Kanhangad

Kanhangad (pronounced [kɑːɲʌŋɑːɖ] (listen)) or Kanjangad is a major town and commercial city which falls under "Class1" UAs/Towns category and a Municipality in the Kasaragod District, state of Kerala, India. The largest and most populous city in the Kasaragod district, Kanhangad is 28 km from the district headquarters of Kasaragod town, 73.8 km from Kannur and 79 km from Mangalore city.

Kanhangad

കാഞ്ഞങ്ങാട്

Kottachery/Hosdurg
Left to right: Hosdurg Fort, Nityananda Ashram, Old Bus Stand, Railway Station, New Bus Stand, Gandhi Smriti Mandapam, Government District Hospital, Anandashram
Left to right: Hosdurg Fort, Nityananda Ashram, Old Bus Stand, Railway Station, New Bus Stand, Gandhi Smriti Mandapam, Government District Hospital, Anandashram
Kanhangad is located in Kerala
Kanhangad
Kanhangad
Location in Kerala, India
Kanhangad is located in India
Kanhangad
Kanhangad
Kanhangad (India)
Coordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°ECoordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°E
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKasaragod
RegionNorth Malabar
Incorporated1956
Municipality Established1984
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyKanhangad Municipality
 • Municipal ChairmanV.V Rameshan
 • Sub CollectorArun K Vijayan IAS
 • Deputy Superintendent of PoliceT.N. Sajeevan
 • Loksabha MemberP. Karunakaran
 • Sitting MLAE. Chandrasekharan
Area
 • Municipality39.54 km2 (15.27 sq mi)
 • Metro
139.8 km2 (54.0 sq mi)
Population
(2011)Most populous City in Kasaragod District
 • Municipality73,342
 • Rank14th populous UA in Kerala
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
229,706
Demonym(s)Kanhangadukaran (Male), Kanhangadukari (Female), Kanhangadukar (Plural)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
671315
Telephone code467
ISO 3166 codeIN-KL
Vehicle registrationKL-14, KL-60
Sex ratio1000:1150 /
Literacy92.45%
TalukHosdurg
Civic agencyKanhangad Municipality
Lok Sabha constituencyKasaragod
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKanhangad
ClimateTropical Monsoon (Köppen)
Avg summer temperature35 °C (95 °F)
Avg winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitewww.kanhangadmunicipality.in
Commercial hub of Kasaragod district.

Location

The area contains villages around Kanhangad town with Kasaragod as the northern border, Nileshwar, popularly known as the cultural city of Kasaragod district with its rich rivers and lakes; as the southern boundary. The eastern part of Kanhangad is categorized as Panathur area with the difference in terrain mainly because of the hilly terrain and hill stations and to the West lies the Arabian Sea. The importance of Kanhangad is that it lies in the exact centre between the two major cities Mangalore and Kannur, equidistant from their respective district headquarters.

KanhangadLSGI
Map of Kanhangad Municipality

Geography

Kanhangad lies at 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E in the geographic map of Kasaragod. It is a coastal town which has a varied topography with plain areas in the centre of the city. The landscape is dominated by the characteristic coconut palms accompanying rolling hills and streams flowing into the sea. In the East, there are hilly areas of Madikai . The western region has powdered sand and a mix of laterite and alluvial soil in the areas between. The hilly areas typically consists of red sand.

The Arabian Sea lies in the west and Western Ghats in the east. The Neeleshwaram River originates from the Kinanoor hills , passes south through Arangadi and drains into the Nileshwar .[1]

Etymology

As cited in the Vadakkan Paattu or the North Malabar folklore songs, there was a temple in the name of Kanjiram Kaattappan and through this the name Kanjangad was derived. Another popular belief is that it was derived out of Kanjiramkadu which means a forest of Strychnine tree. As per historic records, the place was ruled by Kanjan, a tribal representative of Kolathiri which later came to be known as Kanjante naadu which means 'land of Kanjan' in Malayalam; later constricted as Kanhangad. There is also another legend that the name was derived from a Sanskrit word Kanchanaghatta. [2]

History

It was cited in old folklore that the area of Kanhangad was under the reign of king Nanda Raja of Mushaka Rajya, headquartered in Ezhimala Kannur region during the Sangam period. The historic region was known as Poozhinadu and later Paduvanadu. However, the history of Kanhangad can be clearly understood only by the 8th century. During this period the area was a part of the 2nd Chera Dynasty. It was one of the 32 Tulu villages under the administration of Payyannur kazhakam of Chera Dynasty. The illustrations of a Chera King, Bhaskaran Ravi Varman II obtained from Pullur shows the political sovereignty of the Chera Kingdom in this region.

Later, when Kolathunadu of Kolathiri dynasty from Kannur administered the region, Kolathiri appointed Kanhan as the baron of the region. So the name Kanhante Naadu, meaning 'Kanhan's Province' contracted to Kanhangad.

Due to the collapse of the Kolathiri Dynasty, the reign of Elamkoor came to an end and the powerful elite barons renowned as Ettadukkal lords gained the strength. Among them, the mightiest was Allohalan, whose reign was concentrated around Madiyan Kovilakam. With the help of the Zamorin, Kolathiri has assassinated him and established a new dynasty at Neeleswaram headquarters. Earlier Kanhangad was a crucial port in all sense. Hence the Vijayanagara kings attacked Kanhangad too during their conquest of Tulu Nadu. After the fall of the Vijayanagara dynasty, the Ikkeri Kings have been attacking this area since the 1630s.[3].

Since Kanhangad became a part of Nileshwaram kingdom following the reign of the Kolathunadu, the land witnessed frequent conflicts between Nileshwaram kingdom and Ikkeri Nayaks of Bednore. When the Ikkeri Nayaks defeated the Nileshwaram kingdom, the region came under the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom. In 1713 Somashekara Nayaka constructed a new fort to resist further attacks from Nileshwaram kingdom. The fort is now known as Puthiyakotta or Hosdurg, meaning 'New Fort' in Malayalam and Kannada respectively.

In the 1760s Haidar Ali captured the land from Ikkeri Nayaks and the region came under the Mysore Kingdom which was later forcibly merged with the south Kanara district. In 1799, soon after the death of Tipu Sultan the entire region came under the control of East India Company. Till 1862, Kanhangad was in Bekal Taluk under Bombay Presidency. On 15 April 1862 when the Dakshina Kannada region shifted to Madras Presidency, the region came under Kasaragod taluk. After the formation of Kerala State, Kasaragod taluk was divided and Kanhangad came under Hosdurg taluk on 1 January 1957.

Politics

Kanhangad was an important centre of the Indian National movement. The Congress Working Committee joined at Kanhangad on 1 January 1925 and decided to launch a massive Khadi centre. It has given good direction to the freedom struggle in addition to the increase in the enthusiasm which the promotion of Khaadi had. In January 1925, the Hosdurg unit of the Indian National Congress was formed. AC Kannan Nair was the first President and KT Kunhiraman Nambiar was the first Secretary.

Many members of the Janmis or Noblemen and ordinary people from this region attended the Simon Commission for boycotting and Civil Disobedience movement. In April 1926, Vidwan P. Kelu Nair setup the Vighyanadayini National Sanskrit School in Vellikoth (Bellikoth) to promote National education. Later the school became the main centre of the National Movement in the region. The prominent Congress leaders like AC Kannan Nair, KT Kunhiraman Nambiar, Damodara Bhaktan, Vidwan P Kelunayar and E Raghava Panikkar were the teachers in this school. Keralite K. Madhavan and Gandhi Krishnan Nair were students here.

They attended the State Congress Conference held at Payyannur on May 26th and 27th in 1928 and K. Madhavan participated in it as a volunteer. In 1930, five people participated in the Salt Satyagraha protest under the leadership of K. Kelappan. There was active participation of people from Kanhangad in the 1921 Guruvayoor Satyagraha and the 1942 Quit India Movement.

AC. Kannan Nair who was the Congress president of Hosdurg Thaluk in 1925 has fought against untouchability. He also started the Vallabhai Library in Kottacherry which helped the National movement a lot in the region. The prominent leaders who participated in the Indian freedom struggle from Kanhangad include Vidwan P. Kelu Nair, who has a high graduation in Sanskrit language, Gandhi Krishnan Nair, who lost his eyes during Toddy shop picketing, H. Vasudevan who has worked in National Movement since a young age, Damodara Shenoy, K. Madhavan, who participated in the Salt Satyagraha, Achyutha Shenoy who was tortured by Police for participating in the Quit India Movement, editors of Shakti Magazine, and K.T Kunhiraman Nambiyar who was famous as a person who was the volunteer captain of the Kerala Congress Conference in 1926.[4]

Gandhi Smriti KHD
Smrithi Mantapam Erected by Kanhangad Municipality - In remembrance of Freedom Fighters on the 50th Independence day - 15th August 1997

Exceptional activities like the boycott of foreign dress or Swadeshi Movement, anti-alcoholism, Harijan upliftment etc. were also conducted here. A handwritten magazine called "Shakti" was initiated from here under the editorship of Kunjiraman Nambiar.

Post Independence

Hosdurg area was a sub-taluk of Kasaragod taluk. This information was recorded in the first censorship after independence in 1951. Following the linguistic state reorganization, Kasaragod taluk was split from the southern Karnataka region and was merged with Malabar district and the state of Kerala was formed on November 1, 1956. On November 1, 1957, Malabar was divided into 3 districts of Kannur, Kozhikode and Palakkad. The division of Kasaragod and Hosdurg Taluk were under Kannur district.

The Kasaragod district came into being on 24th May 1984 and Kanhangad municipality was formed on June 1984. On 28th May 2013, Kasaragod Taluk was divided into Kasaragod and Manjeswaram taluks and Hosdurg taluk were split into Hosdurg and Vellarikundu taluks. [5]

Assembly

Loksabha

Kanhangad is a part of the Kasaragod constituency which extends from Manjeshwaram in Kasaragod district to Kalliasseri in Kannur district. P. Karunakaran of the CPM has been representing the Kasaragod constituency since 2004.

State Assembly

Kanhangad's assembly constituency (Number 4) is a part of the Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). E. Chandrasekharan of Left Democratic Front is the current MLA and also the current Revenue Minister of Kerala.

Administration

Kanhangad which was initially a special grade panchayat was upgraded to a Municipality on June 1, 1984. Kanhangad is a subdistrict in Kasaragod district and the Kanhangad Municipality is in charge of the civic and infrastructural assets of the city. The Kasargod district is divided into two Revenue divisions, Kasargod division in the north and Kanhangad division is the south respectively. It has two Taluks under it namely Hosdurg and Vellarikundu. The two municipalities Kanhangad and Nileshwar, out of the three in the district comes under the Hosdurg Taluk which has a total of 29 villages under it. After the inauguration of Mini Civil Station, the old Taluk office building which was constructed during the time of British was renovated as a historic monument. Under the local self-government, Kanhangad block has a total of 5 Panchayats. [6]

KanhangadMulticipalOffice1
Kanhangad Municipality Office

Some parts of Kanhangad town is called Ajanur. But Ajanur is only a bureaucratic nicety and a Census town. Some parts of Kanhangad town is put under an administrative unit called Ajanur Panchayath. The suburb continues to be part and parcel of Kanhangad town.

Hosdurg thaluk office-old building
Old Hosdurg Taluk Office building

The entire administrative area of Kanhangad lies in Hosdurg or Puthiyakotta. It includes all administrative units and offices like Municipality office, Taluk Office, Judicial Magistrate Court, Mini Civil Station, Police station, Fire station, District Educational Office, District Medical Office, Regional Transport Office, Revenue Divisional Office, District Homeopathy Hospital, Government Veterinary clinic and so on.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[7] Kanhangad UA has a total population of 229,168 which makes it the 14th most populous UA in the state (See Demographics of Kerala). Males constitute 46.5% of the population and females 53.5%. Kanhangad has an average literacy rate of 92.6%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 96.17%, and female literacy is 89.56%. In Kanhangad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. There are 7425 male children and 7063 female children between the age 0-6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011, the Child Sex Ratio of Kanhangad is 951 which is less than the Average Sex Ratio (1,144).

The most widely spoken language is Malayalam. Other minority languages spoken by communities living here include Konkani and Kannada.

Kanhangad Municipality + Out growth has total administration over 27,579 houses to which it supplies basic amenities such as water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Municipality + Outgrowth limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Economy

Agriculture and fishing are the primary sources of income for residents of the region. The soil and topography allow for a diverse selection of crops: Rubber, pepper, cashew and ginger are the important crops that are grown in the eastern part of the region, which comprises forests and hilly areas. In the coastal areas are grown: coconut, rice and tobacco.

Since the oil boom of the ’80s, young people have migrated to the oil-producing Gulf countries in pursuit of lucrative job opportunities. This has considerably changed the economic situation and lifestyle of the residents. Many families depend on money sent home by family members working in the Gulf and other regions. Kanhangad had a larger diaspora in the Gulf countries. The remittance from these countries supported the economic activities a lot. (See Kerala Gulf diaspora) [8].

The laterite (Cheadi) and red soil which is found in the Kanhangad and the surrounding areas are excavated and processed for export. The best quality cashews in Kerala are cultivated in Kanhangad. This industry has been able to secure a lot of foreign exchange by exporting it. One of the largest public sector enterprise in Kanhangad is the China Clay Factory in Vazhunnoradi. [9]. Now the government has plans to start a Cashew liquor factory [10] and the first ever meat processing plant and college in India here. [11]. An automobile repairing factory is also in consideration to be set up at the Guruvanam industrial park.

Tourism

Kanhangad hosts a number of significant and important tourist sites. A separate administrative unit called Bekal tourism development Corporation [12] has been set up under KTDC to improve the tourism facilities in the region. Major tourist sites include:

  • Sree Madiyan Koolom Temple- is a 500-year-old temple situated in Ajanur panchayat. It is about five kilometres from Kanhangad, the headquarters of Hosdurg Taluk. The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali; but there are also other deities like Kshetrapalan, Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. A peculiarity of this temple is that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon, while the morning and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. The festivals in the temple include Kalasham which falls during the months of Edavam (May, June) and Paatulsavam during Dhanu (December, January) and on these days all the poojas are performed in connection with this festival. The temple is known for its sculptures and wooden carvings which depict the ancient stories from Ramayana and other epics. It also has a depiction of many mythical characters. The use and combination of natural colours obtained from unique plants and trees enhance the aesthetics of the carvings. A mural painting of the Narasimha avatar of Lord Vishnu is another attraction. The temple houses two ponds. Unfortunately, the temple paintings and carvings are in the stage of complete deterioration due to recklessness and negligence of the Malabar Devaswom board.
  • Nityananda Ashramam, which is situated on the hillock about half a kilometre south of the Hosdurg taluk office, was founded by Swami Nityananda. The spot was at first part of a forest area. Here Swami Nityananda constructed 45 guhas (caves) on a mountain slope. There is a temple built in 1963, after the style and design of the Somanatha Temple in Gujarat. A full-size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of panchaloha is one of the attractions of the asramam.
Nithyananda-Ashramam-Kanhangad-1
Nithyanand Cave Temple
  • Ananda Ashramam, situated about five kilometres east of the Kanhangad Railway Station, was founded in 1931 by Swami Ramdas, a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. The main ashram and other buildings are set in the midst of shady mango, coconut and other groves. There is a hill to the east of the asramam, to which the devotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west, the surrounding landscape can be seen.
Anandashram, Kanhangad
Anandashram has a green gazebo where you are surrounded by birds and butterflies all the time
  • Manjapothi Hills - Manjapothi or popularly called as Manjapathi derived its name from two words Manju which means snow and Pothi means to cover in Malayalam. Thus it literally translates to 'hill covered by snow', even though this happens only during winter season considering the tropical climate of the region. It is near Kalyan road in Mavungal, located 5  km from Kanhangad railway station. Its scenery attracts people from in and around the place; who usually come to view the sunset. Its proximity to the nearby pilgrim centre Anandashram increases its prominence. This reason also accounts for the fact that people from ashram sometimes prefer it as a place for meditation. A temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman also increases its importance. Chirutheyi Cave here is another attraction and some other smaller caves are used for generating drinking water. Amrita Vidyalam is also near to this hill. Due to lack of maintenance and ignorance by the authorities, there had been instances of destruction of some parts of the hill. It is usually visited during Monsoon season accounting for its greenery and sometimes during the winter season.
  • Guruvanam - A forest area with a serene atmosphere with a temple at the centre of the forest. It also has a cave built by Swami Nityananda and a stream of water called Papanasha Ganga that originates from the hills surrounding the temple. It is also blessed with biodiversity and has unique herbal plants. It is now vulnerable to the recent development activities in the surrounding areas which are posing a threat to the biodiversity.
  • Hosdurg Fort, Known for its chain of forts built by Somashekara Nayak of Ikkeri dynasty, Hosdurg Fort is the landmark of Kanhangad in Kasaragod. Also known as Kanhangad Fort, the fort with its round bastions looks imposing from a distance. There is a temple attached to the fort, Karpooreshwara temple. The place was made well known by the Nithyanandashram, an internationally recognized spiritual centre with 45 caves. Every year many tourists visit this fort.
  • Bekal Fort- built by Shivappa Nayaka of Keladi in 1650 AD, at Bekal. It is the largest fort in Kerala, spreading over 40 acres (160,000 m2). It is 11  km from Kanhangad town.
Bekal Fort Kasargod
Bekal Fort
  • Pallikkara Beach Park - A park at Pallikkara, Bekal near to the historical Bekal Fort is a preferred location by the people of the localities for enjoying with the family. It also has children parks and restaurants. There are also star hotels near the park.
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Church - It is the oldest church in the district built in 1890 CE. It lies 15  km north of Kasargod. This Gothic-style Roman Catholic church which is under the Mangalore Diocese has celebrated its centenary recently and also renovated.
  • Kareem Forest- situated at Puliyam Kulam, Parappa (23  km from Kanhangad). 32 acres filled with medicinal plants, birds, insects, reptiles, amphibians and small animals.

Culture

Arts

Kanhangad is known for the unique Theyyam festivals of North Malabar. It also has various folklore art forms like Poorakkali and Maruthukali,a kind of literary debate between two scholars conducted in accordance with Poorakkali. It is rich with temples which host Theyyam festival every year. Most of the rituals and culture has its roots and connection with agriculture. Ottakkolam and Kalasham are the most prominent temple festivals and Kaliyattam being the most important Theyyam festival where a series of different Theyyams [14]. will be performing for consecutive days.

Theyyam-close shot
Theyyam

Kanhangad has one of the Art galleries of Kerala Lalithakala Akademi which has been a platform for showcasing the art of various artists.

Art Gallery Hosdurg
Art Gallery at Hosdurg

Cuisine

The cuisine of Kanhangad is the same as the rest of Kerala but Kanhangad being a part of the North Malabar and lies in Kasaragod district, which is often called as land of 7 languages; has a cuisine which evolved with a blend of the culture of people who migrated here. Rice is the common and staple diet of the people. Being a coastal area, there are a variety of fish dishes too. During the Summer season, there is a festival of Jackfruit dishes which is a very common tree in the region.

The unique dishes here include "Kanal Ada" which is made of stuffed jaggery and coconut in rice and roasted instead of the typical steam cooking style in Kerala; which is usually prepared as a part of a ritual called Kaidu or as an offering to the Theyyams or the main deity (Of Family or Kuladaivam) in Tharavadu.

Kanal Ada 2
Kanal Ada

The Malabar Biryani which is common throughout the Malabar region also has its tastes here. There are also drinks like Avil Milk which is basically a squashed banana drink with peanuts and Kulukki sarbat, a unique kind of Mocktail in the region. [15].

Kasargod Aval Milk
Avil Milk

Climate

Kanhangad experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification. The southwest monsoon begins towards the end of May, or the beginning of June, brought about by the monsoon clouds from the Arabian Sea heralded by thunderstorms, and lasts till September. October brings in the northeast monsoon typically begins with drizzling and later with heavy rainfall. Dry weather sets in by the end of December which brings the Winter. January and February are the coolest months of the year. March marks the beginning of Summer apparently April and May being very hot.

Notable people

Media

A local news channel called "City channel" that covers local events and news from Kanhangad and nearby places is operating from Kanhangad. It also has news bureaus of major Malayalam news papers namely Mathrubhumi and Malayala Manorama operating from the city and also channels like Kasargod vision, a unit of Kerala Vision. There are also local news papers that are being printed and published from the city like the "Latest". The Vision is a monthly magazine published by the spiritual center Anandashram, in Kanhangad.

TRAI has announced Kanhangad as one of the cities for expansion of radio stations through the third phase pertaining to the introduction of private FM radio channels in 253 new cities/towns each with a population of more than 1 lakh[17].

Education

With a good literacy rate, Kanhangad is home to many schools and colleges. It has also produced eminent teachers and scholars like P Kunhiraman Nair. Out of the two Education Divisions in the district, Kanhangad DEO has 46 UP schools and 72 High Schools under it; apart from the private schools. The rest of the schools in the district comes under the 'Kasargod Education District' division.

12006 gvhss Kanahngad
GVHSS Kanhangad

Kanhangad has other prominent institutions like Kendriya Vidyalaya [18] and Navodaya Vidyalaya, located at Periya. Periya also has a campus of the Central University of Kerala. One of the oldest colleges in the district, Nehru Arts and Science College[19] is a landmark educational institution in the region. The Agricultural University of Kerala at Padannakkad is another notable institution. The Science park at Chemmatamvayal is a place of importance for the school children. There is a Sub centre of the Kerala Civil Services Academy adjacent to it.

Nehru College, Kanhangad. (4600581357)
Nehru College

Some of the major educational institutions include:

Colleges

Schools

Literature

The face of literature in Kanhangad is P. Kunhiraman Nair [22] who was a Malayalam poet and teacher. There is a memorial and public reading room at Kanhangad in remembrance of the poet and also being a native of Kasaragod, he spent a greater part of his life teaching at the Raja’s High School at Kollengode, where his memorial was set up as a prominent centre of Kerala’s art and culture.[23].

P Smaraka Mandiram Kanhangad
P. Smaraka Mandiram

Kanhangad has also produced other notable authors too like P.V Kunhikkannan who is popularly known with his pen name P.V.K Panayal [24] who has even won the Kerala Sahithya Akademi Award, Santhosh Echikkanam [25] and Dr. Ambikasuthan Mangad.

Places of worship

  • Sree Madiyan Koolom (Kovilakam) Temple
  • Mathoth Vishnu Temple
  • Mariyamma Devasthanam
  • Sree Vanadurga Temple, Adot
  • Sree Padarkulangara Baghavathi Devasthanam, Adot
  • Sree kallyal Muchilot Baghavathi Temple
  • Poonkavanam Karpooreshwara Lord Shiva temple, Hosdurg
  • Guruvanam
  • Sri Mahavishnu Temple, Vishnumangalam, Mavungal
  • Ganesh Mandir, Hosdurg
  • Kodavalam Sree Mahavishnu Temple, Pullur, Mavungal
  • Krishna Mandhir, Hosdurg
  • Infant Jesus Church, Kanhangad
  • Ajanoor Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple, Beach
  • Sri Kuthirakaali Amma Devasthanam, Mavungal
  • Sree Mahasathi Temple, Hosdurg
  • Pullikaringali Amma Devasthanam Kizhakkumkara
  • Muhiyaddien Juma masjid Kothikkal
  • Kallar Shri Mahavishnu temple
  • Athiyambur Subrahmanya Temple
  • Altharakkal Sree Muthappan Madapura
  • Sri Lakshmi Venkatesh temple, Allamipally
  • Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple, Ajanur Beach
  • Adimayil Sree Shaktheya Devi Temple, Kolavayal
  • Arangadi Juma Masjid
Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Kshethram, Ajanur Beach
Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple
Bellur-Siva-kshetram-kavadam
Bellur Shiva Temple
Vasanthamandapam
Vasantha Mandapam
Sri Pullikkarinkaliyamma Devasthanam Kanhangadu
Pullikkarinkaliyamma Temple
Nithyannda-Ashramam-Kanhangad
Nithaynanda Ashramam

Transportation

Road

Kanhangad is well connected to Kannur, Kozhikode, Kasaragod, Madikeri and Mangalore through Road. NH-66 (previously known as NH-17[26]), which runs from Panvel (in Maharashtra) to Kanyakumari (in Tamil Nadu), passes through Mavungal which is 3 km east to Kanhangad town in a north–south direction and connects with Kasaragod, Mangalore, Udupi, etc. in north and Kannur, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, etc. in the south. SH 57, a 29.0 km State Highway connects Kasaragod to Kanhangad via Bekal and Udma in the north and it merges with the NH-66 at Kanhangad south. Kanhangad is connected to Madikeri, Coorg, Mysuru and Bangalore via Kanhangad - Panathur - Madikeri Highway which is planned to be upgraded as National Highway [27]. NH-66 meets with Kanhangad-Panathur-Madikeri Highway and forms a junction in Mavungal, thus making Mavungal as one of the busiest transport hubs in the region. Kanhangad has one of the Regional Transport Offices in the district with KL60 registration. (See List of RTO districts in Kerala)

New Busstand KHD
Kanhangad Bus Terminal

Kanhangad boasts one of the biggest bus terminals in Kerala with state of art facilities and introduced the first ever She Lodge in the state. The Kerala RTC Sub Depot at Mavungal ensures seamless transportation in the area. Many Kerala RTC and private owned buses connects Kanhangad with important cities like Bangalore, Mangalore, Kasaragod, Kannur, Mysore, Kozhikode etc.

Rail


Kanhangad Railway Station is one of the major railway stations that lies in the Shoranur - Mangalore Section of the Southern Railways. The station comes under A - category stations of Palakkad Division. Now it has a growing prominence as a gateway to major tourist and pilgrim destination and an upcoming educational hub. The station has 3 platforms and 4 tracks.

Kanhangad Railway Station Road
Railway Station Road

The proposed railway line between Kanhangad and Kaniyuru which connects Bangalore is under review. If implemented, Kanhangad station will be upgraded as a Railway Junction and a special train service from Kanhangad to Bangalore will be a major push for the station and this will also accelerate the development of the city and entire North Malabar region.[28]

Air

Mangalore International Airport, Bajpe at a distance of 85.7 km and Kannur International Airport at a distance of 89.4 km are the nearest airports from Kanhangad via NH66.

A proposed Air Strip at Periya is under review which if materialised will ensure a never before domestic air transport that will boost the tourism sector in the region.[29]

Waterway

The government has plans to introduce a waterway from Kovalam to Bekal. Proximity of Kanhangad with Nileshwar too increases the significance of the region. [30]

Panchayaths in Kanhangad Area

See also

References

  1. ^ https://kasargod.gov.in/about-district/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Kanhangad official site".
  3. ^ "kanhangad municipality official site".
  4. ^ "ചരിത്രം" [History] (in Malayalam). Kanhangad Municipality.
  5. ^ "Kasargod".
  6. ^ https://kasargod.gov.in/village-panchayats/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  8. ^ "kerala diaspora".
  9. ^ "kanhangad municipality official site-paragraph 5".
  10. ^ "liquor factory".
  11. ^ "meat processing".
  12. ^ "Bekal tourism".
  13. ^ "lalithakala academies in Kerala".
  14. ^ "bekal art forms".
  15. ^ "kasaragod cuisine".
  16. ^ "CLIMATE: KANHANGAD", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  17. ^ "Special – New FM stations".
  18. ^ https://www.kvkanhangad.org/
  19. ^ http://www.nasc.ac.in/
  20. ^ http://www.nasc.ac.in/
  21. ^ http://christkanhangad.com/
  22. ^ https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/6547389.P_Kunhiraman_Nair. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ https://www.keralaculture.org/p-kunhiraman-nair-memorial-kollamkode/520. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Sahitya Akademi awards announced". The Hindu. 12 May 2010.
  25. ^ https://keralaliteraturefestival.com/speakers_more.aspx?id=Mjk2. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "Special – New National Highway Numbers". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  27. ^ "Special – New National Highway Numbers".
  28. ^ "Special – New railway line".
  29. ^ "Special – Periya airstrip".
  30. ^ "waterways".

8.https://kasaragod.keralapolice.gov.in/kasaragod-police/about-us/who-is-who

9.https://www.census2011.co.in/census/metropolitan/430-kanhangad.html

10.https://www.censusindia.co.in/amp/towns/kanhangad-population-kasaragod-kerala-803256

Ajanur

Ajanur (also anglicized Ajanoor) is a grama panchayat and also a village of the same name in Kasargode district, Kerala state, India. It is the fifth largest town in Kasaragod district.

Anandashram, Kanhangad

Anandashram (English translation = "Abode of Bliss") is a spiritual retreat located in Kanhangad, a city and a municipality in Kasaragod district in the Indian state of Kerala. Anandashram was founded by Swami Ramdas and Mother Krishnabai, also called Papa Ramdas and Pujya Mataji, in 1931.

Bekal

Bekal is a small town in the Kasaragod district on the West coast of the state of Kerala, India.There are several attractions in the area: the giant keyhole shaped Bekal Fort, the golden expanse of a beautiful beach surrounding the fort, backwaters and hill destinations and the water sport facilities nearby. Kasaragod is a beautiful town poised at the Northern extreme of Kerala 16 km south of the town on the National Highway, is the largest and best preserved fort in the whole of Kerala, bordered by a splendid beach. Shaped like a giant keyhole, the historic Bekal Fort offers a superb view of the Arabian Sea from its tall observation towers, which had huge cannons a couple centuries ago. The state of Kerala is reviewing a plan to start seaplane services connecting Bekal with Kollam Ashtamudi, Kumarakom, Punnamada and famous Paravur backwaters. Bekal in Northern Kerala came into one of the top ten travel destinations selected by Lonely Planet.Local roads have access to NH.66 which connects to Mangalore in the north and Calicut in the south. The nearest railway station is Kanhangad on Mangalore-Palakkad line. There are airports at Mangalore and Calicut And Kannur.

Bekal Fort

Bekal Fort was built by Shivappa Nayaka of Keladi in 1650 AD, at Bekal. It is the largest fort in Kerala, spreading over 40 acres (160,000 m2).

Bekal Fort railway station

Bekal Fort Railway Station is one of the important railway station in Kasaragod district which serves thousands of people per day. It comes under the Southern Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Bekal Fort Railway Station handles over 10 trains and serves about 5000 of people per day. It is situated next to the Bekal Fort Beach and near to the Bekal Fort. The older name of this railway station was Pallikkere Railway Station. But later, it was named after the Bekal Fort as 'Bekal Fort Railway Station'. The Indian Railway has about 13 acres of land in the surrounding of the Bekal Fort Railway Station.

Durga Higher Secondary School

Durga Higher Secondary School is situated near Kotachery, at Kanhangad in Kasaragod district, a district in northern Kerala, India

.

The school was established in 1948. Kotachery Sarvotham Shenoy, a prominent businessman, investor, philanthropist and Mavila Chandu Nambiar, a prominent Landlord of Kanhangad in those times were among the founders of the school. The school secured first prize in the state level youth festival in Kerala in 2007. The school has a strength of more than 4,000 students and 150 teachers. In 2008 the school was able to keep its top position up in Youth festival, Sanskrit festival and Arabic festival.Giving importance to Sanskrit Education is a commentable achievement of Durga Higher Secondary School.Three Sanskrit teachers are available.The school secured first prize in the District School Kalolsavam for many years.

Hosdurg Fort

Hosdurg Fort is a fort in Kanhangad which is part of Kasaragod district in Kerala state. Hosdurg Fort with its round bastion looks imposing from a distance. Somashekara Nayaka from the Keladi Nayaka dynasty of Ikkeri built this fort. The place is made well known by the Nithyanandasram with 45 caves. The fort is now in ruins, but located nearby is a school and some government offices.

To the south-west of the fort is a temple that was also built by the Nayaks. The temple, dedicated to Shiva, is named the Poonkavanam Karpooreswara Temple.

Hosdurg taluk

Hosdurg is one of the four taluks that constitute the Kasaragod District, state of Kerala; the others are Kasaragod Taluk, Manjeshwaram taluk and Vellarikundu taluk. It shares its borders on the north with the Kasaragod taluk, south with the Kannur District, east with the Dakshina Kannada and coorg district of Karnataka and on the west with the Arabian sea. With an area of 900.3 km2 (90030 hectares), it is the smaller of the two taluks. Kanhangad and Nileshwaram are the municipalities within the taluk. Hosdurg (after which the taluk is named), a kilometer south of Kanhangad town, the latter the taluk headquarters. Other major settlements include Trikarpur, Cheruvathur and Chittarikkal. Bekal Fort tourism is situated in the taluk.

Etymology of Hosdurg is derived from Kannada with the meaning of "new" (Hosa) and "fort" (Durga).

Kanhangad railway station

Kanhangad Railway Station (Code:KZE) is a major and one of the busiest railway station under A - category stations of Palakkad Division, serving the town of Kanhangad in the Kasaragod District of Kerala. It lies in the Shoranur - Mangalore Section of the Southern Railways. The station has three platforms and four tracks.

Kannur University

Kannur University was established in 1996 to provide development of higher education in Kasaragod, Kannur, and Wayanad districts of Kerala, India. It was established after the passing of Act No. 22 of 1996 of the Kerala Legislative Assembly. A university by the name of "Malabar University" had come into existence even earlier by the passing of an ordinance by the Governor of Kerala, on 9 November 1995.

Kannur University was inaugurated on 2 March 1996 by E.K.Nayanar, then Hon. Chief Minister of Kerala. Dr.P.K.Rajan was the first Vice-Chancellor. The objective of the Kannur University Act, 1996 was to establish in the state of Kerala a teaching, residential and affiliating university to provide for the development of higher education in Kasargod and Kannur revenue Districts and the Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad District.Kannur University is a multi-campus university, at Kannur, Kasargod, Mananthavady, Payyannur, Thalassery, and Kanhangad.

Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency)

Kasaragod is a Lok Sabha constituency in Kerala.

Kasaragod district

Kasaragod District is one of the 14 districts in the southern Indian state of Kerala. Kasaragod became part of Kannur district following the reorganisation of states due to predominance of Malayalam speakers. Kasaragod was declared as a district on 24 May 1984.

Nileshwaram

Nileshwaram or Nileshwar or Neeleswaram is a municipality and a major town in Kasaragod District, state of Kerala, India. It is one of the three municipalities in Kasaragod district; the others are Kasaragod and Kanhangad. Nileshwar is referred to as the cultural capital of Kasaragod, the northernmost district, of Kerala. "The first Chief Minister of Kerala and communist leader E. M. S. Namboodiripad had contested elections to the Assembly from the Neeleswaram segment."

Panathur

Panathur is a major town in Vellarikundu Taluk of Kasaragod district, state of Kerala.It belongs to Kanhangad legislative constituency. Its population is about 12,000. It lies 1 km away from Kerala - Karnataka border, 42 km away from the nearest municipality, Kanhangad (Kerala) and 70 km away from the district head quarters, Kasaragod. It is surrounded from 3 sides by forest reserves and cashew plantations. Kudumbur river flows adjacent to the town.

Ranipuram

Ranipuram is a hill station and a tourist Centre in the Indian state of Kerala. Situated in the Vellarikundu taluk, Kasargod District, Ranipuram mountain peak rises to 1022 metres above the sea level. It is 45 km away from nearest municipality Kanhangad. Ranipuram is adjacent to Kottancheri-Talakaveri mountain range.

Shoranur–Mangalore section

The Shoranur–Mangaluru section is a railway segment of IR functioning under Palakkad Division of Southern Railway Zone. This is a broad gauge electrified line which begins at the Shornur Junction railway station in Kerala and ends at the Mangaluru Central railway station in Karnataka. This line passes through major towns including Tirur, Kozhikode, Vatakara, Thalassery, Kannur, Payyannur, Nileshwaram, Kanhangad and Kasaragod.This line covers entire Districts of Malabar region in Kerala and terminate at Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka after crossing the Nethravathi River.

The Shoranur–Mangaluru section is a strategic route and the lifeline of Malabar's economy that inter connects the important cities of this regions and also serves as threshold to Tulu Nadu, Konkan and Mumbai from Kerala.

State Highway 56 (Kerala)

State Highway 56 (SH 56) is a State Highway in Kerala, India that starts in Kanhangad and ends in Chemberi. The highway is 44.1 km long.

State Highway 57 (Kerala)

State Highway 57 (SH 57) is a State Highway in Kerala, India that starts in Kasargode and ends in Kanhangad. The highway is 29 km long.

Udma

Udma is a census town in Kasaragod district in the Indian state of Kerala.

Climate data for Kanhangad, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.9
(73.2)
24.4
(75.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.8
(78.4)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.0
(71.6)
23.7
(74.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
59
(2.3)
285
(11.2)
984
(38.7)
1,203
(47.4)
606
(23.9)
323
(12.7)
237
(9.3)
81
(3.2)
16
(0.6)
3,804
(149.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[16]
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Topics
Districts
Taluks
Municipal Corporations
Municipalities
Other towns
Historical regions
Districts
Main Towns and Cities
Municipalities of Kasaragod district
Thiruvananthapuram
Kollam
Pathanamthitta
Alappuzha
Kottayam
Idukki
Ernakulam
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See also

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