Kausani

Kausani (Hindi: कौसानी) is a hill station and Village situated in Bageshwar district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is famous for its scenic splendour and its spectacular 300 km-wide panoramic view of Himalayan peaks like Trisul, Nanda Devi and Panchchuli. Mahatma Gandhi called this place the 'Switzerland of India',[5][6] due to similarity in landscapes.

Kausani

कौसानी
View of Himalayan peaks from Kausani.
View of Himalayan peaks from Kausani.
Kausani is located in Uttarakhand
Kausani
Kausani
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Kausani is located in India
Kausani
Kausani
Kausani (India)
Coordinates: 29°50′N 79°36′E / 29.84°N 79.60°ECoordinates: 29°50′N 79°36′E / 29.84°N 79.60°E
Country India
StateUttarakhand
DistrictBageshwar
Area
 • Total5.2 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Elevation
1,890 m (6,200 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,408
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Sanskrit
 • SpokenKumaoni
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Telephone code059628
Vehicle registrationUK
Websiteuk.gov.in

History

During Independence of India in 1947, Kausani was situated in the Almora District[7] till 15 September 1997 after which Bageshwar district was carved out of Almora district.[8] On 9 November 2000, the State of Uttarakhand was created from the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh.[9]

Geography

Trisul mountain (00283)
Trisul mountain as viewed from Kausani

Kausani is located at 29°51′15″N 79°35′48″E / 29.8541°N 79.5966°E[10] in Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand, India at a distance of 40 km (25 mi) from Bageshwar city,[11] the administrative Headquarter of Bageshwar District. Kausani is located 52 km (32 mi) north of Almora, a major hill station and the historical capital of Kumaon Kingdom.[12] Kausani lies in the Kumaon division and is situated 123 km (76 mi) North-East of Nainital, the Headquarters of Kumaon. Nearby Towns include Garur (14 km (8.7 mi)) and Someshwar (12 km (7.5 mi)). It has an average elevation of 1,890 m (6,200 ft) above mean Sea Level. Kausani lies atop a ridge amidst dense pine trees overlooking Someshwar valley on one side and Garur and Katyuri valley[5] on the other on Almora-Bageshwar-Didihat Highway. Kausani is a part of the Lesser Himalayas, a region watered by rivers like Kosi, Gomti and Ramganga.[13] Their banks, known as seras, are highly fertile.

Climate

Temperature ranges between 10 °C to 26 °C in summers.[14] Winters are quite cold with temperature ranging between 15 °C to 2 °C.[14] Rainfall lies between Max 3048 mm and Min 1777 mm.[14]

Demographics

According to Census 2011 information the location code or village code of Kausani State village is 051443.[15] Kausani State village is located in Garur Tehsil of Bageshwar district in Uttarakhand, India. It is situated 18 km (11 mi) away from sub-district headquarter Garur and 40 km (25 mi) away from district headquarter Bageshwar. As per 2009 stats, Kausani is the gram panchayat of Kausani State village.[15]

Kausani State is a large village located in Garud of Bageshwar district, Uttarakhand with total 512 families residing.[16] The total geographical area of village is 429.92 hectares.[17] Kausani State has a total population of 2,408 of which 1195 are males while 1213 are females as per Population Census 2011.[17]

In Kausani State village population of children with age 0-6 is 334 which makes up 13.87% of total population of village.[16][17] Average Sex Ratio of Kausani State village is 1015 which is higher than Uttarakhand state average of 963. Child Sex Ratio for the Kausani State as per census is 825,[17] lower than Uttarakhand average of 890.

Kausani State village has higher literacy rate compared to Uttarakhand. In 2011, literacy rate of Kausani State village was 87.80 %[16][17] compared to 78.82% of Uttarakhand. In Kausani State Male literacy stands at 96.25% while female literacy rate was 79.76%.[17]

In Kausani State village, most of the villagers are from Schedule Caste (SC). Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 45.47 %[16] while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.33% of total population in Kausani State village.[17]

In Kausani State village out of total population, 1086 were engaged in work activities.[16][17] 54.24% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 45.76% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months.[16] Of 1086 workers engaged in Main Work, 187 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 16 were Agricultural labourer.[17]

As per constitution of India and Panchyati Raaj Act, Kausani State village is administrated by Sarpanch (Head of Village) who is elected representative of village.[15] Kumaoni is spoken by majority however, Hindi and Sanskrit[18] are the official languages.

Economy

Many of Kausani’s men serve in the army – a phenomenon common in the northern hill towns of the country. The rest of the population depends on agriculture and allied activities, tourism and other small businesses for their livelihood.[19] The local handloom factory produces shawls, woolen apparel and blankets. Besides handloom products, the factory sells other local artefacts and tea from Kausani’s tea estate.[19] Kausani Tea Estate was established in 2000-2001 and produces 70,000 Kg Tea.[20]

In Kausani State village out of total population, 1086 were engaged in work activities.[16][17] 54.24% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 45.76% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months.[16] Of 1086 workers engaged in Main Work, 187 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 16 were Agricultural labourer.[17]

Tourism

Panoramic view of the Himalayas from Kausani, Uttarakhand
Panoramic view of the Himalayas from Kausani

Tourist Attractions

Anashakti Ashram is a quiet and revered place where Mahatma Gandhi spent some days[21] and wrote his commentary of Anashakti Yog.[22] The KMVN (Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam) resthouse in Kausani is an ideal place to stay and it provides panoramic views of the mountains.

Garur

Towards Kausani

Baijnath Lake, Uttarakhand

Baijnath Lake

Anashakti Ashram

Anashakti Ashram

A view of the mountain range

A view of the mountain range

Anashakti Ashram (Aarti room)

Anashakti Ashram (Aarti room)

Trisul, Nanda Devi and Himalayan range from Kausani, Uttarakhand
Trisul, Nanda Devi and Himalayan range from Kausani, Uttarakhand.

Lakshmi Ashram is one kilometre away from the Kausani, and is a center run by Kumauni women and dedicated to social service and the upliftment of women. Gandhiji's disciple, Sarla Behn (Kaitherine Heileman) established the ashram in 1946,[23][24] and spent her life here doing social service and also established Anashakti Ashram. Lakshmi ashram is located in a solitary area among dense pine forest.

Tea gardens (5 km on Bageshwar Road),[25] Baijnath group of temples (16.5 km on Bageshwar Road)[26] and Bageshwar are the places of interest nearby. A fabulous collection of high quality woollen shawls, exquisitely designed by the local weavers, can be purchased from Kumaon Shawl Emporium.[27]

Pant Museum is named after the famous Hindi poet, Sumitranandan Pant, who was born in Kausani,[28] the Museum has the articles of his daily use, drafts of his poems, letters, his awards etc. This Museum is at a short distance from the Kausani bus terminal.

Treks Near Kausani

PINDARI GLACIERMAPENGLISH made by Sumita Roy
Pindari and Kafni glacier trek Route Map

Places around Kausani

Kausani
A view of Himalaya from Kausani

Transport

Pantnagar Airport, located in Pantnagar (178 km) is the primary Airport serving entire Kumaon Region. Indira Gandhi International Airport, located in Delhi (431 km) is the nearest international Airport. Kathgodam railway station (145 km) is the nearest railway station. Kausani is well connected by motorable roads with major destinations of Uttarakhand state and northern India. Bus Services are provided by Uttarakhand Transport Corporation and K.M.O.U.(Kumaon Motor Owners Union limited).Regular Taxis are available to Almora, Bageshwar, Garur, someshwar and other major destinations of Kumaon region.

Education

There are mainly government-run, private unaided (no government help), and private aided schools in the city. The language of instruction in the schools is either English or Hindi. The main school affiliations are CBSE and UBSE, the state syllabus defined by the Department of Education of the Government of Uttarakhand. Kausani State village has higher literacy rate compared to Uttarakhand. In 2011, literacy rate of Kausani State village was 87.80 %[16][17] compared to 78.82% of Uttarakhand. In Kausani State Male literacy stands at 96.25% while female literacy rate was 79.76%.[17]

In Films

The movie 1942: A Love Story was filmed in this region and bears a resemblance to depict pre-independence India for filming purpose.

Notable people

  • Sumitranandan Pant (20 May 1900 – 28 December 1977) was born in Kausani Village.
  • Mahatma Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) stayed here for 14 days at the Anashakti Ashram, while scripting his book titled ‘Anashakti Yoga’.
  • Harish Bisht - Eastern Naval Command chief was born in Kausani Village.

References

  1. ^ "Pin Code of Kausani in Uttarakhand". www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Kausani Pin code". www.areapincodes.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Pin Code of Kausani". pincodearea.in. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Kausani Pin Code". pin-code.co. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b "PHOTO उत्तराखंडः इन 5 जगहों पर मना सकते हैं गर्मियों की छुट्टियां". livehindustan.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Uttarakhand: In the lap of Himalayas | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 22 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  7. ^ Times World Atlas, 1967 Edition, Plate 30.
  8. ^ "development gains elude kumaon's holy place". Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  9. ^ "About Us". Government of Uttarakhand. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Kausani, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  11. ^ Indusnettechnologies, Goutam Pal, Dipak K S, SWD. "Location: District of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India". bageshwar.nic.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  12. ^ Omacanda Hāṇḍā (2002). History of Uttaranchal. Indus Publishing. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-7387-134-4. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
  13. ^ "Travel: Kausani, a little bubble of peace and beauty". 10 December 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  14. ^ a b c Indusnettechnologies, Goutam Pal, Dipak K S, SWD. "Excursion: District of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India". bageshwar.nic.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  15. ^ a b c "kausani state - Village Overview". Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2011 census, BAGESHWAR (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Kausani State Village Population - Garud - Bageshwar, Uttarakhand". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  18. ^ Trivedi, Anupam (19 January 2010). "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  19. ^ a b "Kausani: Of serene locales, tranquil trails and glorious sunsets". 11 March 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  20. ^ Dehradun, NIC, Uttarakhand State Unit,. "Kausani Tea Factory: Uttarakhand Tea Development Board, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". utdb.uk.gov.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  21. ^ "The Rock Street Journals of Kumaon". Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  22. ^ "Kausani Hill Station, Uttarakhand". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  23. ^ George Alfred James (2013). Ecology Is Permanent Economy: The Activism and Environmental Philosophy of Sunderlal Bahuguna. SUNY Press. pp. 228–. ISBN 978-1-4384-4673-8.
  24. ^ "Kausani's 70-year-old Laxmi Ashram faces challenges - Times of India". Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Kausani Tea Gardens". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  26. ^ http://www.roaddistance.in/baijnath-group-of-temple-kausani-to-bageshwar-road-distance/by-road/
  27. ^ "Kausani, Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board". uttarakhandtourism.gov.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  28. ^ "Kausani : The Switzerland Of India: A Great Tourist Place". www.merapahad.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016.

External links

Baijnath Temple Complex

Baijnath Temple Complex is a cluster of 18 Hindu temples which are situated in the town of Baijnath in Uttarakhand, India. The complex is located in Bageshwar district along the banks of Gomati river at an elevation of 1,125 m (3,691 ft) above the mean sea level. These temples are renowned for possibly being one of the very few temples in the world where Parvati is depicted with her husband Shiva. Pilgrims arrive here on occasion of Shivratri and Makar Sankranti.It is a cluster of 18 stone temples situated on the left bank of Gomati river. There are 102 stone images, some of which are under worship, while other have been reserved by the Archaeological Survey of India. The principle deities at Baijnath temple complex are the Vaidyanath (Shiva), Parvati, Nritya Ganapati, Karttikeya, Narsimha, Brahma, Mahishasurmardini, Sapta Nartikas, Surya, Garuda and Kubera.

Chaukori

Chaukori is a hill station in the Pithoragarh district set among the lofty peaks of the western Himalayan Range in the Kumaon Division of Uttarakhand, India. To its north is Tibet and to its south is Terai. The Mahakali River, running along its eastern boundary, forms the Indo-Nepal international border. This place has become a prominent tourist place and from here a wide and picturesque view of Himalayan range can be viewed. The golden yellow colour of sun rays falling on the Himalayan range in the morning time is really worth seeing. There are cottages available here where one can stay and enjoy the serene surroundings. Tourists coming to this place generally also visit the nearby tourist places like Patal Bhuvaneshwar, Kausani, Bageshwar and Almora.

Chestnut-bellied rock thrush

The chestnut-bellied rock thrush (Monticola rufiventris) is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae.

It is found in the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, eastwards towards parts of Southeast Asia. Its range includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Tibet, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Its natural habitat is temperate forests.

Coolie-Begar movement

The Coolie-Begar movement was a non-violent movement by the general public of Kumaun in the Bageshwar town of United Provinces in 1921. This movement was led by Badri Datt Pandey, who was awarded the title of 'Kumaon Kesari' after the success of this movement. The aim of this movement was to put pressure on the British to end the practice of Coolie-Begar. Mahatma Gandhi, while praising the movement, named it 'Bloodless Revolution'.

Education in Uttarakhand

Education in Uttarakhand is provided by a large number of public and private institutions. Uttarakhand had a long tradition of learning and culture.

Garhwal Himalaya

The Garhwal Himalayas are mountain ranges located in the state of Uttarakhand, India. The mountain ranges cross two regions: Garhwal division and Kumaon division.

Garur

Garur is a town in the Bageshwar district of the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Gwaldam

Gwaldam is a hill station in India, situated between the Garhwal and Kumaon. 39 km from Kausani.

Katarmal

Katarmal is a remote village located in Kumaon Division, in Almora District, Uttarakhand, India.

Kathgodam

Kathgodam is a town in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand state of India. It is part of the twin township of Haldwani-Kathgodam, and is immediately north of Haldwani. It is one of the important collection centres for forest products obatained from Kumaon Himalayas.

Kumauni people

Kumauni or Kumaoni (Devanagari: कुमाऊँनी) or Kumai (as said in Nepal) are people from Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India. In colloquial language, people of Kumaon are also referred to as "Pahari". Kumain (Nepali: कुमाइँँ) is addressed to person having origin in Kumaon region. The word Kumain is a direct derivative of Kumaoni.They include all those who speak the Kumaoni language or any of its numerous dialects, living in the Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Pithoragarh, Nainital, Dehradun, Udham Singh Nagar, districts of Uttarakhand, India and Doti, Khaptad, Bajang region of Nepal.

National Highway 109 (India)

National Highway 109 (NH 109), (Previously NH 87), is a highway in India which runs in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is one of the most important routes, connecting the entire Kumaon region to the state as well as the country. It is also the major route towards the hill stations such as Nainital, Kausani, Ranikhet, Mukteswar and Almora from Delhi. Previously known as NH 87, it was renumbered as NH 109 in 2010. The northern terminal is at NH 7 near Karnaprayag and the southern terminal is at National Highway 9 near Rudrapur. More than 10,000 vehicles travel through NH-109 in tourist season.

North Eastern Railway zone

The North Eastern Railway (abbreviated NER and पूर्वोत्तर रेलवे) is one of the 18 railway zones in India. It is headquartered at Gorakhpur and comprises 3 divisions-

Izzatnagar railway division

Lucknow NER railway division

Varanasi railway divisionNorth Eastern Railway is one of the most important transit zones, that is, it is used to take in Loaded wagons, especially food grains from Northern Railway divisions like Firozpur, and move it towards Eastern belt and the Northern Frontier region (Seven Sister States).Thus, it acts as an essential cog in the Food Security of the country .

Sarla Behn

Sarala Behn (born Catherine Mary Heilman; 5 April 1901 – 8 July 1982) was an English Gandhian social activist whose work in the Kumaon region of Uttrakhand, India helped create awareness about the environmental destruction in the Himalayan forests of the state. She played a key role in the evolution of the Chipko Movement and influenced a number of Gandhian environmentalists in India including Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Bimala behn and Sunderlal Bahuguna. Along with Mirabehn, she is known as one of Mahatma Gandhi's two English daughters. The two women's work in Garhwal and Kumaon, respectively, played a key role in bringing focus on issues of environmental degradation and conservation in independent India.

Saroli

Saroli is a small village near the Kausani hill station in Uttarakhand, India. It is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city of Bageshwar.

Someshwar, Uttarakhand

Someshwar (Devanagari: सोमेश्वर ) is the name of the sub-division headquarters, a conglomeration of revenue villages and it also refers to the entire region as Someshwar Tehsil and Sub Division in the Almora District in the hill-state of Uttarakhand, India.

Someshwar is situated in the banks of two rivers viz. Kosi and Sai almost 10 km away from well known tourist place Kausani. The valley of Someshwar is surrounded by peaks known as Jayanti and Airi. Their names are respectively based on two Hindu Goddesses. Someshwar itself is a holy place dedicated to lord Shiva. The topography and availability of natural infrastructure provide an excellent opportunity for development of tourism/ecotourism.

Sumitranandan Pant

Sumitranandan Pant (20 May 1900 – 28 December 1977) was an Indian poet. He was one of the most celebrated 20th century poets of the Hindi language and was known for romanticism in his poems which were inspired by nature, people and beauty within.

Trisul

Trisul is a group of three Himalayan mountain peaks of western Kumaun, with the highest (Trisul I) reaching 7120m. The three peaks resemble a trident - in Hindi/Sanskrit, Trishula, trident, is the weapon of Shiva. The Trishul group forms the southwest corner of the ring of peaks enclosing the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) west-southwest of Nanda Devi itself. The main peak, Trisul I, was the first peak over 7,000 m (22,970 ft) to have ever been climbed, in 1907.

William McKay Aitken

For others similarly named, see the William Aitken navigation page

William McKay Aitken (Bill Aitken) is a Scottish born, naturalized Indian travel writer and a mountain lover. He is the author of a number of books about India, its mountains, rivers and its steam trains. His books are well loved because of their playful spirit and investigative attention to detail. For example, he demonstrates this in (page 122) of 'Footloose in the Himalayas', where he manages to locate and describe a packet of the famous Berinag tea with its logo from the 1930s. He thus preserves it in history with his words. Even as he drives through the tea estates of Dan Singh Bist he calls him by his local nickname 'maldar' and adroitly describes the unique taste of Chinese tea on Indian soil and its logo which has an Berinag girl in Chinese dress.

Born in Tullibody in Clackmannanshire, Scotland in 1934, Aitken attended Handsworth Grammar School Birmingham and completed his M.A in comparative religion at the University of Leeds. In 1959, he hitchhiked overland to India and taught for a year at Hindi HighSchool in Calcutta. From 1960 to 1972, he lived in Himalayan ashrams at Kausani and Mirtola. In 1972, he became a naturalized Indian citizen. With their Guru's blessings he joined Prithwi Bir Kaur, the dowager Maharani of the erstwhile Sikh Princely state of Jind as companion. Based in Delhi and Mussoorie, Aitken travelled widely in India, covering the religious landscape in a dozen travel books. Bill Aitken's writings are characterized by a free-wheeling description of his travels, interspersed with intimate details of the land and its people, and their religious beliefs. He has been President of the Friends of the National Rail Museum in New Delhi and hon. Librarian of the Himalayan Club.

Since the 1970s, he has lived in the hill station of Mussoorie in the Lower Western Himalaya. The surrounding region, especially the Garhwal Hills, has provided much of the material for his writings. With the passing of Prithwi Bir Kaur in 2010, he was appointed a trustee of the Maharani Prithwi Jind Memorial Trust till 2014.

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