Kasaragod

Kasaragod([kɑːsɾɡoːɖ] (listen)) is a municipal town and the district headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India. Situated in the rich biodiversity of Western Ghats, it is known for the Chandragiri and Bekal Forts, Chandragiri River, historic Kolathiri Rajas, natural environment of Ranipuram and Kottancheri Hills, historical and religious sites like the Madiyan Kulom temple, Madhur Temple, Ananthapura Lake Temple and Malik Deenar Mosque. It is located 585 km north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram, 360 km west of Bengaluru and 50 km south of the port city of Mangalore.[1]

Kasaragod
Town
Nickname(s): 
kasrodu
Kasaragod is located in Kerala
Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Location of Kasaragod in Kerala
Kasaragod is located in India
Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Kasaragod (India)
Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°ECoordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E
Country India
StateKerala
RegionTulu Nadu / North Malabar
DistrictKasaragod
Nearest Airport(s)Mangalore International Airport, Kannur International Airport
Area
 • Town16.7 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
 • Urban
54,172
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
 • RegionalTulu, Kannada, Beary, Urdu, Konkani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
671121
Telephone91–4994
Vehicle registrationKL-14
Websitekasargod.nic.in/index_main.htm

Politics

The major political parties are Indian Union Muslim League, Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) , CPI(M), INC and INL Indian National League. North Kasaragod is dominated by Indian Union Muslim League, and the south is dominated by CPI(M). The central part and some of the rural and urban areas are dominated by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). N.A. Nellikkunnu is the present Member of Legislative Assembly, Kerala Legislature. Kasaragod assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). CPI(M) member P. Karunakaran is the present MP from Kasaragod.[2]

Since there are national concerns about the ISIS afflicted radicalization of Kasargod, the area remains under the watch of concerned politicians and the elders of the Islamic community, as well as government's anti-terrorism intelligence agencies, such as the NIA and the IB, especially after 22 Muslim youths of this area disappeared to join as ISIS militants, and the name change to gaza of a local street was inaugurated by the gram panchayat president.[3][4][5][6]

Science and research

Kasaragod is home to the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, originally established in 1916 as the Coconut Research Station. It is part of India's National Agricultural Research System under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.[7] According to the Institute, Kerala "lies in the heart of the major coconut growing areas of the country." It is also home to the Indian Society for Plantation Crops, which publishes the Journal of Plantation Crops and holds symposiums on the subject.[8] The Central University of Kerala is also located in Kasargod.

Demographics

Religions in Kasaragod city

source: Kasaragod City Census 2011 data

  Muslims (54.65%)
  Hindu (43.56%)
  Christians (1.58%)
  Jains (0.01%)
  Not stated (0.17%)
  Sikh (0.01%)
  Buddhist (0.00%)
  Other (0.03%)

The primary and administrative language of the town is Malayalam. Tulu, Beary bhashe, Kannada (spoken by the Tuluva-Malayalee , Muslims, Kannadigas) and Konkani are also widely used and Hindi and Urdu to a lesser extent. Havyaka speakers have a strong base in Kannada.[9] The Malayalam spoken here has influences from Beary bhashe and also from the languages of Kannada, Urdu, Konkani and Tulu and Marathi. The Kannada and Tulu spoken here are also influenced by Malayalam.[10]

Health

Kasaragod district is one of the highest HIV infected area in Kerala. 970 HIV cases were registered in Kasaragod district. Ten HIV deaths were reported from Kasaragod district within a period of two months in 2016. HIV affected areas in Kasaragod include Dharmathadka, Nileshwaram, Manjeshwar, Bhandiyod, Vellarikundu, Kasaragod town and Padannakkad.[11]

Kasaragod is also very badly affected by the toxic pesticide Endosulfan.[12]

Climate

Kasaragod experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification.


Tourism

Bekal Fort was built by Shivappa Nayaka of Keladi in 1650 AD, at Bekal. It is the largest fort in Kerala, spreading over 40 acres (160,000 m2).

Climate data for Kasaragod, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90)
29.3
(84.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
22.8
(73)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
23.9
(75)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
23.6
(74.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0)
1
(0)
5
(0.2)
55
(2.2)
262
(10.3)
1,002
(39.4)
1,190
(46.9)
647
(25.5)
338
(13.3)
229
(9)
77
(3)
18
(0.7)
3,825
(150.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kerala Tourism
  2. ^ "Kasaragod Parliament Constituency". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  3. ^ Sai Kiran, KP. Kerala's 'Gaza Street' on the radar of IB, NIA, The Economic Times, 19 June 2017. Retrieved on 19 June 2017.
  4. ^ HT Correspondent. Kerala road ‘renamed’ Gaza Street, intelligence agencies not amused, Hindustan Times, 19 June 2017. Retrieved on 19 June 2017.
  5. ^ Signboard Reading 'Gaza Street' In Kerala Draws Attention Of Intelligence Agencies, Outlook magazine, 19 June 2017. Retrieved on 19 June 2017.
  6. ^ .A Kerala Street Named 'Gaza' Has Caught The Attention Of Intelligence Agencies, HuffPost, 19 June 2017. Retrieved on 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ "About Institute". CPCRI.in. Central Plantation Crops Research Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-25. The Coconut Research Station at Kasaragod in Kerala was initially established in 1916 by the then Government of Madras and subsequently it was taken over by the Indian Central Coconut Committee in 1948
  8. ^ "Indian Society for Plantation Crops". indsocplantationcrops.in. Indian Society for Plantation Crops. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  9. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh (1998). India's communities. 6. Anthropological Survey of India. p. 1549.
  10. ^ A Sreedhara Menon (1 January 2007). A Survey Of Kerala History. DC Books. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-81-264-1578-6.
  11. ^ HIV deaths reported in Kasargod, Mathrubhumi News, 2016.
  12. ^ "Endosulfan destroyed the biodiversity in Kasaragod villages". -The Hindu.
  13. ^ "CLIMATE: KASARAGOD", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].

External links

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