Kansas's 5th congressional district

Kansas's 5th congressional district is an obsolete district for representation in the United States House of Representatives.

It existed from 1885 to 1993.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1885
John Alexander Anderson - Brady-Handy John A. Anderson Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
Independent Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
John davis kansas John Davis Populist March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamACalderhead William A. Calderhead Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image William D. Vincent Populist March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamACalderhead William A. Calderhead Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image Rollin R. Rees Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image Guy T. Helvering Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
JamesGStrong James G. Strong Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamAugustusAyres William A. Ayres Democratic March 4, 1933 –
August 22, 1934
Redistricted from the 8th district.

Resigned when appointed to the Federal Trade Commission.
Vacant August 22, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
John Mills Houston - 1939-10-26 John M. Houston Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
CliffordHope Clifford R. Hope Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1957
Redistricted from the 7th district.
No image James F. Breeding Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
December 31, 1978
Vacant December 31, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
Bob Whittaker Bob Whittaker Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1991
[Data unknown/missing.]
Dick Nichols Dick Nichols Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the 4th district and lost renomination there.
District eliminated January 3, 1993 [Data unknown/missing.]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Bob Whittaker

Robert Russell Whittaker (born September 18, 1939) is a former U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Clifford R. Hope

Clifford Ragsdale Hope (June 9, 1893 – May 16, 1970) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas, and a member of the Republican Party. Born in Birmingham, Iowa, Hope attended public schools and Nebraska Wesleyan University, in Lincoln, Nebraska. He served during the First World War, as a second lieutenant. He served in the Kansas House of Representatives. He was elected to the Seventieth United States Congress in 1927 and served in Congress through 1957.

After leaving office, Hope served as President of Great Plains Wheat Inc. of Garden City, Kansas from 1959 to 1963. He died as a result of a stroke on May 16, 1970.

Dick Nichols

Richard Nichols (April 29, 1926 – March 7, 2019) was an American banker and politician who served one-term in the U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Guy T. Helvering

Guy Tresillian Helvering (January 10, 1878 – July 4, 1946) was a United States Representative from Kansas, Commissioner of Internal Revenue and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Kansas.

James Floyd Breeding

James Floyd Breeding (September 28, 1901 – October 17, 1977) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

James G. Strong

James George Strong (April 23, 1870 – January 11, 1938) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Born in Dwight, Illinois, Strong attended the public schools of Dwight, Illinois from 1876 to 1879, the Episcopal Mission of Greenwood Agency, S.Dak. from 1879 to 1880, the public school at St. Marys, Kansas from 1882 to 1887, and Baker University, Baldwin, Kansas from 1887 to 1889. He moved to Blue Rapids, Kansas, in 1891. He engaged in the real estate, loan, and insurance businesses. He also studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1895 and commenced practice in Blue Rapids.

He was also interested in mercantile and agricultural pursuits. City attorney 1896-1911. Organized the Blue Rapids Telephone Co. in 1905. He served as assistant attorney general of Marshall County in 1911 and 1912. He served as delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1912 and 1928. Organized and developed the Marshall County Power &. Light Co. in 1912. He served as member of the school board 1913-1916. He served as prosecuting attorney of Marshall County in 1916 and 1917.

Strong was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1919-March 3, 1933), narrowly defeating Clyde Short in 1930. He served as chairman of the Committee on War Claims (Sixty-eighth through Seventy-first Congresses). He was an unsuccessful for renomination in 1932. He was appointed first assistant treasurer of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation in 1933 and served until his death in Washington, D.C. on January 11, 1938. He was interred in Fairmount Cemetery, Blue Rapids, Kansas.

Joe Skubitz

Joe Skubitz (May 6, 1906 – September 11, 2000) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

John Davis (Kansas politician)

John Davis (August 9, 1826 – August 1, 1901) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

John Mills Houston

John Mills Houston (September 15, 1890 – April 29, 1975) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from the 5th congressional district of Kansas from 1935 to 1943. He was also a member of the National Labor Relations Board from 1943 to 1953.


KS5 or KS-5 may refer to:

Kansas's 5th congressional district, an obsolete district that existed 1885–1993

K-5 (Kansas highway), a highway connecting Leavenworth to Kansas City, both in the Kansas City metropolitan area

Key Stage 5, a British educational term used to describe the two years of education for students aged 16–18

Kansas's congressional districts

Kansas is currently divided into 4 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. The number of districts in Kansas remained unchanged after the 2010 Census. Since 2010, the state's congressional delegation has been composed of all Republicans. However, following the 2018 elections, one incumbent was ousted by a Democratic challenger, changing the state's delegation to a 3-1 Republican majority.

People's Party (United States)

The People's Party (also known as the Populist Party or the Populists) was a left-wing, agrarian political party in the United States. The Populist Party emerged in the early 1890s as an important force in the Southern United States and the Western United States, but the party collapsed after it nominated Democrat William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 United States presidential election. A rump faction of the party continued to operate into the first decade of the 20th century, but never matched the popularity of the party in the early 1890s.

The roots of the Populist Party lay in Farmers' Alliance, an agrarian movement that promoted collective economic action by farmers, as well as the Greenback Party, an earlier third party that had advocated for fiat money. The success of Farmers' Alliance candidates in the 1890 elections, along with the conservatism of both major parties, encouraged leaders of the Farmers' Alliance to establish a full-fledged third party prior to the 1892 elections. The Ocala Demands laid out the Populist platform, calling for collective bargaining, federal regulation of railroad rates, an expansionary monetary policy, and a Sub-Treasury Plan that required the establishment of federally-controlled warehouses to aid farmers. Other Populist-endorsed measures included bimetallism, a graduated income tax, direct election of Senators, a shorter workweek, and the establishment of a postal savings system. These measures were collectively designed to curb the influence of corporate and financial interests and empower small farmers and laborers.

In the 1892 presidential election, the Populist ticket of James B. Weaver and James G. Field won 8.5 percent of the national popular vote and carried four Western states, becoming the first third party since the end of the American Civil War to win electoral votes. Despite the support of labor organizers like Eugene V. Debs and Terence V. Powderly, the party largely failed to win the vote of urban laborers in the Midwest and the Northeast. Over the next four years, the party continued to run state and federal candidates, building up powerful organizations in several Southern and Western states. Prior to the 1896 presidential election, the Populists became increasingly polarized between "fusionists," who wanted to nominate a joint presidential ticket with the Democratic Party, and "mid-roaders" like Mary Elizabeth Lease, who favored the continuation of the Populists as an independent third party. After the 1896 Democratic National Convention nominated Bryan, a prominent bimetallist, the Populists nominated Bryan but rejected the Democratic vice presidential nominee in favor of party leader Thomas E. Watson. In the 1896 election, Bryan won much of the South and West, but was defeated by Republican William McKinley.

After the 1896 presidential election, the Populist Party suffered a nationwide collapse. The party nominated presidential candidates in the three presidential elections following 1896, but none of those candidates came close to matching Weaver's performance in the 1892 election. Former Populist voters joined the Democratic Party, the Republican Party, and the Socialist Party, but other than Debs and Bryan, few politicians associated with the Populists retained national prominence. Historians see the Populists as a reaction to the power of corporate interests in the Gilded Age, but they debate the degree to which the Populists were anti-modern and nativist. Scholars also continue to debate the influence of the Populists on later organizations and movements such as the progressives of the early 20th century, New Deal liberals, and right-wing Republicans like Joseph McCarthy. In the United States, the term "populist" was originally associated with the Populist Party and related left-wing movements, but in the 1950s it began to take on a more generic meaning that describes any anti-establishment movement regardless of its position on the left–right political spectrum.

Rollin R. Rees

Rollin Raymond Rees (January 10, 1865 – May 30, 1935) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Born in Camden, Ohio, Rees moved with his parents to Ottawa County, Kansas, in 1867. He attended the public schools and graduated from the agricultural college at Manhattan, Kansas, in 1885. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1887 and commenced practice in Minneapolis, Kansas. He served as the prosecuting attorney of Ottawa County 1895-1899, as a member of the State house of representatives 1899-1903, and as judge of the thirtieth judicial district 1903-1910. He resigned to become a candidate for Congress.

Rees was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-second Congress (March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1913). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912 to the Sixty-third Congress, and afterwards resumed the practice of law in Minneapolis, Kansas. He moved to California and engaged in banking and ranching.

Rees died in Anaheim, California on May 30, 1935 and was interred in Fairhaven Cemetery, Orange, California.

William A. Calderhead

William Alexander Calderhead (September 26, 1844 – December 18, 1928) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

William Augustus Ayres

William Augustus Ayres (April 19, 1867 – February 17, 1952) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas.

William A. Ayres was born in Elizabethtown, Illinois. He moved with his parents to Sedgwick County, Kansas, in 1881. He attended the common schools and Garfield University in Wichita, Kansas. He was admitted to the bar in 1893 and commenced practice in Wichita, Kansas. He was clerk of the Court of Appeals of Kansas from 1897 to 1901, and prosecuting attorney of Sedgwick County, Kansas, from 1906 to 1910.

Ayres was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, and Sixty-sixth Congresses. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920 to the Sixty-seventh Congress. He was elected to the Sixty-eighth and to the five succeeding Congresses and served until his resignation effective August 22, 1934, having been appointed a member of the Federal Trade Commission on June 30, 1934, in which capacity he served until his death in Washington, D.C., in 1952. Interment in Old Mission Cemetery in Wichita, Kansas.

William D. Vincent

William Davis Vincent (October 11, 1852 – February 28, 1922) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Born near Dresden, Tennessee, Vincent moved with his parents to Riley County, Kansas, in 1858 and to Manhattan, Kansas, in 1864. He attended the public schools and the State agricultural college in Manhattan, Kansas. Vincent engaged in business in Manhattan 1872–1876.

He moved to Clay Center, Kansas, in 1878 and engaged in mercantile pursuits. Vincent was elected as a member of the city council in 1880. He served as member of the State board of railroad commissioners in 1893 and 1894.

Vincent was elected as a Populist to the Fifty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899). He engaged in the hardware business in Clay Center, Kansas, until his death in St. Louis, Missouri on February 28, 1922. He was interred in Greenwood Cemetery, Clay Center, Kansas.

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