Kagoshima Prefecture

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県 Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital is the city of Kagoshima.[2]

Kagoshima Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese鹿児島県
 • RōmajiKagoshima-ken
Flag of Kagoshima Prefecture

Official logo of Kagoshima Prefecture

Location of Kagoshima Prefecture
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 43
 • GovernorSatoshi Mitazono
 • Total9,187.01 km2 (3,547.12 sq mi)
Area rank10th
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,604,284
 • Rank24th
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-46
BirdLidth's jay (Garrulus lidthi)
FlowerMiyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
TreeCamphor laurel
(Cinnamomum camphora)


Kagoshima Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands (Satsunan).[3] This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration (Saigō Takamori), and the city of Kagoshima was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Tōgō Heihachirō. More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship (100 ton class) in 2001 by the Coast Guard, which was later salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, and the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima beach in 1978 by agents from the same country. This became known only recently under the Koizumi administration.


Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu on the Satsuma Peninsula and Ōsumi Peninsula. This prefecture also includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu for a few hundred kilometers. The most important group is the Amami Islands. Surrounded by the East China Sea to the west, Okinawa Prefecture in the south, Kumamoto Prefecture to the north, and Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, it has 2,632 km of coastline (including the 28 islands). It has a bay called Kagoshima Bay (Kinkowan), which is sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Ōsumi. Its position made it a 'gateway' to Japan at various times in history. While Kyushu has about 13 million people, there are less than 2 million in this prefecture.

The prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima bay opposite Kagoshima city. A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an almost daily basis. On active days in Kagoshima city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash. Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, and a lesser eruption in 1960. Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima a source for record daikon radishes, roughly the size of a basketball. Many beaches around the Kagoshima Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones. A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel.

As of 31 March 2019, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Amami Guntō, Kirishima-Kinkowan, Unzen-Amakusa, and Yakushima National Parks; Koshikishima and Nichinan Kaigan Quasi-National Parks; and Akune, Bōnoma, Fukiagehama, Imutaike, Ōsumi Nanbu, Sendaigawa Ryūiki, Takakumayama, and Tokara Rettō Prefectural Natural Parks.[4][5]

Ishiharayoshiharaueno site3

Mangrove native forest in Amami Island


A crane observation centre in Izumi crane migration grounds

Ohara festival in Kagoshima

Ohara style folk dance in Kagoshima Ohara Festival on November


Sand bath style in Ibusuki Spa


Most of the economic sector is focused in Kagoshima City and the surrounding area, corresponding to the extent of the former Satsuma Province. The eastern part of the prefecture, the former Ōsumi Province, is mostly rural and shows a general population decline.

The prefecture has strong agricultural roots, which are reflected in its most well-known exports: green tea, sweet potato, radish, Pongee rice, Satsuma ware and Berkshire pork ("kurobuta"). Kagoshima prefecture's production of bonito flakes is second only to that of Shizuoka. In addition it produces Japan's largest volume of unagi eels.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has several facilities within the prefecture, including the country's main launch facility on Tanegashima and the Uchinoura Space Center.

The prefecture's gross domestic product is approximately 4.834 trillion yen.


Map of Kagoshima Prefecture Ja
Map of Kagoshima Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

The following is a list of Kagoshima Prefecture's cities, and its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages:


Kagoshima from space
Sakurajima n700
Sakurajima and Kagoshima City
Aerial Makurazaki Kagoshima
Amami city1
Amami City
Tarumizu City Kagoshima 2011

Nineteen cities are located in Kagoshima Prefecture:


These are the towns and villages in each district:


Sport and recreation

Kagoshima Rebnise, a professional basketball team, was founded in 2003 and currently competes in the second division of the national B.League. Kagoshima United FC, a soccer team, was founded in 2014 and competes in the J3 League. Although no major professional baseball teams are based in the prefecture, a number of Kagoshima's ballparks have hosted the spring training camps of Nippon Professional Baseball teams:

The Kirishima-Yaku National Park is located in Kagoshima Prefecture.

Colleges and universities

Science and technology facilities



Kagoshima Chuo Station 02
Kagoshima-Chuo Station
Kagoshima City Tram




Expressways and toll roads

National Highways



Notable people

Mythical creatures

Sister relations

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447, p. 447, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kagoshima prefecture" at p. 447, p. 447, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  5. ^ 自然公園 [Natural Parks] (in Japanese). Kagoshima Prefecture. Retrieved 12 August 2019.


External links

Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E

Amami Airport

Amami Airport (奄美空港, Amami Kūkō) (IATA: ASJ, ICAO: RJKA) is an airport located 21.9 km (13.6 mi) east northeast Amami, a city on Amami Ōshima (Amami Island) in the Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan.

Amami Ōshima

Amami Ōshima (奄美大島, Okinawan: Uushima (ウーシマ); Amami: Ushima (ウシマ)) is the largest island in the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa. It is one of the Satsunan Islands.The island, 712.35 km2 in area, has a population of approximately 73,000 people. Administratively it is divided into the city of Amami, the towns of Tatsugō, Setouchi, and the villages of Uken and Yamato in Kagoshima Prefecture. Much of the island is within the borders of the Amami Guntō National Park.

Japan Air Commuter

Japan Air Commuter Co., Ltd. (日本エアコミューター株式会社, Nihon Ea Komyūtā Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese airline based in Kirishima, Kagoshima Prefecture. It operates feeder services in support of Japan Airlines. Its main base is Kagoshima Airport, with hubs at Osaka International Airport, Amami Airport and Fukuoka Airport.


Kagoshima (鹿児島市, Kagoshima-shi, Japanese: [ka̠ɡo̞ɕima̠]) is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the south western tip of the island of Kyushu in Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the "Naples of the Eastern world" for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate, and emblematic stratovolcano, Sakurajima. The city was officially founded on April 1, 1889.

Kagoshima Airport

Kagoshima Airport (鹿児島空港, Kagoshima Kūkō) (IATA: KOJ, ICAO: RJFK) is an airport located in Kirishima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, 29.6 km (18.4 mi) northeast of Kagoshima-Chūō Station in Kagoshima City. It is the second-busiest airport in Kyushu after Fukuoka Airport.

Japan Air Commuter, a regional affiliate of Japan Airlines, and New Japan Aviation have their headquarters at the airport.

Kagoshima Rebnise

Kagoshima Rebnise is a Japanese professional basketball team located in Kagoshima, Kagoshima. The team currently competes in the B.League. Some players were not paid in 2016-17.

Kagoshima Station

Kagoshima Station (鹿児島駅) is a railway station in Kagoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture. It is the notional southern terminus of the Kyushu Railway Company's Kagoshima and Nippo Main Lines, although services on both lines in fact start and terminate at the neighboring Kagoshima-Chūō Station.

Kaimondake volcano

Kaimondake (開聞岳, Kaimondake, Kaimon-dake), or Mount Kaimon, is an undissected volcano – consisting of a basal stratovolcano and a small central volcano, part of the Ibusuki field – which rises to a height of 924 metres above sea level near the city of Ibusuki in southern Kyūshū, Japan. The last eruption occurred in the year 885. Kaimondake is sometimes referred to as "the Fuji of Satsuma".

Kikai Airport

Kikai Airport (喜界空港, Kikai Kūkō) (IATA: KKX, ICAO: RJKI), also known as Kikaijima Airport or Kikaiga Shima Airport, is located in Kikai, a town on Kikaijima (also known as Kikai Island, Kikaishima, Kikaigashima, etc.), one of the Amami Islands in the Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan.

Kirishima, Kagoshima

Kirishima (霧島市, Kirishima-shi) is a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Kirishima has the second largest population of the cities in Kagoshima Prefecture. It is a crossroads for commerce between Kagoshima and Miyazaki Prefectures. It is also the home of the Kagoshima Airport, the terminus for the JR Hisatsu line, and is served by two major expressways. The former Kokubu-Hayato area was designated as a "Technopolis" as high tech industries such as Sony and Kyocera opened facilities in the city.

As of June 1, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 124,763 with 58,159 households and a population density of 207 persons per km². The total area is 603.18 km².

The modern city of Kirishima was established on November 7, 2005, from the merger of the city of Kokubu, and the towns of Fukuyama, Hayato, Kirishima (former), Makizono, Mizobe and Yokogawa (all from Aira District).

The Uenohara site dates from the Jōmon period. Shrines include Kirishima-Jingū.

List of mergers in Kagoshima Prefecture

Here is a list of mergers in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan since the Heisei period.

New Tanegashima Airport

New Tanegashima Airport (新種子島空港, Shin Tanegashima Kūkō) (IATA: TNE, ICAO: RJFG), also known as Tanegashima Airport, is located in Nakatane, on Tanegashima, one of the Ōsumi Islands in southern Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

The original Tanegashima Airport was opened on July 27, 1962 at a site approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) southeast of the present airport. Although its runway was extended from 1,000 m (3,300 ft) to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) in 1973, it was not suitable to handle jet aircraft, and was closed on March 16, 2006, the day that the New Tanegashima Airport, with a 2,000 m (6,600 ft) runway was opened.

Okinoerabu Airport

Okinoerabu Airport (沖永良部空港, Okinoerabu Kūkō) (IATA: OKE, ICAO: RJKB) is located on the island of Okinoerabujima in the town of Wadomari, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Takayuki Yamada

Takayuki Yamada (山田 孝之, Yamada Takayuki, born October 20, 1983 in Naha, Okinawa) is a Japanese actor, singer, and producer. He is best known for his role as Sakutaro Matsumoto in TV drama Socrates in Love and as Densha Otoko in 2005 film of the same name. Yamada gained international popularity through his portrayal as Tamao Serizawa in Crows Zero film series. Japanese media often dubs him as chameleon actor for his wide acting spectrum throughout his career. He began venturing as producer with live-action web series Saint Young Men. Since 2018 he releases music as the lead singer of band The XXXXXX.

Tokunoshima Airport

Tokunoshima Airport (徳之島空港, Tokunoshima Kūkō) (IATA: TKN, ICAO: RJKN) is an airport on the island of Tokunoshima, located in the town of Amagi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan.

Yakushima, Kagoshima

Yakushima (屋久島町, Yakushima-chō) is a town located in Kumage District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The town is on the island of Yakushima and Kuchinoerabujima.

On October 1, 2007, the town was formed by the merger of the towns of Kamiyaku and Yaku, both from Kumage District.

As of 2008, the town has an estimated population of 13,486 and the density of 24.9 persons per km2. The total area is 540.98 km2.

Yakushima Airport serves Yakushima. There are also hydrofoils and ferries serving the island. Kuchinoerabujima is accessible by a municipal ferry.

Yakushima Airport

Yakushima Airport (屋久島空港, Yakushima Kūkō) (IATA: KUM, ICAO: RJFC) is located on the island of Yakushima, in Yakushima Town, Kumage District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

The airport was opened in 1963 with an 1100-meter runway. The runway was extended to 1200 meters in 1975, and to 1500 meters in 1976. A further 2000m has been approved.

Yoron Airport

Yoron Airport (与論空港, Yoron Kūkō) (IATA: RNJ, ICAO: RORY) is a third-class airport located on Yoronjima (Yoron Island) in Kagoshima Prefecture Japan.

Ōyodo River

The Ōyodo River (大淀川, Ōyodo-gawa) is a river which runs through Kagoshima Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture in Japan and ultimately drains into the Pacific Ocean.

Shadow picture of Kagoshima Prefecture Kagoshima Prefecture
Core city
47 Prefectures


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