Kanhangad ([kɑːɲʌŋɑːɖ] (listen)) or Kanjangad is a major town and a Municipality in the Kasaragod district, state of Kerala, India. The most populous town in the Kasaragod district, Kanhangad is 28 km from the district headquarters of Kasaragod town and 79 km from Mangalore city.
Location in Kerala, India
|• Body||Kanhangad Municipality|
|• Municipal Chairman||V.V Rameshan|
|• Town||39.54 km2 (15.27 sq mi)|
|• Metro||139.8 km2 (54.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KL|
|Vehicle registration||KL 60, KL 14|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kasaragod|
|Civic agency||Kanhangad Municipality|
|Climate||Tropical Monsoon (Köppen)|
|Avg summer temperature||35 °C (95 °F)|
|Avg winter temperature||20 °C (68 °F)|
It was cited in old folklore that the area of Kanhangad was under the reign of king Nanda Raja of Mushaka Rajya, who ruled Ezhimala in the Sangam period. The historic region was known as Poozhinadu and later Paduvanadu. However, the history of Kanhangad can be clearly understood only by the 8th century. During this period the area was a part of the 2nd Chera Dynasty. It was one of the 32 Tulu villages under the administration of Payyannur kazhakam of Chera Dynasty.
Later, when feudal kingdom Kolathunadu rose to power and administered the region, Kolathiri appointed Kanhan as the baron of the region. So the name Kanhante Naadu, meaning 'Kanhan's Province' contracted to Kanhangad.
Kanhangad became a part of Nileshwaram kingdom after the reign of the Kolathunadu. The land witnessed frequent conflicts between Nileshwaram kingdom and Ikkeri Nayaks of Bednore. When the Ikkeri Nayaks defeated the Nileshwaram kingdom, the region came under Keladi Nayaka Kingdom. In 1713 Somashekara Nayaka constructed a new fort to resist further attacks from Nileshwaram kingdom. The fort is now known as Puthiyakotta or Hosdurg, meaning 'New Fort' in Malayalam and Kannada respectively.
In 1760s Haidar Ali captured the land from Ikkeri Nayaks and the region came under the Mysore Kingdom. In 1799, soon after the death of Tipu Sultan the entire region came under the control of East India Company. Till 1862, Kanhangad was in Bekal Taluk under Bombay Presidency. On 15 April 1862 when the Dakshina Kannada region shifted to Madras Presidency, the region came under Kasaragod taluk. After the formation of Kerala State, Kasaragod taluk was divided and Kanhangad came under Hosdurg taluk on 1 January 1957.
Some parts of Kanhangad town is called Ajanur. But Ajanur is only a bureaucratic nicety. Some parts of Kanhangad town is put under an administrative unit called Ajanur Panchayath. The suburb continues to be part and parcel of Kanhangad town.
As of 2001 India census, Kanhangad had a population of 65,499. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Kanhangad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 74%. In Kanhangad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The most widely spoken language is Malayalam. Other minority languages spoken by communities living here include Konkani and Kannada.
Agriculture and fishing are the primary source of income for residents of the region. The soil and topography allow for a diverse selection of crops: Rubber, pepper, cashew and ginger are the important crops that are grown in the eastern part of the region, which comprises forests and hilly areas. In the coastal areas are grown: coconut, rice and tobacco.
Since the oil boom of the 80’s, young people have migrated to the oil producing Gulf countries in pursuit of lucrative job opportunities. This has considerably changed the economic situation and life style of the residents. Many families depend on money sent home by family members working in the Gulf and other regions.
|Climate data for Kanhangad, Kerala|
|Average high °C (°F)||31.5
|Average low °C (°F)||21.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||2
Kanhangad is on National Highway 66 (formerly NH 17) between Kannur and Kasaragod. Kanhangad is well connected to Kannur, Kozhikode, Trivandrum, Kasaragod and Mangaluru through Rail and Road. SH 57 connects Kanhangad to Kasaragod via Bekal Fort and Chandragiri. Kanhangad is well connected to Coorg,Mysuru,Bangalore via Kanhangad-Panathur-Madikeri Highway. Many Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and private buses connect Kanhangad with places like Bangalore, Mangalore, Kasaragod, Kannur, Payyannur, Nileshwaram, Panathur, Konnakkad, Cherupuzha, Bantadukka etc.
Kanhangad railway station is one of the major railway stations in the Manguluru- Shornur railway line under category A. Most of the train has a stoppage at Kanhangad. The proposed railway line between Kanhangad and Kaniyur is under review.
Bajpe International Airport, Manguluru is the nearest airport and is 94 km from Kanhangad via NH66. Now a 26.67 km road from Kanhangad to Kasaragod is under progress under the KSTP (Kerala State Transport Project) which makes the travel much easier and comfortable between the two major cities.