The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal for Public Service in India was a medal awarded by the Emperor/Empress of India between 1900 and 1947, to "any person without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex ... who shall have distinguished himself (or herself) by important and useful service in the advancement of the public interest in India."
The name Kaisar-i-Hind (Kaisar-i-Hind, Urdu: قیصرِ ہند , Hindi: हिन्द का कैसर) literally means "Emperor of India" in the vernacular of the Hindi and Urdu languages. The word kaisar, meaning "emperor" is a derivative of the Roman imperial title Caesar (via Persian, Turkish – see Kaiser-i-Rum – and the Greek Καίσαρ), and is cognate with the German title Kaiser, which was borrowed from the Latin at an earlier date. Based upon this, the title Kaisar-i-Hind was coined in 1876 by the orientalist G.W. Leitner as the official imperial title for the British monarch in India. The last ruler to bear it was George VI.
The medal was instituted by Queen Victoria on 10 April 1900. The name translates as "Emperor of India" (a name also used for a rare Indian butterfly, Teinopalpus imperialis). The Royal Warrant for the Kaisar-i-Hind was amended in 1901, 1912, 1933 and 1939. While never officially rescinded, the Kaisar-i-Hind ceased to be awarded following the passage of the Indian Independence Act 1947. The awards of the gold medal were often published in the London Gazette, while other classes were published in the Gazette of India.
Medal grades and design
The medal had three grades. The Kaisar-i-Hind Gold Medal for Public Service in India was awarded directly by the monarch on the recommendation of the Secretary of State for India. Silver and Bronze medals were awarded by the Viceroy. The medal consisted of an oval-shaped badge or decoration in gold, silver or bronze with the Royal Cipher and Monarchy on one side, and the words "Kaisar-i-Hind for Public Service in India" on the other. It was to be worn suspended from the left breast by a dark blue ribbon. The medal has no post-nominal initials.
Rai Bahadur Amar Nath Khanna of Lahore, awarded gold medal for his philanthropic work
Harrington Verney Lovett, Esq., Indian Civil Service, 9 November 1901
Herbert Frederick Mayes, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, Indian Civil Service, 9 Nov 1901
Lieutenant-Colonel James McCloghry, FRCS, Indian Medical Service, 9 November 1901
Miss Eleanor McDougall, awarded Medal of the First Class in June 1923 for her work as Principal of the Women's Christian College, Madras
Rev Charles Henry Monahan, awarded Medal of the First Class in February 1937 for his work as General Superintendent, Methodist Missionary Society, Madras
Mrs Olive Monahan (wife of Rev Charles Henry Monahan), awarded Medal of the First Class in June 1920 and awarded a bar to the medal in January 1941 for her work as Chief Medical Officer at the Kalyani Hospital, Madras
William Florey Noyce, Esq., Extra-Assistant Commissioner and Assistant Secretary to the Financial Commissioner, Burma, 9 November 1901
Dr Thomas Joseph O′Donnell, VD, FRCSI, Chief Medical Officer, Kolar Gold Fields, Mysore, 12 December 1911
Dr John David O′Donnell, MBE, VD, FRCSEd, Chief Medical and Sanitary Officer, Kolar Gold Fields, Mysore, July 1926
Walter Samuel Sharpe, Director of Telegraphs, Bombay, 1 January 1916
Rai Bahadur KameleshwariPershad Singh of Monghyr, Bengal
Robert Barton Stewart, Esq., Indian Civil Service, 9 November 1901
Dr William Stokes, for distinguished service in the advancement of the interests of the British Raj
Captain Edmund Wilkinson, FRCS, Indian Medical Service, 9 November 1901
Dr R N Chopra, Public Services, Abbottabad, now in Pakistan
Roderick Henry Turing Mackenzie, Esq. AMICE, Chief Engineer Buildings and Roads, Bikaner State, for drought relief services, 1940
Thomas d'Esterre Roberts, S.J., Archbishop of Bombay, for services to the forces during World War II
Rev Dr Frederick Vincent Thomas, Baptist Medical Mission, Palwal
Emma Wilson, Chief Lady Superintendent of the Minto Association, awarded the Gold Medal, "...for useful service in the advancement of the public interest in India...", January 1942.
Laxmidas Pitambardas Adodra, awarded for public service and large-scale but anonymous philanthropic contributions towards animal welfare as well as public healthcare including significant help for controlling cholera outbreak in Porbandar, Gujarat
Dr Lilian Arratoon, surgeon, New Year's Honours list 1945
Khan Bahadur Sher Jang, 1916, for distinguished service in the advancement of the interests of the British Raj
Dr Eulius Sheldon Downs, 1945, for distinguished service in the advancement of the interests of the British Raj
Dr Dorothy L Ferris, for her healing services at Frances Newton Hospital, Ferozepore
Mrs. Edith Muriel Gill (nee Gotting), Nurse and matron at the Byculla Railway Hospital (now Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial Central Railway Hospital), for her distinguished service in the aftermath of the Victoria dock explosions in Bombay (now Mumbai) on 14th April 1944.
^Leigh, Michael D. 2014 The evacuation of civilians from Burma: analysing the 1942 colonial disaster
^Reed, Stanley (1912). The King and Queen in India : a Record of the Visit of Their Imperial Majesties the King Emperor and Queen Empress to India, from December 2nd, 1911, to January 10th, 1912. BENNETT, COLEMAN & Co. p. 368.
Elizabeth Adelaide Manning (1828 – 10 August 1905) was a British writer and editor. She championed kindergartens. She was one of the first students to attend Girton College. Manning was active for the National Indian Association which championed education and the needs of women in India.
Ambalal Sarabhai (24 March 1890 – 1967) was an Indian industrialist in Ahmedabad. He also participated in India's independence movements. Sarabhai was founder of Sarabhai group of Companies, like Sarabhai Textiles, Calico Textile Mills, Sarabhai Chemicals & others.
Dr. Anna Sarah Kugler (19 April 1856 – 26 July 1930) was the first medical missionary of the Evangelical Lutheran General Synod of the United States of North America. She served in India for 47 years. She founded a hospital in Guntur which was later named for her.
Sir Francis William Maclean (13 December 1844 – 11 November 1913) was an English barrister and Liberal Party politician
who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1891.
Maclean was the third son of Alexander Maclean, of Barrow Hedges, Carshalton, Surrey. He was educated at Westminster School and at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple in 1868.
In 1885 Maclean was elected Member of Parliament for Woodstock. He became a Liberal Unionist member following the ructions of 1886. He held the seat until his resignation in 1891.Maclean was made a Q.C. in 1886. After resigning his seat he was Master in Lunacy until 1896, becoming a bencher in 1892. From 1896 to 1909 he was Chief Justice of Bengal. He was knighted in 1896, appointed K.C.I.E. in 1898, and awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal in 1900. His career in India included the chairmanship of famine relief committees in 1897, 1900 and 1907, as well as a short spell as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta between 1898 and 1900.
Maclean resided latterly in London and died at the age of 68.
Maclean married Mattie Sowerby of Benwell Tower, Northumberland in August 1869. Their son, Montague Francis Maclean, was a leading figure in the coal industry.
Isabella Kerr (née Gunn; 30 May 1875 – 12 January 1932) was a Scottish medical missionary who worked in India in the early 20th-century. She created the Victoria Leprosy Centre in Hyderabad. She worked to cure leprosy in India.
Kenneth William Stewart Kennedy was an Anglican bishop in India from 1926 to 1936.
He was born into an ecclesiastical family. His father was the Very Revd Thomas Le Ban Kennedy, sometime Dean of Clogher., educated at The Royal School, Armagh and Trinity College, Dublin and ordained in 1890. His first post was a curacy at St Ann's Dublin. Emigrating to India, he was a Missionary priest with the Dublin University Mission to Chota Nagpur and then continued to serve the same area with the SPG until 1926. Then he became its Diocesan Bishop, a post he held for a decade. He was awarded the Kaisar-I-Hind Medal in 1933 and returned to his native Ireland three years later. His last post was that of Priest-in-charge of Rathmichael where he died on 9 December 1943.
Marie Adelaide Freeman-Thomas, Marchioness of Willingdon, (née Brassey; 24 March 1875 – 30 January 1960) was a daughter of Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey. On 20 July 1892, she married Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon (12 September 1866 – 12 August 1941), the future Governor General of Canada and Viceroy of India. They had two sons, Lieutenant Gerard Frederick Freeman-Thomas (3 May 1893 – 14 September 1914), killed, aged 21, in the First World War, and Inigo Brassey Freeman-Thomas, 2nd Marquess of Willingdon (25 July 1899 – 19 March 1979).
Maharana Nihal Singh, (4 May 1863 – 20 July 1901) was the Jat ruler of Dholpur state (1873–1901) in Rajasthan, India. He was from Bamraulia gotra of Jats. He was born on 4 May 1863 as son of Kulender Singh and succeeded Rana Bhagwant Singh on 9 February 1873 after his death. He was of 11 years of age when ascended to the throne in 1873.
He married on 30 April 1879 with the second daughter of Shah Dev Singh of Pandriganeshpur in Lahore and had issue.
He was popular as ‘Pyare Raja Saheb’. He got his education under the guidance of his mother who was daughter of Maharaja Narender Singh of Patiala. He got educated in English language in 1873-74 and also learnt Hindi, Sanskrit and Persian languages. He attended the Prince of Wales (VII Edward) darbar at Delhi in 1876. He got done the settlement of land, first time, in the state in 1875. He got full rights in 1884.
He was a good horse rider. There is a story that he did relay horse riding with the train and he won the train under terms of agreement with British. This train was in his ownership till his reign. He got constructed hospitals, ponds, repaired buildings, spread a network of roads and rail during his reign. He was a popular ruler.
He received honorary Major in the Central India Horse, and received the C.B. and Frontier Medal for services in the Tirah campaign.
He died on 28 July 1901. His successor was Rana Ram Singh.
Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati (23 April 1858 – 5 April 1922) was an Indian social reformer, a pioneer in the education and emancipation of women in India. She was the first woman to be accorded the titles of Pandita as a Sanskrit scholar and Sarasvati after being examined by the faculty of the University of Calcutta. She was one of the 10 women delegates of the Congress session of 1889. In the late 1890s, She founded Mukti Mission at Kedgaon village, forty miles east of the city of Pune.The mission was later named Pandita Ramabai Mukti Mission.
Parbati Sankar Roy Choudhury (Rai Parvatisankara Chaudhuri), (c. 1850-1918) was the zamindar of Teota (now in Manikganj District, Bangladesh) and a philanthropic landholder. He was born in the early 1850s, and was the elder son of Joy Sankar Choudhuri of Teota. Teota zamindars were one of the well-known zamindars of Bengal. Their ancestral surname was Dasgupta (Dash-sharma).
Parbati Sankar was an active member of the British Indian Association, the Indian Association, the Indian National Congress, and the Dacca district board. He was also one of the founders of the Indian Industrial Association, which was set up to promote the material and economic development of the region. As part of the economic reconstruction programme, Parbati Sankar attempted to make use of the material raw resources available within the Teota zamindari (in Goalondo, Faridpur and elsewhere). His name is also associated with the formulation of a concrete and detailed plan (1890s) of extension of the railways to Manikganj, linking it up with the town of Dacca on the east and the river port of Goalando on the west.
Parbati Sankar is best remembered, however, for pioneering the 'dharmagola' system of co-operative grain banking, intended to alleviate scarcity and resulting famine. 'Dharmagolas' or grain banks were established at various places within the Teota Estate and elsewhere in Dinajpur and the system was a success. These grain banks were registered as formal co-operative societies in the second decade of the 20th century. Parbati Sankar wrote a number of articles in which he not only outlined the basic features of the 'dharmagola' system, but also clearly brought out its many virtues and advantages. He spoke on the "Indebtedness of the Bengal peasantry" at an annual session of the Congress (INC) in the early 1900s.
Parbati Sankar Rai was honoured with the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal in 1912. He died in Calcutta in 1918.
Purnima Devi also known as Sudakshina Devi (1884–1972), was the youngest child of noted Brahmo Hemendranath Tagore, and niece of Rabindranath Tagore, thus part of the larger Tagore family.She was married to Sir Jwala Prasada, Zamindar of Shahjahanpur and an Imperial Civil Service (ICS) officer. She was later awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal by the British Raj
Taravath Madhavan Nair (15 January 1868 – 17 July 1919) was an Indian politician and political activist of the Dravidian Movement from the Madras Presidency. He founded the Justice Party along with Theagaroya Chetty and C. Natesa Mudaliar.
General Thomas Arthur Cooke (1841–1912) was a British general whose career spanned the 19th and 20th centuries.
Cooke was gazetted into the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1862 before transferring to the 17th Lancers in 1866. From here he rose steadily and was mentioned in dispatches during the Anglo Zulu War. He assumed command of the regiment in 1886 and subsequently served in India (where he was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal for public service as President of the Plague Committee). Promotion to the rank of major general followed on 23 May 1898.In 1902 he was general officer in command of a camp which hosted many of the colonial troops visiting the United Kingdom for the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, for which he was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) two days after the ceremony, on 11 August 1902.From 1906 to 1908 he was colonel of the 5th Royal Irish Lancers.He was buried at Kensal Cemetery in a ceremony attended by many of his former comrades.
Maharaja Udit Narayan Singh (1770 – 4 April 1835), of the Royal House of Benares, was the Kashi Naresh from (12 September 1795 – 4 April 1835). He was the eldest surviving son of Mahipat Narayan Singh.
He had a great contribution in the culture of Varanasi. He started the tradition of staging the Ramlila at Ramnagar, Varanasi in around 1830.He died in 1835, was succeeded by his nephew Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh, GCSI, Kaiser-i-Hind (1822 – 13 June 1889).
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