Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii

Kailua /kaɪˈluːə/ is a census-designated place (CDP) in Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States. It lies in the Koʻolaupoko District of the island of Oʻahu on the windward coast at Kailua Bay. It is in the judicial district and the ahupua'a named Ko'olaupoko. It is 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Honolulu – over Nu‘uanu Pali. The population was 38,635 at the 2010 census.[1]

In the Hawaiian language Kailua means "two seas" or "two currents", a contraction of the words kai (meaning "sea" or "sea water") and ʻelua (meaning "two"); it is so named because of the two lagoons in the district or the two currents which run through Kailua Bay.

Kailua is primarily a residential community, with a centralized commercial district along Kailua Road. The population was 50,000 in 1992.[2]

Places of note in Kailua include Kailua Beach Park, Lanikai Beach, Kawai Nui Marsh, Maunawili Falls,[3] and Marine Corps Base Hawaii. It was home to Barack Obama’s winter White House.

Kailua
Aerial photo of Kailua, Enchanted Lake and Mokapu Peninsula
Aerial photo of Kailua, Enchanted Lake and Mokapu Peninsula
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Kailua is located in Hawaii
Kailua
Kailua
Location in Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°23′51″N 157°44′22″W / 21.39750°N 157.73944°WCoordinates: 21°23′51″N 157°44′22″W / 21.39750°N 157.73944°W
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu
Area
 • Total10.6 sq mi (27.4 km2)
 • Land7.8 sq mi (20.1 km2)
 • Water2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total38,635
 • Density3,700/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zoneUTC−10 (Hawaii–Aleutian)
Zip Code
96734
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-23150
GNIS feature ID359894

History

Early history

During the reign of King Kākuhihewa and his successors, Kanekapu, Kahoowaha, Kauakahiakahoowaha, and Kualiʻi, Kailua replaced Waikiki as the residential seat of the Oʻahu Rulers (aliʻi nui of Oʻahu). Many ancient temple ruins, such as those at Ulupo Heiau State Historic Site, are in the area.[4]

Beach

Kailua Beach is crescent-shaped, about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long, and ranging between 50 and 150 feet (15 and 46 m) wide. The ocean bottom fronting the beach slopes gently to overhead depths without any coral heads. Light to medium waves support surfing and bodysurfing. The steady trade winds make Kailua Beach a top windsurfing and kitesurfing destination. Robby Naish, first World Champion of windsurfing and Professional Windsurfers Association Hall of Fame inductee, grew up in Kailua.[5][6][7]

Sea kayaking and stand-up paddleboarding to the protected seabird sanctuaries Flat Island and the Nā Mokulua, popularly known as "the Mokes", have become increasingly popular water activities at the beach.

Geography

Kailua bay
Kailua Bay

Kailua is located at 21°23′51″N 157°44′22″W / 21.39750°N 157.73944°W (21.397370, −157.739515).[8] Nearby towns include Kāneʻohe, Maunawili, and Waimānalo.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27.4 km2). 7.8 square miles (20.1 km2) of it is land, and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) of it (26.62%) is water.[9] A significant portion of this water area is Kawai Nui Marsh, the largest wetland in the Hawaiian Islands and a nominated Ramsar Convention site.

Kaʻōhao/Lanikai

Hokulea at Kailua
The Hawaiian voyaging canoe, Hokuleʻa, arrives off Kailua Beach

Kaʻōhao (pronounced [kəʔˈoːhao]) is the earliest known Hawaiian name for the place known as "Lanikai." Kaʻōhao means "the tying" and is derived from an old story in which "two women were tied together here with a loincloth after being beaten in a kōnane game".[10] Kaʻōhao was commercially developed in the 1920s and renamed "Lanikai."[11] It is now an unincorporated community in Kailua on the windward coast at Kailua Bay. Lanikai Beach was rated as one of the top ten beaches in the world by Sherman's Travel Magazine.[12] The area is known for its white powder-like sandy beach, easy access to Nā Mokulua, and its hiking trail along the Keolu Ridge to the World War II military bunkers commonly known as the "Lanikai Pillboxes".[13] Because of its small community and easy access to its famous beach, Lanikai has one of the most expensive real estate markets in Hawaii.[14] It is served by Kailua's zip code, 96734.

Demographics

Oahu ahupuaa
Historically, Kailua was an ahupuaʻa, or area of land ruled by chief or king and managed by the members of the ʻaliʻi.

As of the census of 2000,[15] there were 36,513 people, 12,229 households, and 9,318 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,495.8 people per square mile (2,123.2/km²). There were 12,780 housing units, at an average density of 1,923.6 per square mile (743.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 43.84% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 21.11% Asian, 8.07% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 24.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.10% of the population.

There were 12,229 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98, and the average family size was 3.33.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $72,784, and the median income for a family was $79,118. Males had a median income of $46,789, versus $35,612 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,299. About 3.3% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under the age of 18 and 1.5% of those 65 and older.

Government and infrastructure

The Honolulu Police Department operates the Kailua Substation in Kailua.[16] The United States Postal Service operates the Kailua Post Office.[17]

The Hawaii Department of Public Safety operates the Women's Community Correctional Center in Maunawili CDP,[18][19] near Kailua.[20] The Hawaii Department of Human Services operates the Hawaii Youth Correctional Facility (HYCF) in Maunawili,[19][21] near Kailua.[22]

Winter White House

Barack Obama has taken winter vacations in 2008 & 2009 in Kailua and in the rented, ocean-front house Plantation Estate in the Paradise Point Estates in 2010, 2011 & 2012. The house was built by developer Harold Kainalu Long Castle, who also lived there.[23] Obama also took a vacation break in August 2008 at a different Kailua house, Oahu Lani, during the 2008 United States presidential election.

Obama signs Zadroga Act
Obama signing the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act on January 2, 2011.
President Obama signing the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013
President Obama signing the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 on December 26, 2013.

Controversy

The arrival of Obama as well as various social media and travel sites have contributed to Kailua becoming overrun by tourists looking to get out of Waikiki.[24] Kailua, once known as a sleepy beach town, became a hot tourist attraction overnight. Local residents, known for being very vocal, have been at war with legislators and developers, protesting various issues such as the arrival of Target, tour buses, and illegal vacation rentals that have opened due to the lack of appropriate legal accommodations. Crime, traffic and beach parking issues have been increasing since 2014.

Education

Public schools

The Hawai'i Department of Education operates the public schools.

Elementary schools in the CDP include Aikahi, Enchanted Lake, Kaelepulu, Kailua, Kainalu, Keolu, Lanikai, Maunawili, and Mokapu. Kailua Intermediate School, Kalaheo High School, and Kailua High School are also in the CDP.[25]

Area private schools

Films

Movies and TV shows that have been filmed in Kailua include:

  1. Hawaii Five-O (1968): "King of the Hill" – TV episode
  2. Waikiki (1980) (TV)
  3. Mädchengeschichten (1998): Shea – "Surfer girl" – TV episode
  4. Lost (2004–10) – TV episodes
  5. Magnum, P.I. (1980–88) – TV episodes
  6. Hawaii Five-0 (2010)- TV episodes

Community

Kailua hosts various events throughout the year, from block parties to fireworks.[26]

Notable people

Gallery

Paaka kahakai kailua

View across Kailua Beach to the offshore islet known as Moku nui, one of Nā Mokulua off Lanikai

Kailua Oahu

View of Kailua from the Kaiwa Ridge Trail (Keolu Hills)

Kailua from Olomana

View of Kailua Town from Ahiki, the third peak of Olomana

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Kailua CDP (Honolulu County), Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  2. ^ "History of Kailua". Kailua, HI, USA: Kailua Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  3. ^ "Na Ala Hele - Hawaii Trail System: Oahu: 14". Hawaiitrails.ehawaii.gov. September 21, 2000. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  4. ^ "Ulupo Heiau State Historic Site". Department of Land and Natural Resources. State of Hawaii. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2008.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  5. ^ "Kailua, Oahu". aloha-hawaii.com. Media-HI, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  6. ^ World of Windsurfing : Robby Naish
  7. ^ PWA Profile – Naish
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kailua CDP (Honolulu County), Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  10. ^ "Hawaiian Place Names". Ulukau.org. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  11. ^ "History". Lanikai Association. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  12. ^ "Top 10 beaches we love". msnbc.com. Microsoft. February 28, 2006. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  13. ^ A Windward Hike To Remember | Keeping Score | Midweek.com
  14. ^ Lanikai Real Estate
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Contacting HPD Archived May 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Honolulu Police Department. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location – KAILUA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  18. ^ "Women's Community Correctional Center." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  19. ^ a b "Maunawili CDP, Hawaii Archived November 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  20. ^ "LexisNexis sells its database to prisons." Associated Press at MSNBC. March 16, 2004. Retrieved on May 19, 2010. "Harry Fuchigami, librarian at the Women's Community Correctional Center in Kailua."
  21. ^ "Frequently Called Numbers." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on August 22, 2010. "Hawaii Youth Correctional Facility" "42–477 Kalanianaole Highway Kailua, HI 96734"
  22. ^ "Re: Investigation of the Hawaii Youth Correctional Facility, Kailua, Hawaii Archived May 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." United States Department of Justice. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  23. ^ President Returns to Paradise Point Estates, the Obama Winter White House – KAILUA, Hawaii, Dec. 23, 2010
  24. ^ "Is This Charming Town Hawaii's Next Waikiki?". Huffington Post. March 28, 2015.
  25. ^ "Kailua CDP, Honolulu County, Hawaii Archived November 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  26. ^ "Kailua Events". Kailua, HI, USA: Kailua Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 18, 2012.

External links

Alpha L. Bowser

Alpha Lyons Bowser (August 21, 1910 – July 13, 2003) was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general. He was a combat veteran of World War II and the Korean War – decorated for his actions during the Battle of Iwo Jima and in the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (H.J.Res. 59; Pub.L. 113–67) is a federal statute concerning spending and the budget in the United States, that was signed into law by President Barack Obama on December 26, 2013. On December 10, 2013, pursuant to the provisions of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014 calling for a joint budget conference to work on possible compromises, Representative Paul Ryan and Senator Patty Murray announced a compromise that they had agreed to after extended discussions between them. The law raises the sequestration caps for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, in return for extending the imposition of the caps into 2022 and 2023, and miscellaneous savings elsewhere in the budget. Overall, the bill is projected to lower the deficit by $23 billion over the long term.

In forming the deal behind the bill that was passed, Ryan and Murray explicitly avoided trying to find a "grand bargain", in which Democrats would buy into reduced entitlements spending while Republicans would agree to higher tax rates, as several past negotiations along such lines had failed. Instead, in Ryan's words, negotiations sought to "focus on common ground ... to get some minimal accomplishments". The deal did represent a rare example of bipartisanship during this period and promised to end for a while the last-minute, crisis-driven budget battles that had consumed Congress for much of the prior three years.

Boettcher Estate

Boettcher Estate, also known as Kalama Beach Park, is a former beachfront estate in Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii, with a house designed by Vladimir Ossipoff and landscape designed by Richard Tongg. It became a municipal park in 1978 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.Mae Bleakie Boettcher, the widow of the original owner and trustee of the Denver-based Boettcher Foundation, sold her estate to the City and County of Honolulu. She died in 2001.The original home was designed for the Boettcher family in 1937 by Vladimir Ossipoff soon after he opened his own firm in Honolulu. After the city assumed ownership, the house and its 4-acre (1.6 ha) lot were restored and redesigned in several phases by Mason Architects of Honolulu to serve as Kalama Beach Park.The area called Kalama (which means "The Torch" in the Hawaiian language) was Kailua's first housing tract, developed in 1925 by Harold K.L. Castle, who named it after Queen Kalama, the wife of King Kamehameha III, who previously owned the land in the Kailua area.

Carlos Diaz (pitcher)

Carlos Antonio Diaz (January 7, 1958 – September 28, 2015) was an American Major League Baseball relief pitcher. He played for the Seattle Mariners, Atlanta Braves, New York Mets and Los Angeles Dodgers.

Colt Brennan

Colton James "Colt" Brennan (born August 16, 1983) is a former American professional football quarterback. He was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the sixth round of the 2008 NFL Draft, but was released two years later. He played college football for the University of Hawaii Warriors.

He holds the NCAA Division I record for most touchdown passes in a single season with 58. He holds several other NCAA Division I FBS records.

David Schutter

David C. Schutter was a Honolulu criminal defense attorney and civil litigator. He was noted for his flamboyant courtroom persona and involvement in high-profile legal cases in Hawaii during the 1970s and 1980s.

Emily Chang (journalist)

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Harland Ah You

Harland Ah You (born February 26, 1972) is a former gridiron football defensive lineman who played 10 games with the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League in 1998. He played college football at Brigham Young University and attended Kahuku High & Intermediate School in Kahuku, Hawaii.He is the son of former Montreal Alouette Junior Ah You.

Harold Kainalu Long Castle

Harold Kainalu Long Castle (July 3, 1886 – August 19, 1967) was a landowner, real estate developer, and later philanthropist in Hawaii.

Henry Ian Cusick

Henry Ian Cusick (born 17 April 1967) is a Scottish-Peruvian actor of television, film, and theatre and a television director.

He is known for his role as Desmond Hume in the ABC television series Lost, for which he received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. He also starred in the ABC political thriller series Scandal, as Stephen Finch, as Marcus Kane in The CW science fiction series The 100 and as Dr. Jonas Lear in The Passage on Fox.

Irie Love

Irie Love (born July 7, 1982) is an American R&B Reggae singer and songwriter. She first gained notice as one of the finalists on the "Brown Bags to Stardom" competition in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1999. She was signed by John Iervolino (one of the judges in the competition) onto his record label, Quiet Storm Records. She was featured as the only new artist on his world music compilation entitled Roots Music Volume 2: Private Beach Party for which they used her likeness to promote the album.

Jeremy Tepper

Jeremy Evan Tepper (born 1963) is an American musician, journalist, and record industry executive. The former frontman of the band World Famous Blue Jays, he founded the record label Diesel Only Records in 1990, along with Jay Sherman-Godfrey and Albert Caiati. Along with Caiati, Tepper subsequently became the "head honcho" of Diesel Only. He was also the managing editor of the magazine Vending Times prior to 1992, and later became the publisher and editor-in-chief of the jukebox industry trade journal Street Beat. Prior to becoming format manager for Sirius Satellite Radio's Outlaw Country channel in 2004, he had also worked for CDuctive and eMusic.com, and had served as the editor of the Journal of Country Music and as a country music critic for Pulse!.

Kailua

Kailua may refer to:

Places in Hawaii

Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii, a census-designated place

Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii, a census-designated place

Kailua High School, in Honolulu county

Kailua-Kona Airport, in Hawaii countyOther uses

USS Kailua (IX-71), formerly CS Dickenson, a civilian cable-laying ship that became an auxiliary ship of the United States Navy in the Second World War

List of residences of presidents of the United States

Official residences (such as, the White House, Camp David, or the former President's House in Philadelphia) are not the only residences of presidents of the United States. Listed below are the private residences of the various presidents of the United States.

Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay

Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay or MCAS Kaneohe Bay (IATA: NGF, ICAO: PHNG, FAA LID: NGF) is a United States Marine Corps airfield located within the Marine Corps Base Hawaii complex, formerly known as Marine Corps Air Facility (MCAF) Kaneohe Bay or Naval Air Station (NAS) Kaneohe Bay. It is located two miles (3 km) northeast of the central business district of Kaneohe, in Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States. The airfield has one runway (4/22) with a 7,771 x 200 ft (2,369 x 61 m) asphalt surface.

Mike Akiu

Karl Michael Akiu (born February 12, 1962) is a former American football wide receiver who played two seasons with the Houston Oilers of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Houston Oilers in the seventh round of the 1985 NFL Draft. He first enrolled at Washington State University before transferring to the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Akiu attended Kalaheo High School in Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii. He was also a member of the San Francisco 49ers and Buffalo Bills.

Plantation Estate

Plantation Estate is a single-story, wood-frame, 5,000-square-foot (460 m2) Pacific Ocean-front house at 57 Kailuana Place in Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii, which former President Barack Obama rented for use during his Christmas vacations from 2008 to 2016.

The house is less than a mile south of the Marine Corps Base Hawaii. Obama worked out at the Semper Fit Center at the base and attended dinners there during his visits. He also swam in the ocean at the base of Pyramid Rock.

Rocky Freitas

Rockne Crowningburg "Rocky" Freitas (born September 7, 1945) is a former American football offensive tackle who played for the Detroit Lions and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in an eleven-year career that lasted from 1968 to 1978 in the National Football League.

Freitas played college football at Oregon State University and was drafted in the third round of the 1967 NFL Draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers. He was selected to the Pro Bowl after the 1972 season. His son Makoa was selected in the 2003 NFL Draft by the Indianapolis Colts.

Freitas is currently the Chancellor at the University of Hawaii–West Oahu (UHWO). In November 2010, he was instrumental in negotiating a move of the UH football team from the Western Athletic Conference to the Mountain West Conference, which is to take place before the 2012 season.

Freitas is a former chancellor of Hawaii Community College in Hilo, Hawaii.

The Hawaii Project

The Hawaii Project is a personalized book discovery engine. The Hawaii Project provides personalized book recommendations and access to current book news. It tracks curated sources of interesting books and articles, uncovering new texts that align with a user's interests, their favorite authors and current events.. The Hawaii Project also provides a social reading app called Bookship, shortlisted for the 2017 Bookseller's Startup of the Year. Users of The Hawaii Project can follow authors and particular sources of writing about books to get alerts about relevant information. It is privately funded.

Islands, municipalities, and communities of Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States
CDPs
Unincorporatedcommunities

Languages

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