The Kanhan River is an important right bank tributary of the Wainganga River draining a large area lying south of Satpura range in central India. Along its 275 km run through the Indian States of Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh, it receives its largest tributary - Pench River, a major water source for the metropolis of Nagpur.
Kanhan was surprisingly not mentioned in the 2001 list of notified rivers in Maharashtra which has led to unrestricted exploitation in the form of sand mining along the river bed. This failure to recognise its presence has been viewed as a deliberate attempt at unregulated economic gains. The catchment area has also seen large scale coal mining in recent years. Efforts are currently underway to notify the river to prevent further environmental damage. This has been undermined by plans for construction of a barrage. The river was perennial until a few decades ago, but now goes dry by February every year.
Kanhan River near Ramakona.
|State||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra|
|District||Chhindwara District, Madhya Pradesh, Nagpur District, Maharashtra|
|Cities||Damua, Sausar, Kamthi|
|- location||Chindwara District, Madhya Pradesh|
|Ambora, Nagpur district, Maharashtra|
|Length||275 km (171 mi)|
|- left||Pench River, Sand River|
|- right||Bel River, Jam River, Kolar River, Nag River|
The Kanhan rises on the slopes of the hills at the southern edge of the Satpura range to the north of Damua, a town in Madhya Pradesh, India. The source lacks clear documentation and is not celebrated or considered holy, unlike most other rivers of a similar size.
The Kanhan is Wainganga's longest tributary, at 275 km. It rises in the southern spurs of the Satpura Range in the north-western region of Chhindwara District. Flowing south from its origin, Damua is the first town it encounters. Here it intersects the town and allows for its flow to be controlled by means of a dam.It then runs along a south & southeastern direction, meandering through the countryside of Chhindwara District where it has been productively harnessed for growing Tur dal and cotton. The river comes to lie about 5 km to the south of Deogarh fort where it humbly receives an insignificant tributary.Upon reaching the town of Ramakona it is crossed by a rail bridge as well as another road bridge which supports NH-26 B. Nearly at the end of its course in Madhya Pradesh, it is joined by Jam River, and for a short distance provides a natural boundary with adjoining state Maharashtra.
Within Maharashtra the river is at its widest at Kamptee where it receives the Pench River- a left bank tributary and its largest one. Another tributary connecting it at its right bank is Kolar River - the spill off from Kolar Dam. The river now comes to be at the northeast of Nagpur from which it receives the metropolitan city's effluent waste by way of the Nag River. A little further from Kamptee, it flows along the town Kanhan - its etymology derived from the river. Situated alongside the town is a large coal mine, one of the many coal mines situated along its river basin. From here the river flows south-east and ends its course by joining the Wainganga at the village of Ambora in Nagpur District.
Sand mining activities takes place on a large scale on the Kanhan river bed preventing the construction of any major dams . Kochi barrage is one of the proposed projects on Kanhan river.
In September 2012, a youngster duo who went to swim in the river were later discovered dead along the banks, allegedly drowned in the river.
The Bilaspur–Nagpur section is part of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and connects Bilaspur in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh and Nagpur in Maharashtra. Part of one of the major trunk lines in the country, it passes through a forested plateau region interspersed with fertile valleys.Chhindwara district
Chhindwara district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Chhindwara town is the district headquarters. The district is part of Jabalpur division.Gondwana (India)
Gondwana is a region of India, named after the Gondi people who live there (though they can also be found in other parts of India). The name of the ancient continent of Gondwanaland was derived from Gondwana, because some of the earliest rock formations of this continent were first investigated in part of the region, in modern Odisha.
As Gondi people are spread widely across central India, and are a minority almost everywhere, there is no unambiguous boundary to the region. However, the core region can be considered to be the eastern part of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, the parts of Madhya Pradesh immediately to the north of it, and parts of the west of Chhattisgarh. The wider region extends beyond these, also including parts of northern Telangana, western Odisha and southern Uttar Pradesh.
The region is part of the northern Deccan plateau, with an average height of about 600–700 metres. Much of it is rugged and hilly. Geologically it is mostly Pre-Cambrian rock, with some areas dated to Permian and Triassic periods. Part of it is overlaid with alluvium, and in the west it is overlaid with the igneous rocks of the Deccan Traps.
The climate is hot and semi-arid. The natural vegetation is dry monsoon forest, or monsoon scrub forest. Large parts of it are still forest, and it contains several national parks, including tiger populations.
Gondwana has a relatively high proportion of peoples of the "scheduled tribes" of India, which include the Gonds. The scheduled tribes are recognised as economically and socially disadvantaged. They form a majority of the population in many districts.
Gonds are followers of koyapunem (nature based religion).
They are accustomed by their own racial culture based on the nature and according that they are accustomed by the 750 family name as totam (gotra) and 33 kotam (division)Jam River
Jam is a river in central India originating in the Betul District of Madhya Pradesh.It flows through several villages and towns during its short run, ultimately draining itself off in Kanhan River. This confluence is located at the border with Maharashtra. An ambitious water project in the form of a dam has been proposed by Maharashtra in anticipation of the growing water needs of metro Nagpur. However the project has been shelved for now due to lack of co-operation from the state government in Madhya Pradesh.Kamptee
Kamptee (Marathi: कामठी) is a suburb of Nagpur city and a municipal council in Nagpur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the also part of the Nagpur metropolitan region development authority. It is the administrative center for Kamptee taluka. It is below the confluence of the Kanhan River with the rivers Pench and Kolar.Kamptee Coalfield
Kamptee Coalfield is located in Nagpur district in the Vidarbha region of the Indian state of Maharashtra.Kanhan
Kanhan may refer to:
Kanhan River in India
Kanhan (Pipri), a town in IndiaKhapa
Khapa is a city and a municipal council in Nagpur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Kharavela
Kharavela was a king of Kalinga in present-day Odisha, India. He ruled somewhere around first or second century BCE. His name is also transliterated as Khārabēḷa. He was the best known king of the Mahameghavahana dynasty (which is also termed as "Chedi dynasty" by some scholars, based on a misreading of his father's name "Cheta-raja").
The main source of information about Kharavela is his rock-cut Hathigumpha inscription. The inscription is undated, and only 4 of its 17 lines are completely legible. Different scholars have interpreted it differently, leading to a number of speculations about Kharavela's reign. The inscription credits the king with several welfare activities, patronage of arts, repair works and military victories. Kharavela was one of the strongest rulers of Kalinga.
Kharavela is believed to be a follower of Jainism, although the Hathigumpha inscription describes him as a worshipper of all religious orders.Kolar River (Maharashtra)
The Kolar River (Kolhar River) is a river of Nagpur district, Maharashtra, India, flowing southeast from above the town of Saoner to its juncture with the Kanhan River. It is in the Godavari river basin. The Kolar River forms the boundary between Saoner taluka and Ramtek taluka.Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways
The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.List of rivers of India
This is a List of rivers of India starting with the west moving along the Indian coast southward, then northward. Tributary rivers are listed hierarchically in upstream order: the lower in the list, the more upstream.
The major rivers of India are:
flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Ganga (with its main tributaries Ramganga, Kali or Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Son, Bagmati), Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna (and their main tributaries)
flowing into the Arabian Sea:Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, PurnaThe remaining rivers are as follows:
Flowing into the Inner part of
Mouda, (or Mauda) is a town and a tehsil in the Ramtek subdivision of the Nagpur district in the Nagpur Revenue Division in the Berar region in the state of Maharashtra, India. The total area covered under this tehsil is around 61,293.17 hectares. The population of this tehsil is around 37,554 (19,566 male, 17,978 female)according to the 1991 census. The nearest city to Mouda is Nagpur, which is 30 km away. The total number of villages in this tehsil is 41. Mouda is famous for its fertile agricultural land. Therefore, the main occupation is farming. Average rainfall here is estimated to be around 1223.3mm. It is located on the banks of Kanhan River and near National Highway 6.Nag River
The Nag River is a river flowing through the city of Nagpur in Maharashtra, India. It is known for providing the etymology for the name Nagpur.
Forming a part of the Kanhan-Pench river system, the Nag River originates in Lava hills near wadi and the confluence point of Nag and Pioli rivers is near Pawangaon, and the confluence point of Nag and Kanhan River is near Sawangi village. In November 2015, various efforts have been made to restore the river to the city's heritage list from which it was removed in 2001.The river serves as drainage for Nagpur and as a result its ecosystem is heavily polluted by urban waste from the cityNagpur
Nagpur (formerly Nagpore) is the third largest city and winter capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the 13th largest Indian city by population. According to an Oxford Economics report, Nagpur is projected to be the fifth fastest growing city in the world from 2019-2035 with an average growth of 8.41% It has been proposed as one of the Smart Cities in Maharashtra and maintains 1st ranking among 100 cities in India.Nagpur is the seat of the annual winter session of the Maharashtra state assembly. It is a major commercial and political centre of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. In addition, the city derives unique importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement. Nagpur is also known for Deekshabhoomi, the largest hollow stupa among all the Buddhist stupas in the world.
According to a survey by ABP News-Ipsos, Nagpur was identified as the best city in India topping in livability, greenery, public transport, and health care indices in 2013. The city was adjudged the 20th cleanest city in India and the top mover in the western zone as per Swachh Sarvekshan 2016. It was awarded as the best city for innovation and best practice in Swachh Sarvekshan 2018. It was also declared as open defecation free in January 2018 under Swachh Bharat Mission.It is famous for Nagpur oranges and is sometimes known as the Orange City for being a major trade center of oranges cultivated in large part of the region.It is also called the Tiger Capital of India or The Tiger Gateway of India as many tiger reserves are located in and around the city and also hosts the regional office of National Tiger Conservation Authority. The city was founded in 1703 by the Gonds King Bakht Buland Shah of Deogarh and later became a part of the Maratha Empire under the royal Bhonsale dynasty. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in the 19th century and made it the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. After the first re-organisation of states, the city lost its status as the capital. Following the informal Nagpur Pact between political leaders, it was made the second capital of Maharashtra.Pench River
The Pench River is an Indian tributary of the Kanhan River. It originates in the Chhindwara district of Madhya Pradesh and flows across Pench National Park, which is a reserve for the Tiger Project of India.
The two big dams of the Pench River supply water to the city of Nagpur and to the big thermal power plant located there.Pench Tiger Reserve
Pench Tiger Reserve or Pench National Park is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the first one to straddle across two states - Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Ordinarily, the reference to Pench is mostly to the tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh(M.P).The portion of the reserve that is in Madhya Pradesh is nestled in the southern slopes of the Satpura range of Central India. Pench Tiger Reserve comprises the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, the Pench Mowgli Sanctuary and a buffer. It derives its name from its life line-the River Pench. Inside the park, the river flows from North to South before going on to join the Kanhan River, while splitting the Park into two, and forming the boundary of Seoni District and Chhindwara District districts of Madhya Pradesh. The Meghdoot dam built across Pench River at Totladoh has created a large water body of 72 km2 out of which 54 km2 falls in M.P. and rest in the adjoining state of Maharashtra. The Pench River which emerges from Mahadeo Hills of Satpuda Ranges and the various nallas and streams which drain into it, all flow through the forests of Protected Area. The Satpuda ranges which bear the forests of the Protected Area act as an excellent watershed area for the Totladoh as well as lower Pench Reservoirs.
On the Madhya Pradesh side, the Pench Tiger Reserve encompasses a core area of 411.33 km2, with a buffer of 768.3 km2., making for a total protected area of 1179.63 km2. The core area includes the Mowgli Pench Wildlife Sanctuary whose area is 118.30 km2. The Buffer Zone is constituted by Reserve Forests, Protected Forests and Revenue land
Located south of the tiger reserve area in Madhya Pradesh, is the Pench Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra. On the Maharashtra side, the Pench Tiger Reserve has a core habitat area of 257.3 km2 along with a buffer/peripheral area of 483.96 km2. of the Mansinghdeo Sanctuary, making for a total protected area 741.2 km2. Spanning over a total protected region of over 1920 km2., both these tiger reserves are included in the Level 1, 13,223 km2 (5,105 sq mi) Tiger Conservation Unit – 31 (Kanha-Pench TCU). As per many experts, this area is considered as one of the most prime and critical tiger habitat remaining in central India. As of May 2017, the number of tigers in Pench Tiger Reserve has increased up to 44 as compared to 31 in 2016. From this numbered estimate, 22 are males and 22 are females. This estimate does not include the number of cubs present, which are assumed to be about 7 - 8. The estimation was conducted jointly by the Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT) and Pench Tiger Foundation, spread over 21 days in January 2017.Wainganga River
Wainganga (IAST: Wainagaṅgā) is a river in India, originating in the Mahadeo Hills in Mundara near village Gopalganj in Seoni Madhya Pradesh. It is a tributary of the Godavari River. The river flows south in a winding course through the states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, roughly 579 km (360 mi). After joining the Wardha River, the united stream, which is known as the Pranahita River, empties into the Godavari River at Kaleshwaram, Telangana.
|Hydrography of surrounding areas|
|Hydrography of surrounding areas|
features / regions
|Languages / people|
|Oil / gas fields|
|Pollution concerns, |
River basin's sustainable
productivity & ecology