Karolos Papoulias (Greek: Κάρολος Παπούλιας [ˈkarolos paˈpuʎas]; born 4 June 1929) is a Greek politician who was the President of Greece from 2005 to 2015. He was previously the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1985 to 1989 and from 1993 to 1996.
|President of Greece|
12 March 2005 – 13 March 2015
|Prime Minister||Kostas Karamanlis|
|Preceded by||Konstantinos Stephanopoulos|
|Succeeded by||Prokopis Pavlopoulos|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
13 October 1993 – 22 January 1996
|Prime Minister||Andreas Papandreou|
|Preceded by||Michalis Papakonstantinou|
|Succeeded by||Theodoros Pangalos|
26 July 1985 – 2 July 1989
|Prime Minister||Andreas Papandreou|
|Preceded by||Ioannis Charalambopoulos|
|Succeeded by||Tzannis Tzannetakis|
|Born||4 June 1929|
|Political party||Panhellenic Socialist Movement|
|Alma mater||University of Athens|
University of Milan
University of Cologne
Karolos Papoulias was born in Ioannina and is the son of Major general Gregorios Papoulias. He obtained a Law degree from the University of Athens, a master's degree in Public International Law and International Relations from the University of Milan, and a doctorate in Private International Law from the University of Cologne. He is an associate of the Munich Institute for Southeast Europe. Apart from his native Greek, he also speaks French, German and Italian. A former pole-vault and volleyball champion, Papoulias has been chairman of the National Sports Association since 1985. He is also a founding member and until recently president of the Association for the Greek Linguistic Heritage.
Karolos Papoulias is married to Mary Panou and has three daughters.
Papoulias was a founding member of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) and a close associate of its leader Andreas Papandreou. Since December 1974 he was continually elected to the PASOK Central Committee. He was also member of the Coordination Council, the Executive Bureau and the Political Secretariat, as well as Secretary of the PASOK International Relations Committee from April 1975 to 1985. For a number of years he was also a member of the Coordinating Committee of the Socialist and Progressive Parties of the Mediterranean.
He was first elected to the Greek Parliament in 1977 for Ioannina, and held his seat continuously through the subsequent legislative elections until his 2004 election as President of the Republic. He held several high offices during the PASOK cabinets:
In the 1980s Papoulias played a key role in trying to reach a solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. He mediated a safe departure of trapped Palestinian militants and Yasser Arafat from Lebanon on board Greek vessels in 1983.
He created diplomatic relations with the Arab world and achieved, among other things, the normalization of relations between Greece and Egypt and the establishment of tripartite cooperation between Iran, Armenia and Greece. He held talks with a total of 12 Turkish Foreign Ministers to normalize Greco-Turkish relations. This resulted in the signing of the Papoulias-Yılmaz memorandum in 1988.
In the period 1993–1996 and particularly at the crucial Essen Summit he played an important role in starting accession talks between the Republic of Cyprus and the European Union.
As president-in-office of the European Union and member of the contact group for the former Yugoslavia he worked to bring about a resolution of the crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He signed the Interim Agreement with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, aiming at the establishment of better relations between that country and Greece.
He was very interested in relations between Greece and the Balkan states and it was upon his initiative that the first meeting of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Balkans was organized in Belgrade in 1988. There, he began talks with Bulgaria and the then Soviet Union on the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline.
He was responsible for the signing of the protocol of mutual civil and military assistance with Bulgaria in the 1980s. He restored friendly and neighbourly relations with Albania by ending the state of war between that country and Greece.
Papoulias has been supportive of any step towards détente, peace and disarmament e.g. the "Initiative of the Six" for peace and disarmament, the participation of Greece in the Conference on Disarmament and Peace in Europe and in the Conference for the Abolition of Chemical Weapons, his proposals to create a nuclear-free zone in the Balkans and the promotion of the idea of making the Mediterranean a sea of peace and cooperation. The JANNINA 1 tripartite cooperation conference, between Greece, Bulgaria and Romania, was his idea and he was a strong supporter of the Black Sea Conference, which he also chaired.
With his visit to Washington in 1985 and the return visit of Secretary of State George Shultz, he revitalized Greek-American relations which had gone through a delicate phase during the previous years.
On 12 December 2004, Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis, leader of the governing New Democracy party, and George Papandreou, leader of the PASOK opposition, nominated Papoulias for the presidency, which is chosen by the Parliament. On 8 February 2005, he was elected by 279 of 300 votes to a five-year term. He was sworn in as the 6th President of the Third Hellenic Republic on 12 March 2005, succeeding Konstantinos Stephanopoulos. After securing the support of the two major political parties, he was re-elected to a second and final term on 3 February 2010 with a parliamentary majority of 266 votes. His presidential term ended in March 2015 and was replaced by Prokopis Pavlopoulos, who was elected Greece’s new president in a parliamentary vote in February 2015.
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
| President of Greece
An indirect election for the position of President of the Hellenic Republic was held by the Hellenic Parliament on 8 February 2005.
Running unopposed, veteran PASOK politician and former Foreign Minister of Greece Karolos Papoulias was elected on the first ballot with the record number of 279 votes, with 163 MPs of the ruling New Democracy party, 114 MPs of PASOK and two independent MPs voting in support, four MPs absent, while the 17 MPs of Synaspismos and the Communist Party of Greece voted "present". He was sworn in on 12 March 2005, succeeding Konstantinos Stephanopoulos.2009 Greek legislative election
Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 4 October 2009. An election was not required until September 2011.
On 2 September Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis announced he would request President Karolos Papoulias to dissolve Parliament and call an election. Parliament was dissolved on 9 September.
Voting was mandatory; however there are no sanctions or penalties for not voting.2010 Greek presidential election
An indirect presidential election was held in Greece on 3 February 2010.
Incumbent president Karolos Papoulias was nominated by the ruling PASOK party (160 seats) and secured the support of the main opposition party, New Democracy (91 seats), and of the smaller LAOS (15 seats). Papoulias stood unopposed and was elected on the first ballot, with 266 votes.2014–15 Greek presidential election
Indirect presidential elections were held in Greece in December 2014 and February 2015 for the succession to Karolos Papoulias as the President of Greece. The candidate of the ND–PASOK government, Stavros Dimas, failed to secure the required majority of MPs of the Hellenic Parliament in the first three rounds of voting in December. According to the provisions of the Greek Constitution, snap elections were held on 25 January 2015, which were won by the far-left SYRIZA party. Following the convening of the new parliament, the presidential election resumed, and on 18 February 2015, veteran ND politician Prokopis Pavlopoulos, backed by the SYRIZA-ANEL coalition government, was elected with 233 votes.Antonis Vratsanos
Antonis Vratsanos (Aggeloulis) (Greek: Αντώνης Βρατσάνος (Αγγελούλης), 1919 in Larissa – November 25, 2008 in Athens), was a saboteur of the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS), the military branch of the National Liberation Front (EAM) during the Axis Occupation of Greece, and of the Democratic Army of Greece during the Greek Civil War.Born in Larissa in 1919, he fought in the Greco-Italian War as a Reserve 2nd Lieutenant of Engineers. With the onset of the Occupation, he joined the EAM-ELAS, rising to become commander of the Olympus Engineers Battalion, with which he was engaged in numerous sabotage acts against the railway network used by the occupation forces..During the subsequent civil war of 1946–49, he led a saboteur brigade of the communist Democratic Army of Greece. Following the communists' defeat, he went to exile in Tashkent and Romania.On February 28, 2007, he was awarded by the President of the Hellenic Republic, Karolos Papoulias, the "Grand Commander of the Order of Honor" for his actions in the Greek Resistance in the years 1941–44.Caretaker Cabinet of Panagiotis Pikrammenos
The Caretaker Cabinet of Panagiotis Pikrammenos was sworn in on May 17, 2012 after the end of the period of office of the Cabinet of Lucas Papademos, when an inconclusive election on May 6, 2012 resulted in a hung parliament. According to the provisions of the Greek Constitution, President Karolos Papoulias appointed Panagiotis Pikrammenos, the outgoing chairman of the Council of State, as caretaker Prime Minister after none of the major parties was able to form a government.
The subsequent elections were held on 17 June 2012, again resulting in a hung parliament, and this cabinet served until the formation of a coalition government on 21 June 2012.Cathedral of Evangelismos
The Holy Cathedral Church of the Annunciation of the Theotokos (Greek: Ιερός Καθεδρικός Ναός Ευαγγελισμού της Θεοτόκου Αλεξάνδρειας, translit. Ieros Kathedrikos Naos Evangelismou tis Theotokou Alexandrias) is a trilateral basilica which was founded in the middle of the 19th century in Alexandria, Egypt. Its ecclesiastical see is the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. The Holy Cathedral serves the Greek community of Alexandria. In the opinion of author Donald M. Reid, the cathedral was built in "neo-Gothic rather than neo-Byzantine style" The cathedral is located in Tahrir Square, Alexandria.
The cornerstone of the cathedral was laid by Patriarch Hierotheus II on 16 November 1847. Completion of the work took nine years, which was officially marked on 25 March 1856 with a liturgy celebrated by Patriarch Hierotheus.
Restoration work was completed in December 2004 with funding from the Alexander S. Onassis Foundation. The church was rededicated on 2 April 2006 by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomewͺ and the Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, Theodore II, in the presence of the President of the Hellenic Republic, Karolos Papoulias.
The church has a length of 41.80 metres, a width of 23.6 metres, and a height of 32.4 metres. The total area is 1,1155.23 square metres. The architect who conceived the church was Ermetes Pierotis; it was completed under Lukowitz. The marble iconostasis, patriarchal throne, the sedilia and the ambo were all works by the Constantinopolitan Iakovos Varoutis. For the design of the doors, windows, pews, baldachin and other sculpture the work was done by George Philippides. The gilder of the iconostasis, the throne and the ambo was Michael Larozas. The gilders of the nave were the brothers Iordanou. The icons were produced both in Egypt and in Constantinople, the windows in Paris, the clock came from London (produced by Frederick Dent, of the same family responsible for London's Big Ben), and the chandeliers came from Russia.Estia
Estia (Greek: Ἑστία) means "home" in Greek. It has also lent its name to a Greek national daily broadsheet newspaper published in Athens, Greece. It was founded in 1876 as a literary magazine and then in 1894 has been transformed into a newspaper, making it Greece’s oldest daily newspaper still in circulation. It is named after the ancient Greek goddess Hestia, one of the Twelve Olympians. Estia is widely regarded as right wing in terms of political alignment and most often referred to as “conservative” and “nationalist” and is readily distinguishable as the only Greek newspaper still employing the old-fashioned polytonic system of accentuation. An “opinion newspaper” with a writing style acknowledged to be “incisive” and with a loyal readership also described as “exclusive”, Estia is often treated not merely as a newspaper but as “an institution of bourgeois Athens”. On the 120th anniversary of its publication (March 12, 2014), the President of Greece Karolos Papoulias issued a congratulatory note crediting the contribution of Estia to public life. Run as a family business for more than a century (1898–2015) and successively managed by the descendants of Adonis Kyrou, Estia is currently owned, through “Estia Newspaper S.A.”, by Ioannis Filippakis.Giannis Ragousis
Giannis Ragousis (Greek: Γιάννης Ραγκούσης; born 11 December 1965) is a Greek economist and politician of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement.Greece–Iceland relations
Greek–Icelandic relations are foreign, economic and cultural relations between Greece and Iceland. Greece is represented in Iceland through its embassy in Oslo (Norway) and through an honorary consulate in Reykjavík. Iceland is represented in Greece through its embassy in Oslo (Norway) and through an honorary consulate in Athens. They have been firm allies for over 60 years, and have reaffirmed their ties recently at the highest levels of contacts.Greek order of precedence
The order of precedence of Greece is fixed by the Decree 52749/2006 of the Minister of the Interior, and prescribes the protocollary hierarchy of the Greek political leadership. The President, as head of state, is first, and the Prime Minister, as head of government, is second.
President of Greece (Prokopis Pavlopoulos)
Prime Minister of Greece (Alexis Tsipras)
Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament (Nikos Voutsis)
Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (Ieronymos II)
Leader of the Official Opposition (Kyriakos Mitsotakis)
Former President(s) of Greece (Christos Sartzetakis, Karolos Papoulias)
Vice President(s) of the Government (Yannis Dragasakis)Michalis Papakonstantinou
Michalis Papakonstantinou (Greek: Μιχάλης Παπακωνσταντίνου; November 1, 1919 – January 17, 2010) was a Greek politician and author. He studied law at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Papakonstantinou served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs from August 7, 1992, until October 13, 1993, as a member of the New Democracy Party.He regularly wrote as a columnist in newspapers in both Athens and Thessaloniki. He also contributed to Greek and foreign magazines as a writer.Papakonstantinou was born in Kozani, Greece, in 1919. He died on January 17, 2010, at the age of 90.Panagiotis Pikrammenos
Panagiotis Pikrammenos (Greek: Παναγιώτης Πικραμμένος, pronounced [panaˈʝotis pikraˈmenos]; born 1945) is a Greek judge who served as caretaker Prime Minister of Greece in May–June 2012 after the legislative election in May 2012 resulted in an absence of majority.Papoulias
Papoulias (or Papoulia, maiden name) is a Greek surname. It is the surname of:
Evelina Papoulia (born 1971), Greek actress and dancer
Georgios Papoulias (1927–2009), Greek politician and diplomat
Karolos Papoulias (born 1929), Greek politician and President of Greece
Panagiotis Papoulias (born 1969), Greek runnerPogoniani
Pogonianí (Greek: Πωγωνιανή, pronounced [poɣoɲaˈni], before 1928: Βοστίνα - Vostina; Albanian: Voshtinë) is a village and a former community in the Ioannina regional unit, Epirus, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pogoni, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 56.693 km2, the community 18.830 km2. It is best known in Greece as the birthplace of Karolos Papoulias, President of the Hellenic Republic between 2005 and 2015.
The municipal unit consists of 4 villages: Pogoniani, Dolo, Drymades, Stavroskiadi. In the late Ottoman period and until 1923, the village of Pogoniani (known as Vostina) was inhabited by Muslim Albanians alongside Orthodox Greek inhabitants. Until 1924, Muslim Albanians from the village of Pogoniani used to have close relations and exchanges with people from the town of Libohovë in Albania.During the period prior to the First World War the British member of the International Commission that was responsible of the delineation of the Greek-Albanian border noticed that the villages that were ceded to Albania, which consist of the northern portion of Pogoniani are entirely Greek-speaking.Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Prokopios Pavlopoulos, GColIH (Greek: Προκόπιος Παυλόπουλος, pronounced [proˈkopios pavˈlopulos]; born 10 July 1950), commonly shortened to Prokopis (Προκόπης), is the current President of Greece, in office since 2015. A lawyer, university professor and politician, he was Minister for the Interior from 2004 to 2009.
On 18 February 2015, Pavlopoulos was elected by the Hellenic Parliament as President of Greece, with 233 votes in favour.Socialist Democratic Union
Socialist Democratic Union (Greek: Σοσιαλιστική Δημοκρατική Ένωση) was one of the many anti-dictatorial struggle groups that fought against the Greek military junta of 1967-1974. The Socialist Democratic Union organized and mobilized Greeks working and studying in Western Europe against the colonel's junta.
Among the founders of the group was Karolos Papoulias, who is currently the President of the Hellenic Republic.
|First Hellenic Republic (1827–1832)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach) (1832–1862)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg) (1862–1924)|
|Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg) (1935–1973)|
|Military Junta (1967–1974)|
|Third Hellenic Republic (1974–present)|
|First Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Second Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Third Hellenic Republic|
§ variously as Chief Secretary/General Secretary of State
† officially considered the first foreign minister of independent Greece