Kearsley (/ˈkɜːrzli/ KURZ-lee) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. The population at the 2011 census was 14,212. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Manchester, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Bury and 3 3⁄4 miles (6 km) south of Bolton.
Kearsley was a township in the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Deane, in the Hundred of Salford. Kearsley Urban District was a local government authority from 1894 until 1974. In 1933, part of Clifton was added to Kearsley Urban District. Part of Outwood, Radcliffe became part of Kearsley in line with the 1933 Lancashire Review.
Kearsley looking north from St Stephen's Church tower
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Kearsley lay within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire and was industrialised by 1752 when James Brindley solved drainage problems at the Wet Earth Colliery on the borders of Kearsley and Clifton. In 1780, a mill was built at the point where the River Croal meets the River Irwell In 1830 it was described as:
"Kersley, a township in the parish of Deane, Hundred of Salford, 7 miles N.W. from Manchester. Inhabitants 1,833. In this township is Kearsley Moor, an extensive common, under the surface of which there are many valuable coalmines".
In the mid-19th century, the area was a busy coal mining area. Several street names such as Moss Colliery Road (in nearby Clifton) bear testimony to this. The largest coal mine was the Unity Brook Colliery. On 12 March 1878 an explosion in the mine killed 43 men and boys and 19 of the dead were buried at the parish church. By 1900 the coal mining industry had all but disappeared.
In the late 1920s, the coal-fired Kearsley Power Station was built. It used water for cooling from the River Irwell. The power station closed, and was demolished, on 12 May 1985. The power station had a railway connection, which has been removed and is now a pedestrian trail.
Today Kearsley has little industry, the one remaining mill is now a multi occupancy building housing retail and light engineering. There are three small industrial estates concerned mainly with the transport industry. They are the Europa Industrial Estate and the Fishbrook Industrial Estate on Stoneclough Road plus the Lion Industrial Estate on Moss Road.
There is a small shopping precinct and some isolated shops along Manchester Road (A666).
The A666 from Manchester to Bolton passes through Kearsley. Today it lies on the A666 at a point where the Kearsley Roundabout connects it and Farnworth to the M61 motorway via the Kearsley Spur link road.
Kearsley railway station is on Stoneclough Road, from where there is a service northbound to Bolton and southbound to Manchester. In 1878, the mineral railway line to Kearsley was opened, at a cost of £100.
Kearsley is on a bus route from Bolton to Manchester. In earlier days, it was a tram route. On 3 June 1881, trams ran the full length of the system: Town Hall Square, Bolton to Farnworth and Kearsley. The bus routes through Kearsley are the numbers 8 (to Shudehill, Manchester), 2 (to the Trafford Centre), 512/513 (to Bury) and 557 (to Farnworth)
The 22 route was a former route from Bolton to Stockport. It is now replaced by the 2 (Bolton to Trafford Centre) and 23 (Trafford Centre to Stockport
St Stephen's Church, Kearsley Moor, the parish church is on Manchester Road. The Anglican church was the vision of Harrison Blair who owned the chemical works at Moss Lane. The church has a graveyard which holds the remains of 19 miners killed in the Unity Brook Colliery disaster. The church was founded in 1870, erected in 1870–71 by the family of the Harrison Blair who died before it was finished. It cost £3,600 and has seating for 538 parishioners. The Bishop of Manchester, Dr Fraser consecrated the church on 1 July 1871.
A United Reformed church was founded before 1890. It is now closed. The New Jerusalem Church on Bolton Road (founded in 1836) has a disused graveyard. St John Fisher Roman Catholic Church was founded in 1969 on Manchester Road. Kearsley Mount Methodist Church was founded in 1836 and a Wesleyan Sunday School was built overlooking the Irwell Valley opposite the parish church. The first chapel was built in 1870. In 1914 it was demolished due to mining subsidence and the present building was opened in 1916. A Wesleyan day school was built next to the church in 1879 and was extended in 1890. The school was demolished in 2009 and replaced by a block of flats by St Vincent's Housing Association.
After two years planning and ten months building, the Schoenstatt Shrine was dedicated on 1 October 2000 by Bishop Terence Brain the Bishop of Salford. The opening was attended by visitors from Mexico, Australia and South America and Schoenstatt members from Ireland, Scotland and Germany.
Schools in Kearsley are under the control of Bolton Education Department.
The area originally had two nursery schools, Rompers, a private nursery that took 33 children, and Spindle Point School. In 2009, Rompers Nursery was demolished for a housing development project. On Sunday 3 January 2010, the luxury flat site was on fire for several hours.
There are four primary schools all under the direction of Bolton Education.
Kearsley West Primary School (pupils 249 Ofsted Id 105/105186, Dfes Number 2061), St John's Church of England Primary School (pupils 176 Ofsted Id 105/105241, Dfes Number 3355), Spindle Point School (pupils 247 Ofsted Id 105/105196, Dfes Number 2075) and the church attached St Stephen's Church of England Primary School (pupils 222, Ofsted Id 105/105240, Dfes Number: 3354).
There is one secondary school in Kearsley, Kearsley Academy formerly known as George Tomlinson School, after George Tomlinson, Secretary for Education at the time of its construction, on Springfield Road. (Pupils 541, Ofsted Id 105/105268, Dfes Number: 5402). Its original age range was 11–16 years of age, but with the introduction of a sixth form in 2012, it now serves pupils up to 18 years of age and allows both male and female pupils.
The 1990 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 4 May 1990 to elect members of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council in Greater Manchester, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council
22 seats were contested in the election: 18 were won by the Labour Party, 3 by the Conservative Party, and 1 by the Liberal Democrats. There were 2 seats each contested in both the Farnworth and the Kearsley wards. After the election, the composition of the council was
Liberal Democrats 31995 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election
The 1995 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 4 May 1995 to elect members of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council in Greater Manchester, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council
21 seats were contested in the election, with 18 being won by the Labour Party, 1 by the Liberal Democrats and 2 by the Conservative. 2 seats were contested in the Kearsley ward.
After the election, the composition of the council was
Liberal Democrat 62018 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election
The 2018 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2018 to elect members of Bolton Council in Greater Manchester, England. This was on the same day as other local elections. The Labour Party retained overall control of the Council with a majority of 1.
21 seats were contested and the Conservative Party won 9 seats, the Labour Party won 8 seats, the Liberal Democrats won 2 seats, and Farnworth and Kearsley First won 2 seats.After the election, the total composition of the council was as follows:
UK Independence Party 3
Liberal Democrats 4
Farnworth and Kearsley First 32019 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election
The 2019 Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 2 May 2019 to elect members of Bolton Council in Greater Manchester, England. This was on the same day as other local elections. The Labour Party lost overall control of the Council, for the first time since 2011.
20 seats were contested and the Labour Party won 6 seats, the Conservative Party won 6 seats, the Liberal Democrats won 3 seats, Farnworth and Kearsley First won 2 seats, Horwich and Blackrod First won 2 seat, and UKIP won 1 seat.
After the election, the total composition of the council was as follows:
Liberal Democrats 6
Farnworth and Kearsley First 5
UK Independence Party 3
Horwich and Blackrod First 2Bolton Council
Bolton Council, also called Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council is the local authority of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is a Metropolitan district council, one of ten in Greater Manchester and one of 36 in the Metropolitan Counties of England, and provides the majority of local government services in Bolton.Clea (band)
Clea was an English girl group whose members met on the television show Popstars: The Rivals in 2002. Chloe Morgan (née Staines), Lynsey Brown, Emma Beard, and Aimee Kearsley, decided to form a band after they were voted off the series. The name 'Clea' is an acronym of the first letter of each member's name.Combined Egyptian Mills
Combined Egyptian Mills Ltd was a British textile joint-stock company established in 1929 with headquarters at Howe Bridge Mills in Atherton, then in Lancashire, to buy and return to profitability, 34 financially failing cotton mills owned by 16 companies. It was at that time the world's second largest cotton spinning company with 3.2 million spindles. In 1953 the company name changed to Combined English Mills. Viyella took over company in the 1960s.The mills were principally in the south Lancashire and Stockport areas, where Pear Mill, Bredbury was a notable building. The company took over Alder Mill, Bedford Mill, Firs Mills, Hall Lane Mill, Mather Lane Mill and Brooklands Mill (Mather Lane No 3 Mill) in Leigh. Howe Bridge Mills and Laburnum Mills in Atherton, Holden Mill at Astley Bridge in Bolton, Kearsley Mill in Kearsley and Walkden Mill in Walkden were also owned by the company.George Shaw
George Kearsley Shaw (10 December 1751 – 22 July 1813) was an English botanist and zoologist.Harry Topping
Harry Topping (21 September 1913 – 2001) was an English football player (who played at full back) and coach.Jonathan Kearsley
Jonathan Kearsley (1786–1859) was an American military officer and politician. He fought in the War of 1812 and was a two-time mayor of Detroit.Kearsley, New South Wales
Kearsley is a village in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2016 census, Kearsley recorded a population of 861.Kearsley Academy
Kearsley Academy (formerly George Tomlinson School) is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status. It is located in Kearsley in the English county of Greater Manchester.Previously a foundation school administered by Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council, George Tomlinson School converted to academy status in September 2010 and was renamed Kearsley Academy. However the school continues to coordinate with Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council for admissions. The school introduced a sixth form provision in 2012 and relocated to new buildings in 2014.Kearsley Academy offers GCSEs and BTECs as programmes of study for pupils, while students in the sixth form have the option to study from a range of A-levels, Cambridge Nationals and further BTECs. The school also specialises in mathematics and computing.In 2018, Kearsley Academy came under scrutiny for its lack of action against a teacher who bullied a child due to the colour of her hair, as well as sending two boys home from school because their school shoes were "deemed incorrect" and did not match the school's uniform policy, despite being purchased from Clarks, a brand well known for high quality and acceptable school shoes.Kearsley Mill
Kearsley Mill is a 240,000 sq ft, late period cotton mill located in the small village of Prestolee in Kearsley, Greater Manchester. A near complete example of Edwardian mill architecture, the building now functions as headquarters for a number of businesses and is still used in the continued manufacturing and distribution of textiles by Richard Haworth Ltd Est (1876), part of the Ruia Group. The mill is a Grade II listed building.Kearsley Power Station
Kearsley Power Station was a coal-fired power station in Stoneclough, near Kearsley, Bolton, England. It was designed in 1927 by Dr H.F. Parshall for the Lancashire Electric Power Company. The original installation was known as Kearsley 'A', comprising two British Thomson-Houston (B.T.H.) turbo-alternators rated at 32.25 megawatts each. Further extensions became Kearsley 'B' (1936/38), with two more B.T.H. turbo-alternators each capable of producing 51.6 megawatts. Finally Kearsley 'C' (1949) was completed with two more B.T.H. machines rated at 52 megawatts each. The station closed in 1980 when only 'B' station remained operational. The 5 cooling towers were demolished during the week of 14 May 1985.Kearsley railway station
Kearsley railway station serves the Greater Manchester town of Kearsley and the villages of Stoneclough, Prestolee and Ringley, in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, in North West England. It was originally named Stoneclough.It lies on the Manchester-Preston Line 7 3⁄4 miles (12.5 km) north of Manchester Victoria, though only local services run by Northern stop here.
The station was staffed until the early 1990s, however the arson attacking of the station building just below platform level saw an end to this arrangement. In the spring of 2015, the station's pedestrian rail crossing was replaced by a footbridge and the platforms rebuilt as part of modernisation work to electrify the line and raise line speeds to 100 mph.List of schools in Bolton
This is a list of schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in the English county of Greater Manchester.Listed buildings in Kearsley
Kearsley is a town and an unparished area in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England, and it includes the area of Ringley and the village of Prestolee. The town contains 21 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade II*, the middle of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The Manchester and Bolton Railway was built through the area, and two railway bridges are listed. Also passing through the area are the Manchester Bolton and Bury Canal, which is now disused, and the River Irwell; listed buildings associated with these are bridges, an aqueduct, and milestones. The other listed buildings include a set of stocks, a house later used as a social club, two churches, a tower remaining from a demolished church, and a former spinning mill.St Saviour's Church, Ringley
St Saviour's Church is in Ringley, Kearsley, near Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Bolton, the archdeaconry of Bolton and the diocese of Manchester. Its benefice is united with those of St Peter's, Farnworth, St John the Evangelist, Farnworth and Holy Trinity, Prestolee. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.William Kearsley
William Kearsley (2 September 1863 – 19 June 1921) was an Australian politician and member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1910 until 1921. He was a member of the Labor Party (ALP) .
Kearsley was born in Stafford, England. He was educated to be a Methodist minister and emigrated to the northern New South Wales coal fields in 1888. After an initially career as a preacher he became a coal miner and was then elected as an official in the miners' union in 1907. He was elected unopposed to the seat of Northumberland at a by-election caused by the resignation of Matthew Charlton who contested the seat of Hunter at the 1910 federal election. He retained the seat of Northumberland until it was abolished at the 1913 state election. He was then elected to the seat of Cessnock and retained it until the introduction of multi-member seats and proportional representation at the 1920 state election . Kearsley was one of five members elected for the seat of Newcastle at the subsequent election. He died in the following year and was replaced by David Murray. He did not hold ministerial or party office.
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