Kanhangad

Kanhangad ([kɑːɲʌŋɑːɖ] (listen)) or Kanjangad is a major town and a Municipality in the Kasaragod district, state of Kerala, India. The most populous town in the Kasaragod district, Kanhangad is 28 km from the district headquarters of Kasaragod town and 79 km from Mangalore city.

Kanhangad
കാഞ്ഞങ്ങാട്
Kottachery/Hosdurg
Town
Left to right: Hosdurg Fort, Nityananda Ashram, Old Bus Stand, Railway Station, New Bus Stand, Gandhi Smriti Mandapam, Government District Hospital, Anandashram
Left to right: Hosdurg Fort, Nityananda Ashram, Old Bus Stand, Railway Station, New Bus Stand, Gandhi Smriti Mandapam, Government District Hospital, Anandashram
Kanhangad is located in Kerala
Kanhangad
Kanhangad
Location in Kerala, India
Kanhangad is located in India
Kanhangad
Kanhangad
Kanhangad (India)
Coordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°ECoordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°E
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKasaragod
Government
 • BodyKanhangad Municipality
 • Municipal ChairmanV.V Rameshan
Area
 • Town39.54 km2 (15.27 sq mi)
 • Metro139.8 km2 (54.0 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Town73,342
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • Metro229,706
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN671315
Telephone code467
ISO 3166 codeIN-KL
Vehicle registrationKL 60, KL 14
TalukHosdurg
Lok Sabha constituencyKasaragod
Civic agencyKanhangad Municipality
ClimateTropical Monsoon (Köppen)
Avg summer temperature35 °C (95 °F)
Avg winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)

History

It was cited in old folklore that the area of Kanhangad was under the reign of king Nanda Raja of Mushaka Rajya, who ruled Ezhimala in the Sangam period. The historic region was known as Poozhinadu and later Paduvanadu. However, the history of Kanhangad can be clearly understood only by the 8th century. During this period the area was a part of the 2nd Chera Dynasty. It was one of the 32 Tulu villages under the administration of Payyannur kazhakam of Chera Dynasty.

Later, when feudal kingdom Kolathunadu rose to power and administered the region, Kolathiri appointed Kanhan as the baron of the region. So the name Kanhante Naadu, meaning 'Kanhan's Province' contracted to Kanhangad.

Kanhangad became a part of Nileshwaram kingdom after the reign of the Kolathunadu. The land witnessed frequent conflicts between Nileshwaram kingdom and Ikkeri Nayaks of Bednore. When the Ikkeri Nayaks defeated the Nileshwaram kingdom, the region came under Keladi Nayaka Kingdom. In 1713 Somashekara Nayaka constructed a new fort to resist further attacks from Nileshwaram kingdom. The fort is now known as Puthiyakotta or Hosdurg, meaning 'New Fort' in Malayalam and Kannada respectively.

In 1760s Haidar Ali captured the land from Ikkeri Nayaks and the region came under the Mysore Kingdom. In 1799, soon after the death of Tipu Sultan the entire region came under the control of East India Company. Till 1862, Kanhangad was in Bekal Taluk under Bombay Presidency. On 15 April 1862 when the Dakshina Kannada region shifted to Madras Presidency, the region came under Kasaragod taluk. After the formation of Kerala State, Kasaragod taluk was divided and Kanhangad came under Hosdurg taluk on 1 January 1957.

Administration

Some parts of Kanhangad town is called Ajanur. But Ajanur is only a bureaucratic nicety. Some parts of Kanhangad town is put under an administrative unit called Ajanur Panchayath. The suburb continues to be part and parcel of Kanhangad town.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[1] Kanhangad had a population of 65,499. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Kanhangad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 74%. In Kanhangad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The most widely spoken language is Malayalam. Other minority languages spoken by communities living here include Konkani and Kannada.

Economy

Agriculture and fishing are the primary source of income for residents of the region. The soil and topography allow for a diverse selection of crops: Rubber, pepper, cashew and ginger are the important crops that are grown in the eastern part of the region, which comprises forests and hilly areas. In the coastal areas are grown: coconut, rice and tobacco.

Since the oil boom of the 80’s, young people have migrated to the oil producing Gulf countries in pursuit of lucrative job opportunities. This has considerably changed the economic situation and life style of the residents. Many families depend on money sent home by family members working in the Gulf and other regions.

Places of interest

  • Nityananda Ashramam, which is situated on the hillock about half a km south of the Hosdurg taluk office, was founded by Swami Nityananda. The spot was at first part of a forest area. Here Swami Nityananda constructed 45 guhas (caves) in a mountain slope. There is a temple built in 1963, after the style and design of the Somanatha Temple in Gujarat. A full size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of panchaloha is one of the attractions of the asramam.
  • Birthplace of Poet P Kunhiraman Nair, veteran freedom fighter and playwright Vidwan P Kelu Nair and Rasika siromani Kanan Nair. A cultural centre of the district.
  • Madiyan Kulom temple is situated in Ajanur panchayat. It is about five km from Kanhangad, the headquarters of Hosdurg taluk. The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali; but there are also other deities like Kshetrapalan, Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. A peculiarity of this temple is that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon, while the morning and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. The festivals in the temple fall during the months of Edavam (May, June) and Dhanu (December, January) and on these days all the poojas are performed in connection with this festival.
  • Ananda Ashramam, situated about five km east of the Kanhangad Railway Station, was founded in 1931 by Swami Ramadas, a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. The main asramam and other buildings have a beautiful setting in the midst of shady mango, coconut and other groves. There is a hill to the east of the asramam, to which the devotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west, the surrounding extensive landscape can be seen in its natural grandeur. The spot at the highest point of the hill is so fascinating that the devotees, who go up the hill and sit silently, are blessed with deep peace and tranquillity.
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Church - oldest in the district constructed in 1890 CE. 15 km north of Kasargod. This Gothic style Roman Catholic church which is under the Manglore Diocese, has celebrated its centenary recently and also renovated.

Climate

Kanhangad experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Kanhangad, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.1
(88)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.9
(73.2)
24.4
(75.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.8
(78.4)
23.9
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.0
(71.6)
23.7
(74.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
5
(0.2)
59
(2.32)
285
(11.22)
984
(38.74)
1,203
(47.36)
606
(23.86)
323
(12.72)
237
(9.33)
81
(3.19)
16
(0.63)
3,804
(149.77)
Source: Climate-Data.org[2]
Bellur-Siva-kshetram-kavadam
Bellur Shiva Temple
Vasanthamandapam
Vasantha Mandapam
Sri Pullikkarinkaliyamma Devasthanam Kanhangadu
Pullikkarinkaliyamma Temple
Nithyannda-Ashramam-Kanhangad
Nithaynanda Ashramam

Notable people

Major Educational Institutions

  • Sree Narayana College of Management Studies
  • Nehru Arts and Science College[3]
  • Central University of Kerala
  • Swami Nithyananda Poly Technic College
  • Swami Nithyananda Institute of Technology
  • North Malabar Institute of Technology
  • C. K Nair Management and Arts College
  • Durga Higher Secondary School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Chinmaya Vidyalaya
  • MPSGVHSS Bellikoth
  • Govt. HSS Attenganam
  • GHSS Thayannur
  • Govt HSS Hosdurg
  • Little Flower Girls HSS
  • Christ CMI Public School[4]
  • Iqbal Higher Secondary school Ajanur
  • Crescent English Medium School ajanur
  • GHSS Madikai
  • GHSS Balla East
  • GVHSS Kanhangad

Places of Worship

  • Sree Madiyan Koolom (Kovilakam) Temple
  • Mathoth Vishnu Temple
  • Mariyamma Devasthanam
  • Sree Vanadurga Temple, Adot
  • Sree Padarkulangara Baghavathi Devasthanam, Adot
  • Sree kallyal Muchilot Baghavathi Temple
  • Poonkavanam Lord Shiva temple, Hosdurg
  • Guruvanam
  • Sri Mahavishnu Temple, Vishnumangalam, Mavungal
  • Ganesh Mandir, Hosdurg
  • Kodavalam Sree Mahavishnu Temple , Pullur, Mavungal
  • Krishna Mandhir, Hosdurg
  • Infant Jesus Church, Kanhangad
  • Ajanoor Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple, Beach
  • Sri Kuthirakaali Amma Devasthanam, Mavungal
  • Sree Mahasathi Temple, Hosdurg
  • Pullikaringali Amma Devasthanam Kizhakkumkara
  • Muhiyaddien Juma masjid Kothikkal
  • Kallar Shri Mahavishnu temple
  • Athiyambur Temple
  • Altharakkal Sree Muthappan Madapura
  • Sri Lakshmi Venkatesh temple, Allamipally
  • Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple, Ajanur Beach
  • Adimayil Sree Shaktheya Devi Temple, Kolavayal
  • Arangadi Juma Masjid
Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Kshethram, Ajanur Beach
Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple

Transportation

Kanhangad Railway Station Road
Railway Station Road

Road

Kanhangad is on National Highway 66 (formerly NH 17) between Kannur and Kasaragod. Kanhangad is well connected to Kannur, Kozhikode, Trivandrum, Kasaragod and Mangaluru through Rail and Road. SH 57 connects Kanhangad to Kasaragod via Bekal Fort and Chandragiri. Kanhangad is well connected to Coorg,Mysuru,Bangalore via Kanhangad-Panathur-Madikeri Highway. Many Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and private buses connect Kanhangad with places like Bangalore, Mangalore, Kasaragod, Kannur, Payyannur, Nileshwaram, Panathur, Konnakkad, Cherupuzha, Bantadukka etc.

Rail

Kanhangad railway station is one of the major railway stations in the Manguluru- Shornur railway line under category A. Most of the train has a stoppage at Kanhangad. The proposed railway line between Kanhangad and Kaniyur is under review.

Air

Bajpe International Airport, Manguluru is the nearest airport and is 94 km from Kanhangad via NH66. Now a 26.67 km road from Kanhangad to Kasaragod is under progress under the KSTP (Kerala State Transport Project) which makes the travel much easier and comfortable between the two major cities.

Panchayaths in Kanhangad Area

  • Ajanur
  • Pullur
  • Madikai
  • kodom-bellur
  • Balal
  • kinanur
  • Panathady

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. ^ "CLIMATE: KANHANGAD", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  3. ^ http://www.nasc.ac.in/
  4. ^ http://christkanhangad.com/

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