Kaal or Kāla (Sanskrit: काल [kaːlɐ]; Tamil: காலம் (listen) kaalam or kaala) is a word used in Sanskrit to mean "time". The Tamil word kaalam refers to duration (an interval) in time. It is also the name of a deity, in which sense it is not always distinguishable from kāla, meaning "black". It is often used as one of the various names or forms of Yama. Kaal/Kaala is also referred to the concept of Spacetime. In the Yogic System the concept of SpaceTime was referred to as one word rather than two separate concepts of Space (darkness) and Time.
According to Monier-Williams, kāla 2 is from the verbal root kal "to calculate", while the root of kāla 1 is uncertain, though possibly the same.
As applied to gods and goddesses in works such as the Devī Māhātmya and the Skanda Purāṇa, kāla 1 and kāla 2 are not readily distinguishable. Thus Wendy Doniger, translating a conversation between Śiva and Pārvatī from the Skanda Purāṇa, says Mahākāla may mean " 'the Great Death' ... or 'the Great Black One' ". And Swāmī Jagadīśvarānanda, a Hindu translator of the Devī Māhātmya, renders the feminine compound kāla-rātri (where rātri means "night") as "dark night of periodic dissolution".
Kala appears as an impersonal deity within the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, and the Bhagavata Purana. In the Mahabharata, Krishna, one of the main characters, reveals his identity as Time personified. He states to Arjuna that both sides on the battlefield of the Kurukshetra War have already been annihilated. At the end of the epic, the entire Yadu dynasty (Krishna's family) is similarly annihilated. The story ends with Yudhishthira, the last of the Pandava brothers, entering Heaven in his human form, thereby closing the link. In Heaven, Yudi sees everyone within the story, both people whom he hated, and people whom he loved, and is happy to see them all. He then sees their transcendent cosmic forms, Krishna as Vishnu, Draupadi as uma, and realizes that the participants in the play were merely gods in human form, engaging in pastimes and working out their karma. Yudi then abandons his bitterness and spends the rest of eternity in Heaven, it is a happy ending.
Kala appears in the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana, as the messenger of Death (Yama). At the end of the story, Time, in the form of inevitability or necessity, informs Rama that his reign on Earth is now over. By a trick or dilemma, he forces the death of Lakshmana, and informs Rama that he must return to the realm of the gods. Lakshmana willingly passes away with Rama's blessing and Rama returns to Heaven.
Time appears in the Bhagavata Purana as the force that is responsible for the imperceptible and inevitable change in the entire creation. According to the Purana, all created things are illusory, and thereby subject to creation and annihilation, this imperceptible and inconceivable impermanence is said to be due to the march of Time. Similarly, Time is considered to be the unmanifest aspect of God that remains after the destruction of the entire world at the end of a lifespan of Brahma.
In the Chaitanya Bhagavata, a Gaudiya Vaishnavist text and biography of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, it is said that the fire that emerges from the mouth of Sankarshana at the End of Time is the Kālānala, or "fire of Time". One of the names of Sankarshana is kālāgni, also "fire of Time".
कालो ऽस्मि लोकक्षयकृत् प्रवृद्धो लोकान् समाहर्तुम् इह प्रवृत्तः ।
This verse means: "Time (kāla) I am, the great destroyer of the worlds, and I have come here to destroy all people." This phrase is famous for being quoted by J. Robert Oppenheimer as he reflected on the Manhattan Project's explosion of the first nuclear bomb in 1945.
In Borobudur, the gate to the stairs is adorned with a giant head, making the gate look like the open mouth of the giant. Many other gates in Javanese traditional buildings have this kind of ornament. Perhaps the most detailed Kala Face in Java is on the south side of Candi Kalasan.
Aditi Gupta (stylized as Additi Gupta) is an Indian actress, model and fashion designer, known for her portrayal of Heer Juneja in Star Plus's Kis Desh Mein Hai Meraa Dil. She was also seen portraying a witch in the Zee TV series Qubool Hai and playing negative roles in Pardes Mein Hai Mera Dil and Star Plus's Ishqbaaaz. Currently, she is portraying Archana in Star Bharat's Kaal Bhairav Rahasya.Bhairava
Bhairava (Maha Kala Bhairava) (Sanskrit: भैरव, lit. frightful) is a Hindu Tantric deity worshiped by Hindus. In Shaivism, he is a fierce manifestation of Shiva associated with annihilation. In Trika system Bhairava represents Supreme Reality, synonymous to Para Brahman. Generally in Hinduism, Bhairava is also called Dandapani (as he holds a rod or Danda to punish sinners) and Swaswa meaning "whose horse is a dog". In Vajrayana Buddhism, he is considered a fierce emanation of boddhisatva Mañjuśrī and also called Heruka, Vajrabhairava and Yamantaka.The historical origins of Bhairava are obscure; according to Ronald M. Davidson, he was probably a "local ferocious divinity" associated by peoples with cremation grounds (smasana), ghouls and ghosts (vetala, pisaca). He is worshiped throughout India, Sri Lanka and Nepal as well as in Tibetan Buddhism.Bhokal
Bhokal is a fictional superhero appearing in Raj Comics. Most stories are based on dark fantasy with blood and gore.Chhavi Pandey
Chhavi Pandey is an Indian television actress known for playing Tara in Life OK's Ek Boond Ishq, Namrata Singh in Star Bharat's mystery thriller Kaal Bhairav Rahasya, and Prarthana Kashyap in Sony TV's female buddy drama Ladies Special.Drive (2019 film)
Drive is an upcoming 2019 Indian action thriller film. It is directed by Tarun Mansukhani and produced by Karan Johar. It stars Sushant Singh Rajput, Jacqueline Fernandez, Vikramjeet Virk and Sapna Pabbi in the lead roles. The film was scheduled to release on 7 September 2018, but was pushed to 28 June 2019. The songs Janabe Ali from the movie Bardaasht and Tauba Tauba from the movie Kaal will be recreated by Tanishk Bagchi.Drohkaal
Drohkaal (English: Times of Treason) is a 1994 Indian crime drama film directed and produced by Govind Nihalani, which deals with India's fight against terrorism. The film examines the mental and psychological trauma that honest police officers go through in their fight against a group of ruthless terrorists. It was remade in Tamil as Kuruthipunal, produced by Kamal Haasan and directed by P. C. Sreeram, which was India's official entry for the 68th Academy Awards Best Foreign Language Film category.Gautam Rode
Gautam Rode (born 14 August 1977) is an Indian actor and television host.
He has appeared in many television shows which include Baa Bahu Aur Baby, Lucky, Saraswatichandra and Maha Kumbh: Ek Rahasaya, Ek Kahani. Currently, he appears in Kaal Bhairav Rahasya (season 2) as Veervardhan Singh.
He made his Bollywood debut with the 2002 film, Annarth. He has also done small roles in some Bollywood films.
The turning point in his career were the shows Saraswatichandra, Maha Kumbh: Ek Rahasaya, Ek Kahani, Suryaputra Karn and Kaal Bhairav Rahasya.
Gautam worked in a Bollywood film Aksar 2 opposite Zarine Khan.Kaal (2005 film)
Kaal (translation: The Time Of Doom), is an Indian natural horror film directed by Soham Shah, and jointly produced by Karan Johar and Shah Rukh Khan. The film stars John Abraham, Vivek Oberoi, Esha Deol, Lara Dutta and Ajay Devgan in the lead roles while Vishal Malhotra and Kushal Punjabi play pivotal roles. It released on 29 April 2005.At the box office it performed moderately well, grossing an approx Rs.19 Crores and was declared Semi-Hit. It was also the tenth highest-grossing film of 2005
The story relates the struggle of wildlife expert Krish Thapar (John Abraham), his wife Riya Thapar (Isha Deol) and a group of friends, who battle against a ghost in the fictional Orbit National Park (alluding to the world-famous Jim Corbett National Park, Nainital, Uttarakhand) for their lives. The film sends out the message on protecting the precious wildlife of India.Kaal (2007 film)
Kaal ( Bengali: কাল, Our Time ) is a Bengali film released in 2007. The film directed by Bappaditya Bandopadhyay stars Chandrayee Ghosh, Rudranil Ghosh, Dola Chakraborty, Sandhya Shetty.
It was selected for screening at the Cairo International Film Festival, 2007, the São Paulo International Film Festival 2007 and the Stockholm International Film Festival 2007. Incidentally, this is the third successive year that Bandopadhyay's film is being screened at São Paulo International Film Festival. The film was already successfully screened at the Osian's Cinefan Festival of Asian and Arab Cinema, 2007, where it was one of the Indian films competing in the festival.Kaal Bhairav Mandir
Kaal Bhairav Mandir may refer to any temple dedicated to the Hindu deity Kaal Bhairav, including:
Kaal Bhairav Mandir, Varanasi, India
Kal Bhairav temple, Ujjain, India
Kal Bhairab Temple, Brahmanbaria, BangladeshKaal Bhairav Mandir, Varanasi
Kaal Bhairav Mandir (Hindi: काल भैरव मंदिर) is one of the oldest Shiva temples in Varanasi, India. Situated in Bharonath, Vishweshwarganj (Varanasi), this temple has great historical and cultural importance in Hinduism; especially amongst the locals. The temple is dedicated to Bhairava (Kaal Bhairav), a fierce form of Shiva and wears a garland of skulls and carries a club of peacock feathers. The word "Kaal" means both "death" and "fate". It is believed that even death is afraid of Kaal Bhairav.
Housed in the inner sanctum of the temple is a silver faced idol of Kal Bhairav who is seated on his vahana (vehicle), a dog and is holding a trident. Only the face of the icon decorated (with garlands) is visible to the visitors through the doorway. Rest of the icon is covered with a piece of cloth. On the rear door of the temple, there is an icon of Kshetrapal Bhairav, another aspect of Bhairava.Kaal Bhairav Rahasya
Kaal Bhairav Rahasya (transl. The mystery of Kaal Bhairav) is an Indian thriller television series.
It is an official remake of the first season of 1996, thriller/mysterious Tamil tele-series, Ragasiyam, which aired under the name, Marmadesam series. Directed by Naga and produced by K. Balachander, it was based on the book by Tamil Author, Indra Soundar Rajan.
The first season titled Kaal Bhairav Rahasya aired from 30 October 2017 to 30 April 2018 on Star Bharat. and is shot in Bhopal and starred Chhavi Pandey, Rahul Sharma, Sargun Kaur and Mohammed Iqbal Khan.The second season titled Kaal Bhairav Naya Rahasya premiered on 20 November 2018 and stars Gautam Rode, Aditi Gupta, Kenisha Bhardwaj, Barkha Sengupta and Ahwaan Kumar.This season is also based on the Tamil book "Kottapurathu Veedu" by the author Indra Soundar Rajan and the Tamil series of the same name, which itself was adapted from the book.Krrish (franchise)
Krrish is a franchise of superhero films, television series, comics and video games. The film series is directed, produced and written by Rakesh Roshan. It is considered Indian cinema's first such film series. All three films starred Rakesh's son Hrithik Roshan in the titular role. The films are centred, initially, on a mentally disabled boy who has an encounter with an extraterrestrial being, and later, his son, who grows up to be a reluctant superhero.
In 2013, an animated television series based on this Krrish film series, and named Kid Krrish, aired on Cartoon Network India. It also spawned a spin-off animation-cum-live-action series titled J Bole Toh Jadoo that aired on Nickelodeon (India). Krrish 3 was the first Indian film to launch its own official Facebook Emoticons as part of the promotion. Krrish is the seventh highest-grossing film series in India.Krrish 3
Krrish 3 is a 2013 Indian superhero film, produced and directed by Rakesh Roshan, and written by Honey Irani and Robin Bhatt. It is the third film in the Krrish series, following Koi... Mil Gaya (2003) and Krrish (2006). The film stars Hrithik Roshan, Vivek Oberoi, Priyanka Chopra and Kangana Ranaut in the lead roles. The story follows the life of Rohit Mehra, a scientist, and Krishna Mehra, a.k.a. Krrish, his superhero son, who face an elaborate conspiracy orchestrated by the evil genius Kaal and his female henchman Kaya. In the process, Krishna's pregnant wife Priya is kidnapped by Kaal and the form-changing Kaya takes her place at the Mehra home and eventually falls in love with Krishna.
Krrish 3 was initially scheduled to release as a 3D film. However, due to lack of time to convert the film to 3D, director Rakesh Roshan mentioned that the film will be released only in the 2D format. Krrish 3 released worldwide on 1 November 2013. Produced on a budget of ₹1.15 billion (US$20 million), the film grossed ₹2.92 billion (US$50 million) worldwide. It has received generally positive reviews from film critics, with praise directed towards Roshan and Ranaut's performances, the visual effects, the cinematography, and entertainment value, while criticism was directed towards the music provided by composer and the director's brother Rajesh Roshan, the story, and screenplay.Malaika Arora
Malaika Arora is an Indian actress, dancer, model, VJ, and television presenter. She is most famous for her dancing in the songs Chaiyya Chaiyya (1998), Gur Naalo Ishq Mitha (1998), Maahi Ve (2002), Kaal Dhamaal (2005) and Munni Badnaam Hui (2010). She turned into a film producer in 2008, with her former husband, Arbaaz Khan. Their company Arbaaz Khan Productions has released films like Dabangg (2010) and Dabangg 2 (2012).Nava Kaal
Navakal (Devnagari नवा काळ) is a Marathi daily newspaper. It is based in Mumbai, the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Its owner editor is Nilkanth Khadilkar. Robin Jeffery has called Khadilkar one of the most remarkable and self-reliant owners of small newspapers. In the context of pre-independence Mumbai, it has been described as a Congress paper, contemporarily it has been considered to be aligned with the Shiv Sena. In 1999 Nava Kaal had a circulation share of 8% and a readership share of 27% for all of Maharashtra, in the 1950s Nava Kaal's circulation under Nilkanth Khadilkar's father had fallen to 800 and the paper was nearly closed.Star Bharat
Star Bharat is an Indian pay television channel, part of Star India, fully owned by The Walt Disney Company. Star Bharat programs are mainly focused on day-to-day entertainment. It launched on 28 August 2017, and replaced Life OK.Vivek Oberoi
Vivek Oberoi (born Vivek Anand Oberoi on 3 September 1976) is an Indian film actor. He predominantly appears in Hindi films. He has won a number of awards, including two Filmfare Awards from five nominations. He is the son of Bollywood actor Suresh Oberoi.
He made his Hindi film debut with Arvind Khoja and Ram Gopal Varma's super-hit Company (2002). His performance earned him several awards including the Filmfare Awards for Best Male Debut and Best Supporting Actor. He achieved wider success for his performances in the 2002 romantic drama Saathiya, the 2004 comedy Masti, the 2005 natural horror Kaal and the 2007 biographical action Shootout at Lokhandwala.
Oberoi garnered critical appreciation for portraying a ghost in the 2003 anthology slasher horror fantasy Darna Mana Hai, a wealthy young man who unwillingly enters politics in the 2004 political thriller Yuva, a local village boy torn between Karma (the noble deed) and Dharma (the duty) in the 2005 musical Kisna: The Warrior Poet, a character based on William Shakespeare's Cassio in the 2006 crime film Omkara, a Muslim American war journalist in the 2009 romantic thriller Kurbaan and Paritala Ravindra in the 2010 biographical political action thriller Rakta Charitra. His biggest commercial successes include the comedy Grand Masti and the superhero Krrish 3 (both 2013). In 2019, he made his Malayalam debut as the main antagonist, Bobby, in Lucifer. He portrayed the role of India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi in PM Narendra Modi.In addition to his acting career, Oberoi is a philanthropist. He was awarded the Good Samaritan Award by Rotary International for his work with Project Hope and the Red and White Bravery Award in 2006 for helping re-build a village which was damaged by a tsunami. Oberoi serves as the World Health Organization's anti-tobacco spokesperson. He has been involved in projects such as Project Devi, the Cancer Patients Aid Association and Banyan, which works towards rehabilitating mentally challenged homeless women. He has also participated in stage shows, and featured as a talent judge for three seasons of the reality show India's Best Dramebaaz. He has featured on PETA's annual list of Sexiest Vegetarians on several occasions and is the founder of KARRM Infrastructures. He is married to Priyanka Alva with whom he has a son and a daughter.
|Philosophy of time|
and use of time