Kanin-class destroyer

The Kanin class were a class of destroyers of the Soviet Navy during the Cold War. The Soviet designation was Project 57A Gnevny (not to be confused with the World War II era Project 7). These ships were the first Soviet guided missile destroyers and were initially designated Project 57bis (or 57b) and known to NATO as the Krupny class. Their primary mission was anti-surface warfare using the SS-N-1 anti-ship missile

Kanin class destroyer
Kanin-class destroyer
Class overview
Name: Kanin class
Operators:  Soviet Navy
Preceded by: Kildin class
Succeeded by: Kashin class
Built: 1957-1960
In commission: 1960-1993
Planned: 9
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 1
Retired: 8
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • as built 3,500 long tons (3,556 t) standard, 4,192 long tons (4,259 t) full load
  • as modernised 3,700 long tons (3,759 t) standard, 4,500 long tons (4,572 t) full load
Length: 126.1 m (414 ft)
Beam: 12.7 m (42 ft)
Draught: 4.2 m (14 ft)
Installed power: 72,000 hp (54,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 × shaft geared steam turbines, 4 boilers,
Speed: as built 34.5 knots (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)
Complement: 320
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Angara/Head Net (air search),Zalp-Shch (missile guidance) Neptun (surface)
  • Sonar: Pegas-2, replaced by Titan-2
Armament:
  • as built
    • 2 SS-N-1 launchers (12 Missiles),
    • 16 57 mm (2.2 in) guns, (4x4)
    • 6 533 mm (21 in) Torpedo tubes (2x3),
    • 2 RBU-2500 anti submarine rocket launchers
  • as modernised
    • 1 twin SA-N-1 SAM launcher (32 Missiles),
    • 8 57 mm (2.2 in) guns (2x4),
    • 4 30 mm (1.2 in) AK-230 guns (4x2),
    • 10 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes for anti-submarine torpedoes,
    • 3 RBU-6000 anti submarine rocket launchers
Aviation facilities: helicopter pad

Design

Designed from the outset as guided missile destroyers, their layout was completed in 1956. However in February 1957, the incoming chief of staff, Admiral Sergey Gorshkov ordered changes. Their initial purpose was surface engagement with opposing naval vessels and shore targets. The SS-N-1 missile installed in this class for that specific mission. The destroyers carried two launchers for the SS-N-1, one located at each end of the ship, each magazine holding six additional missiles.[1]

The hull was scaled up from the Kotlin classs,[1] and the machinery was the same as those ships, except that remote control stations were installed and electrical generating capacity was increased. The superstructure was made of steel rather than the aluminium/ magnesium alloy of the Kotlin class ships and accommodation was significantly improved.

Criticisms of the class include that they had limited self-defence weaponry and their main weapon and that the SS-N-1 was soon obsolescent after introduction.[1]

ASW conversion

Gremyashchiy 1983
Gremyaschy in 1983 post modernisation

The limitations of the SS-N-1 missile were clear by 1965 and the Soviet Navy decided to convert the ships to a more general purpose / ASW role. These ships were called the Kanin class by NATO. This involved providing the destroyers with a new bow sonar, MG-332 Titan-2 that controlled two quintuple torpedo tubes and three RBU-6000s. To clear the bow sonar also required that the bow be extended 5.3 feet (1.6 m). A helicopter pad was installed aft that allowed the ships to operate a Kamov Ka-25 helicopter.[1]

To improve the destroyers' self-defence, launchers firing SA-N-1 anti-air missiles were installed along with two quadruple-mounted 57mm guns.[1] All of these installations required more power and hence, the diesel generator was upgraded to 500 kW and a second generator of that capability was installed. All of this increased the displacement of the ships by 200 tons standard and 308 tons fully loaded and decreased its speed to 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph).[1]

According to Conway's the modernisation proved very expensive and appeared to have deterred the Soviets from any further comprehensive rebuilding of older ships.[1]

Operations

In May 1975, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of Victory in Europe, Boykiy and Zhguchiy [2]made a five-day visit to Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first post-war visit by a Soviet naval ship to the U.S.

Ships

Kanin-class destroyers[1]
Ship Russian Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Fate
Gremyashchiy Гремящий Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 25 February 1958 30 April 1959 30 June 1960 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Zhguchiy Жгучий 23 June 1958 14 October 1959 23 December 1960 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1987
Zorkiy Зоркий 17 April 1959 30 April 1960 30 September 1961 Baltic Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Derzkiy Дерзкий 10 October 1959 4 February 1960 30 December 1961 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1990
Gnevnyy Гневный North Nikolayev Shipyard, Mykolaiv 17 December 1957 30 November 1958 10 January 1960 Black Sea Fleet (Pacific Fleet from 1970) Decommissioned 1988
Upornyy Упорный 9 April 1958 14 October 1959 3 December 1960 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Boykiy Бойкий 2 April 1959 15 December 1960 16 June 1961 Black Sea Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Gordyy Гордый Amur Shipbuilding Plant, Komsomolsk-on-Amur May 1959 15 December 1960 6 February 1961 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1987
Khrabryy Храбрый 1959 1961 Cancelled 1963 Completed as a stationary power generation ship "ЭНС-73" in 1969

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Gardiner, p.389
  2. ^ https://archives.nbclearn.com/portal/site/k-12/flatview?cuecard=66312

References

  • Gardiner, Robert (ed.); Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  • Project 57 Krupnyy Project 57A Kanin, Federation of American Scientists, 7 September 2000, retrieved 26 December 2014
  • "Kanin Class Destroyers – Complete Ship List". Russian-ships.info. Retrieved 26 December 2014.

External links

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

RBU-6000

The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (Реактивно-Бомбовая Установка, Reaktivno-Bombovaja Ustanovka; reaction engine-bomb installation & Смерч; waterspout) is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine weapon rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used during the Second World War. The system entered service in 1960-61 and is fitted to a wide range of Russian surface vessels. It consists of a horseshoe shaped arrangement of twelve launch barrels, that are remotely directed by the Burya fire control system (that can also control the shorter ranged RBU-1000). It fires RGB-60 unguided depth charges. The rockets are normally fired in salvos of 1, 2, 4, 8 or 12 rounds. Reloading is automatic, with individual rounds being fed into the launcher by the 60UP loading system from a below deck magazine. Typical magazine capacity is either 72 or 96 rounds per launcher. It can also be used as a shore bombardment system.

The RPK-8 system is an upgrade of the RBU-6000 system, firing the 90R rocket, which is actively guided in the water. This allows it to home in on targets at depths of up to 1,000 meters. The warhead is a 19.5 kg shaped charge, which enables it to punch through the hulls of submarines. It can also be used against divers and torpedoes. System response time is reported to be 15 seconds and a single-salvo has a kill probability of 0.8. RPK-8 entered service in 1991 and mounted on Project 1154 and 11356 frigates. Serial production of the upgraded 90R1 rocket was launched in 2017.

RBU-6000 were the most widespread anti-submarine rocket launchers in the Soviet Navy, used on many ship classes.

Russian ship Gremyashchy

Gremyashchy (Russian: Гремящий; lit. "thunderous"; alternate spellings Gremyashchiy, Gremyaschi, and Gremyashchi) can refer to a number of Russian or Soviet warships:

Russian frigate Gremyashchiy, a steam frigate of the Imperial Russian Navy Baltic Fleet

Russian corvette Gremyashchiy (1822) (ru), an Imperial Russian Navy corvette

Russian gunboat Gremyashchiy (ru), an Imperial Russian Navy gunboat commissioned in 1893

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1937), a Soviet Navy Gnevny-class destroyer and one of the most famous Soviet destroyers of World War II

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1959) (ru), a Soviet Navy Kanin-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1987) (ru), a Soviet Navy Sovremennyy-class destroyer

Russian destroyer Gremyashchiy (ru), a Russian Navy Sovremennyy-class destroyer, formerly Bezuderzhny

Russian corvette Gremyashchiy (2015) (ru), a Russian Navy Gremyashchy-class corvette due to be commissioned in 2015

Soviet Navy

The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР (ВМФ), romanized: Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR (VMF), lit. 'Military Maritime Fleet of the USSR') was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with opposing super power, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact of Eastern Europe. The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War (1945-1991), as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces.

The Soviet Navy was divided into four major fleets: the Northern, Pacific, Black Sea, and Baltic Fleets; under separate command was the Leningrad Naval Base. The Caspian Flotilla was a smaller force operating in the land-locked Caspian Sea. Main components of the Soviet Navy included Soviet Naval Aviation, Naval Infantry (Soviet Marines), and Coastal Artillery.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia inherited the largest part of the Soviet Navy and reformed it into the Russian Navy, with smaller parts becoming the basis for navies of the newly independent post-Soviet states.

Soviet cruiser Admiral Isakov

Admiral Isakov (Russian: Адмирал Исаков) was a Kresta II-class cruiser of the Soviet Navy and briefly of the Russian Navy, named for Soviet admiral Ivan Isakov. The second ship of her class, she served mostly during the Cold War from her commissioning in 1970.

Isakov was part of the Northern Fleet throughout her career, often operating in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean to show the flag. She cruised to the Atlantic and the Mediterranean in 1971–72, 1973, and 1975, participating in the large Okean-75 exercise, and underwent a refit between 1977 and 1980. After coming out of refit, the ship participated in the combined arms exercise Shchit-82 and cruised in the Atlantic and Mediterranean during 1982 and 1983, before undergoing another refit between 1986 and 1990. She was decommissioned in 1993 before being sold for scrap due to reduced naval funding, but sank under tow en route to India for scrapping a year later.

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy

Gremyashchiy (Russian: Гремящий; lit. "thunderous"; alternate spellings Gremyashchy, Gremyaschi, and Gremyashchi) can refer to a number of Soviet warships:

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1937), a Soviet Navy Gnevny-class destroyer and one of the most famous Soviet destroyers of World War II

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1959) (ru), a Soviet Navy Kanin-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1987) (ru), a Soviet Navy Sovremennyy-class destroyer

Soviet destroyer Gremyashchiy (1990) (ru), a Soviet Navy Sovremennyy-class destroyer

USS Worden (CG-18)

The fourth USS Worden (DLG/CG-18), a Leahy-class cruiser, was a ship of the United States Navy named in honor of Admiral John L. Worden. Originally called a "destroyer leader" or frigate, in 1975 she was redesignated a cruiser in the Navy's ship reclassification. The ship entered service in 1963 and participated in the Vietnam War.

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