Shown within Turkey
|Location||Silifke, Mersin Province, Turkey|
|Abandoned||7th century (?)|
|Periods||Hellenistic Age to Byzantine Empire|
Karakabaklı is situated next to Karadedeli village (now a remote neighborhood of Atakent) in the rural area of Silifke district at . In the antiquity this region was called Cilicia Trachaea (Rugged Cilicia). Karakabaklı is to the east of Silifke and to the north of Turkish state highway D.400 . It can be reached via a 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) road from Atakent which is on D-400. The villa rustica Sinekkale is to north of Karakabaklı. The distance from Karakabaklı to Silifke is 22 kilometres (14 mi) and to Mersin is 74 kilometres (46 mi) .
The settlement dates back to Hellenistic age. But it was rebuilt and inhabited during the Roman and early Byzantine ages. It was probably abandoned during the Arab–Byzantine wars in the 7th and 8th centuries. Neither Hellenistic nor the Roman name of the settlement is known. Karakabaklı is a Turkish name.
According to Professor Semavi Eyice who has studied on the ruins there are many houses and seven of them are in relatively good condition. Four of them are one-storey and three of them are two-storey houses. The building material is limestone. Eyice notes that the percentage of standing buildings is higher in Karakabaklı than in most other ancient settlements. The plans of the houses are not standard and they probably belonged to people of different economic status. There are also, basilicas, a tetrapylon, cisterns and a partially unearthed Roman road. The settlement is included in the official list of Archaeological sites of Turkey.
Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).Atakent
Atakent is a town in Mersin Province, TurkeyAtayurt
Atayurt is a town in Mersin Province, TurkeyCaloe
Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.Cestrus
Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.Cotenna
Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.Cyaneae
Cyaneae (Ancient Greek: Κυανέαι; also spelt Kyaneai or Cyanae) was a town of ancient Lycia, or perhaps three towns known collectively by the name, on what is now the southern coast of Turkey. William Martin Leake says that its remains were discovered west of Andriaca. The place, which is at the head of Port Tristomo, was determined by an inscription. Leake observes that in some copies of Pliny it is written Cyane; in Hierocles and the Notitiae Episcopatuum it is Cyaneae. To Spratt and Forbes, Cyaneae appeared to be a city ranking in importance with Phellus and Candyba, but in a better state of preservation. No longer a residential bishopric, Cyanae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.Docimium
Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.Drizipara
Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.Hisarlik
Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.
It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.Işıkkale
Işıkkale (literally the castle of light) is an ancient settlement in Turkey.
Işıkkale is at 36°26′22″N 34°00′35″E in the rural area of Silifke ilçe (district) of Mersin Province. Its distance from Silifke is 17 kilometres (11 mi) and from Mersin is 77 kilometres (48 mi). Işıkkale is between two other archaeologically important sites; Karakabaklı and Sinekkale.
The visitors follow the Turkish state highway D.400 which runs in parallel to Mediterranean Sea coast. 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) west of Atakent, the visitors turn to north for about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi). The settlement is sitıuated on both sides of the road.
The original name of the settlement is not known. It dates back to Hellenistic, Roman and the early Byzantine ages. There are many buildings, cisterns wine and olive oil presses. In most of the buildings polygonal masonry is used . But there are also buildings of a later era such as a three-nave basilica.Lyrbe
Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.Mersin Province
The Mersin Province (Turkish: Mersin ili) is a province in southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast between Antalya and Adana. The provincial capital is the city of Mersin and the other major town is Tarsus, birthplace of St Paul. The province is part of Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region, that covers the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay.Sinekkale
Sinekkale (literally "The castle of flies") is the archaeological remains of a big villa rustica in Turkey. The original name is unknown.Stratonicea (Lydia)
Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.SİT areas in Turkey
SİT is the Turkish word for archaeological site. The governmental committees named Cultural Assets Conservation Committees determine the archaeological sites.As of 2015 there were 14861 sit areas in Turkey. With a history including Hittites, Hellenistic Age, Roman and Byzantine Empires, Seljuks and the Ottoman Empire, Turkey is full of archaeological sites Below is the number of SİT areas in Turkey classified according to the Turkish provinces (il).Tower of Gömeç
The Tower of Gömeç (Gömeç Kalesi) is a Roman watch tower in Rough Cilicia in southern Turkey.Tyana
Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.Üçayaklı ruins
The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.