Kalos Agros

Kalos Agros was a town of ancient Thrace, inhabited during Roman times.[1]

Its site is located near Büyükdere in European Turkey.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 53, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

Coordinates: 41°09′19″N 29°02′12″E / 41.155348°N 29.036633°E


Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Armen Kouptsios

Armen Kouptsios (Greek: Άρμεν Κούπτσιος, Bulgarian Армен Купциос, born 1885 - died 1906) was a Greek Macedonian revolutionary.

Kouptsios was born in Volakas (municipality of Kato Nevrokopi, Drama regional unit), in 1885.

He met the Greek Macedonian fighter Capetan Dais, when Dais, as a teacher in Prosotsani, was organizing, in secret the Macedonian Struggle in Drama. To him, Kouptsios revealed his will to fight for mother Greece, until death.

The archdeacon of Bishop of Drama, Chrysostomos, Themistoklis Chatzistavrou (known later as Archbishop of Athens and all over Greece, Chrysostomos II), in the Macedonian Diary of 1965, writes "The Organization that was initiated the Greeks was completely secret. We were trying to keep Bishop Chrysostomos away from the danger. We wanted to protect him from the danger, that his surging character and his fiery patriotism, were leading him. Ion Dragoumis was the general leader of the Organization. I was in charge to adjure the initiated members in Drama. I was the one to adjure Armen from Volakas and Valavanis from Petroussa. We were giving them guns."

Armen Kouptsios became one of the most trusted men of Chrysostomos and he was incorporated in the revolting troops, that were acting in Drama. The revolting troops of Drama fought many times the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO), well-armed troops, and caused many losses to them.

Armen Kouptsios' death is connected with the arrival of IMRO voivod, Plachev, June 1905. Bulgarian IMRO sent him to organize the murder of Greeks leaders and fighters, that caused problems to the Bulgarian regime. Kouptsios' troop received the command to exterminate Plachev.

Armen Kouptsios with Nakos Vogiatzis and Petros Mantzas uppended Plachev in Tsobanka, in Laurentian Abbey in Drama. Plachev got trapped and Kouptsios asked him to surrender. Plachev shot and Kouptsios retaliated, killing PLachev. By that time, Turkish guard in horseback, came, under the commands of caretaker of Kalos Agros. Kouptsios started shooting in order to gice the chance to his companions to escape, as the actually did. He chose to be arrested in order to save his companions. He didn't try to kill any Turk soldier in order not to cause problems to bishop Chrysostomos. Ottomans always were accusing Chrysostomos, in every death of a Turk soldier.

Drama broke down when news spread because Armen Kouptsios was famous. Chrysostomos and Drama people made a lot of attempts to free Kouptsios, with no result. Armen Kouptsios was tortured in order to reveal names of the Organization. As he didn't reveal anything he stood on trial in a special court martial in Thessaloniki. He was condemned to execution by hanging. He was transferred back to Drama for the hanging.

Chrysostomos and the "Greek centre" organized plan for Armen Kouptsios' escape. Turks learned about the plan of escape and changed the way back. So, the plan of escape abandoned. On 14 September 1905, Armen Kouptsios was executed in the great plane tree, in the square of Drama.

Armen Kouptsios' father watched the scene of his execution. Chrysostomos invited Armen's father in the episcopate in order to comfort him. Armen's father said to bishop "I am not crying for losing my son. I am crying for you, because you lost your henchman." In World War I, in 1916, when Bulgarians came back to Drama, they arrested Armen's father, they tortured him and then they let him die inside a well. Bulgarians also cut the plane tree, to leave no memories of the sacrifice to the younger Dramins.


Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.


Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.


Cidyessus (Κιδύησσος) was a city of some importance, west of Ammonia in west-central Phrygia, in the territory of the Setchanli Ova, or Mouse Plain; this large and fertile valley projects far into Phrygia Salutaris, but the city was in Phrygia Pacatiana.Its site has been determined by an inscription to be modern Küçükhüyük in Turkey, west of Afyonkarahisar. The old native name may have been Kydessos, though it is Kidyessos on its coins.


Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.


Cyaneae (Ancient Greek: Κυανέαι; also spelt Kyaneai or Cyanae) was a town of ancient Lycia, or perhaps three towns known collectively by the name, on what is now the southern coast of Turkey. William Martin Leake says that its remains were discovered west of Andriaca. The place, which is at the head of Port Tristomo, was determined by an inscription. Leake observes that in some copies of Pliny it is written Cyane; in Hierocles and the Notitiae Episcopatuum it is Cyaneae. To Spratt and Forbes, Cyaneae appeared to be a city ranking in importance with Phellus and Candyba, but in a better state of preservation. No longer a residential bishopric, Cyanae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.


Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.

Drama, Greece

Drama (Greek: Δράμα [ˈðrama]) is a city and municipality in northeastern Greece in Macedonia. Drama is the capital of the regional unit of Drama which is part of the East Macedonia and Thrace region. The town (pop. 44,823 in 2011) is the economic center of the municipality (pop. 58,944), which in turn comprises 60 percent of the regional unit's population. The next largest communities in the municipality are Choristi (pop. 2,725), Χiropótamos (2,554), Kallífytos (1,282), Kalós Agrós (1,178), and Koudoúnia (996).

Built at the foot of mount Falakro, in a verdant area with abundant water sources, Drama has been an integral part of the Hellenic world since the classical era; under the Byzantine Empire, Drama was a fortified city with a castle and rose to great prosperity under the Komnenoi as a commercial and military junction.In the modern era, tobacco production and trade, the operation of the railway (1895) and improvement of the road network towards the port of Kavala, led to an increase in the population of the city and to the enhancement of commercial activity.Drama hosts the "Eleftheria", cultural events in commemoration of the city's liberation, at the end of June or beginning of July, and an annual film festival in September.


Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.


Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.

List of former toponyms in Drama Prefecture

Many settlements in Macedonia region in Northern Greece had Greek and non-Greek forms.

Most of those names were in use during the multinational environment of the Ottoman Empire. Some of the forms were identifiable of Greek origin, others of Serbian Slavic, yet others of Turkish or more obscure origins.

Following the First World War and the Graeco-Turkish War which followed, an exchange of population took place between Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria and Turkey.

(Treaty of Neuilly, between Greece and Bulgaria and Treaty of Lausanne, between Greece and Turkey)

The villages of the exchanged populations (Bulgarians and Muslims) in Greece were resettled with Greeks from Asia Minor and local Macedonian Greeks.

Since the Greek state became ethnic

the Greek government renamed many places with revived ancient names, local Greek-language names, or translations of the non-Greek names.: The multi ethnic names were officially removed and the former multiethnic composition of the region was almost denied.

A lot of historical Greek names from Asia Minor were also introduced in the region mainly by the resettled refugees.

Many Demotic Greek names were also replaced by a Katharevousa Greek form, usually different only morphologically.

Slavic language Turkish language

List of settlements in the Drama regional unit

This is a list of settlements in the Drama regional unit, Greece.



Agia Paraskevi

Agios Athanasios


Ano Pyxari
















Kali Vrysi



Kalos Agros


Kato Nevrokopi

Kato Vrontou











































Ypsili Rachi


Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.


Phellus (Ancient Greek: Φέλλος, Turkish: Phellos) is an town of ancient Lycia, now situated on the mountainous outskirts of the small town of Kaş in the Antalya Province of Turkey. The city was first referenced as early as 7 BC by Greek geographer and philosopher Strabo in Book XII of his Geographica (which detailed settlements in the Anatolia region), alongside the port town of Antiphellus; which served as the settlement's main trade front.

Its exact location, particularly in regard to Antiphellus, was misinterpreted for many years. Strabo incorrectly designates both settlements as inland towns, closer to each other than is actually evident today. Additionally, upon its rediscovery in 1840 by Sir Charles Fellows, the settlement was located near the village of Saaret, west-northwest of Antiphellus. Verifying research into its location in ancient text proved difficult for Fellows, with illegible Greek inscriptions providing the sole written source at the site. However, Thomas Abel Brimage Spratt details in his 1847 work Travels in Lycia that validation is provided in the words of Pliny the Elder, who places Phellus north of Habessus (Antiphellus' pre-Hellenic name).


Rhodiapolis (Ancient Greek: Ῥοδιάπολις), also known as Rhodia (Ῥοδία) and Rhodiopolis (Ῥοδιόπολις), was a city in ancient Lycia. Today it is located on a hill northwest of the modern town Kumluca in Antalya Province, Turkey.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.


Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia

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