The Kamloops Indian Band, also known as the Tk’emlups te Secwepemc, is one of the largest of the 17 groups into which the Secwepemc (Shuswap) nation was divided when the Colony of British Columbia established an Indian reserve system in the 1860s. The Kamloops Indian Band is a First Nations government within the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, which represents ten of the seventeen Secwepemc band governments, all in the southern Central Interior region, spanning the Thompson and Shuswap districts.
Even prior to European contact, the Secwepemc settlement Tk'emlups, meaning "river junction," was an economically important centre within the area that later came to be called the British Columbia Interior. The reason was its very favourable location at the confluence of two major navigable rivers, the South Thompson River and the North Thompson. Europeans who settled in the area brought the native name into the English language as Kamloops, which became the name of Fort Kamloops, one of the main posts of the Hudson's Bay Company (originally built by the North West Company).
Leaders of the Kamloops band of Secwepemc were notable in the history of the colonization of British Columbia. Kwa'lila was a c.1800 chief who invited his better-known nephew Nicola to the Nicola Valley and passed on the mantle of the Kamloops chieftaincy. Nicola was the presiding chief at Kamloops, and also jointly Grand Chief of the Okanagan people, during the Fraser Canyon War and the associated troubles of the Okanagan Trail, and was made a magistrate enforcing British law by Governor James Douglas. Nicola's son Chilliheetza, or Txelexitsa, figured prominently in native/colonist politics in the later 19th Century, as have other chiefs of the Kamloops band since. Other notable Contact-era chiefs were Chief Tranquille and Chief Lolo.
The city of Kamloops is now a major regional urban centre with circa 92,000 residents. The Kamloops Indian Band's business district functions economically as a part of the city, though it is separately administered by the Band. The golf course and resort/recretional community of Sun Rivers is located on the main Kamloops Reserve.
Controversy over the Sun Peaks Resort in regard to native title has involved Kamloops band members.
The Band currently has circa 1,000 members living on and off its 33,000-acre (130 km2) reserve. It has active language and cultural programs and its Sk'elep School of Excellence is one of the largest First Nations elementary schools in British Columbia (Sk'elep is the Shuswap language name for "the Trickster", Coyote).
Some of the Indian Reserves under the administration of the Kamloops Band include:
Coyote is a mythological character common to many cultures of the indigenous peoples of North America, based on the coyote (Canis latrans) animal. This character is usually male and is generally anthropomorphic although he may have some coyote-like physical features such as fur, pointed ears, yellow eyes, a tail and claws. The myths and legends which include Coyote vary widely from culture to culture.
Coyote shares many traits with the mythological figure Raven.
Coyote also is seen as inspiration to certain tribes.Heffley Creek
Heffley Creek is a neighbourhood Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada along the Yellowhead Highway. It is bordered by the Thompson River to the west, Sun Peaks to the east, Rayleigh to the south, and Vinsulla to the north. It contains a general store, community hall and elementary school. Along with the Rayleigh neighborhood, it is physically separated from the rest of Kamloops by the Thompson River and by the Kamloops Indian Reserve; one must leave the city limits of Kamloops in order to travel from Heffley Creek/Rayleigh to the rest of the city.Index of articles related to Indigenous Canadians
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to Indigenous peoples in Canada, comprising the First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples.Kamloops
Kamloops () is a city in south-central British Columbia, Canada, at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River near Kamloops Lake.
With a population of 90,280 (2016), it is the largest community in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District and the location of the regional district's offices. The surrounding region is more commonly referred to as the Thompson Country. Kamloops is ranked 36th on the list of the largest metropolitan areas in Canada and represents the 36th largest census agglomeration nationwide, with 103,811 residents in 2016. The population of the regional district is 132,663 (2016).
Kamloops is known as the Tournament Capital of Canada and hosts over 100 tournaments each year at world class sports facilities such as the Tournament Capital Centre, Kamloops Bike Ranch, and Tournament Capital Ranch. Health care, tourism, and education are major contributing industries to the regional economy and have grown in recent years.
Kamloops was British Columbia's first city to become a Bee City in 2016 as numerous organisations in the community are actively protecting and creating bumble bee habitats in the city.Kamloops (disambiguation)
Kamloops is a city in British Columbia, Canada.
Kamloops may also refer to:
Kamloops Lake, a lake along the Thompson River, British Columbia, Canada
Kamloops Indian Band or Tk’umlups Indian Band, a First Nations government within the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, Canada
Kamloops (electoral district), a defunct federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada
Kamloops (provincial electoral district), a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada
SS Kamloops, a lake freighter of Canada Steamship Lines
Kamloops Airport, an airport in British Columbia, Canada
Kamloops Water Aerodrome, an airport in British Columbia, Canada
Kamloops Heritage Railway, a railway in Kamloops, British Columbia, CanadaKamloops Airport
Kamloops Airport (IATA: YKA, ICAO: CYKA), also known as Fulton Field or Davie Fulton Airport, is a regional airport located 5 nautical miles (9 km; 6 mi) west northwest of Kamloops, British Columbia, a city in the Thompson region of Canada. It is owned by the Kamloops Airport Authority Society, while operated by Kamloops Airport Limited, serving the North Okanagan, Nicola and Shuswap areas. Initial examination for the airport's construction began in June 1931, when the city leased 46 acres (19 ha) from fruit-growing company BC Fruitlands.
Along with an air show presentation, the airport publicly opened on August 5, 1939. It has 2,780 by 49 ft (847 by 15 m) and 8,000 by 148 ft (2,438 by 45 m) runways aligned 04/22 and 09/27, and served approximately 263,290 passengers in 2011. The airfield maintains a restaurant, The Bread Garden, as well as a medical facility, accommodation areas and administrative buildings; food and snacks are also offered. Its terminal, runway and navigation aids were expanded and upgraded by 2009. It has seen one accident throughout its history.
The airport has daily scheduled flights to nine destinations in Canada operated by Air Canada Express, Central Mountain Air and WestJet. The terminal handled 312,895 passengers in 2014, an increase of 7.2% over the 290,394 passengers in 2013.Kamloops Christian School
Kamloops Christian School is a Christian School located in Kamloops, British Columbia. It was founded in 1985 as six Kamloops churches (Calvary Community Church, Evangelical Free Church, Full Gospel Tabernacle, Gateway City Church, Sahali Fellowship, and Southwest Community Church) came together to bring Christian education to the Kamloops area.
For the first few years, KCS started as a K-9 school and rented space in the Kamloops Indian Band Residential School, later moving to Kamloops Alliance Church, and eventually purchasing a then unused elementary school building. In 2003, an agreement was made between KCS Board of Directors and the City of Kamloops to trade the elementary school for a larger unused middle school for $1. KCS has been operating out of that building ever since, and has expanded to house an Early Childhood Education Center, business rental spaces, and classes from Kindergarten to Grade 12.List of Indian reserves in British Columbia
The Government of Canada has established at least 316 Indian reserves for First Nation band governments in its westernmost province of British Columbia. The majority of these reserves continue to exist while a number are no longer in existence.List of Indian reserves in Canada by population
This is a list of Indian reserves in Canada which have over 500 people, listed in order of population from data collected during the 2006 Census of Canada, unless otherwise cited from Aboriginal Affairs. Approximately 40% of First Nations people live on federally recognized Indian reserves. Note: this list is incomplete in that many Indian Reserves are "Incompletely enumerated", meaning that "enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed."
There are 13 Indian reserves which have not been enumerated in the last 3 censuses.List of communities in British Columbia
Communities in the province of British Columbia, Canada can include incorporated municipalities, Indian reserves, unincorporated communities or localities. Unincorporated communities can be further classified as recreational or urban.Mildred Gottfriedson
Mildred Gottfriedson (1918–1989) was a Secwepemc educator and activist who was a leading member of the Kamloops Indian Band. She was the first First Nations individual to be inducted into the Order of Canada in 1977. She was also a founding member and former president of the B.C. Native Women's Society. Throughout her life, Gottfriedson acted as an advocate for the Shuswap Nation, working to revive and promote the arts of her community. She raised 13 children, fostering over 20 others and was awarded Mother of the Year at both the Provincial (1963) and Federal (1964) level.Shuswap Nation Tribal Council
The Shuswap Nation Tribal Council is a First Nations Tribal Council in the Canadian province of British Columbia. Based in the Thompson and Shuswap Districts of the Central Interior, although including one band on the upper Columbia River in the East Kootenay region. It is one of two tribal councils of the Secwepemc people, the other being the Northern Shuswap Tribal Council of the Cariboo region farther to the north. The council is based in Kamloops, British Columbia.Status of First Nations treaties in British Columbia
The status of the First Nations, Aboriginal people of British Columbia, Canada, is a long-standing problem that has become a major issue in recent years. In 1763 the British Crown declared that only it could acquire land from First Nations through treaties. Historically only two treaties were signed with the First Nations of BC. The first of which was the Douglas Treaties, negotiated by Sir James Douglas with the native people of southern Vancouver Island from 1850-1854. The second treaty, Treaty 8, signed in 1899 was part of the Numbered Treaties that were signed with First Nations outside of British Columbia. British Columbian Treaty 8 signatories are located in the Peace River Country or the far North East of BC. For over nine decades no more treaties were signed with First Nations of BC; many Native people wished to negotiate treaties, but successive BC provincial governments refused until the 1990s. A major development was the 1997 decision of the Supreme Court of Canada in the Delgamuukw v. British Columbia case that Aboriginal title still exists in British Columbia and that when dealing with Crown land, the government must consult with and may have to compensate First Nations whose rights are affected.Sun Rivers, British Columbia
Sun Rivers is a community located on the northeastern side of Kamloops, BC on the Kamloops Indian Band Reserve against Mount Peter and Mount Paul. It is located east on Highway 5 near the junction with the Trans Canada Highway. It is developed around the Sun Rivers golf course. Although the golf course is finished, many homes are still being developed.
|Shuswap Nation Tribal Council|
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