Kasaragod is a municipal town and the district headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India. Situated in the rich biodiversity of Western Ghats, it is known for the Chandragiri and Bekal Forts, Chandragiri River, historic Kolathiri Rajas, natural environment of Ranipuram and Kottancheri Hills, historical and religious sites like the Madhur Temple and Ananthapura Lake Temple, and Malik Deenar Mosque. It is located 585 km north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram and 50 km south of the port city of Mangalore.
|Region||Tulu Nadu / North Malabar|
|Nearest Airport(s)||Mangalore International Airport, Kannur International Airport|
|• Town||16.7 km2 (6.4 sq mi)|
|• Metro||93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||19 m (62 ft)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|• Regional||Kannada, Tulu, Beary, Urdu, Konkani, Tamil|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The major political parties are Indian Union Muslim League, Bharathiya Janata party (BJP),CPI(M), INC and INL Indian National League. North Kasaragod is dominated by Indian Union Muslim League, and the south is dominated by CPI(M). The central part and some of the rural and urban areas are dominated by BJP. N.A. Nellikkunnu is the present Member of Legislative Assembly, Kerala Legislature. Kasaragod assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). CPI(M) member P. Karunakaran is the present MP from Kasaragod.
Since there are national concerns about the ISIS afflicted radicalization of Kasargod, the area remains under the watch of concerned politicians and the elders of the Islamic community, as well as government's anti-terrorism intelligence agencies, such as the NIA and the IB, especially after 22 Muslim youths of this area disappeared to join as ISIS militants, and the name change to gaza of a local street was inaugurated by the gram panchayat president.
Kasaragod is home to the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, originally established in 1916 as the Coconut Research Station. It is part of India's National Agricultural Research System under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. According to the Institute, Kerala "lies in the heart of the major coconut growing areas of the country." It is also home to the Indian Society for Plantation Crops, which publishes the Journal of Plantation Crops and holds symposiums on the subject.
The primary and administrative language of the town is Malayalam. Tulu, Beary bhashe, Kannada (spoken by the Tuluva-Malayalee Muslims, Kannadigas) and Konkani are also widely used and Hindi and Urdu to a lesser extent. Havyaka speakers have a strong base in Kannada. The Malayalam spoken here has influences from Beary bhashe and also from the languages of Kannada, Urdu, Konkani and Tulu. The Kannada and Tulu spoken here are also influenced by Malayalam.
Kasaragod district is the worst HIV infected area in Kerala. 970 HIV cases were registered in Kasaragod district. Ten HIV deaths were reported from Kasaragod district within a period of two months in 2016. There is no special facility or doctors for HIV patients in this area. HIV affected areas in Kasaragod include Dharmathadka, Nileshwaram, Manjeshwar, Bhandiyod, Vellarikundu, Kasaragod town and Padannakkad.
|Climate data for Kasaragod, Kerala|
|Average high °C (°F)||31.4
|Average low °C (°F)||21.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1
The Coconut Research Station at Kasaragod in Kerala was initially established in 1916 by the then Government of Madras and subsequently it was taken over by the Indian Central Coconut Committee in 1948