Kalabaland Glacier

Kalabaland Glacier of Himalaya is situated in the eastern Kumaun of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state of India. Kalabaland is situated to the north of the Milam Valley and to the west of the Darma valley. This glacier is aligned at northwest to southeast direction and lies above the Yankcharand Sankalp glaciers. This glacier is rare in the fact that it joins with the Yankchar Glacier to form the Sankalp Glacier. It is a massive mixed glacial system of Kalabaland-Burfu and Kalganga glaciers. The length of the glacier is 15 km (9.3 miles). A number of peaks surrounding the Kalabaland Glacier are Bamba Dhura 6,334 m, Chiring We 6,559 m, Suli Top 6,300 m, Trigal 5,983 m, Burphu Dhura 6,144 m, Suitilla 6,373 m and Kalabaland Dhura 6,105 m. Kalabaland Glacier is nestled by the horseshoe-shaped Himalayan massif separating Goriganga and Lassar Yankti valleys, and it lies a little to the east of the Milam Glacier. The Ralam Gad River originates from the Kalabaland, Yangchar and Sankalp glaciers.

See also

Bamba Dhura

Bamba Dhura is a Himalayan mountain peak situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India. With a summit altitude of 6,334 metres (20,781 ft), Bamba Dhura is situated on the north west ridge over the end of the Kalabaland Glacier in the eastern part of the district, left of the Milam Glacier. Kalabaland Dhura (6,105 m) is situated to the west of this peak and Chiring We (6,559 m) is on the same massif. Bamba Dhura massif is the part of divide between Kalabaland and Lassar valley. This peak was first climbed to the summit in 1977 from south by col between Bamba Dhura and Chiring We. The peak has since been climbed through the southeastern and western ridges between the two peaks.

Burphu Dhura

Burphu Dhura is a Himalayan mountain peak situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India. The altitude of the summit is 6,334 m. It is situated at the end ridge over the Kalabaland Glacier in the eastern part of the district, left to the Milam Glacier. Kalabaland Dhura (6,105 m) is situated to the west of this peak on the same massif. Burphu Dhura massif is the part of divide between Kalabaland and Goriganga valleys. This peak was first of all climbed to summit in 2000 from south on 27 September 2000 by Loveraj Dharmashaktu, Balwant Singh Kapkoti and Ramesh by an Indian team led by Wing Cdr S S Puri. The peak has two approaches—one from the Kalabaland glacier above the icefall and another from Burphu village in the Milam valley.

Chaudhara

Chaudhara is a Himalayan mountain peak, situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. The altitude of the peak is 6,510 m. The peak lies to the south of Ralam pass and north west of Panchchuli. The peak is so named due to the peak having four corners. The peak was climbed for the first time by an Indian team led by A.R.Chandekar and Sherpa Ajeeba in 1973. Rajrambha is its neighbouring peak. Chaudhara is situated at the south east end of Kalabaland Glacier-Sankalp Glacier-Yangchar Glacier group. Chaudhara is the part of Himalayan massif between Ralam and Lassar valley. The most popular route to the summit is via the west face.

Chiring We

Chiring We is the Himalayan peak situated in eastern Kumaun of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. The altitude of the peak is 6,559 m. Chiring We is the highest peak above the Kalabaland Glacier. Chiring We massif, which include peaks like Bamba Dhura (6,334 m), Suli Top (6,300 m), Trigal (5,983 m), Suitilla (6,373 m), separates Lassar Yankti valley from Kalabaland valley. The peak literally means 'Mountain of long life'. The route is through glaciers of Kalabaland, Sankalpa and Yankchar, icefall, crevasses, ice-pinnacles, ice walls and sharp ridges. First ascent to this peak was made in 1979 by an Indian team led by Harish Kapadia via northeast ridge.

List of glaciers of India

Himalayan region of India is home of some of the most notable glaciers in the world. This is a list of the notable glaciers in India. Most glaciers lie in the states of Sikkim, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Few glaciers are also found in Arunachal Pradesh.

Pithoragarh district

Pithoragarh district is the easternmost Himalayan district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is naturally landscaped with high Himalayan mountains, snow-capped peaks, passes, valleys, alpine meadows, forests, waterfalls, perennial rivers, glaciers, and springs. The flora and fauna of the area have rich ecological diversity. Pithoragarh has many temples and ruined forts from the once flourishing reign of the warrior Chand Kingdom.

The geographical area of the district is 7,110 km2 (2,750 sq mi). At the 2011 census, the total population of the district was 485,993. The total literacy rate was 82.93 percent. Pithoragarh town, which is located in Saur Valley, is its headquarters. The district is within the Kumaon division of Uttarakhand state. The Tibet plateau is situated to the north and Nepal is to the east. The Kali River originates from Kalapaani and flows south, forming the eastern border with Nepal. The Hindu pilgrimage route for Mount Kailash-Lake Manasarovar passes through this district via Lipulekh Pass in the greater Himalayas. The district is administratively divided into six tehsils: Munsiari; Dharchula; Didihat; Berinag; Gangolihat; and Pithoragarh. Naini Saini Airport is the nearest civil airport, but it does not have regular scheduled commercial passenger service. The mineral deposits present in the district are magnesium ore, copper ore, limestone, and slate.

There are 11 tehshil.

Rajrambha

Rajrambha is the name of a Himalayan mountain peak, situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state of India. It means 'celestial nymph' (Apsara) in Hindi. This peak is situated south of the Kalabaland Glacier in eastern Kumaun in the Ralam valley. The summit of the peak is 6,537 m. The nearby peaks which form the north-south massif are Suitilla 6,373 m, Chaudhara 6,510 m, and Ngalaphu 6,410 m.

Rajrambha forms a wall between Lasser Yankti and Ralam Valley. It can be approached through the Uttari Balati glacier passing the Balati plateau. Dhakar or Tidang is the base camp from where one can climb the Rajrambha peak (6537m). Dhakar is near Tawaghat in Pithoragarh district as the last motorable station on the way.

On the mountain peak, several alpine flowers can be found including, Iris kumaonenis, Primula macrophylla and lillium oxypetalum.

Suli Top

Suli Top is a Himalayan mountain peak in the Pithoragarh district of the Uttarakhand state of India. It is situated over the eastern flank of Kalabaland Glacier, east of Johar Valley. The other peaks on the massif are Chiring We (6,559 m), Trigal (6,983 m), and Bamba Dhura (6,334 m), etc. This ridge is a geographical divide between Lassar and Kalabaland valley. The first ascent to the summit was achieved in 1986.

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