over 1,100 square miles (2,800 km2) of instrumented underwater range and over 42,000 square miles (109,000 km2) of controlled airspace. The base itself covers roughly 2,385 acres (965 ha).

The base includes a 6,000-foot (1,800 m) runway with operations and maintenance facilities. It has roughly 70 housing units and various recreational facilities for those who can access the base.

The base has support facilities at Port Allen, Makaha Ridge, and Koke'e State Park. The base also uses a portion of the nearby island of Niihau for a remotely operated APS-134 surveillance radar, an 1,100-acre (450 ha) Test Vehicle Recovery Site, the Perch Electronic Warfare site, multiple EW Portable Simulator sites, and a Helicopter Terrain Flight training course.

Portuguese-American neighborhoods

In the late 19th century, many Portuguese, mainly from the islands of Azores and Madeira, migrated to the United States and established communities in cities such as Providence, Rhode Island; New Bedford, Massachusetts; and San Jose, California. Many of them also moved to Hawaii. There are an estimated 1,500,000 Portuguese Americans based on the Government Census Community Survey.

Radio clock

A radio clock or radio-controlled clock (RCC) is a clock or watch that is automatically synchronized to a time code transmitted by a radio transmitter connected to a time standard such as an atomic clock. (Alarm clocks with broadcast radio receivers, a totally different concept, are often called "clock radios".) Such a clock may be synchronized to the time sent by a single transmitter, such as many national or regional time transmitters, or may use the multiple transmitters used by satellite navigation systems such as GPS. Such systems may be used to automatically set clocks or for any purpose where accurate time is needed. RC clocks may include any feature available for a clock, such as alarm function, display of ambient temperature and humidity, broadcast radio reception, etc.

One common style of radio-controlled clock uses time signals transmitted by dedicated terrestrial longwave radio transmitters, which emit a time code that can be demodulated and displayed by the radio controlled clock. The radio controlled clock will contain an accurate time base oscillator to maintain timekeeping if the radio signal is momentarily unavailable. Other radio controlled clocks use the time signals transmitted by dedicated transmitters in the shortwave bands. Systems using dedicated time signal stations can achieve accuracy of a few tens of milliseconds.

GPS satellite navigation receivers also internally generate accurate time information from the satellite signals. Dedicated GPS timing receivers are accurate to better than 1 microsecond; however, general-purpose or consumer grade GPS may have an offset of up to one second between the internally calculated time, which is much more accurate than 1 second, and the time displayed on the screen.

Other broadcast services may include timekeeping information of varying accuracy within their signals.

Saint Theresa Catholic Church (Kekaha, Hawaii)

Saint Theresa Catholic Church in Kekaha is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawaii in the United States. Located in Kekaha on the island of Kauai, the church falls under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Honolulu and its bishop. It is named after Thérèse of Lisieux.

The original St. Theresa Church was blessed in January 1941. It burned down in 1977 and a new church was built on the original sight and blessed in 1979. The church was staffed by Marist priests from 1944-1985 when LaSalette priests took over. The Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity of Manitowoc, Wisconsin, have worked at St. Theresa School since coming to Hawaii in 1946. The school also began in 1946. A sister was principal at St. Theresa School until 2006, when the school received its first lay principal.Hurricane Iniki destroyed the original St. Theresa School, as well as, the rectory, convent, and church hall. The church needed a new roof and other repairs.

Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King

The Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King (company designation S-61) is an American twin-engined anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter designed and built by Sikorsky Aircraft. A landmark design, it was the world's first amphibious helicopter and one of the first ASW rotorcraft to use turboshaft engines.The Sea King has its origins in efforts by the United States Navy as a means of counteracting the growing threat of Soviet submarines during the 1950s. Accordingly, the helicopter was specifically developed to deliver a capable ASW platform; in particular, it combined the roles of hunter and killer, which had previously been carried out by two separate helicopters. The Sea King was initially designated HSS-2, which was intended to imply a level of commonality to the earlier HSS-1; it was subsequently re-designated as the SH-3A during the early 1960s.

Introduced to service in 1961, it was operated by the United States Navy as a key ASW and utility asset for several decades prior to being replaced by the non-amphibious Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk in the 1990s. In late 1961 and early 1962, a modified U.S. Navy HSS-2 Sea King was used to break the FAI 3 km, 100 km, 500 km, and 1000 km helicopter speed records. The Sea King also performed various other roles and missions such as search-and-rescue, transport, anti-shipping, medevac, plane guard, and airborne early warning operations. Several Sea Kings, operated by the United States Marine Corps's HMX-1 unit, are used as the official helicopters of the President of the United States, for which the call sign 'Marine One' would be used.

The Sea King has also proved to be popular on the export market with foreign military customers, and has also been sold to civil operators as well. As of 2015, many examples of the type remain in service in nations around the world. The Sea King has been built under license by Agusta in Italy, Mitsubishi in Japan, and by Westland in the United Kingdom as the Westland Sea King. The major civil versions are the S-61L and S-61N.

USS AFDB-2

USS ABSD-2, later redesignated as AFDB-2, was a ten-section, non-self-propelled, large auxiliary floating drydock of the US Navy. Advance Base Sectional Dock-2 (Auxiliary Floating Dock Big-2) was constructed in sections during 1942 and 1943 by the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California for World War 2. Her official commissioning ceremony took place on 14 August 1943 with CDR. Joseph J. Rochefort in command. With all ten sections joined, she was 927 feet long, 28 feet tall (keel to welldeck), and with an inside clear width of 133 feet 7 inches. ABSD-2 had a traveling 15-ton capacity crane with a 85-foot radius and two or more support barges. The two side walls were folded down under tow to reduce wind resistance and lower the center of gravity. ABSD-2 had 6 capstans for pulling, each rated at 24,000 lbf (110,000 N) at 30 ft/min (0.15 m/s), 4 of the capstans were reversible. There were also 4 ballast compartments in each section.

WWVH

WWVH is the callsign of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology's shortwave radio time signal station in Kekaha, on the island of Kauai in the state of Hawaii.

WWVH is the Pacific sister station to WWV, and has a similar broadcast format. Like WWV, WWVH's main function is the dissemination of official U.S. Government time, through exactly the same methods as found on WWV's signal.

To minimize interference with the WWV broadcasts on the same frequencies, WWVH's broadcasts on 5, 10 and 15 MHz are directional, pointed primarily west. Despite this strategy, in certain places, particularly on the west coast of North America; and at certain times, due to ionospheric conditions, the listener can actually hear both WWV and WWVH on the same frequency at the same time. The information modulated on the carrier is modified to reduce confusion if both are received simultaneously. In particular, voice announcements on one correspond to silent periods on the other. WWVH uses a female voice to distinguish itself from WWV, which uses a male voice. WWVH time signals can also be accessed by telephone.

Islands, municipalities, and communities of Kauai County, Hawaii, United States
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