Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii

Kailua is an unincorporated city (Census Designated Place) in Hawaiʻi County, Hawaii, United States, in the North Kona District of the Island of Hawaiʻi.[1] The population was 11,975 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 9,870 at the 2000 census. It is the center of commerce and of the tourist industry on West Hawaiʻi. Its post office is designated Kailua-Kona[3] to differentiate it from Kailua located on the windward side of Oʻahu island, and it is sometimes referred to as Kona in everyday speech. The city is served by Kona International Airport, located just to the north in the adjacent Kalaoa CDP.[4] Kailua-Kona was the closest major settlement to the epicenter of the 2006 Kiholo Bay earthquake.

Kailua-Kona

Kailua (Hawaii County)
Kailua-Kona from Holualoa
Kailua-Kona from Holualoa
Kailua-Kona is located in Hawaii
Kailua-Kona
Kailua-Kona
Coordinates: 19°39′0″N 155°59′39″W / 19.65000°N 155.99417°WCoordinates: 19°39′0″N 155°59′39″W / 19.65000°N 155.99417°W
Area
 • Total39.9 sq mi (103.3 km2)
 • Land35.6 sq mi (92.3 km2)
 • Water4.2 sq mi (11.0 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,975
 • Density336/sq mi (129.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−10 (Hawaii–Aleutian)
ZIP code
96740
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-23000
GNIS feature ID365355

History

Entrevue de l'expedition de M. Kotzebue avec le roi Tammeamea dans l'ile d'Ovayhi, Iles Sandwich
King Kamehameha's court at Kailua-Kona, receiving Otto von Kotzebue in 1816

The community was established by King Kamehameha I to be his seat of government when he was chief of Kona before he consolidated rule of the archipelago in 1795. It was later designated as the capital of the newly unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. The capital was later moved to Lāhainā, and then to Honolulu.

Royal fishponds at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park were the hub of unified Hawaiian culture. The town later functioned as a retreat of the Hawaiian royal family. Up until the late 1900s, Kailua-Kona was primarily a small fishing village.[5]:58 In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the region has undergone a real estate and construction boom fueled by tourism and investment.

Geography

Kailua-Kona is located at 19°39′0″N 155°59′39″W / 19.65000°N 155.99417°W (19.649973, −155.994028),[6] along the shoreline of Kailua Bay and up the southern slope of Hualālai volcano. There are no major rivers or streams in Kailua-Kona or on the Kona side of Hawaii.[5]:26

According to the United States Census Bureau, the City has a total area of 39.9 square miles (103.3 km2), of which 35.6 square miles (92.3 km2) are land and 4.2 square miles (11.0 km2), or 10.67%, are water.[2]

Kailua-Kona is bordered to the north by Kalaoa, to the south by Holualoa, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean from Kailua Bay in the south to Honokohau Bay in the north. The Kailua-Kona postal code is 96740 (post office boxes – 96745).

Climate

Kailua-Kona has a tropical, semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) with warm temperatures year-round, typical of its latitude in the tropics. It is the warmest place in the United States of America in January on average. The coolest month is February, with an average high temperature of 81.2 °F (27.3 °C), while the warmest is August, with an average high of 86.9 °F (30.5 °C). In addition to being the warmest place in the United States in January, it is also the city with the highest record low in the United States with an all-time low temperature of 56 °F (13 °C). Humidity is generally between 50% and 70%. Kailua-Kona is generally dry, with an average annual precipitation of 18.93 inches (481 mm). Mornings are typically clear, while thermal clouds created in the day raise the temperature during the day.[5]:26

Vog can cover parts of the Kona coast from time to time depending on the activity of the Kilauea volcano and the island winds. Kailua-Kona is located on the leeward side of the Hualalai Volcano, sheltering the town from wind and rain.[5]:58

Demographics

2000 Census data

Kona Makai
Kailua from southern shore

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,870 people, 3,537 households, and 2,429 families residing in Kailua-Kona. The population density was 278.0 people per square mile (107.3/km²). There were 4,322 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile (47.0/km²). The racial makeup of the City was 38.7% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 18.3% Asian, 13.2% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 27.07% from two or more races. 10.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,537 households out of which 35.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.26.

In Kailua-Kona the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,874, and the median income for a family was $46,657. Males had a median income of $30,353 versus $26,471 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,624. 10.8% of the population and 6.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.9% of those under the age of 18 and 3.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy

Kona Inn Shopping Village, Sunset, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii (4548894603)
Kailua Inn Shopping Village

Kailua-Kona saw an economic downturn during the 2008 national financial crisis but in the early 2010s has seen significant growth and economic development.[10] Tourism also saw a downturn in the late 2000s but has since seen some resurgence.[11] Visitor air arrivals alone increased about 160% from 2010 to 2017.[12]

The University of Hawaii held its first classes at the new Hawaii Community College Palamanui Campus in 2015.[13][14][15]

Since the early 2000s the Kona side had seen significant amounts of vog from Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Kīlauea, but that changed in May 2018 when Kilauea largely ceased its emissions. The air in Kailua-Kona is clearer than it has been in decades.[16]

Attractions and events

Kailua-Kona is the start and finish of the annual Ironman World Championship triathlon,[17] the annual Kona Coffee Festival, and the Hawaiian International Billfish Tournament.

Kona coffee is the variety of Coffea arabica cultivated on the slopes of Hualālai and Mauna Loa in the North and South Kona Districts. The Kona Historical Society manages two coffee related historical sites: the Kona Coffee Living History Farm and the H.N. Greenwell Store Museum just south of Kailua-Kona.[18]

KailuaBay1
Ali'i Drive along Kailua Bay

Ali'i Drive, Kailua's oceanfront downtown street, starts at Kailua-Kona Pier. It has also been given the designation as a Hawaii Scenic Byway called the "Royal Footsteps Along the Kona Coast".[19] This byway features archaeological sites that have survived for hundreds of years.

North of the pier is the Kamakahonu royal residence and Ahuʻena Heiau. Another royal residence is Huliheʻe Palace, used by members of the Hawaiian royal family until 1914.[20] The Historic Kona Inn and other shops are on the street.

Churches on the drive include Mokuaikaua Church, Hawaiʻi's first Christian church built in 1820, Saint Michael the Archangel Catholic Church, and Living Stones Church, a historical structure built after Mokuaikaua and used as a Christian Missionary landing location in the 1800-1900. Parks include La'aloa Bay (also known as Magic Sands or White Sands Beach) and Kahaluʻu Bay, which is a popular snorkeling location.

Old Airport Beach Morning, near Kailua-Kona, Hawaii
Old Airport Beach, north of Kailua

Boat tours which allow tourists to swim with dolphins, watch whales, and fish in the ocean usually depart from Honokohau Harbor.

Media

Kailua-Kona is served by television station KLEI and by the newspaper West Hawaii Today which is owned by the Black Press.[21]

Education

The Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools. Kealakehe Elementary School, Kahakai Elementary School, Kealakehe Intermediate School, and Kealakehe High School are in the Kailua CDP.[22]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kailua City
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kailua City (Hawaii County), Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kailua-Kona Post Office
  4. ^ "Kalaoa CDP, Hawaii Archived 2009-07-23 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d Doughty, Andrew. Hawaii the Big Island Revealed: The Ultimate Guidebook, 4th ed. Lihuʻe: Wizard. ISBN 978-0-9717279-4-6. ISBN 0-9717279-4-5.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Station Name: HI KAILUA KONA KE-AHOLE AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
  8. ^ "Monthly Normals Kailua Kona Int'l AP, Hawaii". WRCC/NCDC. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Hawaii's Big Island economy improving despite tourism slowdown". Pacific Business News. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  11. ^ https://www.fhb.com/en/assets/File/Marketing/FHB_2013-14_HawaiiEconForecast.pdf
  12. ^ Chun, Jennifer. "Annual Visitor Research Reports". State of Hawaii, Hawaii Tourism Authority. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Gill, Lorin (August 25, 2015). "University of Hawaii's New $27M Kona campus begins first classes". Pacific Business News. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  14. ^ "Palamanui may offer marine science degree". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  15. ^ "UH heads lay out vision for Hawaii Community College — Palamanui". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  16. ^ Armstrong, Jason (January 2, 2019). "Big Island: The VOG I Gone - For The First Time in Decades". Civil Beat. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  17. ^ "Ironman World championships". Ironman.com. Retrieved 2016-05-22.
  18. ^ "Kona Historical Society-Preserving Kona's Stories". Kona Historical Society. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  19. ^ Hawaii Scenic Byway – Royal Footsteps Along the Kona Coast
  20. ^ Kona Historical Society, 1997, A Guide to Old Kona, University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-8248-2010-7
  21. ^ "Official website". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  22. ^ "Kailua CDP, Hawaii Archived 2009-06-04 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.

External links

2007 Ironman World Championship

The 2007 Ford Ironman World Championship was a triathlon race held on October 13, 2007 in Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii. It was the 31st Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The champions were Chris McCormack and Chrissie Wellington. The championship was organised by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

2018 in triathlon

This article consists of the ITU and Ironman Triathlon events for 2018.

2019 in triathlon

This article consists of the ITU and Ironman Triathlon events for 2019.

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail is a 175-mile (282 km) long trail located on the island of Hawaii. It is not yet a continuous "trail", but can be accessed at several broken segments along the coastline of the Big Island. The trail was established to access the traditional Ancient Hawaiian culture along with the natural geology of the island. The trail was established 14 November 2000 as a National Historic Trail which is managed under the National Park Service. The trail has received funds from the Land and Water Conservation Fund.

Cucumber blessing

Cucumber blessing (Japanese: きゅうり加持) is an adhiṣṭhāna practised at Shingon Buddhist temples in summer. In a cucumber blessing meeting, the priest and believers together pray that they can pass the season of hot summer in good health like fresh cucumbers. Kūkai, the founder of Shingon Buddhism, is said to have initiated this practice of blessing.

Kailua

Kailua may refer to:

Places in Hawaii

Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii, a census-designated place

Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii, a census-designated place

Kailua High School, in Honolulu county

Kailua-Kona Airport, in Hawaii countyOther uses

USS Kailua (IX-71), formerly CS Dickenson, a civilian cable-laying ship that became an auxiliary ship of the United States Navy in the Second World War

Kimie

Kimié Kauikeolani Miner (born July 3, 1985), better known as Kimié, is an American singer-songwriter and musician of Native Hawaiian and Portuguese descent. She's an independent artist managed by Kimo Kennedy of Arium Music and Kekoa Kapua of FR Management.

Kohanaiki Beach Park

Kohanaiki Beach Park is a relatively new park, established in 2013, located in Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii. Called "Pinetree" by the local people, it is a quiet park visited by the local people mainly, its entrance on Hawaii State Highway 19 being shown only as "Shoreline".

There are both sand and rock shores. In the sand shore, there is a small pool where children can swim or wade, while many surfers play in the rock shore. Camping is also permitted.

Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area

Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area (known locally as Old A) is a park built on the site of an old landing strip just North of Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii.

Thomas Charles Byde Rooke

Thomas Charles Byde Rooke (18 May 1806 – 28 November 1858) was an English physician who married into the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He built a mansion called the Rooke House in Honolulu that became popular with political and social leaders of the Kingdom.

Climate data for Kailua Kona, Hawaii (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
90
(32)
91
(33)
90
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
93
(34)
95
(35)
94
(34)
94
(34)
92
(33)
89
(32)
95
(35)
Average high °F (°C) 81.6
(27.6)
81.2
(27.3)
82.2
(27.9)
83.0
(28.3)
83.5
(28.6)
85.0
(29.4)
86.0
(30.0)
86.9
(30.5)
86.8
(30.4)
86.0
(30.0)
84.2
(29.0)
82.5
(28.1)
84.1
(28.9)
Average low °F (°C) 68.2
(20.1)
68.0
(20.0)
70.0
(21.1)
70.6
(21.4)
71.6
(22.0)
73.6
(23.1)
74.1
(23.4)
75.1
(23.9)
74.6
(23.7)
74.1
(23.4)
71.8
(22.1)
69.4
(20.8)
71.8
(22.1)
Record low °F (°C) 56
(13)
58
(14)
58
(14)
60
(16)
64
(18)
62
(17)
65
(18)
58
(14)
57
(14)
57
(14)
62
(17)
60
(16)
56
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.41
(61)
1.50
(38)
1.78
(45)
1.36
(35)
2.00
(51)
0.97
(25)
0.70
(18)
1.39
(35)
0.84
(21)
1.34
(34)
1.28
(33)
2.82
(72)
18.39
(468)
Source: WRCC/NCDC[7][8]
Islands, municipalities, and communities of Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States
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