Kamp Schoorl

Schoorl transit camp (Dutch: Kamp Schoorl, German: Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Schoorl), originally a Dutch army camp (1939–1940), was a Nazi concentration camp (1940–1941) near the village of Schoorl in the Netherlands.

Kamp Schoorl
Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Schoorl
Concentration camp
Kamp Schoorl
Kamp Schoorl during the Second World War
Kamp Schoorl is located in Netherlands
Kamp Schoorl
Location of the camp in the Netherlands
Coordinates52°42′18″N 4°41′9.60″E / 52.70500°N 4.6860000°ECoordinates: 52°42′18″N 4°41′9.60″E / 52.70500°N 4.6860000°E
Other namesPolizeiliches Durchgangslager Schoorl
LocationSchoorl, Netherlands
Built byDutch army
Operated bySS
Original useArmy camp
First built1939
OperationalDecember 1940–October 1941[1]
Notable booksHet Kamp Schoorl by Albert Boer

History

Kamp Schoorl[2][3] was built in 1939 as a Dutch army camp. The Netherlands became occupied by Nazi Germany in May 1940.

Oorlogsmonument Kamp Schoorl
War memorial of Kamp Schoorl

Among the prisoners were also people from England, Belgium and France. After a few months the French and the Belgians were released. The English prisoners were transferred to a German camp in the Polish town of Toszek in September 1940.

The first Jews captured during the razzia (pogrom) of 22 and 23 February 1941 in Amsterdam (Jonas Daniël Meijerplein) were transferred in an army truck to the camp. The group of 425 people only stayed for 4 days after which they are transferred to concentration camp Buchenwald where they again are transferred in June 1941 to concentration camp Mauthausen. Only two of this group survived the war.

For about 1,900 people was the camp their first camp before being transferred to other camps. More than 1,000 of them never returned, mainly Jews and political prisoners.

The regime in the camp was mild compared to the other Dutch camps. There was no heavy labour and there was enough food.

The camp was closed by the Germans because the camp was too small and located between the dunes. It was not easy to enlarge it. In October 1941 the camp was closed. Some of the prisoners were released, but most were transferred to Kamp Amersfoort, and 25 women were transported directly to concentration camp Ravensbrück.

Until the end of the war, militia of the Wehrmacht and the Organisation Todt used the camp as a base.

After the war the camp was used to imprison members of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands and was finally demolished in 1950.

Book

Het Kamp Schoorl is the title of a book in Dutch by Albert Boer, dealing with the history of camp Schoorl.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Schoorl, monument aan de Oorsprongweg" (in Dutch), Nationaal Comité 4 en 5 mei. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Kamp Schoorl". www.4en5mei.nl.
  3. ^ Kamp Schoorl Archived 2009-06-01 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Boer, Albert (2007). Het Kamp Schoorl. The Hague: Conserve, Uitgeverij. ISBN 90-5429-240-7.

External links

Albert Boer

Albert Boer (1935, Beverwijk – 3 October 2002, Groet) was the author of Kamp Schoorl.The book is in Dutch and is the history of an internment camp in Schoorl, Netherlands. Born in the Netherlands in 1935, he came to the United States in the mid-1950s and attended Atlanta University (now Clark), part of Morehouse and Spelman Colleges. He worked in the civil rights movement for years and worked at and directed Settlement Houses (United South End Settlements, Franklin-Wright Settlement and Elizabeth Peabody House). He was an accomplished sculptor in wood, clay and bronze. The sculpture of Harriet Tubman in the Harriet Tubman House is his. He lived in two houseboats - one in Fort Point Channel and one in Schoorl, Nederlands. Boer moved back to the Netherlands in mid-1980s, bought a Pension (a type of guesthouse) which he named the Sneeuwgans (the snowgoose) and later wrote Kamp Schoorl.

Published book for United South End Settlements called The Development of USES in 1966. A chronology of the United South End Settlements, 1891–1966 and written in English.

February strike

The February Strike (Dutch: Februaristaking) was a general strike in the German-occupied Netherlands during World War II, organized by the then-outlawed Communist Party of the Netherlands in defence of persecuted Dutch Jews and against the anti-Jewish measures and activities of the Nazis in general.

The direct causes were a series of arrests and pogroms held by the Germans in the Jewish neighbourhood of Amsterdam. It started on 25 February 1941 and lasted for two days; on 26 February, 300,000 people joined the strike. The strike was harshly suppressed by the Germans after three days.The 1941 February Strike is considered to be the first public protest against the Nazis in occupied Europe, and the only mass protest against the deportation of Jews to be organized by non-Jews.

Index of World War II articles (K)

K-25

K-ration

K-class submarine (Soviet)

K is for Killing

K. P. K. Menon

Kōichi Kido

Kōichi Shiozawa

Kōki Hirota

Kōsō Abe

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Kadam Kadam Badaye Ja

Kaethe Hoern

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Kaimingjie germ weapon attack

Kairyu-class submarine

Kaisenbun

Kaiser Shipyards

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Kaiser Wilhelm Institute

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Kaiten

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Kamikaze

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Kamp Schoorl

Kampfbund

Kampfgeschwader 200

Kampfgeschwader 3

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Kampfgruppe

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Schoorl

Schoorl is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Bergen, and lies about 8 km northwest of Alkmaar. Until 2001, Schoorl was also a municipality of its own.

Schoorl is a village in between the polder area of North Holland and the Kennemer dunes. The village is about 8 km (5mls) long and never wider than 2 km (1mls). The village is heavily protected by the highest and widest dunes of the Netherlands, which reach about 54 m (164 ft) above sealevel right behind the center of Schoorl, and are more than 5 km (3mls) wide.

Schoorl is a major local tourism location in the summer and counts over 25 campsites, the largest concentration of campsites in the Netherlands.

The village, earlier named Scorel contains evidence of a long history in the form of two raadhuisjes (town hall) aging from 1600. The Dutch painter and evangelist Jan van Scorel was born here.

Meidenmarkt is the most renowned yearly festivity that is celebrated once a year on the second day (Monday) of pentecost (see also this list of dates to see when Pentecost begins). The celebration is a 100-year-old tradition where the local youngsters can meet partners of the opposite sex. The celebration takes place on the klimduin in the center of town. This klimduin is a century old attraction and many Dutch people have visited it as part of a school trip.

During World War II, Kamp Schoorl was a concentration camp originally built as a Dutch army camp. Jews and political prisoners were imprisoned there and some were then deported in camps in the east where they were later murdered.

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