Kayseri Province

The Kayseri Province (Turkish: Kayseri ili) is situated in central Turkey. The population is 1,255,349 of which around 1,000,000 live in the city of Kayseri. It covers an area of 16,917 km2 and it borders with Sivas, Adana, Niğde, Kahramanmaraş, Yozgat and Nevşehir provinces.

The province is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. It is located in Anatolia, and surrounded by the Mount Erciyes, the Mount Hasan and the Mount Ali. The Ali mountain is named like that in honor of Ali Baba, who is said to have lived in the area.

Kayseri Province

Kayseri ili
Location of Kayseri Province in Turkey
Location of Kayseri Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
SubregionKayseri
Government
 • Electoral districtKayseri
 • GovernorSüleyman Kamçı
Area
 • Total16,917 km2 (6,532 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total1,389,680
 • Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Area code(s)0352
Vehicle registration38

Districts

History

KayseriSelale
Waterfalls erupting from a cliff below Aladağlar.
Mount erciyes
Mount Erciyes (Turkish: Erciyes Dağı), is located 25 km south of Kayseri. Highest mountain in central Anatolia (3916 metres), and has an extinct volcano located at its peak.

Kayseri was first known as the city of Masaka. Later, during the Roman period, the province's name was changed to Kaesarea, then Kayzer before becoming known with its modern name of Kayseri. Danishmend Gazi conquered Kayseri in 1084. The Seljuk Empire then modernised the province, with new buildings and mosques being built around. During this period, the Şifahane, Kayseri's first hospital, and perhaps the first hospital in all of Anatolia, was built. It was built in honor of Princess Gevher Nesibe Hatun, daughter of the Sultan. She died of a disease at a young age. Construction of the hospital was completed in 1206.

Later on, Kayseri became a cultural mecca of poets, artists in Turkey. Seyyid Burhaneddin lived there, and so did others such as Kadı Burhaneddin and Seyrani, among many others. Seynari was born in 1807. Sinan the Great, an Ottoman architect, was also from Kayseri.

According to Turkish mythology, a man named Hasan Baba would cross mountains during the month of August every year and bring Ali Baba snow, which would not melt.

The province roughly corresponds to ancient Cappadocia.

Modern Kayseri

Kayseri is nowadays a province filled with modern buildings and museums. Some of Turkey's most famous statues and monuments are located there. The modern city of Kayseri is in the Melikgazi district.

Transportation in Kayseri

Apart from taxi and bus transportation, Kayseri has a modern airport, Kayseri International Airport is served by 13 airlines, including Turkish Airlines and it has Kayseray which is the in-city rail system of main public transportation element in Kayseri.

Gallery

Kayseri'deki Erciyes dağı ve Bürüngüz camii

Mount Erciyes and the Bürüngüz mosque

Sahabiye medresesi (gece)

The madrasah of Sahabiye in Kayseri

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 38°37′30″N 35°49′57″E / 38.62500°N 35.83250°E

Akköy Dam

Akköy Dam is a dam in Kayseri Province, Turkey, built between 1964 and 1967.

Aladağlar National Park

Aladağlar National Park (Turkish: Aladağlar Milli Parkı)), established on April 21, 1995, is a national park in southern Turkey. The national park, a mountain range of Anti-Taurus Mountains (Turkish: Aladağlar), stretches over the locations Yahyalı in Kayseri Province, Çamardı in Niğde Province and Aladağ in Adana Province.It covers an area of 55,065 ha (136,070 acres) at an average elevation of 3,500 m (11,500 ft) above mean sea level.

Ağcaşar Dam

Ağcaşar Dam is a dam in Kayseri Province, Turkey, built between 1979 and 1987. The dam creates a lake which covers an area of 4.17 km ² and irrigates 15,500 hectares.

Bahçelik Dam

Bahçelik Dam is an embankment dam on the Zamanti River in Kayseri Province, Turkey, built between 1996 and 2002.

Bünyan

Bünyan is a town and a district of Kayseri Province in Central Anatolia, Turkey. The town's former name was "Sarımsaklı", meaning "land of garlic" in reference to the region's considerable production of the Alliaceae plant, and this name is sometimes still used in the region.

As for the origins of the current name of "Bünyan", there are several theories.

The town is notable for its carpets (Bünyan carpet). One of the two Seljuk caravanserais named Sultan Han is located near Bünyan, as well as one of the several Danishmend mausoleums referred to as "Tomb of Melik Gazi", the one in Bünyan in fact having been built at a later period, by a bey of Dulkadirids. The town has a 1333-built Great Mosque, a legacy of the Ilkhanate rule in Anatolia, built by the Ilkhanate governor based here.

Develi

Develi is a town and district in Kayseri Province in Central Anatolia Region, Turkey.

Erkilet International Airport

Erkilet International Airport or Kayseri Erkilet Airport (Turkish: Kayseri Erkilet Havalimanı, IATA: ASR, ICAO: LTAU) is a military airbase and public airport located 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kayseri in the Kayseri Province of Turkey.

Kayseri

Kayseri (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈkajseɾi]) is a large industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It is the seat of Kayseri Province. The city of Kayseri, as defined by the boundaries of Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality, is structurally composed of five metropolitan districts, the two core districts of Kocasinan and Melikgazi, and since 2004, also Hacılar, İncesu and Talas.

Kayseri is located at the foot of the extinct volcano Mount Erciyes that towers 3,916 metres (12,848 feet) over the city. The city is often cited in the first ranks among Turkey's cities that fit the definition of Anatolian Tigers.The city retains a number of historical monuments, including several from the Seljuk period. While it is generally visited en route to the international tourist attractions of Cappadocia, Kayseri has many attractions in its own right: Seljuk and Ottoman era monuments in and around the city centre, Mount Erciyes as a trekking and alpinism centre, Zamantı River as a rafting centre, and the historic sites of Kültepe, Ağırnas, Talas and Develi. Kayseri is served by Erkilet International Airport and is home to Erciyes University.

According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, as of 2011 the city of Kayseri had a population of 844,656; while Kayseri Province had a population of 1,234,651.

Kayseri Archaeology Museum

Kayseri Archaeology Museum is a museum in Kayseri, Turkey. It is at 38°42′59″N 35°29′58″EKayseri is an old city. The Kültepe ruins are about 22 kilometres (14 mi) south west of the city.

The museum was opened on 26 June 1969.

Kovalı Dam

Kovalı Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kültepe

Kültepe (Turkish: "Ash Hill") is an archaeological site in Kayseri Province, Turkey. The nearest modern city to Kültepe is Kayseri, about 20 km southwest. It consists of a tell, the actual Kültepe, and a lower town, where an Assyrian settlement was found. Its name in Assyrian texts from the 20th century BC was Kaneš; the later Hittites mostly called it Neša, occasionally Aniša. In 2014 the archaeological site was inscribed in the Tentative list of World Heritage Sites in Turkey. It is also the site of discovery of the earliest traces of the Hittite language, and the earliest attestation of any Indo-European language, written in Old Assyrian, dated to the 20th century BC.

Lake Palas Tuzla

Lake Palas Tuzla (Turkish: Palas Tuzla Gölü) is a saline lake in Kayseri Province, central Turkey. It is a registered natural protected area.

The lake is situated in the Palas neighborhood of Sarıoğlan district in Kayseri province. It is 60 km (37 mi) away from the city of Kayseri. The lake is at the center of a closed basin. Its elevation is 1,054 m (3,458 ft) above mean sea level. The surface area is 25–35 km2 (9.7–13.5 sq mi). It is fed by five creeks. During the dry season, the lake basin is covered by a 10 cm (4 in) layer of salt. The lake is the site of a salt works.The surrounding area of the lake is a wetland, which is located on bird migration routes and habitat of some endemic flora. The wetland was declared a natural protected area of first degree on June 26, 2009.

Pınarbaşı, Kayseri

Pınarbaşı is a town and district of Kayseri Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It was founded by Sultan Abdülaziz and was initially named Aziziye. After the formation of the Turkish Republic, Pınarbaşı was renamed with its current name. Pınarbaşı is famous for its horses and water springs of exceptional water quality. The mayor is Dursun Ataş (MHP).

Sarımsaklı Dam

Sarımsaklı Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Sarıoğlan Dam

Sarıoğlan Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Sarız

Sarız is a town and district of Kayseri Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. The mayor is Ömer Faruk Eroğlu (CHP).

Sultan Reedy National Park

Sultan Reedy National Park (Turkish: Sultan Sazlığı Milli Parkı), a.k.a. Sultan Marshes, established on March 17, 2006, is a national park in central Turkey. It is located around Lake Yay between the Yeşilhisar, Develi and Yahyalı districts of Kayseri Province. It was designated a Ramsar site on July 13, 1994.

It covers an area of 24,357 ha (60,190 acres) at 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above main sea level.

Tekgöz Bridge

Tekgöz Bridge is a historical bridge in Turkey. It is over Kızılırmak (Hallys of the antiquity) and situated in Kayseri Province about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north west of Kayseri city, at 38°50′10″N 35°10′44″E Its elevation with respect to sea level is 980 metres (3,220 ft).

According to the inscription of the bridge it was commissioned by a certain Hacı Alişir from Kayseri in behalf of Süleyman II (1196-1204), the sultan of Seljuks of Anatolia in 1203.

It is a single arch bridge and in fact the name of the bridge tekgöz means "single arch". However it also has an auxiliary arch used only in overflow seasons. The total length of the stone bridge is 120 metres (390 ft). The opening of the main arch is 27 metres (89 ft) and its height is 18 metres (59 ft).The opening of the auxiliary arch is 11.26 metres (36.9 ft) and its height is 7.5 metres (25 ft).

Yamula Dam and Hydroelectric Plant

Yamula Dam is a dam and hydroelectric plant in Kayseri Province on Kızılırmak River, central Turkey.

The dam is in Kayseri Province on Kızılırmak (Hallys of the Antiquity). The power production facility is at 38°53′33″N 35°15′59″E. Its waterholding phase began in 2005. Being an artificial lake, it is home to various water sports.According to the constructor Hidrodizayn, it is a barrage power plant located at the toe of a 115 metres (377 ft) high embankment dam with a total storage of 3,476 cubic hectometres (1.228×1011 cu ft). Nominal power is 52 MW and the annual energy production is 309 GW-hr. The 154 kV output connects via a 22 kilometres (14 mi) long line to the national interconnected grid system of Turkey. In addition to energy production, it is also used to irrigate agricultural land of 77,000 decares (77 km2; 30 sq mi).

Kayseri Province of Turkey
Districts

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