Kannur, formerly known as Cannanore, is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Kannur district, state of Kerala, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kannur District and situated 518 km north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. During British rule in India, Kannur was known as Cannanore, a name that is still in use by the Indian Railways. Kannur is the largest city of North Malabar region. As of 2011 census population of Kannur was 2,32,486. Kannur is one of the million-plus urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1,642,892 in 2011.
|Kannur Municipal Corporation|
Clockwise from top: Gandhi Circle (formerly Caltex), St Angelo Fort, Sea Pathway, Payyambalam Beach, Thavakara Bus Terminal,
Land of looms and lores
|Talukas||Kannur, previously known as Chirakkal Taluk|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Kannur Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Smt. E. P. Latha CPI(M)|
|• District Collector||Sri. Mir Mohammed Ali IAS|
|• District Police Chief||Sri. G. Siva Vikram IPS|
|• Inspector General of Police (Kannur Range)||Sri. Mahipal Yadav IPS|
|• Principal District & Sessions Judge||Sri. R. Reghu|
|• Corporation City||78.35 km2 (30.25 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,003 km2 (387 sq mi)|
|• Corporation City||232,486|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KL|
|Vehicle registration||KL-13 KL-58 KL-59 KL-78|
Kannur was an important trading centre in the 12th century, with active business connections with Persia and Arabia. It served as the British military headquarters on India's west coast until 1887. In conjunction with its sister city, Tellicherry, it was the third largest city on the western coast of British India in the 18th century after Bombay and Karachi.
The modern town is referred to as Kannur Town. Kannur, as a district and surrounding areas, were mostly ruled by the famous Kolathiri Rajas (kings). When the state of Kerala was formed the district took the name Kannur since the administrative offices were established here. Before that, Kannur was under the Chirakkal taluk of Madras state under British rule. When the British dominated this part of the world, they preferred Madras and Cochin as their major stations and Kannur started to lose its old glory. The people of Kannur are still waiting for their old glory to get back and they feel they are being sidelined because the state administration is located exactly opposite side of the state. Part of the original city of Kannur was under Kerala's only Muslim Royalty called the Arakkal and this area is still known as City.
St. Angelo Fort was built in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, the first Portuguese Viceroy of India. The Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese in 1663. They modernised the fort and built the bastions Hollandia, Zeelandia and Frieslandia that are the major features of the present structure. The original Portuguese fort was pulled down later. A painting of this fort and the fishing ferry behind it can be seen in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Dutch sold the fort to king Ali Raja of Arakkal in 1772. During the 17th century, Kannur was the capital city of the only Muslim Sultanate in Kerala, known as Arakkal. Then the British conquered it in 1790 and used it as one of their major military stations on the Malabar Coast. During the British Raj, Kannur was part of the Madras province in the North Malabar District.
The guerrilla war by Pazhassi Raja, the ruler of Kottayam province, against the British had a huge impact in the history of Kannur. Changes in the socio-economic and political sectors in Kerala during the initial decades of 20th century created conditions congenial for the growth of the Communist Party. Extension of English education initiated by Christian missionaries in 1906 and later carried forward by government, rebellion for wearing a cloth to cover upper parts of body, installing an idol at Aruvippuram in 1888, Malayali Memorial in 1891, establishment of SNDP Yogam in 1903, activities, struggles etc. became factors helpful to accelerate changes in Kerala society during a short time. Movements for liberation from the colonial rule of British imperialism and struggles launched by these movements grew with them.
Very soon, ideas about socialism and Soviet Revolution reached Kerala. Such ideas got propagated in Kerala through the works of Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, Sahodaran Ayyappan, P. Kesavadev and others. By the beginning of the 1930s some other useful developments were taking place. Important among them was Nivarthana Agitation in Travancore. That was the demand of people suppressed so far as untouchables and weaker sections for participation in government. This brought to the forefront struggles like proportional representation in government and reservation of jobs. This imparted a new enthusiasm among oppressed masses.
Kannur, particularly the rural areas, has been referred to as a stranglehold of the left parties – locally known as 'party gramam'. Gramam means 'village' and usually denote local allegiance to only one party. Kannur has a strong presence of trade unions as well as left-leaning organizations. However, other parties also have strong influence.
According to the 2011 census of India, Kannur city has a population of 56,823. Males constitute 46.2% of the population and females 53.8%. Kannur has an average literacy rate of 96.23%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 98% and female literacy is 94%. In Kannur, 12% of the population is under six years of age.
Hindus form the majority of the population with 32,026 members forming 56.3% of the population. There are 21,557 Muslims forming 37.9% of the population. Christians form 5% of the population with 2,892 members. The Anglo-Indian community in Kannur live mainly in the Kannur Cantonment of Burnacherry and its surrounding areas of Thillery, No.3 Bazaar and Camp Bazaar. Malayalam is the administrative and local language.
Kannur Taluk has 27 villages.
Kannur has a good road network connecting to Mangalore, Bangalore, Mysore, Kodagu and Cochin. The railway station is also well connected to all parts of India.The Kannur International Airport which is about 30 kilometres from the city began operations on December 9 and is the fourth international airport in the state.Other nearby airports are at Calicut and Mangalore. Kannur is on National Highway 66 or NH 66 (formerly National Highway 17) between Kozhikode and Mangalore. This highway is scheduled to be expanded to four lanes. A bypass for Kannur city is proposed under the NH widening project. Kannur is connected to Kodagu, Mysore and Bangalore in Karnataka by the Thalassery–Coorg–Mysore interstate highway.
Kannur railway station is one of the major stations of the Southern Railway zone, under the jurisdiction of the Palakkad. All trains including the Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express and Kochuveli Garib Rath stop at Kannur. Six daily trains and around 15 weekly or bi-weekly trains connect Kannur to the capital Thiruvananthapuram. Kannur is well connected through rail with Mangalore and Kozhikode.
Kannur International Airport in Mattanur inaugurated on 9 December 2018. It is the fourth international airport in Kerala. The airport will have a 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) runway.(the longest in the State) and state of the art passenger terminal as well other amenities. It will be well connected by a comprehensive network of roads and a proposal for railway line has also been mooted. In the 2016–17 Union Railway budget, ₹400 crore (US$56 million) were dedicated for under Extra Budgetary Resource (EBR) in which a part of the bill will be borne by the State Government towards the railway line.
Many local cable television channels are available in Kannur. The most popular cable channels are City Channel, City Gold, City Juke, Network Channel(s), Zeal Network, Kannur Vision, World Vision, Worldvision Music, Chakkarakkal, and Gramika channel Koothuparamba.
All India Radio is broadcast in Kannur at 101.5 MHz. Private FM radio stations in Kannur include:
A number of newspapers are published from Kannur, including the Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Madhyamam, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Rashtra Deepika, Chandrika, Kerala Kaumudi, Mangalam, Janmabhumi, Veekshanam, Thejas, Siraj, Suprabhaatham, Janayugom and The New Indian Express.
Actors: Sreenivasan, M. N. Nambiar, Malavika Mohanan, Samvrutha Sunil, Geetu Mohandas, Mamta Mohandas, Jishnu Raghavan, Vineeth, Vineeth Kumar, Sanusha, Sanoop Santhosh, Nikhila Vimal, Nivetha Thomas, Sreekala Sasidharan, Anju Aravind, Athmiya, Sruthi Lakshmi
Cinematographer: K. U. Mohanan
Dancer: Shamna Kasim
Kannur experiences a rare humid tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification (Am). In April and May, the average daily maximum temperature is about 35 °C (95 °F). Temperatures are moderate in December and January: about 24 °C (75 °F). Like other areas on the Malabar Coast, this town receives heavy rainfall during the Southwest monsoon. The annual average rainfall is 3438 mm, around 68% of which is received in July.
Aroli is a village of Pappinisseri Panchayat in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala.
This village is located completely on hilltop towards Northeast of Kalliasseri. Aroli village borders the villages of Pappinisseri, Kalliasseri and Anthoor, the Valapattanam River and NH-17 in Kannur District of North Malabar region in Kerala.Azhikode and Azhikkal
Azhikode is a coastal village situated in Kannur district of Kerala, south India. The northern end of the village is called Azhikkal. The place is the birthplace of Sukumar Azhikode, an influential thinker and literary critic. It is about 5 km from Kannur.Cherukunnu
Cherukunnu is a census town in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala.Government College of Engineering, Kannur
The Government College of Engineering, Kannur (GCEK) is a state-sponsored engineering college affiliated to Kannur University, Kerala, India. The college was started in October 1986, as a center for imparting engineering education in northern Kerala. It began in the Town High School, Kannur Campus. In 2012, Careers360, a magazine promoted by Outlook Group, ranked it among the best engineering colleges in Kerala with AA+ rating.GCEK has grown into a sprawling 75-acre (300,000 m2) campus in Mangattuparamba, just off National Highway NH-17, 15 km north from the district headquarters, Kannur and 7 km south of Taliparamba.
The college has an annual intake of 300 students (under five four-year graduate courses), on merit basis through the All Kerala Common Entrance Examination.
M.Tech courses in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (Power Electronics and Drives) and Mechanical Engineering (Advanced Manufacturing and Mechanical Systems) were started from 2011-2012 onwards and Electronics and Communication Engineering (Signal Processing and Embedded Systems) and Civil Engineering (Computer aided Structural Engineering) with an annual intake of 72 students.Irikkur
Irikkur is a town in Kannur District of Kerala state, south India.Iritty
Iritty is a municipality and a taluk in the district of Kannur in the state of Kerala, India. The town is the main market place for the farmer communities in the surrounding regions. Iritty is known as The Coorg Valley in God's Own Country. Iritty is one of the fastest upcoming towns in Kerala with the distance of 18 KM from Kannur International Airport and one among five taluks in Kannur district.Iritty is one of the major towns lies between Coorg and Kannur international airport -Mattanur.Kannur Beach
Kannur Beach is a group of five beaches on the western side of Kannur city in Kerala province of India.
Thayyil BeachKannur International Airport
Kannur International Airport (IATA: CNN, ICAO: VOKN) is an international airport serving the district of Kannur (at Mattanur), one of the northern districts in the state of Kerala, India. The airport spreads about 2,300 acres (930 ha). It is located 25 km (16 mi) east of the city, near the municipality of Mattannur. It is owned and operated by Kannur International Airport Limited(KIAL), a public–private consortium. The airport opened for commercial operations on 9 December 2018.The Kannur airport is expected to serve more than one million passengers annually and authorities estimate the number will increase five-fold by 2025. The first aircraft to land was an IAF (Indian Air Force) aircraft that landed at the airport on 29 February 2016. The first trial passenger flight operation conducted on 20 September 2018 using a Boeing 737-800 aircraft from Air India Express. On the inaugural day, 9 December 2018, an Air India Express flight IX 715 (Boeing 737-800) took off to Abu Dhabi at 10:13 (IST), becoming the first commercial passenger aircraft to depart from Kannur International Airport. The Airport was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan in the presence of Minister of Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu.Kannur University
Kannur University was established in 1996 to provide development of higher education in Kasaragod, Kannur, and Wayanad districts of Kerala, India. It was established after the passing of Act No. 22 of 1996 of the Kerala Legislative Assembly. A university by the name of "Malabar University" had come into existence even earlier by the passing of an ordinance by the Governor of Kerala, on 9 November 1995.
Kannur University was inaugurated on 2 March 1996 by E.K.Nayanar, then Hon. Chief Minister of Kerala. Dr.P.K.Rajan was the first Vice-Chancellor. The objective of the Kannur University Act, 1996 was to establish in the state of Kerala a teaching, residential and affiliating university to provide for the development of higher education in Kasargod and Kannur revenue Districts and the Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad District.Kannur University is a multi-campus university, at Kannur, Kasargod, Mananthavady, Payyannur, Thalassery, and Kanhangad.Kannur district
Kannur District is one of the 14 districts along the west coast in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the district headquarters and gives the district its name. The old name, Cannanore is the anglicised form of the Malayalam name "Kannur". Kannur district is bounded by Kasaragod District to the north, Kozhikode district to the south and Wayanad District to the southeast. To the east the district is bounded by the Western Ghats, which forms the border with the state of Karnataka (Kodagu district). The Arabian Sea lies to the west. Paithalmala is the highest point in the Kannur District (1,372m). Enclosed within the southern part of the district is the Mahé district of the Union Territory of Puducherry. The district was established in 1957.
Kannur is the sixth-most urbanized district in Kerala, with more than 50% of its residents living in urban areas. Kannur has an urban population of 1,212,898, which is the second largest in Kerala after Ernakulam district.Kannur lighthouse
The Kannur Lighthouse is located near the Payyambalam Beach, a few kilometers from Kannur town, in Kerala state, south India. It is adjacent to the Sea View Park and the Government Guest House. The lighthouse is still active and overlooks the Arabian Sea.
Cannanore is the old English name for the town named Kannur. The lighthouse at Kannur is still often referred to as the Cannanore lighthouse.Mattanur
Mattanur, also spelled Mattannur, is a major town, municipality, and an aerotropolis in Kannur district, Kerala, India. Mattanur is about 25 km east of Kannur and Thalassery.
Mattanur lies between Kannur, Thalassery, and Iritty. It is the intersection where Thalassery–Coorg Highway (popularly known as the TC Road) meets the Kannur–Mattanur Road and forms the Kannur–Mattanur–Coorg Highway. The inter-state buses travelling from Bangalore and Mysore to Thalassery and Kannur pass through Mattanur. It is an important hub, connecting Kodagu and Kannur. Mattanur has many attractions. such as the 15-Mattanur Assembly Constituency, the Mattanur Municipality, the Chittariparamba, Keezhallur, Koodali, Malur, Mangattidam, Kolayad, Padiyoor Kalliad, and Thillenkeri Panchayats in Thalassery, and the Iritty Taluks.
Kannur Airport also known as Mattanur Airport is about 3 km from Mattanur.Mavilayi
Mavilayi is a census town in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala.
Situated in Peralasseri Panchayath on Kannur-Kuthuparamba State Highway, 15 km away from Kannur TownPaithalmala
Paithalmala is a hill station in the Kannur district of Kerala in India. Located near Pottenplave village, at a height of 1372 m above sea level, this is the highest geographic peak in Kannur. It is located at 40 km from Taliparamba and 65 km from Kannur. Nestled in the Kerala Karnataka border near to Kodagu forests, it lies in the Western Ghats. It has become a favourite spot for the nature enthusiasts, photographers, trekkers and leisurely visitors.Pappinisseri
Pappinisseri is a census town in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. Pappinisseri Panchayat comprises two villages viz Pappinisseri and Aroli. Pappinisseri better known for visha chigilsa kendram ( treatment for snake bite)Places of worship in Kannur district
There are places of worship considered important in the Kannur district. Kannur District (Malayalam: കണ്ണൂര് ജില്ല) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the district headquarters, and gives the district its name.
Palakulangara Sree Dharma Sastha TempleSt. Angelo Fort
St. Angelo Fort (also known as Kannur Fort or Kannur Kotta) is a fort facing the Arabian Sea, situated 3 km from Kannur, a city in Kerala state, south India.Thiruvananthapuram–Kannur high-speed rail corridor
The Thiruvananthapuram–Kannur High-Speed Rail Corridor was a proposed high-speed rail corridor in India that would connect the capital city of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram with Kannur in Kerala. In February 2014, the Indian media reported that the state government had shelved the project. But during the last election manifesto ldf government included the project as a highlight and recent survey indicated that 86% of the kerala population did indeed support the project and DMRC was asked to prepare the DPR.
In July 2016, a modified plan was unveiled to construct a high-speed rail corridor from Thiruvananthapuram to Kannur.Thottada
Thottada Beach is situated on Kannur-Tellichery highway 8 km away from Kannur Railway station in Kannur District between Kannur town and Thalassery in Kerala state, South India.
The Sree Narayana College (S.N. College), Government Vocational Higher Secondary School Kannur Polytechnic, Kannur ITI and the Institute of Handloom and Textile Technology (IHTT) are located in Thottada.
Thottada is also a scenic village. Thottada beach is an ideal place for a sunbathing and swimming. There are a beach house and guest houses offering accommodation at reasonable price.
|Climate data for Kannur (1978–2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.8
|Average high °C (°F)||32.7
|Average low °C (°F)||21.5
|Record low °C (°F)||16.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.9
|Average rainy days||0.2||0.0||0.5||2.5||7.9||24.2||25.0||21.6||11.2||10.5||5.2||1.3||110.0|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
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