Kadhimiya

Al-Kāẓimiyyah (Arabic: الكاظمية‎, pronounced [alˈkaːðˤɪmijːa]) or al-Kāẓimayn (الكاظمين) is a northern neighbourhood of the city of Baghdad, Iraq. It is about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the city's center, on the west bank of the Tigris. Al-Kāẓimiyyah is also the name of one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad. Being the place of Masjid al-Kāẓimayn (Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد الـكَـاظِـمَـيْـن‎, Mosque of the "Two who swallow their anger"), even before its inception into the urban area of Baghdad, it is regarded as a holy city by Twelver Shi'ites.[1]

Kadhimiya

الكاظمية

al-Kāẓimiyyah
neighbourhood
An aerial view of the mosque and its environs
An aerial view of the mosque and its environs
Kadhimiya is located in Iraq
Kadhimiya
Kadhimiya
Kāẓimiyyah's location inside Iraq
Coordinates: 33°22′50″N 44°20′50″E / 33.38056°N 44.34722°ECoordinates: 33°22′50″N 44°20′50″E / 33.38056°N 44.34722°E
Country Iraq
GovernorateBaghdad
DistrictKāẓimiyyah
Area
 • Total28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total1,500,000
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)

Religious significance and history

Crowds outside Camp Justice Iraq
Pilgrims march outside Camp Justice.
  • The Kāẓimayn (Arabic: كَـاظِـمَـيْـن‎, "Two who swallow their anger"), from whom the Mosque and area of Kadhimiyyah are named, are the Twelver Shi'i Imams Musa al-Kadhim and his grandson, Muhammad al-Jawad ibn Ali al-Ridha. The qubur (Arabic: قُـبـور‎, graves) of the Kāẓimayn, and scholars Mufid and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, are within the premises of the Mosque.[1][2] The area that now constitutes Al-Kāẓimiyyah was originally the location of a graveyard reserved for members of the Quraysh. This land was set aside for this purpose by the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid. In its early history, the town was an important center of Shi'i learning, perhaps the main center, but over time the town declined, and other cities rose to prominence.
  • The location of the city has lent it to numerous plunders, that have resulted in damage to its shrines at different times in history. Among the most damage ever experienced by the town was after the Mongol Siege of Baghdad (1258) where the shrine of the Shi'i Imams was burnt down. The area was also an important center of Iraqi revolt against the British after World War I.
  • In 2005, a stampede occurred on Al-Aimmah Bridge over the Tigris River. About 1000 people were killed.[3]
  • Iraqi officials executed Saddam Hussein at an American operated facility in al-Kāẓimiyyah known as "Camp Justice".
  • Baghdad Security Plan: During Operation Imposing Law in 2007, there were rumours that United States' forces built walls around Al-Kadhimiyya Mosque. According to Iraqslogger.com, the protests that resulted were due to an agreement between Iraqi security officials and the Mahdi Army (now called the Peace Companies) that US forces would not come within 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) of the shrine.[4]
  • Pilgrims to the shrine were attacked on 30 April 2016, leading to wider protests.

Government and infrastructure

KadhimiyaMarketShrine
Souq in Al-Kāẓimiyyah with the shrine in the background.

Kadhimiyya Women's Prison is in the area. Women on Iraq's death row are held at the Shaaba Khamsa death row facility at Camp Justice. As of 2014 the adult women's death row had 36 women as well as children even though the facility was only intended to hold 25 women.[5]

Education

Amil High School for Girls is in this neighborhood.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Kadhimiya". Encyclopaedia of Iranian Architectural History (in Persian). Archived from the original on 3 October 2015.
  2. ^ "تاریخچه حرم کاظمین". kazem.ommolketab.ir. Retrieved 2017-06-15. (in Persian)
  3. ^ "Sunni rescuer hailed as Iraq hero". BBC News. 2005-09-05. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  4. ^ Exclusive "Bridges of Baghdad" Report.
  5. ^ "“No One is Safe” The Abuse of Women in Iraq’s Criminal Justice System" (Archive). Human Rights Watch. February 6, 2014. Retrieved on December 25, 2015.
  6. ^ Partlow, Joshua. "For Baghdad's Uprooted Girls, School Offers A Hard Haven" (Archive). Washington Post. February 16, 2007. Retrieved on May 6, 2015.

External links

14 September 2005 Baghdad bombings

The 14 September 2005 Baghdad bombings were a series of more than a dozen terrorist attacks in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad.

The most deadly bombing occurred when a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle in a crowd of construction workers who had gathered in Baghdad's Oruba Square looking for jobs. The attack, which occurred in the mainly Shia district of Kadhimiya, killed 112 people, and injured 160.

The al-Qaeda in Iraq group claimed that the bombing was in retaliation for a recent offensive against the Iraqi insurgency, but the group's leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi released an audio tape on the same day declaring war against the Shiites in Iraq so a sectarian motive for the bombing is possible.

2012–13 Iraq FA Cup

The 2012–13 Iraq FA Cup was the 26th occurrence of the Iraq FA Cup, the main domestic cup in Iraqi football. It was the first edition held since the 2002–03 season.

The tournament was abandoned before the start of the Round of 16, because of scheduling difficulties the Iraq Football Association had with the 2012–13 Iraqi Elite League.

2016–17 Iraq FA Cup

The 2016–17 Iraq FA Cup was the 28th edition of the Iraqi knockout football cup competition, the main domestic cup in Iraqi football. A total of 19 teams from the Iraqi Premier League and 41 teams from the Iraq Division One participated. It started on 2 December 2016 and the final was played at the Al-Sinaa Stadium in Baghdad on 22 August 2017 (the usual venue, Al-Shaab Stadium, was closed for renovation). It was the second Iraq FA Cup final to be held outside Al-Shaab Stadium, with the first being in 2003.

The winners of the competition were Al-Zawraa, who extended their record number of cup wins to 15 with a 1–0 victory over Naft Al-Wasat in the final thanks to a stoppage time goal by Alaa Abdul-Zahra.

2019–20 Iraq FA Cup

The 2019–20 Iraq FA Cup is the 30th edition of the Iraqi knockout football cup competition, the main domestic cup in Iraqi football. A total of 20 teams from the Iraqi Premier League and 48 teams from the Iraq Division One and Iraq Division Two are participating. It started on 12 September 2019 and the final will be played in June 2020 at the Al-Shaab Stadium in Baghdad.

Al-Zawraa are the defending champions of the cup having won their 16th title in 2018–19 by defeating Al-Kahrabaa 1–0 in the final. The cup winners and runners-up will qualify for the 2021 AFC Champions League preliminary round 2 as well as the 2020 Iraqi Super Cup.

Administrative districts in Baghdad

There are nine administrative districts in the city of Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, that correspond to the nine district advisory councils. The Baghdad Security Plan used these nine districts as the nine security districts.

These were formed in 2003 following the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. District council members are selected from the 89 Neighborhood Advisory Councils in Baghdad.

The number of neighborhood representatives on the district council is based upon the community's population. The Baghdad City Advisory Council consists of 37 members drawn from the district councils and is also based on the district's population.In the list below, alternate spellings (in parentheses) are from United Nations humanitarian info.org map listing 89 neighborhoods.

Ahmed Chalabi

Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi (Arabic: أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي‎; 30 October 1944 – 3 November 2015) was an Iraqi politician, a founder of the Iraqi National Congress (INC) and the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (37th Prime Minister of Iraq)

He was interim Minister of Oil in Iraq in April–May 2005 and December 2005 – January 2006 and Deputy Prime Minister from May 2005 to May 2006. Chalabi failed to win a seat in parliament in the December 2005 elections, and when the new Iraqi cabinet was announced in May 2006, he was not given a post. Once dubbed the "George Washington of Iraq" by American supporters, he later fell out of favor and came under investigation by several U.S. government sources.

In the lead-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Iraqi National Congress (INC), with the assistance of lobbying powerhouse BKSH & Associates, provided a major portion of the information on which U.S. Intelligence based its condemnation of the Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, including reports of weapons of mass destruction and alleged ties to al-Qaeda. Most, if not all, of this information has turned out to be false and Chalabi has been called a fabricator. Along with this, Chalabi also subsequently boasted, in an interview with the British Sunday Telegraph, about the impact that their alleged falsifications had on American policy, — these factors led to a falling out between him and the U.S. government. Furthermore, Chalabi was found guilty in the Petra Bank scandal in Jordan.

In January 2012, a French intelligence official stated that he believed Chalabi to be "acting on behalf of Iran".

Al-Kadhimiya Mosque

The Al-Kadhimiya Mosque (Arabic: مَـسـجـد الـكَـاظـمـيّـة‎) is a Shi'ite Islamic mosque and shrine located in the Kādhimayn suburb of Baghdad, Iraq. It contains the tombs of the seventh Twelver Shī‘ī Imām Mūsā al-Kāẓim and the ninth Twelver Shī‘ī Imām Muhammad al-Jawad. Also buried within this mosque are the famous historical scholars, Shaykh Mufīd and Shaykh Naṣīr ad-Dīn aṭ-Ṭūsi. Directly adjacent to the mosque are two smaller shrines, belonging to the brothers Sayyid Raḍī (who compiled Nahjul-Balāghah) and Sayyid Murṫadhā.

Al-Kadhimiya SC

Al Kadhimiya is a sports club that is based in the Al Kadhimiya district in Iraq. Its football team currently plays in the Iraq Division One, the second tier of Iraqi football. Al-Kadhimiya participated in the Iraqi Premier League on eight previous occasions.

The club was founded in 1952.

Camp Justice (Iraq)

Camp Justice (also known as Camp Al-Adala) was a joint Iraqi-U.S. military base in the Kadhimiya district of Baghdad, Iraq.

February 2015 Baghdad bombings

On 7 February 2015 three separate bombings in Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, killed at least 36 people. At least 70 people were also injured. The bombings occurred shortly before a curfew that had been in place for a decade was lifted, but Saad Maan, a spokesman for the Iraqi Interior Ministry, said that he did not think the bombings were linked to the curfew. On 9 February two more bombings occurred in Baghdad, one in Kadhimiya and the other in a northern Baghdad suburb. These bombings killed a total of at least 15 people.The first attack was perpetrated by a suicide bomber in a restaurant in New Baghdad. The second attack occurred in the Shorja market district, and involved two bombs placed about 25 meters apart from each other. The third attack occurred at the Abu Cheer market. The bombings on 7 February killed at least 22, 10, and two people, respectively. In addition to those dead, the attack in New Baghdad also wounded 45 people, the attack in Shorja wounded 26 people, and the attack in Abu Cheer wounded 15 people.

Kadhimiya (district)

Kadhimiya is a district of Baghdad Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is the Baghdad neighborhood of Kadhimiya.

Kadhimiyya Women's Prison

Kadhimiyya Women's Prison is a correctional facility in Kadhimiyya, Baghdad, Iraq. As of 2006, it was one of the main three prisons in Iraq which housed women. It was the only correctional facility in Baghdad which housed women until 2009.It was originally a palace of the mother of King Faisal of Iraq, Queen Aurea.As of 2006 it housed prisoners convicted of prostitution, terrorism, and murder.

Karkh

Karkh or Al-Karkh (Arabic: الكرخ) is historically the name of the western half of Baghdad, Iraq, or alternatively, the western shore of the Tigris River as it ran through Baghdad. The eastern shore is known as Al-Rasafa. Its name is derived from the Syriac (ܟܪܟܐ) Karkha; citadel.

In a more limited sense Karkh is one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad, with Mansour district to the west, Kadhimiya district to the northwest, and the Tigris to the north, east and south. The Green Zone (International Zone) is in this district.

Today, it is also a neighborhood between the International Zone and the Tigris.

List of mosques in Baghdad

Baghdad, located in Iraq, was once the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate and a center of Islamic advancements. This is a list of mosques in Baghdad from different dynastic periods. Today, there are 912 Jama Masjids in Baghdad which conduct Friday Prayer, and 149 smaller mosques which only hold regular daily prayers.

List of places in Iraq

This is a list of places in Iraq. Governorates of Iraq lists the governorates, and Districts of Iraq lists the subdivisions of those governorates.

Mansour district

Al Mansour (Arabic: المنصور‎) is one of the nine administrative districts in Baghdad, Iraq. It is in western Baghdad and is bounded on the east by Karkh district in central Baghdad, to the north by Kadhimiya, to the west by Baghdad International Airport, and to the south by Baghdad Airport Road, on the other side of which is Al Rashid district.

Mowaffak al-Rubaie

Dr Mowaffak Baqer al-Rubaie (alternative transliterations Muwaffaq al-Rubaie and Muwaffaq al-Rubay'i) (Arabic: موفق الربيعي) is a distinguished Iraqi politician and active civil rights campaigner.

He was appointed as a member of the 25 member Iraqi Governing Council by the Coalition Provisional Authority in July 2003. In April 2004, in recognition of his astute understanding of the risks and challenges faced by Iraq, he was appointed as National Security Advisor (NSA) by the Coalition Provisional Authority. He held this post for its full 5-year term until April 2009, when he was appointed as an MP in Iraq's Council of Representatives (Iraq's Parliament), a role he held until Parliament's dissolution in March 2010.

Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr

Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr (Arabic: آية الله العظمى السيد محمد باقر الصدر‎) (March 1, 1935 – April 9, 1980) was an Iraqi Shia cleric, philosopher, and the ideological founder of the Islamic Dawa Party, born in al-Kazimiya, Iraq. He was father-in-law to Muqtada al-Sadr, a cousin of Muhammad Sadeq al-Sadr and Imam Musa as-Sadr. His father Haydar al-Sadr was a well-respected high-ranking Shi'a cleric. His lineage can be traced back to Muhammad through the seventh Shia Imam Musa al-Kazim. Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr was executed in 1980 by the regime of Saddam Hussein.

Neighbourhoods of Baghdad

The city of Baghdad is divided into 89 administrative neighbourhoods, gathered into nine administrative districts.

Main districts
Neighborhoods
Countries
Cities
Tributaries
Dams

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.