Kandyba

Kandyba or Candyba (Hittite: Hinduwa, Lycian: Xākbi, Ancient Greek: Κάνδυβα, Latin: Candyba)[1] was a settlement in ancient Lycia, in modern-day Antalya province on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The modern Turkish village next to the ruins of ancient Kandyba is named Çataloluk.

Geography

The ancient settlement is set on a hilltop high above the plain of Kasaba, 13 kilometres north of Kaş. The modern village is located to the south of the ruins.

History

In antiquity, Candyba was one of the smaller cities of Lycia, but was an independent polis with voting rights in the Lycian League and minted its own coins.

Since it was in the Roman province of Lycia, the bishopric of Candyba was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Myra, the province's capital. The names of two of its bishops are preserved in extant records. Constantinus took part in the Second Council of Nicaea in 787; and Basilius was at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879).[2][3]

No longer a residential bishopric, Candyba is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[4]

Archaeology

Some of the rock tombs are beautifully executed. One perfect inscription in Lycian characters was found. A coin procured on the spot from the peasantry had the letters KAND on it.[5]

References

  1. ^ In the manuscripts of Ptolemy the name, it is said, is Κόνδυβα, but this is a very slight variation, arising from the confusion of two similar letters. In the old Latin version of Ptolemy it is Condica.
  2. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 979-982
  3. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 449
  4. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 857
  5. ^ Spratt's Lycia, vol. i. p. 95.
  • Martin Zimmermann: Untersuchungen zur historischen Landeskunde Zentrallykiens, Bonn 1992, pp. 56–61.
  • Hansgerd Hellenkemper, Friedrich Hild: Lykien und Pamphylien. Tabula Imperii Byzantini 8. Vienna 2004. Vol. 2, pp. 595–596.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Kandyba" . Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

External links

Coordinates: 36°18′55″N 29°39′52″E / 36.3153°N 29.6644°E

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