Kalua

Kālua is a traditional Hawaiian cooking method that utilizes an imu, a type of underground oven. The word kālua, which literally means "to cook in an underground oven", may also be used to describe the food cooked in this manner, such as kālua pig or kālua turkey, which are commonly served at luau feasts. Luau, in Hawaiian is actually the name of the taro leaf, which when young and small after being steamed for a few hours resembles cooked spinach. The traditional luau was eaten on the floor over lauhala (leaves of the hala tree were woven together) mats.

Traditionally, a hardwood fire is built inside a pit large enough to contain the food you are cooking, the stones, and the vegetation used to cover the food. Stones are placed on top of the fire in the pit, taking around 2-3 hours to reach their maximum temperature. Most important is the selection of stones that contain very little moisture to avoid stones exploding from the steam generated by the heat. Once the stones have become extremely hot, they are spread out over the coals and the pit is lined with vegetation such as banana trees that have been pounded to make them pliable. A layer of ti leaves (Cordyline fruticosa) would then be spread over the layer of pounded banana trees and the food to be cooked placed on top. Meat to be cooked would be salted and in the instance of cooking a whole pig, some hot stones would also be placed inside the body cavity to ensure the meat is fully cooked.

To maintain even heating and to retain the meat's natural moisture, the meat is covered with more layers of vegetation such as ti and banana leaves then covered with a layer of soil at least several inches deep ensuring that no steam is escaping. The layers of vegetation covering the food must extend past the edges of the pit to ensure the food isn't contaminated by the soil it is buried under. The meat is then left to cook in the pit for several hours. When the meat is fully cooked, it is removed from the imu and shredded. Modern adaptations to the traditional cooking method include the use of wet burlap material as a substitute for the vegetation or to reduce the amount of vegetation needed, and also the use of non-galvanized steel chicken wire or mesh wrapped around the food to aid in its removal when cooked. The characteristic flavor of Kalua Pig is imparted by the smoke from the hardwood but more importantly the use of ti leaves to wrap the meat. The flavor of the ti leaf is what differentiates Kalua Pig from other methods of cooking a whole hog slowly using a hardwood fire.

Kālua pig is a main tourist attraction at many luaus, though it is sometimes made using a gas or electric stove with artificial mesquite or kiawe liquid smoke. Other tourist businesses use substitutes instead vegetation or use an imu pao, an above ground variation of the imu. The term "Kalua pork" has been used by famous Hawaiian cook Sam Choy to describe pork shoulder butt which is rubbed with sea salt, wrapped in ti leaves, and slowly cooked in oven using liquid mesquite smoke rather than an imu.[1]

Roasted puaa
Roasted pua'a

See also

References

  1. ^ "San Choy's Oven-Roasted Kalua Pig Recipe". Epicurious. February 2006.

External links

Ahihi-Kinau Natural Area Reserve

Established in 1973, ʻĀhihi-Kīnaʻu Natural Area Reserve includes a coastal lava field and surrounding waters on the southwest coast of the island of Maui, Hawaii. It consists of 1,238 acres (501 ha) on land and 807 acres (327 ha) of ocean along 3 miles (4.8 km) of Maui's southwestern coastline. The reserve includes several popular snorkeling/diving sites and many cultural and geologic sites as well as habitat for numerous rare and endangered species.

The reserve is located at the end of Mākena Road, south of Makena State Park and north of La Perouse Bay at 20°36′18″N 156°26′7″W.

Alaea salt

Alaea salt, sometimes referred to as Hawaiian red salt, is an unrefined sea salt that has been mixed with an iron oxide rich volcanic clay called 'alaea', which gives the seasoning its characteristic brick red color . It is part of Native Hawaiian cuisine and is used in traditional dishes such as kalua pig, poke, and pipikaula (Hawaiian jerky). It was also traditionally used to cleanse, purify and bless tools, canoes, homes and temples. Once exported to the Pacific Northwest to cure salmon, it saw a resurgence in popularity late in the 20th century in fusion style cuisine of Hawaii both on Islands and beyond.

Alipore Sadar subdivision

Alipore Sadar subdivision is a subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It consists of three municipalities (Maheshtala, Budge Budge and Pujali) and five community development blocks (Thakurpukur Maheshtala, Budge Budge I, Budge Budge II, Bishnupur I and Bishnupur II). The five community development blocks contain 36 census towns and 45 gram panchayats. Apart from these, a large parts of Kolkata Municipal Corporation fall in this subdivision. The subdivision has its headquarters in Alipore.

Bird of Paradise (1951 film)

Bird of Paradise is a 1951 American color drama film from 20th Century Fox, produced and directed by Delmer Daves, that stars Debra Paget, Louis Jourdan, and Jeff Chandler. The screenplay was also written by Daves and was based on the play by Richard Walton Tully.

John William Kalua

John William Kalua, sometime referred to as Keahiowailuku, (c. 1846 – April 8, 1928) was a Native Hawaiian politician of Hawaii. He served in the legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii and the Territory of Hawaii for the island of Maui.

Kalua, Maheshtala

Kalua is a census town under Maheshtala police station of Thakurpukur Maheshtala CD Block in Alipore Sadar subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Kamlepo Kalua

Kamlepo Kalua is a Malawian politician. From the Rumphi District, Kalua was the leader of the opposition Malawi Democratic Party from its inception in 1993 until 2012 when he joined people's party. He ran in the 1999 presidential election, where he finished in third place with 1.4% of the total national vote. He is currently vice president of the people's party responsible for the northern region of Malawi.

Kalua is a vocal critic of President Peter Mutharika's government. For several occasions, Kalua being a vice chairman of public accounts committee in Malawi parliament has been vocal and accused Peter Mutharika's government of shielding seven unnamed corrupt cabinet ministers. Kalua spent almost the whole 2016-2017 sessions of parliament threatening that he will name and shame the seven corrupt cabinet ministers.

However, on 27 April 2017, the Malawi Revenue Authority (MRA) officers accompanied by armed police raided the houses of Kalua and his son Penjani where they seized his Mercedes Benz and a Toyota V8 belonging to the son on allegations that they were smuggled into Malawi. A day later, the police went back to Kalua’s house with their own search warrant and towed a grounded Jeep belonging to the MP on allegations that it was stolen-. The vehicles were returned a week later after Kalua obtained a court injunction. Same week Kalua was reportedly missing, only to be found a week later with hands and legs tied with blue twine strings, but without any trace of bruises. He also was clean shaven with clean clothes and a clean Jacket on his shoulders. This led people to allege that Kalua staged his own abduction. Police threatened to prosecute Kalua for faking abduction.

List of political parties in Malawi

This article lists political parties in Malawi. Malawi has a multi-party system with over 40 registered political parties. The political process in Malawi is such that parties are voted into power. Parties participate in an electoral process. The parties with the most representation in the National Assembly are the People's Party (PP), Malawi Congress Party (MCP), United Democratic Front (UDF), and Democratic Progressive Party (DPP).

Loco moco

Loco moco is a dish featured in contemporary Hawaiian cuisine. There are many variations, but the traditional loco moco consists of white rice, topped with a hamburger patty, a fried egg, and brown gravy. Variations may include chili, bacon, ham, Spam, kalua pork, Portuguese sausage, teriyaki beef, teriyaki chicken, mahi-mahi, shrimp, oysters, and other meats. Loco Moco is also the name of a Hawaiian-based restaurant chain that serves Hawaiian rice bowl dishes.

Lomi-lomi salmon

Lomi salmon (more commonly known as lomi-lomi salmon) is a side dish in Hawaiian cuisine. It is a fresh tomato and salmon salad, and was introduced to Hawaiians by early Western sailors. It is typically prepared by mixing salted, shredded salmon with tomatoes, sweet gentle Maui onions, and occasionally scallions, and sometimes crushed ice if it is not refrigerated. It is always served cold.

The name lomi-lomi salmon is taken from the method of preparation. The shredding (dicing) and mixing of the salmon is done by massaging the salted fish with other ingredients by hand (lomi-lomi is Hawaiian for "to massage").

Lomi-lomi salmon is a traditional side dish served at Hawaiian lū‘aus. It is said to complement traditional Hawaiian food consisting of raw diced ahi tuna, poke, kalua pig, laulau, and poi. Lomi-lomi salmon is a classic and integral part of most Hawaiian parties and gatherings, such as traditional luaus, and can be considered a Hawaiian ethnic food.

Lovely Rivero

Lovely Rivero is Gineb Macalinao (birthdate: May 15, 1969) in real life is a Filipino actress who started in the kiddie-show, "Kaluskos Musmos" in 1980 (second batch). She made a comeback in the late 80s as one of the mainstays of "Thats Entertainment" and as a teenage actress in Baby Pascual and Associate's "Chikas" (1984) with Jacklyn Jose, Karla Kalua, Rachel Anne Wolfe and Tanya Gomez. Other film credit includes "Sex Object" (1985) with Stella "Pinky" Suarez, Jr. and Julio Diaz.

Luau

A luau (Hawaiian: lūʻau) is a traditional Hawaiian party or feast that is usually accompanied by entertainment. It may feature food such as poi, Kalua pig, poke, lomi salmon, opihi, and haupia, beer, and entertainment such as traditional Hawaiian music and hula. Among people from Hawaiʻi, the concepts of "luau" and "party" are often blended, resulting in graduation luaus, wedding luaus, and birthday luaus.

Maipit

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Mary Waya

Mary Waya (born 25 May 1968) is a Malawian netball player and coach. Waya started playing international-level netball at age 14, and has played in more than 200 representative matches for Malawi. During that time she has competed in two World Netball Championships (1995 and 2007), three Commonwealth Games (1998, 2006 and 2010), and two World Netball Series (2009 and 2010).Waya came to international prominence during the 2007 World Championships in New Zealand, where the Malawian national team (the "Queens") finished 5th, their highest ever placing. She announced her retirement after the tournament, but returned to international competition the following year. She remains the national team's most high-profile player, and was chosen as the flag bearer for the Malawi team at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.After the 2010 World Series in Liverpool, Waya again announced her retirement from international netball, along with Queens veterans Peace Chawinga-Kalua and Esther Nkhoma. She turned her attention to coaching, and later that year stepped into the role of head coach of the Malawi U-20 netball team.The Netball Association of Malawi (NAM) held negotiations with the three retired players to try to convince them to return to the Queens. On 15 June 2011, the NAM announced that Waya had agreed to return to the national team, along with Queens veterans Esther Nkhoma and Sylvia Mtetemela; Peace Chawinga-Kalua had earlier signed as assistant coach for the team. Media reports in Malawi indicated that the return of the three veterans players had caused major tension in the Queens squad, which led Waya to withdraw early from the squad's training camp.In domestic netball, Waya plays for the MTL Queens. She was married to the late Bullets FC player Fumu Ng'oma, before they later separated; Waya and Ng'oma have two sons.She was named as the coach of the Tanzania National Netball Team in 2012.

Mokuʻula

Mokuʻula is a tiny island now buried beneath an abandoned baseball field in Maluʻulu o Lele Park, Lahaina, Hawaiʻi. It was the private residence of King Kamehameha III from 1837 to 1845 and the burial site of several Hawaiian royals. The 1-acre (4,000 m2) island was and continues to be considered sacred to many Hawaiians as a piko, or symbolic center of energy and power. According to Klieger, "the moated palace of Mokuʻula...was a place of the "Sacred Red Mists," an oasis of rest and calm during the raucous, rollicking days of Pacific whaling." When the capital of Hawaiʻi moved from Lahaina to Honolulu, Mokuʻula fell into disrepair. By 1919, the county turned the land into a park. Efforts are currently underway to revive the site.

It was added to the Hawaiʻi State Register of Historic Places on August 29, 1994, and to the National Register of Historic Places on May 9, 1997 as King Kamehameha III's Royal Residential Complex.

Nodakhali

Nodakhali (also spelled Nadakhali) is a village in Budge Budge II CD block in Alipore Sadar subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India.

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Standard plate lunches consist of two scoops of white rice, macaroni salad, and an entrée. A plate lunch with more than one entrée is often called a mixed plate.

Sea of Poppies

Sea of Poppies (2008) is a novel by Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh which was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize in 2008. It is the first volume of the Ibis trilogy. In the words of Rajnish Mishra, "the Ibis trilogy is Ghosh's most vehement indictment of the scourge of imperialism and colonialism". The second volume is River of Smoke.

The main characters include Deeti, an ordinary village woman, an "octoroon" American sailor named Zachary Reid, an Indian rajah / zamindar called Neel Rattan Halder, and Benjamin Burnham, an evangelist opium trader.

The story is set prior to the First Opium War, on the banks of the holy river Ganges and in Calcutta. The author compares the Ganges to the Nile, the lifeline of the Egyptian civilization, attributing the provenance and growth of these civilizations to these selfless, ever-flowing bodies. He portrays the characters as poppy seeds emanating in large numbers from the field to form a sea, where every single seed is uncertain about its future.

Vandread Extra Stage

Vandread Extra Stage (ヴァンドレッド the extra stage) is a light novel containing a collection of five short stories about several important characters from the anime Vandread. The book is set in the same story as the anime, however some of the stories are set before and after the series.

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