Kashin-class destroyer

The Kashin class, Soviet designation Project 61, were series of anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy since the 1960s. As of 2019, one ship remains in service with the Russian Navy, and five modified ships are in service with the Indian Navy as Rajput-class destroyers.

In the Soviet Union they were officially classified as "guard ships" (storozhevoi korabl – SKR), then "large ASW ships" (BPK) or "large missile ships" (BRK), but in the rest of world they are commonly regarded as missile destroyers due to their size and armament. They were the first Soviet purpose-built anti-air warfare ships and the first to carry an ASW helicopter.

Smetlivyy2003
Smetlivy in the Red Sea in June 2003
Class overview
Name: Kashin class
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Kanin class
Succeeded by: Sovremennyy class
Subclasses: Rajput class
In commission: 1962–present
Building: 1959–1986
Completed: 25
Active: 5
Lost: 1
Retired: 20
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement:
  • 3,400 tons standard,
  • 4,390 tons full load
Length: 144 m (472 ft)
Beam: 15.8 m (52 ft)
Draught: 4.6 m (15 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × COGAG; 2 shafts,
  • 4 × M8E gas turbines M3 unit aggregate; 72,000 hp (54,000 kW) up to 96,000 hp (72,000 kW)[1]
Speed: 38 kn (70 km/h; 44 mph) (4 gas turbines on full power)
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,480 km; 4,030 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement: 266 to 320
Armament:
  • 2 × twin 76 mm (3 in) AK-726 guns
  • 2 × twin SA-N-1 'Goa' surface-to-air missile launchers (32 missiles)
  • 1 × 5 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes
  • 2 × 12 RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers
  • 2 × 6 RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers
  • 2 × 4 launchers for SS-N-25 'Switchblade' anti-ship missiles (Smetlivy)
Aircraft carried: 1 x Ka-27 series helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helipad

Design

49KashinClassDestroyerMediterraneanJan1970
A Kashin-class destroyer in the Mediterranean in January 1970.

The design specification was approved in 1957; the first ship was laid down in 1959 and commissioned in 1962. Many new components were developed for these ships, including surface-to-air missiles, radars and gas turbine engines. The gas turbines were arranged in two separate spaces and could be removed via the funnels for servicing. These were also the first Soviet ships designed to be closed down for nuclear fallout and had an operations room deep inside the ship rather than a large bridge.

Six ships were modernised in the 1970s as the Project 61M or 61MP (Kashin-Mod), by being fitted with four SS-N-2C Styx anti-ship missiles, new towed-array sonar, a raised helipad and four close range AK-630 Gatling guns. The two RBU-1000 ASW rocket launchers were mounted aft, but later removed.

Smetlivy was modernised (mk01090) at Sevastopol in the early 1990s and fitted with new Kh-35 (SS-N-25 Switchblade, Harpoonski) anti-ship missiles and MNK-300 sonar. She is the only Kashin-class vessel currently active in the Russian Navy.

The Rajput-class modification built for Indian Navy has the aft gun turret replaced by a hangar for a helicopter, as well as SS-N-2C anti-ship missiles on the sides of the bridge.

Variants

  • Project 61 (Kashin class): Original design (19 ships).
  • Project 61MP (Modified Kashin class): Modernization of the Project 61 vessels (5 ships).
  • Project 61M (Modified Kashin class): Upgraded design (1 ship).
  • Project 61E (Rajput class): Export version, used by the Indian Navy (5 ships).

Ships

Strogiy
The Kashin-class destroyer Strogiy in October 1985.
SA-N-1 launcher
The bow of Strogiy after a collision
Warszawa II TW 6-91
ORP Warszawa
INS Ranvijay Malabar 07
INS Ranvijay

In all, twenty ships were built for the Soviet Navy, one ship (ORP Warszawa) was later transferred to Poland, while five similar ships were built to a modified design for the Indian Navy as Rajput class.

Name Namesake Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status Notes
Project 61
Komsomolets Ukrainy
(ex-SKR-25)
Komsomol of Ukraine Mykolayiv Shipyard 15 September 1959 31 December 1960 31 December 1962 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1991, scrapped in 1995
Soobrazitelnyy
(ex-SKR-44)
Smart Mykolayiv Shipyard 20 July 1960 4 November 1961 26 December 1963 Northern Decommissioned in 1992, scrapped in 1994
Provornyy
(ex-SKR-37)
Prompt Mykolayiv Shipyard 10 February 1961 23 March 1962 25 October 1964 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1993 In 1974–1977 converted to experimental Project 61E, SA-N-1 'Goa' launchers removed and single SA-N-7 'Gadfly' SAM launcher fitted.
Odarennyy Talented Zhdanov Shipyard 22 January 1963 11 September 1964 30 December 1965 Northern Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1991 Deployed in search for KAL 007 shot down in 1983.
Obraztsovyy
(ex-SKR-2)
Exemplary Zhdanov Shipyard 29 July 1963 32 February 1964 20 September 1965 Baltic Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1995
Otvazhnyy
(ex-Orel)
Brave Mykolayiv Shipyard 10 August 1963 17 November 1964 31 December 1965 Black Sea Sunk after a fire on 30 August 1974 caused by a misfiring missile, with 24 fatalities
Steregushchiy Guarding Zhdanov Shipyard 26 July 1964 20 February 1966 21 December 1966 Pacific Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1994
Krasny Kavkaz Red Caucasus Mykolayiv Shipyard 25 November 1964 9 February 1966 25 September 1967 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1998, scrapped in 2000
Reshitelnyy Resolute Mykolayiv Shipyard 25 June 1965 30 June 1966 30 December 1967 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1989, scrapped in 1999
Strogiy Strict Mykolayiv Shipyard 22 February 1966 29 April 1967 24 December 1968 Pacific Decommissioned in 1993 Sold to India, but on the way the ship sank near Singapore in 1995.
Smetlivy Resourceful Mykolayiv Shipyard 15 July 1966 26 August 1967 25 September 1969 Black Sea Active Modernized in the mid 1990s, RBU-1000 launchers removed and eight SS-N-25 'Switchblade' launchers fitted.
Krasny Krym Red Crimea Mykolayiv Shipyard 23 February 1968 28 February 1969 15 October 1970 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1996
Sposobnyy Capable Mykolayiv Shipyard 10 March 1969 11 April 1970 25 September 1971 Pacific Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1995
Skoryy Fast Mykolayiv Shipyard 20 April 1970 26 February 1971 23 September 1972 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1997, scrapped in 1998
Project 61MP
Ognevoy
(ex-SKR-31)
Igneous Zhdanov Shipyard 9 May 1962 31 May 1963 31 December 1964 Decommissioned in 1989, scrapped in 1990
Stroynyy Slim Mykolayiv Shipyard 20 April 1963 28 July 1965 15 December 1966 Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1994
Slavnyy Famous Zhdanov Shipyard 26 July 1964 24 April 1965 30 September 1966 Decommissioned in 1991, scrapped in 1995
Smyshlenyy Intelligent Mykolayiv Shipyard 15 August 1695 22 October 1966 27 September 1968 Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1994
ORP Warszawa
(ex-Smelyy)
Warsaw
(ex-Valiant)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 15 November 1966 6 February 1968 27 December 1969 Decommissioned in 2003, scrapped in 2005 Leased to Poland in 1988, bought by Poland in 1992-1993.
Project 61M
Sderzhanny Restrained Mykolayiv Shipyard 10 March 1971 29 February 1972 30 December 1973 Decommissioned in 2001, scrapped in 2002
Project 61E (Rajput class)
INS Rajput
(ex-Nadezhnyy)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 11 September 1976 17 September 1977 31 November 1979 Active
INS Rana
(ex-Gubitelnyy)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 29 November 1976 27 September 1978 30 September 1981 Active
INS Ranjit
(ex-Lovkiy)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 29 June 1977 16 June 1979 20 July 1983 Decommissioned in 2019
INS Ranvir
(ex-Tvyordyy)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 24 October 1981 12 March 1983 30 December 1985 Active
INS Ranvijay
(ex-Tolkovyy)
Mykolayiv Shipyard 19 March 1982 1 February 1986 15 October 1987 Active

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Project 61 Kashin class Project 61 Kashin Mod class Guided Missile Destroyer". fas.org. Retrieved 11 November 2015.

Sources

  • Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
  • V.V. Kostrichenko, A.A Prostokishin (В.В.Костриченко, А.А.Простокишин): "Poyushchiye fryegaty". Bolshiye protivolodochniye korabli proyekta 61 («Поющие фрегаты» Большие противолодочные корабли проекта 61), Morskaya Kollektsya 1/1999

External links

AK-726

The AK-726 (abbr. of артиллерийский комплекс) is a double-barreled naval gun of 76.2 mm caliber, which was developed in the Soviet Union and is still in service in various navies.

Battle off the coast of Abkhazia

The Battle off the coast of Abkhazia was a naval engagement between warships of the Russian Black Sea Fleet and Georgian patrol boats during the Russo-Georgian War.

INS Ranjit (D53)

INS Ranjit is the third of the five Rajput-class destroyers built for the Indian Navy. Ranjit was commissioned on 24 November 1983 and remained in service till 6 May 2019.

List of Russian Navy equipment

This is a list of the Russian Navy equipment:

Aircraft carrier

Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier

Large cruiser

Kirov-class battlecruiser

Submarine

Delta-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine

Typhoon-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine

Borey (Dolgorukiy)-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine

Oscar-class nuclear cruise missile submarine

Sierra-class nuclear attack submarine

Victor-class nuclear attack submarine

Akula-class nuclear attack submarine

Yasen (Severodvinsk)-class nuclear attack submarine

Tango-class diesel-electric submarine

Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine

Improved Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine

Lada (Petersburg)-class diesel-electric submarine

Cruiser

Kara-class cruiser

Slava-class cruiser

Destroyer

Kashin-class destroyer

Sovremennyy-class destroyer

Udaloy-class destroyer

Frigate

Burevestnik (Krivak)-class frigate

Neustrashimyy-class frigate

Tartarstan/Gepard-class frigate

Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate

Corvette

Steregushchiy-class corvette

Parchim-class corvette

Nanuchka-class corvette

Tarantul-class corvette

Grisha-class corvette

Buyan (Astrakhan) class corvette

Hovercraft

Bora-class guided missile hovercraft

Zubr-class LCAC

Landing ship

Alligator-class landing ship

Ropucha-class landing ship

Polnocny-class landing ship

Ivan Gren-class landing ship

List of guards units of Russia

The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation has a large number of Guards units.

Mod Kashin-class destroyer

The Modified Kashin class were six ships built and modified based on the Kashin class destroyer for the Soviet Navy between 1973 and 1980. Seven more ships were built after that for the Indian Navy. The Soviet designation for the Mod Kashin is Project 61MP.

ORP Warszawa

Three ships of the Polish Navy have been named ORP Warszawa, after the capital city of Warsaw:

ORP Warszawa (1920), was a monitor of the Riverine Flotilla of the Polish Navy, launched in 1920 and scuttled in 1939. She was raised by the Soviets and commissioned as Vitebsk (Витебск). She was scuttled on 18 September 1941 near Kiev, raised in August 1944, and then scrapped.

ORP Warszawa (1970), was a Kotlin-class destroyer which was launched in 1956 and served in the Soviet Navy as Spravedlivyy. She was commissioned into the Polish Navy in 1970 and decommissioned in 1986.

ORP Warszawa (1988), was a modified Kashin-class destroyer launched in 1968 as the Soviet Smelyi (Смелый). She was purchased from the USSR in 1988 and decommissioned in 2003.

RBU-6000

The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (Реактивно-Бомбовая Установка, Reaktivno-Bombovaja Ustanovka; reaction engine-bomb installation & Смерч; waterspout) is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine weapon rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used during the Second World War. The system entered service in 1960-61 and is fitted to a wide range of Russian surface vessels. It consists of a horseshoe shaped arrangement of twelve launch barrels, that are remotely directed by the Burya fire control system (that can also control the shorter ranged RBU-1000). It fires RGB-60 unguided depth charges. The rockets are normally fired in salvos of 1, 2, 4, 8 or 12 rounds. Reloading is automatic, with individual rounds being fed into the launcher by the 60UP loading system from a below deck magazine. Typical magazine capacity is either 72 or 96 rounds per launcher. It can also be used as a shore bombardment system.

The RPK-8 system is an upgrade of the RBU-6000 system, firing the 90R rocket, which is actively guided in the water. This allows it to home in on targets at depths of up to 1,000 meters. The warhead is a 19.5 kg shaped charge, which enables it to punch through the hulls of submarines. It can also be used against divers and torpedoes. System response time is reported to be 15 seconds and a single-salvo has a kill probability of 0.8. RPK-8 entered service in 1991 and mounted on Project 1154 and 11356 frigates. Serial production of the upgraded 90R1 rocket was launched in 2017.

RBU-6000 were the most widespread anti-submarine rocket launchers in the Soviet Navy, used on many ship classes.

Russian destroyer Smetlivy

Smetlivy (Russian: Сметливый, lit. 'Resourceful') is a Kashin-class guided missile destroyer of the Russian Navy. Entering service in 1969, the ship served until 1991 with the fall of the Soviet Union. She returned to service in 1995 after a refit and is now a part of the Black Sea Fleet, making her the oldest active destroyer in the world.

Russian order of battle in South Ossetia war

The following units of the Russian army, air force, and Russian navy participated in the invasion of Georgia in 2008.

Soviet destroyer Krasny Kavkaz

Krasny Kavkaz (Russian for Red Caucasus) was a Soviet, later Russian Kashin-class destroyer of the Black Sea Fleet.

Soviet destroyer Otvazhny (1964)

Otvazhny was a Soviet Kashin-class destroyer built for the Black Sea Fleet during the 1960s. She sank in 1974 after a rocket motor ignited and caused an explosion that set the ship on fire.

Soviet destroyer Slavny

Two destroyers of the Soviet Navy have been named Slavny:

Slavny, a Storozhevoy-class destroyer launched in 1939

Slavny, a Mod Kashin-class destroyer launched in 1965

Soviet destroyer Smelyi

Smelyi has been the name of more than one destroyer of the Soviet Navy:

Soviet destroyer Smelyi (1941), a Soobrazitelnyy-class destroyer commissioned on 31 May 1941 and sunk on 27 July 1941

Soviet destroyer Smelyi (1949), a Skoryy-class destroyer commissioned on 21 December 1949 and sunk as a target in November 1960

Soviet destroyer Smelyi (1968), a Kashin-class destroyer commissioned on 27 December 1969 and decommissioned on 9 January 1988, which then served in the Polish Navy as ORP Warszawa (1988) from 1988 to 29 August 2005

Soviet destroyer Sposobny

Sposobny (Russian: Способный; lit. "capable"; alternate spellings Sposobnyy, and Sposobnyi) can refer to a number of Soviet warships:

Soviet destroyer Sposobny (1940), a Soviet Navy Soobrazitelnyy-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Sposobny (1950), a Soviet Navy Skoryy-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Sposobny (1970), a Soviet Navy Kashin-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Sposobny (1970)

Sposobny (Russian: Способный, "Capable") was a Project 61 (NATO reporting name Kashin)-class destroyer of the Soviet Navy, which briefly became part of the Russian Navy. The ship served during the Cold War from 1971 to 1989.

She served with the Pacific Fleet for the duration of her career, often operating in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific in order to show the flag. Sposobny cruised in the Indian and the Pacific Oceans during 1973–1974, 1983, and 1985, punctuated by a 1976 goodwill visit to Vancouver, Canada, and active support to Vietnam during the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War. A planned modernization in 1987 at the Sevastopol Marine Plant in Ukraine was never completed due to the fall of the Soviet Union and she was transferred to the Russian Navy despite a failed Ukrainian attempt to take control. Sold to the shipyard to pay off debts, the destroyer was decommissioned in 1993 before being sold for scrap two years later.

Vladimir Masorin

Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Vasilyevich Masorin (Russian: Владимир Васильевич Масорин) (born August 24, 1947) is a retired Russian admiral who commanded the Caspian Flotilla in 1996–2002 and the Black Sea Fleet in 2002–2005. In September 2005, he was appointed the Commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy.

The newspaper Kommersant speculated that Admiral Masorin was a temporary appointment until the new Chief of the Main Naval Staff, appointed at the same time, took command of the Navy.

Masorin completed the P.S. Nakhimov Black Sea Higher Naval School in 1970. He served as principal warfare officer on the Kashin class destroyer Smyshleny of the Northern Fleet. In 1977 he completed additional officer training and became executive officer of the Kashin class destroyer Ognevoy. In 1980 he became commanding officer of the Sovremennyy class destroyer Otchayannyy and in 1983 Masorin became chief of staff of the Northern Fleet's destroyer squadron. After completing the N. G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy Masorin was promoted to commander of the Northern Fleet's destroyer squadron.

Following completion of the General Staff Academy, Masorin was promoted to commander of the Caspian Flotilla in 1996 and the Black Sea Fleet in 2002. Masorin was promoted to commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy and to the rank of fleet admiral in 2005.

On August 24, 2007, Masorin became the first Russian recipient of the Legion of Merit (Commander) from the United States. His award was conferred by U.S. Navy Chief of Naval Operations Michael Mullen, for meritorious conduct to increase cooperation and interoperability with the U.S. Navy and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from September 2005 to August 2007. Under his leadership the Russian Federation's navy participated in Active Endeavor, a NATO maritime counter-terrorism operation in the Mediterranean Sea. He consistently advocated continued Russian participation in the joint and combined military exercises including BALTOPS, Northern Eagle FRUKUS and Pacific Eagle.

His visit to Washington, D.C. during which he received the Legion of Merit was first official visit of a Russian Federation Navy Commander-in-Chief in eleven years. His predecessors as Russian Navy Commander-in-Chief previously making official visits to Washington were Fleet Admirals Vladimir Chernavin and Felix Gromov.

Fleet Admiral Masorin retired in late 2007 after reaching his 60th birthday.

Masorin remains as advisor on the staff of the Russian Minister of Defense. He is married with two sons.

Vladimir Yegorov

Vladimir Grigor'evich Yegorov (Russian: Владимир Григорьевич Егоров) was the governor of Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia in 2001–2005. He was Admiral commanding the Baltic Fleet before he became governor. He was born in Moscow in 1938.

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