Karbala stampede

On 10 September 2019, 31 people were killed and approximately 100 more were injured in a human stampede during Ashura processions in Karbala, Iraq.

Karbala stampede
Karbala is located in Iraq
Karbala (Iraq)
Date10 September 2019
LocationKarbala, Iraq
Coordinates32°36′59″N 44°02′01″E / 32.61639°N 44.03361°E
Non-fatal injuries102[1]


Ashura is an important holiday in the Islamic calendar, marking the death of Husayn ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), a grandson of prophet Muhammad. He was killed in 680 AD in the Battle of Karbala which became a central event to Shia Islam. Since then, the first ten days of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar, are a national holiday in Shia Islamic countries, with the tenth day culminating in Ashura.[2]

The Ashura day of mourning in Karbala was the target of a terrorist attack in 2004, when simultaneous bombings in Karbala and Najaf killed 134 people.[2] A 2005 stampede had occurred in Baghdad during a similar event, caused by word that the event might be subject to a terrorist bombing.[2] More recently, several attacks on Ashura processions have been perpetrated by Sunni extremists.[3]


Kerbela Hussein Moschee
Thousands of pilgrims at the Imam Husayn Shrine in 2005

One of the common events during the celebration of Ashura in Karbala is the Tuwairij run, where pilgrims run through the streets about 2–3 kilometres (1–2 mi) to the Imam Husayn Shrine in honour of the run that maternal cousins of Husayn's half-brother Abbas did from the village of Tuwairij (today known as Al-Hindiya) to Karbala in order to aid Husayn in the Battle of Karbala. The event around noon on 10 September 2019 drew hundreds of thousands of pilgrims planning to make the run.[2] Reports varied as to what caused the stampede; one claimed that a walkway collapsed, leading the crowd to panic.[3] Another account stated that one person tripped and fell among the runners and others fell over him, cascading into the stampede.[2]

Authorities came in to calm the crowds and assess the damage. At least 31 people were killed in the chaos, with at least 100 injured and sent to local hospitals. At least 10 of those injured were in critical condition.[4]


Authorities are investigating the cause of the event. Iraqi president Barham Salih and prime minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi offered their condolences for the loss, as well as the United States Ambassador to Iraq, Matthew H. Tueller.[3] The Iraqi Foreign Office released a statement saying that there was no Pakistani among the dead.[5][6]


  1. ^ "At least 31 dead in stampede at Ashura rituals in Iraq's Karbala". The Hindu. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Iraq stampede kills 31 at Ashura commemorations in Karbala". BBC News. 10 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Officials: 31 Iraqi pilgrims die in stampede during holiday". AP News. 10 September 2019.
  4. ^ "More than 30 killed in mass stampede at Iraqi Shia shrine". Aljazeera. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  5. ^ "No Pakistani among those killed in Karbala stampede". The News. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  6. ^ "FO confirms no Pakistani among those killed in Karbala stampede". The Frontier Post. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
Imam Husayn Shrine

The Imam Husain Shrine or the Station of Imam Husayn ibn Ali (Arabic: مَقـام الإمـام الـحـسـيـن ابـن عـلي‎, romanized: Maqām al-Imām al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī) is the mosque and burial site of Husayn ibn Ali, the third Imam of Islam, in the city of Karbala’, Iraq. It stands on the site of the Mausoleum of Imam Husayn, who was a grandson of Muhammad, near the place where he was martyred during the Battle of Karbala’ in 680 C.E. The tomb of Imam Husayn is one of the holiest places for Shi‘ites, outside of Mecca and Medina, and many make pilgrimages to the site. Every year, millions of pilgrims visit the city to observe Ashura, which marks the anniversary of Imam Husayn's death. Every year for Arba'een rituals that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura up to 45 million people go to the city of Karbala.

List of human stampedes

This is a list of notable human stampedes and crushes. Many such accidents are also in list of accidents and disasters by death toll.

19th century
20th century
21st century


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