Kastamonu Province

Kastamonu Province (Turkish: Kastamonu ili) is one of the provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea region to the north of the country. It is surrounded by Sinop to the east, Bartın, Karabük to the west, Çankırı to the south, Çorum to the southeast and the Black Sea to the north.

Kastamonu Province

Kastamonu ili
Location of Kastamonu Province in Turkey
Location of Kastamonu Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionWest Black Sea
SubregionKastamonu
Government
 • Electoral districtKastamonu
Area
 • Total13,108 km2 (5,061 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total383,373
 • Density29/km2 (76/sq mi)
Area code(s)0366
Vehicle registration37

Statistics

The province has an area of 13,108 km², and a population of 322,759 people (2006 est). The population was 361,222 people in 2010. The population density is 24.62 inhabitants per km². The province center has a population of 64,606.

Districts

Kastamonu province is divided into 20 districts (capital district in bold):

History

It is not definitively known when Kastamonu was first founded. However, some sources dating back to the Early Middle Ages refer to the province. There are also some archeological findings that date to about 100,000 years that suggest the region was inhabited at that time.

There are theories that the word Kastamonu derives from Castra Comnenus, the Latin name of the Byzantine castle built by the Comnenus dynasty.

With the weakening of the Macedon kings, the Paphlagonia and Bithynia regions were engulfed by the newly formed Pontus kingdom. After the fall of the Pontus kingdom in first century BC, the area was incorporated by the Roman Empire by joining Paphlagonia with Bithynia. The capital center of this new city-state was Pompeiopolis, of which the remains still stand near Tasköprü District in Kastamonu.

The region then fell under the hegemony of the Seljuq dynasty (11th century CE), followed by the Danishmends, the Byzantines during the crusades, Çobanoğlu and Jandarid beyliks. The Ottoman sultan Beyazid I conquered the province in 1392; however, following his capture and death in Battle of Ankara, the area was granted back to the Çandaroğlu by the Mongol warlord Timur Lenk. Ottoman sultan Mehmed II incorporated the region back into the empire in 1461.

During the Ottoman reign, the province boundaries were expanded up to reach Constantinople. The sultan's heirs were often sent to rule the province as governors to gain experience.

After the First World War, during the battles of the Turkish War of Independence, Kastamonu played an important role in the supply of ammunition and troops to the İneboluAnkara front, transporting the war machines that would arrive to İnebolu by sea from Istanbul (Constantinople) and the Soviets. When the Greeks noticed this activity, the İnebolu port was bombarded from the sea on 9 June 1921.

Highlights

Ilısuwaterfall2
Ilısu Waterfall, at Küre national Park, near Pınarbaşı, Kastamonu, Turkey

The province is mostly covered with forests, thanks to the mild Black Sea climate. Ilgaz National Park, where a micro-climate dominates due to the mountainous terrain and numerous streams, is 63 km south of the province center of Kastamonu. There is also a ski center with accommodation facilities located near the park.

Ilgaz Mountain (highest peak 2587 m) dominates the south of the province where hiking and whitewater rafting is possible at the Ilgaz Stream. The Ilgarini cave at Cide, the Alinca cave at Küre and the International Equestrian Tourism Center of Daday are other notable attractions.

A 12th-century Byzantine castle, the 13th-century Atabey Mosque and the Ibni Neccar Mosque also located in the province. The Mahmut Bey Mosque, located in the village of Kasaba is known for its elegant wood carvings.

Gideros Bay, 13 km to Cide, is a holiday resort with pensions and fish restaurants.

Gideros Bay2
Gideros bay, Cide
Gideros Bay1
Gideros bay, Cide

The ruins of the Roman city-state Pompeiopolis are found near Taşköprü.

Kastamonu also has many mansions, which are traditionally built with an architectural style unique to this region. Many of these mansions have been restored following a 2000 declaration by the local government to preserve the historical texture.

Economy

According to the 2000 census, 77.5% of the labor force is occupied in agriculture. This ratio is higher than the country average. The second largest sector is public and private services (8.9%).

Almost all of the arable land has permanent crops. The agricultural products make up about of 0.01% of the total in Turkey. A large portion of the agricultural produce consists of cereals. Thanks to its widespread forest areas (a total of 57% of the surface area), forestry is also an important industry. Industries largely consist of manufacturing of forestry, agriculture and mining products.

Underground resources include copper, mercury, iron ore, chromium, manganese, asbestos, bauxite, graphite, phosphate, kaolinite, clay, limestone, quartz, marble, magnesite, fire clay, coal and nickel. There are also some natural thermal and mineral water springs, of which a few are suitable for economic investments.

Kastamonu shares about 0.4% of the GDP, the composition of the GDP is as follows (1998 est.):

  • Agriculture: 32.8%
  • Communication and transport: 20%
  • Services: 16.8%
  • Industry: 9.5%

Transportation is possible only through paved and unpaved highways; a railroad that will connect Çankırı, Kastamonu and İnebolu is under construction. Although the province has a 135 km long coastline to Black Sea, only İnebolu has a small port and transportation by the sea is almost non-existent.

There are around 112,000 telephone main lines in use, about 200,000 cellphone subscribers and 15,000 Internet users in the province.

Miscellaneous

  • Handcrafts are abundant in Kastamonu, especially in rural areas. Most available are hand-woven textiles.
  • Several national and local annual festivities also take place in the province.
  • In a research conducted in the province, 812 different food are identified that are specific to the region.
  • The provincial soccer team Kastamonuspor competes in the Bank Asya 1st League (1st National Soccer League).
  • The founder of the Turkish republic, Atatürk had declared the "dress code reform", which abolished the fez, in Kastamonu in 1925.

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 41°31′10″N 33°41′23″E / 41.51944°N 33.68972°E

Aegialus

Aegialus or Aigialos (Ancient Greek: Αἰγιαλός) was a coastal town in ancient Paphlagonia, mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as an ally of Troy during the Trojan War.Its site is located near Karaağaç Limanı, Asiatic Turkey.

Aiginetes

Aiginetes was a town of ancient Paphlagonia, inhabited during Roman and Byzantine eras.Its site is located near Hacıveli in Asiatic Turkey.

Akçataş, Kastamonu

Akçataş is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Alpı, Kastamonu

Alpı is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Arız, Kastamonu

Arız is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Bahadır, Kastamonu

Bahadır is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Baltacı, Kastamonu

Baltacı is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Başören, Kastamonu

Başören is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Bonita (Paphlagoina)

Bonita was a town of ancient Paphlagonia, inhabited in Roman times. The name does not occur among ancient authors but is inferred from epigraphic and other evidence.Its site is located near Meğre, Asiatic Turkey.

Girdallı, Kastamonu

Girdallı is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Kayı, Kastamonu

Kayı is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Koruköy, Kastamonu

Koruköy is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Kurucaören, Kastamonu

Kurucaören is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Küçüksu, Kastamonu

Küçüksu is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Nalcıkuyucağı, Kastamonu

Nalcıkuyucağı is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Sarıca, Kastamonu

Sarıca is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Zephyrium (Paphlagonia)

Zephyrium or Zephyrion (Ancient Greek: Ζεφύριον) was a town of ancient Paphlagonia, located 60 stadia to the west of Cape Carambis, mentioned by several ancient authors.Its site is located near Doğanyurt in Asiatic Turkey.

Ziporea

Ziporea was a town of ancient Paphlagonia, inhabited in Roman and Byzantine times.Its site is located near Karafasıl, Asiatic Turkey.

Çatalçam, Kastamonu

Çatalçam is a village in the District of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province, Turkey.

Kastamonu Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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