Karabiga

Karabiga[1] (Karabuga[2]) is a town in Biga District, Çanakkale Province, in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located at the mouth of the Biga River, on a small east-facing bay, known as Karabiga Bay.[3] Its ancient name was Priapus or Priapos (Ancient Greek: Πρίαπος).[4]

Karabiga
Town
Karabiga is located in Turkey
Karabiga
Karabiga
Location of Karabiga
Coordinates: 40°24′13″N 27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°ECoordinates: 40°24′13″N 27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°E
Country Turkey
RegionMarmara
ProvinceÇanakkale
DistrictBiga
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

History

Originally a town of ancient Mysia, it was a colony of Miletus or of Cyzicus.[5] It had a good harbour. Strabo mentions that the area produced fine wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name.[6] Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station.[7] Arrian reports that in 334 BCE Alexander the Great sent Panegorus to take possession of the city and the city surrendered without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus.[6][8] Besides the aforementioned authors, the town was noted by numerous ancient writers and geographers including Pomponius Mela,[9] Pliny the Elder,[10] Stephanus of Byzantium,[11] and the Geographer of Ravenna.[12]

Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae or Pegai (Πηγαί)[13] and was the site of a Byzantine fortress.[14]

During the Allied occupation following World War I, Karabiga was part of the lands that were claimed by Ahmet Anzavur in his attempt to keep the area from the Turkish nationalists. He was killed just outside Karabiga in April 1921 by Turkish nationalists aligned with Arnavud Rahman.[15]

Notes

  1. ^ Karabiğa (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ Karabuga (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  3. ^ Karabiğa Limanı (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. ^ Priapus (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  5. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Priapus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  6. ^ a b Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p. 587. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  7. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 8.107.
  8. ^ Arrian Campaigns of Alexander I, 13
  9. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 1.19.
  10. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.24, 5.40.
  11. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Πρίαπος.
  12. ^ Ravenna Cosmography 2.18.
  13. ^ Norwich, John Julius (2006) The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean Doubleday, New York, page 103, ISBN 978-0-385-51023-3
  14. ^ Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. and Zacour, Norman P. (1980) A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, page 241, ISBN 978-0-299-10744-4
  15. ^ Gingeras, Ryan (2009) Sorrowful Shores: Violence, ethnicity, and the end of the Ottoman Empire, 1912-1923 Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pages 106 and 118, ISBN 978-0-19-956152-0
Ahmet Anzavur

Ahmet Anzavur (1885-15 April 1921) was a gendarme officer in the Ottoman Empire. He was of Circassian descent.

Anzavur served as a major during World War I. He became a guerrilla leader in Anatolia, who coordinated what is known as Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur during Turkish War of Independence.

During the Turkish War of Independence, he was motivated by British secret service and Ottoman Empire higher-ups to revolt against Mustafa Kemal Pasha and Turkish revolutionaries in the Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur.He was sentenced to death in February 1921, captured and executed on 15 April 1921 in village of Adliye near Karabiga.

Biga, Çanakkale

Biga is a town and district of Çanakkale Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located on the Biga River, 90 kilometres (56 miles) northeast from Çanakkale city centre. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 80,982 of which 37,196 live in the town of Biga. The district covers an area of 1,354 km2 (523 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 21 m (69 ft).

The center of COMU Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences is in Biga.

Biga Çayı

The Biga River (Turkish: Biga Çayı) is a small river in Çanakkale Province in northwestern Turkey. The river begins at the base of Mount Ida and trends generally northeasterly to the Sea of Marmara. It is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of the Dardanelles. It flows past the towns of Çan and Biga and enters the Sea of Marmara at Karabiga. It is also known as the Can (Çan Çayı) and the Kocabas (Kocabaş Çayı)

The Biga was the classical Granicus (Ancient Greek: Γρανικὸς ποταμός, Granikòs Potamós).

The banks near the modern-day town of Biga were the site of the Battle of the Granicus, fought in 334 BC between the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great and the forces of the Persian Empire of Darius III. This was Alexander's first victory over the Persians. In antiquity, the river was described as having strong, turbulent current, with steep banks and varying depth.

There is also a valley named in its honor on Mars. The Granicus Valles is at 29.72° N, 131.0° E and runs for 750 kilometres (470 mi).

Erdek Gulf

Erdek Gulf is a gulf of Marmara Sea, Turkey. It is administratively a part of Balıkesir Province.

In fact, the gulf is named after Erdek, an ilçe (district) of the Balıkesir Province which is situated at north coast of the gulf .

The mid point of the gulf is at about 40°22′N 27°40′E. Kapıdağ Peninsula, Paşalimanı Island and Avşa Island are to the north, Belkıs Tombolo (connecting Kapıdağ Peninsula to Anatolia mainland) is to the east, Karabiga ilçe is to the west and the Marmara coast of Anatolia is to the south. Maximum depth of the gulf is 47 metres (154 ft).

There are ferry services in the gulf. One service is to Barbaros in the Thracen side of Turkey, close to Tekirdağ. There are also ferry services to the nearby islands such as Marmara Island (Saraylar terminal) , Avşa Island and the Paşalimanı Island.

List of active ships of the Turkish Naval Forces

The Turkish Naval Forces or Turkish Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the Armed Forces of Turkey. As of December 2016, the navy operates a wide variety of ships, including; 16 frigates, 9 corvettes, 12 submarines and various other ships.

List of ancient Greek cities

This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A city is defined as ancient Greek if at any time its population or the dominant stratum within it spoke Greek. Many were soon assimilated to some other language. By analogy some cities are included that never spoke Greek and were not Hellenic per se but contributed to Hellenic culture later found in the region.

List of municipalities in Çanakkale Province

This is the List of municipalities in Çanakkale Province, Turkey

List of populated places in Çanakkale Province

Below is the list of populated places in Çanakkale Province, Turkey by district. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

List of renamed cities, towns and regions in Turkey

The names of many populated places and geographical features in Turkey have undergone changes over the centuries, and more particularly since the establishment of the present-day nation in the early 20th century, when there were extensive campaigns to change to recognizably Turkish names. Names changed were usually of Armenian, Greek, Georgian (including Laz), Bulgarian, Kurdish, Zazaki, Syriac or Arabic origin.

Patrol boat

A patrol boat (also referred to as a patrol craft, patrol ship or patrol vessel) is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence duties. There have been many designs for patrol boats. They may be operated by a nation's navy, coast guard, police force or customs and may be intended for marine (blue water) or estuarine or river ("brown water") environments. They are commonly found engaged in various border protection roles, including anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fisheries patrols, and immigration law enforcement. They are also often called upon to participate in rescue operations. Vessels of this type include the original yacht (from Dutch/Low German jacht meaning hunting or hunt), a light, fast-sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into shallow waters.

Priapus

In Greek mythology, Priapus (; Ancient Greek: Πρίηπος, Príēpos) was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism. He became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, and is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia.

Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur

The Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur (Turkish: Ahmet Anzavur Ayaklanması) was in fact a series of revolts led by the Ottoman gendarme officer Ahmet Anzavur against the Turkish national movement during the Turkish War of Independence. The revolt was coordinated by the British secret service and the monarchist Ottoman government against the republican Turkish nationalist forces. The forces under Anzavur's command were made up of various ethnic groups with the bulk of the forces (including Anzavur) belonging to the Circassian ethnicity. The "revolt" occurred October 1, 1919 to November 25, 1920 and occurred in the regions of Biga, Bandırma, Karacabey, and Kirmastı. Despite some difficulty, the revolts were decisively put down by the nationalist forces.

Turkish Regional Amateur League

The Turkish Regional Amateur League (known in Turkish as Bölgesel Amatör Lig) comprises a number of football leagues that make up the fifth tier of the Turkish football league system. The tier consists of thirteen groups across Turkey. Each season 9 teams are promoted to TFF Third League while the bottom two teams of each group are relegated to the Amatör Futbol Ligleri.

Tuzla-class patrol boat

The Tuzla-class New Type Patrol Boat (Turkish: Yeni Tip Karakol Botu) is one of the patrol boat classes of the Turkish Navy. The Tuzla class, named after a district in Istanbul with the same name, have been designed by Dearsan Shipyards in order to meet the operational requirements of the Turkish Navy in littoral waters. These patrol boats conduct patrol, security and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) duties in or around harbors & coastal areas.

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