KNSO, virtual channel 51 (VHF digital channel 11), is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station serving Fresno, California, United States that is licensed to Merced. The station is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal (itself a subsidiary of Comcast). KNSO's studios are located on River Park Place in northwest Fresno, and its transmitter is located near Meadow Lakes, California.

Merced/Fresno, California
United States
CityMerced, California
BrandingTelemundo Fresno (general)
Noticiero Telemundo Valle Central (newscasts)
ChannelsDigital: 11 (VHF)
Virtual: 51 (PSIP)
Affiliations51.1: Telemundo (2001–present; O&O since 2019)
51.2: TeleXitos
51.3: Ion Television
(NBC Telemundo License LLC)
First air dateMarch 22, 1996
Call letters' meaningTransposition of last three letters in "FreSNO"
Former channel number(s)Analog:
51 (UHF, 1996–2009)
5 (VHF, 2002–2010)
Former affiliationsAnalog/DT1:
Independent (1996–1998)
The WB (1998–2000)
Cozi TV (until 2018)
Transmitter power45 kW
Height622 m (2,041 ft)
Facility ID58608
Transmitter coordinates37°4′18.9″N 119°25′52.3″W / 37.071917°N 119.431194°W
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile


The station first signed on the air on March 22, 1996; originally operating as an independent station, it was originally owned by Sainte Partners II, L.P. During its first two years on the air, KNSO aired religious programming during the morning hours and Asian language programming in the afternoons, as well as programming from the California Music Channel. These programs were largely simulcast via San Francisco independent station KTSF-TV.

In July 1998, KNSO entered into a local marketing agreement (LMA) with Pappas Telecasting Companies, then-owner of Fox affiliate KMPH-TV (channel 26); Pappas then signed an affiliation agreement to make KNSO the market's WB affiliate, taking the affiliation from Clovis-based KGMC (channel 43). On January 1, 2001, KNSO swapped affiliations with KFRE-TV (channel 59), becoming a Telemundo affiliate; shortly beforehand, Pappas entered into an LMA with KFRE, resulting in the WB affiliation being relocated to KFRE. The station became a Telemundo owned-and-operated station, when the network's then-new parent company NBC bought the station in May 2003.

KNSO logo when NBC operated the station, used until 2009

In March 2004, KNSO vacated its McKinley Road studios and moved to a new facility in North Fresno at 30 River Park Place. The station also implemented an advanced operational environment, making KNSO one of the most advanced television stations in the country. This experimental operation system allowed for a "limited intervention" master control center, which involves a highly automated system of operation. The station automation systems are almost completely self-reliant and provide for little to no assistance by the station personnel in running the on-air switching, monitoring and logging. This system utilizes the Florical Airboss, centralized sales and traffic systems, and various Grass Valley Group broadcast systems, including the Profile XP and Concerto. This experimental operation system has proved successful, and has now been implemented in other station operation control centers.

ZGS Communications took over the operations of KNSO (as well as San Antonio sister station KVDA) on May 1, 2009, although NBC retained the licenses to both stations.[1] Serestar Communications assumed the operations of the station on May 1, 2014, under a joint sales and time brokerage agreement that was to run through December 31, 2020; NBCUniversal retained the KNSO license.[2]

On December 6, 2018, it was announced that NBCUniversal would terminate its local marketing agreement with Serestar in early 2019, making KNSO a full Telemundo O&O for the first time since 2009. This was in conjunction with NBCUniversal's purchase of Serestar-owned Telemundo affiliates KTMW and KULX-CD in Salt Lake City and KCSO-LD in Sacramento.[3] The transaction was completed and the LMA terminated on March 5, 2019.[4]

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[5]
51.1 1080i 16:9 KNSODT Main KNSO programming / Telemundo
51.2 480i 4:3 TeleXitos
51.3 16:9 Ion Television

Analog-to-digital conversion

KNSO shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 51, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station moved its digital signal from its pre-transition VHF channel 5 to channel 11.[6] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 51.

As part of the SAFER Act,[7] KNSO kept its analog signal on the air until June 26 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters.

News operation

On September 1, 2015, KNSO launched its first local news production and the second local Spanish-language newscast in the market, Noticiero Telemundo Valle Central. It is an hour-long weekday newscast produced from the studio of Nexstar Broadcasting Group-owned KSEE and KGPE; Serestar elected to partner with the two stations so that the production could leverage the resources of the stations' new facilities. The newscast is anchored and executive produced by Vanessa Ramirez-Avila, formerly of KFTV-DT, and features reporting from KGPE, KSEE, and its Bakersfield sister stations KGET and KKEY-LP.[8][9]

In 2017, an 11 p.m. weeknight newscast (co-produced and simulcast on sister station KCSO-LD in Sacramento) was added. Branded as Noticiero Telemundo California, the newscast features some Fresno-area news via a pre-recorded package from the KSEE/KGPE studio.


  1. ^ "On air". ZGS Communications. May 2009. Archived from the original on September 17, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Joint Sales and Time Brokerage Agreement" (PDF). KNSO Public Inspection File. Federal Communications Commission. April 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  3. ^ "Telemundo to buy Serestar stations in Sacramento and Salt Lake City for $21M". December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  4. ^ Miller, Mark K. (March 6, 2019). "NBCU Closes On Serestar Stations". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheckMedia LLC. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  5. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KNSO
  6. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  7. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
  8. ^ "Telemundo 51 launches local news". Fresno Bee. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Telemundo 51 competes in local news". The Business Journal. Retrieved 26 June 2016.

External links

CNBC Indonesia

CNBC Indonesia is an Indonesian television channel owned by Trans Media in collaboration with NBCUniversal, a division of Comcast. It was launched on 10 October 2018.

California Music Channel

California Music Channel (CMC) is an American music video service based in the San Francisco Bay Area. It is one of the longest running local music video television stations in the world. The live broadcasts feature on-camera disc jockeys, audience participation, and contemporary music videos. It is owned by CMC Broadcasting Company, Inc. CMC is carried as a Digital Broadcast Network on thirteen Northern California television stations originating from KKPM.

Channel 11 digital TV stations in the United States

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 11 in the United States:

K10OA-D in Terrace Lakes, Idaho

K11AT-D in Gunnison, Colorado

K11BD-D in Leadore, Idaho

K11BI-D in Entiat, Washington

K11BM-D in Methow, Washington

K11BX-D in Sutherlin, Oregon

K11CN-D in Caliente, Nevada

K11CP-D in Fish Creek, Idaho

K11CQ-D in Cedar City, Utah

K11CS-D in Rock Island, Washington

K11DL-D in Juliaetta, Idaho

K11ED-D in Ruth, Nevada

K11EE-D in Ely & McGill, Nevada

K11EV-D in Grants, etc., New Mexico

K11EZ-D in Cashmere, Washington

K11FF-D in Superior, Montana

K11FJ-D in Squilchuck St. Park, Washington

K11FQ-D in Thompson Falls, Montana

K11GH-D in Tri Cities, etc., Oregon

K11GT-D in Eugene, Oregon

K11GX-D in Whitewater, Montana

K11HM-D in Bonners Ferry, Idaho

K11HO-D in Polson, Montana

K11IA-D in Glasgow, Montana

K11IH-D in Malta, Montana

K11IL-D in Bitterroot Range, etc., Montana

K11IV-D in Pioche, Nevada

K11IY-D in Battle Mountain, Nevada

K11JP-D in Plains-Paradise, Montana

K11KE-D in Woods Bay, Montana

K11KI-D in Dorena, etc., Oregon

K11KO-D in Kamiah, Idaho

K11KP-D in Troy, Montana

K11LA-D in Basin, Montana

K11LC-D in Prescott, Arizona

K11LM-D in Thomasville, Colorado

K11LP-D in Cortez, Colorado

K11MP-D in White Sulphur Springs, Montana

K11MU-D in Paradise Valley, Nevada

K11OW-D in Ursine, Nevada

K11PB-D in Cambridge, Idaho

K11PP-D in Dingle, etc., Idaho

K11PS-D in Collbran, Colorado

K11QQ-D in Hildale, etc., Utah

K11RN-D in Douglas, Wyoming

K11RX-D in Big Arm, Montana

K11SZ-D in Oakridge, Oregon

K11TJ-D in Sargents, Colorado

K11TY-D in Salmon, Idaho

K11UN-D in Coolin, Idaho

K11UU-D in Pago Pago, American Samoa

K11UW-D in Akron, Colorado

K11VI-D in Elkton, Oregon

K11VP-D in Homer-Seldovia, Alaska

K11VY-D in Toquerville, Utah

K11WF-D in Mink Creek, Idaho

K11WK-D in Stanford, Montana

K11WM-D in Townsend, Montana

K11WQ-D in West Knees, Montana

K11WR-D in Council, Idaho

K11WT-D in McCall, Idaho

K11WY-D in Coulee City, Washington

K11WZ-D in Delta Junction, etc., Alaska

K11XC-D in Salina & Redmond, Utah

K38AJ-D in Blanding/Monticello, Utah

K41LC-D in Long Valley Junction, Utah

K49AO-D in Rural Juab, etc., Utah

KARE in Minneapolis, Minnesota

KCBD in Lubbock, Texas

KCBY-TV in Coos Bay, Oregon

KDIN-TV in Des Moines, Iowa

KDTP in Holbrook, Arizona

KEET in Eureka, California

KELO-TV in Sioux Falls, South Dakota

KFFX-TV in Pendleton, Oregon

KGIN in Grand Island, Nebraska

KHAW-TV in Hilo, Hawaii

KHET in Honolulu, Hawaii

KHOU in Houston, Texas

KJUD in Juneau, Alaska

KKRM-LD in Chico, California

KLST in San Angelo, Texas

KLVX in Las Vegas, Nevada

KMLU in Columbia, Louisiana

KMVT in Twin Falls, Idaho

KNSO in Merced, California

KOAB-TV in Bend, Oregon

KOED-TV in Tulsa, Oklahoma

KPJC-LD in San Francisco, California

KQCK in Cheyenne, Wyoming

KQSD-TV in Lowry, South Dakota

KRII in Chisholm, Minnesota

KSNG in Garden City, Kansas

KSTW in Tacoma, Washington

KSWO-TV in Lawton, Oklahoma

KTTV in Los Angeles, California

KTVF in Fairbanks, Alaska

KTVN in Reno, Nevada

KTWU in Topeka, Kansas

KUFM-TV in Missoula, Montana

KULR-TV in Billings, Montana

KVCT in Victoria, Texas

KWSE in Williston, North Dakota

KYMA-DT in Yuma, Arizona

W11AH-D in Tryon & Columbus, North Carolina

W11AN-D in Bryson City, North Carolina

W11AU-D in Canton, etc., North Carolina

W11AY-D in St John Plantation, Maine

W11DD-D in Hartwell & Royston, Georgia

W11DH-D in Wabasso, Florida

W11DJ-D in Glasgow, Kentucky

WBAL-TV in Baltimore, Maryland

WBKB-TV in Alpena, Michigan

WBRE-TV in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

WDFL-LD in Miami, Florida

WENH-TV in Durham, New Hampshire

WESH in Daytona Beach, Florida

WGBS-LD in Hampton, Virginia

WGSI-CD in Murrells Inlet, South Carolina

WGVU-TV in Grand Rapids, Michigan

WHAS-TV in Louisville, Kentucky

WIVM-LD in Canton, Ohio

WJDP-LD in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee

WJHL-TV in Johnson City, Tennessee

WLFI-TV in Lafayette, Indiana

WLII-DT in Caguas, Puerto Rico

WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin

WMTO-LD in Manteo, North Carolina

WPCW in Jeannette, Pennsylvania

WPIX in New York, New York

WTOC-TV in Savannah, Georgia

WTOK-TV in Meridian, Mississippi

WTOL in Toledo, Ohio

WTVD in Durham, North Carolina

WTVI in Charlotte, North Carolina

WTVM in Columbus, Georgia

WTZT-CD in Athens, Alabama

WVPT in Staunton, Virginia

WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts

WYES-TV in New Orleans, Louisiana

Channel 51 virtual TV stations in the United States

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 51 in the United States:

K05IZ-D in Hinsdale, Montana

K09ES-D in Cashmere, Washington

K09HY-D in Glasgow, Montana

K09YE-D in La Pine, Oregon

K11EZ-D in Cashmere, Washington

K14JZ-D in Peetz, Colorado

K17MJ-D in San Antonio, Texas

K24FU-D in Pleasant Valley, Colorado

K27IH-D in Holyoke, Colorado

K28JH-D in Yuma, Colorado

K29GV-D in Hagerman, Idaho

K29HD-D in Idalia, Colorado

K31IH-D in Wray, Colorado

K31IQ-D in Sterling, Colorado

K39KL-D in Akron, Colorado

K40MT-D in Bonners Ferry, Idaho

K43MH-D in Vesta, Minnesota

K45IS-D in Julesburg, Colorado

K50LP-D in Anton, Colorado

K51BA-D in Fort Peck, Montana

K51DB-D in Cortez, etc., Colorado

K51DF-D in Milton-Freewater, Oregon

K51DR-D in Wenatchee, Washington

K51IO in Bullhead City, Arizona

K51JG-D in Yakima, Washington

K51KY-D in Hermiston, Washington

KBZO-LD in Lubbock, Texas

KCBB-LD in Boise, Idaho

KFXK-TV in Longview, Texas

KFXL-LD in Lufkin, Texas

KFXL-TV in Lincoln, Nebraska

KHDS-LD in Salina, Kansas

KHFD-LD in Dallas, Texas

KHPN-LD in Warrenton, Oregon

KMSX-LD in Sacramento, California

KNSO in Merced, California

KNWA-TV in Rogers, Arkansas

KOHD in Bend, Oregon

KOXO-CD in Portland, Oregon

KPPX-TV in Tolleson, Arizona

KSAW-LD in Twin Falls, Idaho

KUMO-LD in St. Louis, Missouri

KUNS-TV in Bellevue, Washington

KUSI-TV in San Diego, California

KWHS-LD in Colorado Springs, Colorado

KXAD-LD in Amarillo, Texas

KYAZ in Katy, Texas

W51BN-D in White Lake, New York

W51CW-D in Wilmington, North Carolina

W51DJ-D in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico

WBIF in Marianna, Florida

WEIU-TV in Charleston, Illinois

WGUD-LD in Pasacagoula, Mississippi

WHSU-CD in Syracuse, New York

WIWU-CD in Marion, Indiana

WLZE-LD in Fort Myers, Florida

WNWT-LD in New York, New York

WNYA in Pittsfield, Massachusetts

WOGX in Ocala, Florida

WPXJ-TV in Batavia, New York

WPXT in Portland, Maine

WQEH-LD in Jackson, Tennessee

WSCV in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

WSFG-LD in Berry, Alabama

WSFJ-TV in Newark, Ohio

WSSF-LD in Fayette, Alabama

WTVE in Reading, Pennsylvania

WVPT in Staunton, Virginia

WYAM-LD in Priceville, AlabamaThe following stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly operated on virtual channel 51 in the United States:

KBIT-LD in Chico, California

Diva (TV network)

Diva, formerly Diva Universal, is a woman-based entertainment channel owned by Universal Networks International.

The list of Diva channels includes:

Diva (Asia TV channel)

Diva Universal (Philippines) defunct

Diva Universal (Bulgaria) defunct

Diva Universal (Italy) defunct

Diva Universal (Romania) currently

Diva Universal (Russia) defunct

Diva Adria (Serbia/Croatia/Slovenia)

E! (Asian TV channel)

E! is a Southeast Asian pay television channel, owned by NBCUniversal. It was officially launched on 14 October 2007 and its programming its centred towards celebrity-focused reality shows.

Focus Features

Focus Features LLC is an American film production and distribution company, owned by Comcast through Universal Pictures, a division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Focus Features distributes independent and foreign films in the United States and internationally.


KFRE-TV, virtual channel 59 (UHF digital channel 36), is a CW-affiliated television station serving Fresno, California, United States that is licensed to Sanger. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, as part of a duopoly with Visalia-licensed Fox affiliate KMPH-TV (channel 26). The two stations share studios on McKinley Avenue in eastern Fresno (one mile (1.6 km) southwest of Fresno Yosemite International Airport); KFRE's transmitter is located on Bear Mountain (near Meadow Lakes).


KVDA, virtual channel 60 (UHF digital channel 38), is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station licensed to San Antonio, Texas, United States. The station is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal (itself a subsidiary of Comcast). KVDA's studios are located on San Pedro Avenue, near the North Shearer Hills neighborhood on the northern side of San Antonio, and its transmitter is located off of Route 181 in northwest Wilson County (northeast of Elmendorf). On cable, the station is available on Charter Spectrum channel 17, Grande Communications channel 6, and AT&T U-verse channel 60.

Movies 24

Movies 24 is a television channel in the United Kingdom owned and operated by NBCUniversal. It launched on 26 June 2006 on Sky. During the Christmas period the channels are rebranded as Christmas 24 and Christmas 24 +.


SBS CNBC is a 24-hour business news channel in South Korea.

Studio Universal

Studio Universal is a specialty television channel focused on films, owned by Universal Networks International. The programming is based on films (mainly from Universal Studios movies catalogue) and related programs with interviews, insights, short films and frequent themed nights or seasons in which are shown a number of films centred on one genre, director or actor. The Studio Universal brand has been chosen as one of core channels of Universal Networks International. The channel was launched on February 1, 2010 in Latin America replacing Hallmark Channel.

Syfy Universal (Russia)

See Syfy Universal for a list of other Syfy/Sci Fi channels.Syfy formerly known as the Sci Fi Channel. The Syfy in Russia and Kazakhstan is launched on May 30, 2008. It was available on cable and satellite television.

Syfy replaced Sci-fi Channel on April 13, 2010


TeleXitos is an American Spanish language digital multicast television network that is owned by the NBCUniversal Telemundo Enterprises, a subsidiary of the NBCUniversal Filmed and Entertainment division of NBCUniversal (itself a division of Comcast). Aimed at the Hispanic and Latin American community, the network airs a mix of dramatic television series from the 1970s to the 2000s and movies, with all programming consisting of shows dubbed into Spanish.

Telemundo Studios

Telemundo Studios, formerly known as Telemondo Television Studios, is a division of NBCUniversal that develops original programming in Spanish.

Universal's Epic Universe

Universal’s Epic Universe is an upcoming theme park being constructed as part of the Universal Orlando Resort in Orlando, Florida. Its construction was announced in August 2019.

Universal Channel (Japanese TV channel)

Universal Channel was a Japanese television channel.

ZGS Communications

ZGS Communications, also referred to as the ZGS Group or ZGS Broadcasting, was a television and radio station operator in the United States, based in Arlington, Virginia. The company operated 11 stations: 10 television stations and one radio station. All of their television stations and one radio station broadcast in Spanish.

On December 4, 2017, NBCUniversal's Telemundo Station Group announced its purchase of ZGS' 10 television stations.

The sale was completed in early 2018. Two of the stations (WRIW-CD and WZGS-CD) were filed separately, as ZGS were negotiating channel sharing agreements at the time of the sale. Those sales were completed in July 2018.Effective April 10, 2018, ZGS sold their sole radio station to Alejandro Carrasco's ACR Media, Inc.

Television stations in Central California, including Fresno and Visalia
Low-power digital
Adjacent locals
Local cable channels
Spanish-language television stations by affiliation in the state of California
Azteca América
ION Television Network Affiliates in the state of California
Universal Parks
& Resorts
NBCU Film and
Broadcast, Cable,
Sports and News
and Digital
Other assets:
and predecessors:
CBS Corp.
Fox Corp.

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