Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県 Kagawa-ken) is the smallest prefecture of Japan (by area). It is located on Shikoku island[1] and the capital is Takamatsu.[2]

Kagawa Prefecture

香川県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese香川県
 • RōmajiKagawa-ken
Flag of Kagawa Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalTakamatsu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 17
Government
 • GovernorKeizō Hamada
Area
 • Total1,876.77 km2 (724.62 sq mi)
Area rank47th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total957,430
 • Rank40th
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-37
Websitewww.pref.kagawa.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerOlive (Olea europaea)
TreeOlive (Olea europaea)

History

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.

Geography

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]

Cities

Map of Kagawa Prefecture Ja
Map of Kagawa Prefecture.
     City      Town
Takamatsu200910cut
Takamatsu
Marugame Castle Festival
Marugame
Omotesando of Kotohira-gu16n4410
Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Foods

Sanukiudon-gyouretsu 01
People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.

Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce. Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes.D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.

Education

Universities

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

Ice Hockey

Tourism

KyuKonpiraooshibai
Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
150505 Benesse House Museum Naoshima Kagawa pref Japan01b3s5
Benesse House, Naoshima
Manno Lake
Manno Lake
Tulip garden
Sanuki Manno National Park
Ritsurin
Ritsurin Garden

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation

Railroad

Bus

Departure from Takamatsu

Road

Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Port

Airport

In popular culture

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book "Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami.

Kagawa Prefecture is also the setting of the anime Poco's Udon World, My Bride is a Mermaid, and Yuki Yuna is a Hero.

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved August 19, 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 34°16′N 133°57′E / 34.267°N 133.950°E

Aibiki River

The Aibiki River (相引川, Aibiki-gawa) is a river located in Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan.

Hijidai Station

Hijidai Station (比地大駅, Hijidai-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y17".

Kagawa 2nd district

Kagawa 2nd district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). It is located in Kagawa.

Kagawa Five Arrows

The Kagawa Five Arrows (香川ファイブアローズ) are a Japanese basketball team, playing in the Western Conference of the B.League. They are based in Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture. In July 2015 it was announced that the team will compete in the second division of the new Japan Professional Basketball League, which will commence from October 2016.

Kamatamare Sanuki

Kamatamare Sanuki (カマタマーレ讃岐、Kamatamare Sanuki) is a football (soccer) club based in Takamatsu, the capital city of Kagawa Prefecture of Japan. They currently play in the J3 League. They entered the J League in 2014 after finishing as runner-up in the Japan Football League in 2013. The first part of their name was coined by combining the Japanese word Kamatama (a type of udon noodle bowl) and the Italian Mare ("Sea"). The second part is what Kagawa Prefecture used to be called. Their name as well as their crest, which also features a kamatama udon bowl, are so unique that the club instantly became one of the most well-known non-J. League sides in Japan when announced in October 2005.

Kan'onji, Kagawa

Kan'onji (観音寺市, Kan'onji-shi) is a city located in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of May 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 63,721, with 23,480 households and a population density of 542.44 persons per km². The total area is 117.45 km².

The modern city of Kan'onji was established on October 11, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Ōnohara and Toyohama (both from Mitoyo District).

Marugame, Kagawa

Marugame (丸亀市, Marugame-shi) is a city located in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 2017, the city has an estimated population of 109,922 and a population density of 980 persons per km². Marugame occupies the centre of an alluvial plain. The total area is 111.79 km².

Marugame Castle

Marugame Castle (丸亀城, Marugame-jō), also known as Kameyama Castle and Horai Castle, is a hirayama shiro (castle situated on a hill surrounded by a plain) located in Marugame, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Marugame Station

Marugame Station (丸亀駅, Marugame-eki) is a train station in Marugame, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Minoura Station

Minoura Station (箕浦駅, Minoura-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Kan'onji, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y21".

Sakaide, Kagawa

Sakaide (坂出市, Sakaide-shi) is a city located in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of May 2017, the city has an estimated population of 52,281 and a population density of 570 persons per km². The total area is 92.46 km².

The city was founded on July 1, 1942. The Great Seto Bridge connects it with Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture across the Inland Sea.

Sakaide Station

Sakaide Station (坂出駅, Sakaide-eki) is a railway station in Sakaide, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Seto-Chūō Expressway

The Seto-Chūō Expressway (瀬戸中央自動車道, Seto-Chūō Jidōsha-dō) is a tolled expressway that connects Okayama and Kagawa prefectures in Japan across a series of five small islands in the Seto Inland Sea. Built between 1978 and 1988, it is one of the three routes of the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company connecting Honshū and Shikoku islands. The route is signed E30 under Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Tadotsu Station

Tadotsu Station (多度津駅, Tadotsu-eki) is a railway station in Tadotsu, Nakatado District, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Takamatsu, Kagawa

Takamatsu (高松市, Takamatsu-shi, Japanese: [takaꜜmatsɯ]) is a city located in central Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, and is the capital city of the prefectural government. It is designated a core city by the Japanese Government. It is a port city located on the Seto Inland Sea, and is the closest port to Honshu from Shikoku island. For this reason it flourished under the daimyōs (feudal lords) as a castle town in the fiefdom of Takamatsu, during the Edo period. Takamatsu is a city with a large concentration of nationwide companies' branch offices, which play a large role in its economy, and it contains most of the national government's branch offices for Shikoku. The castle tower formerly used as the symbol of the city was destroyed during the Meiji period. In 2004, construction of the Symbol Tower, the new symbol of Takamatsu, was completed. The Symbol Tower is located in the Sunport area of the city. The Symbol Tower is the tallest building in Takamatsu, and is right next to another tall building The JR Clement Hotel (formerly the ANA Clement Hotel), which is also part of the Sunport complex.

The Sunport Takamatsu covers the area of the Symbol Tower, the JR Clement Hotel, and a miniature mall called Maritime Plaza. The Takamatsu Bus station is also located right next to Maritime Plaza. Various Buses including the Kotoden Bus run through town, to Ritsurin Park, and to the airport. Sunport Takamatsu is also connected to the ports of Takamatsu.

The Takamatsu metropolitan region has a population of 838,788 (as October 1, 2005), making it the largest in Shikoku. Takamatsu Airport is located in Takamatsu.

On September 26, 2005, the town of Shionoe (from Kagawa District) was merged into Takamatsu.

On January 10, 2006, Takamatsu absorbed the towns of Aji and Mure (both from Kita District), the towns of Kagawa and Kōnan (both from Kagawa District), and the town of Kokubunji (from Ayauta District) to create the new and expanded city of Takamatsu.

Takamatsu Airport

Takamatsu Airport (高松空港, Takamatsu Kūkō) (IATA: TAK, ICAO: RJOT) is a second class airport located 8 NM (15 km; 9.2 mi) south southwest of Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan. It handles a very small number of international flights.

It is equipped with an Instrument Landing System, VHF Omni-directional Radio Range, Distance Measuring Equipment, Airport Surveillance Radar, approach lights, precision approach angle guidance lights, and more.

On January 16, 2013, an All Nippon Airways Boeing 787 (Flight NH692) made an emergency landing at Takamatsu after reporting a battery problem in flight. That aircraft was flying to Haneda Airport during that incident.

Most flights that arrive and depart from Takamatsu Airport are ANA (All Nippon Airways) and Japan Airlines (JAL) planes. Both Airlines transport passengers mainly from Takamastu Airport to Tokyo International airport (Haneda Airport). However, other airlines such as Asiana Airlines transport passengers to airports like Incheon International Airport.

Japan Airlines uses 737-800 aircraft, while ANA uses 787-8, 767-300, and 777-200 aircraft on domestic routes. International carriers are seen using narrow-body aircraft on their routes.

Takumi Akiyama

Takumi Akiyama (秋山 拓巳, Akiyama Takumi, born April 26, 1991 in Marugame, Kagawa) is a Japanese professional baseball pitcher for the Hanshin Tigers in Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball.

Utazu Station

Utazu Station (宇多津駅, Utazu-eki) is a railway station in Utazu, Ayauta District, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Zentsūji Station

Zentsūji Station (善通寺駅, Zentsūji-eki) is a railway station in Zentsūji, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Shadow picture of Kagawa PrefectureKagawa Prefecture
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