In Hawaiian mythology, or Kūkaʻilimoku is one of the four great gods. The other three are Kanaloa, Kāne, and Lono. Feathered god images or ʻaumakua hulu manu are considered to represent Kū. Kū is worshipped under many names, including Kū-ka-ili-moku (also written Kūkaʻilimoku), the "Snatcher of Land".[1] Kūkaʻilimoku rituals included human sacrifice, which was not part of the worship of other gods.

Kuka'ilimoku
Kūkaʻilimoku

Names of Kū

Owing to the multiplicity inherent in Hawaiian concepts of deity, Kū may be invoked under many names, which reference subordinate manifestations of the god.

Forest and rain

  • Ku-moku-haliʻi (Ku spreading over the land)
  • Ku-pulupulu (Ku of the undergrowth)
  • Ku-olono-wao (Ku of the deep forest)
  • Ku-holoholo-pali (Ku sliding down steps)
  • Ku-pepeiao-loa/-poko (Big and small-eared Ku)
  • Kupa-ai-keʻe (Adzing out the canoe)
  • Ku-mauna (Ku of the mountain)
  • Ku-ka-ohia-laka (Ku of the ohia-lehua tree)
  • Ku-ka-ieie (Ku of the wild pandanus vine)

Husbandry

  • Ku-ka-o-o (Ku of the digging stick)
  • Ku-kuila (Ku of dry farming)
  • Ku-keolowalu (Ku of wet farming)

Fishing

  • Ku-ula or Ku-ula-kai (ku of the abundance of the sea)

War

  • Ku-nui-akea (Ku the supreme one)
  • Ku-kaili-moku (Ku snatcher of land)
  • Ku-keoloewa (Ku the supporter)
  • Ku-hoʻoneʻenuʻu (Ku pulling together the earth)

Sorcery

  • Ku-waha-ilo (Ku of the maggot-dropping mouth)[2]

Religion

He is known as the god of war and the husband of the goddess Hina.[3] Some have taken this to suggest a complementary dualism, as the word in the Hawaiian language means " to stand " while one meaning of hina is " to fall ".[4] This analysis is not supported by evidence from other Polynesian languages which distinguish the original "ng" and "n". Hina's counterpart in New Zealand for example, is Hina, associated with the moon, rather than Hinga, "fallen down". Thus, the Hawaiian name Hina is probably rather connected to the other meaning of hina, denoting a silvery-grey color[4] (like the full moon); indeed the moon is named Mahina in the Hawaiian language. Kū, Kāne, and Lono caused light to shine in upon the world. They are uncreated gods who have existed from eternity.[5]

Guardian statues of Kamehameha I

Kūkaʻilimoku was the guardian of Kamehameha I who erected monuments to the deity at the Holualoa Bay royal center and his residence at Kamakahonu. Three enormous statues of the god Kū were reunited for the first time in almost 200 years at the Bishop Museum in Honolulu in 2010.[6] They were dedicated by Kamehameha at one of his temples on the archipelago in the late eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. These very rare statues (no others are known extant) were later acquired by the Bishop Museum, the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts and the British Museum in London.[7][8] One feathered god image in the Bishop Museum, Honolulu is thought to be Kamehameha I's own image of his god. However it is still unclear whether all feathered god images represent Kū.[9]

Akua (God)

He is known as the god of War, politics, farming and Fishing

Kinolau (Body forms)

Manō (shark), ʻIo (Hawaiian Hawk), Niuhi (Man eating shark), ʻĪlio (Dog), Iʻa ʻUla (Red fish), ʻIeʻIe (Freycinetia arborea), ʻŌhiʻa Lehua

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Beckwith, Martha (1970). Hawaiian Mythology. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 15. ISBN 0870220624.
  2. ^ Beckwith, Martha (1970). Hawaiian Mythology. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0870220624.
  3. ^ Beckwith (1970): p.12
  4. ^ a b Pukui et al. (1992): p.25
  5. ^ Tregear (1891): p.540
  6. ^ Honolulu Advertiser Article
  7. ^ Peabody Essex Museum Oceanic Collection
  8. ^ British Museum Highlights
  9. ^ "`aumakua hulu manu Kuka`ilimoku (feathered god image)". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 16 November 2010.

References

Celtic Hounds

The Celtic hounds were a breed of dogs in Gaelic Ireland described in Irish legend. They may have corresponded to the Greyhound, Scottish Deerhound, Irish Wolfhound, or ancestors of all of these breeds.

Celtic hounds can be found in Celtic jewelry designs and paintings as far back as the 17th century. Celtic hounds symbolize hunting, healing, and the Otherworld in Celtic legends. Hounds were the traditional guardian animals of roads and crossways and are believed to protect and guide lost souls in the Otherworld.The Irish word cú (pronounced [kuː]) for "hound" derives from the Primitive Irish cuna, which is from Proto-Celtic *kū ("dog", "wolf"), which in turn derives from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ, "dog."

Chat Kuh-e Bahram Beygi

Chat Kuh-e Bahram Beygi (Persian: چاتكوه بهرام بيگي‎, also Romanized as Chāt Kūh-e Bahrām Beygī; also known as Chāt Kū and Chāt Kūh) is a village in Pataveh Rural District, Pataveh District, Dana County, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 78, in 15 families.

Eskeleh

Eskeleh (Persian: اسكله‎; also known as Kūy-e Faraḩbakhsh and Kū-ye Faraḩ Bakhsh) is a village in Jafarbay-ye Jonubi Rural District, in the Central District of Torkaman County, Golestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 20, in 6 families.

Fidkuiyeh

Fidkuiyeh (Persian: فيدكوئيه‎, also Romanized as Fīdkū’īyeh and Fīd Kū’īyeh; also known as Bīd Kū”īyeh and Fītkū’īyeh) is a village in Khorramdasht Rural District, in the Central District of Kuhbanan County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 27, in 12 families.

Five elements (Japanese philosophy)

The five elements philosophy in Japanese Buddhism and Hinduism, godai (五大, lit. "five great"), is derived from Buddhist beliefs. It is perhaps best known in the Western world for its use in Miyamoto Musashi's famous text Gorin-no-sho (The Book of Five Rings), in which he explains different aspects of swordsmanship by assigning each aspect to an element.

Hawaiian religion

Hawaiian religion encompasses the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Native Hawaiians. It is polytheistic and animistic, with a belief in many deities and spirits, including the belief that spirits are found in non-human beings and objects such as animals, the waves, and the sky.

Hawaiian religion originated among the Tahitians and other Pacific islanders who landed in Hawaiʻi between 500 and 1300 AD. Today, Hawaiian religious practices are protected by the American Indian Religious Freedom Act. Traditional Hawaiian religion is unrelated to the modern New Age practice known as "Huna."

Kapu

Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws and regulations. The kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. An offense that was kapu was often a capital offense, but also often denoted a threat to spiritual power, or theft of mana. Kapus were strictly enforced. Breaking one, even unintentionally, often meant immediate death, Koʻo kapu. The concept is related to taboo and the tapu or tabu found in other Polynesian cultures. The Hawaiian word kapu is usually translated to English as "forbidden", though it also carries the meanings of "keep out", "no trespassing", "sacred", "consecrated", or "holy".

The opposite of kapu is noa, meaning "common" or "free".

Kones Ku

Kones Ku (Persian: كنسكو‎, also Romanized as Kones Kū; also known as Konūs Kūh) is a village in Tameshkol Rural District, Nashta District, Tonekabon County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 319, in 71 families.

Kordkuy

Kordkuy (Persian: كرد كوی‎; also Romanized as Kord Kūy, Kord Kū, and Kurd Kūi) is a city and capital of Kordkuy County, in Golestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 28,991, in 7,611 families.Kordkuy (means The neighborhood of Kurds)(former Tamiše ) is located on the west part of the Golestân province. It is connected to Bandar from the north and the west to Bandare Gaz the east to Gorgân and from the south to Dâmâqân of Semnân province. Its south parts are closed with the heights of Alborz (Elbruz) mountains. Kordkuy was a part of Gorgân until 1979 when it gained town status. The former name of Kordkuy was "Tamiše" which was also attributed to the western part of Gorgân. Kordkuy's most harvests are husked rice, wheat, cotton and soya.

Kāne

In Hawaiian mythology, Kāne is considered the highest of the four major Hawaiian deities, along with Kanaloa, Kū, and Lono, though he is most closely associated with Kanaloa. He represented the god of procreation and was worshipped as ancestor of chiefs and commoners. Kāne is the creator and gives life associated with dawn, sun and sky. No human sacrifice or laborious ritual was needed in the worship of Kāne.

Kāne Milohai

In Hawaiian mythology, Kāne-milo-hai is the brother of Kamohoaliʻi, Pele, Kapo, Nāmaka and Hiʻiaka (among others) by Haumea.

He is a figure most prominently in the story of Pele's journey along the island chain to Hawaiʻi, and may be seen as a terrestrial counterpart to his brother, the shark-god Ka-moho-aliʻi.The word kāne alone means "man", and Kāne is one of the four major Hawaiian deities along with Kanaloa, Kū, and Lono. As a result, Kāne-milo-hai is occasionally confused with the latter.

List of Negima! Magister Negi Magi characters

The Negima! Magister Negi Magi manga and anime series features a wide cast of fictional characters designed by Ken Akamatsu. The series follows Negi Springfield, a 10-year-old boy from Wales with magic powers, who becomes a teacher of a Japanese middle school class of 31 girls. He discovers he is able to unlock many of the girls' magical powers as they assist him in his adventures. He and his students encounter a number of characters, friends and foes, many of whom have magic powers or are connected to the Magical World, and some even have connections to his estranged father.

Mogao Caves

The Mogao Caves, also known as the Thousand Buddha Grottoes or Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves; however, this term is also used as a collective term to include other Buddhist cave sites in and around the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, Eastern Thousand Buddha Caves, Yulin Caves, and Five Temple Caves. The caves contain some of the finest examples of Buddhist art spanning a period of 1,000 years. The first caves were dug out in AD 366 as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. The Mogao Caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes and, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes, are one of the three famous ancient Buddhist sculptural sites of China.

An important cache of documents was discovered in 1900 in the so-called "Library Cave", which had been walled-up in the 11th century. The contents of the library were subsequently dispersed around the world, and the largest collections are now found in Beijing, London, Paris and Berlin, and the International Dunhuang Project exists to coordinate and collect scholarly work on the Dunhuang manuscripts and other material. The caves themselves are now a popular tourist destination, with a number open for visiting.

Mu Capricorni

Mu Capricorni (μ Cap, μ Capricorni) is a solitary star in the southern constellation of Capricornus. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 37.57 mas as seen from the Earth, the star is located about 87 light years from the Sun. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +5.081.This is a yellow-white hued, F-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of F2 V. It is an estimated 1.6 billion years old and is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 69 km/s. The star has 1.29 times the mass of the Sun and around 1.8 times the Sun's radius, with an effective temperature of 6,892 K.In Chinese, 哭 (Kū), meaning Crying, refers to an asterism consisting of μ Capricorni and 38 Aquarii. Consequently, the Chinese name for μ Capricorni itself is 哭一 (Kū yī, English: the First Star of Crying.). From this Chinese name, the name Kuh was appeared.

Qoo

26 February 2004 - 27 March 2005

Qoo (クー, Kū) is a non-carbonated beverage from the Coca-Cola Company. Originally introduced in Japan on May 28, 1999 in the Kyushu region and on November 1, 1999 in all of Japan after Coca-Cola executed the creation of a kid and teen-oriented beverage after a year-long initiative. When it was introduced, Qoo completely replaced Hi-C in Japan, Qoo is now available throughout much of Asia in a variety of flavors including grape and orange. As soon as Qoo was introduced, the white grape flavor was available at drink fountains in Japan as well at McDonald's as Coca-Cola pushed this drink to market in many places. In Germany, the product line was sold from January 2003 until November 2005. Additionally, Qoo White Grape is available in Japan in McDonald's fountain machines nationwide.

The name comes from the mascot's reaction to tasting the drink. The mascot was designed by Momoko Maruyama, who created Deko Boko Friends. The Jingle, for the original Japanese version, is sung by Londell "Taz" Hicks, an American now living in Japan who is best known for the AKB48 overture.

Qoo is transliterated in Chinese as 酷兒 (kùér). It evokes images of “cool kid” since 酷 (kù) is a transliteration of the English word cool and 兒 (ér) means ‘child’ or ‘son’.

Saneh Kuh

Saneh Kuh (Persian: سنه كوه‎, also Romanized as Saneh Kūh; also known as Saneh Kū and Senūr) is a village in Kuhdasht-e Gharbi Rural District, in the Central District of Miandorud County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 80, in 22 families.

Shattered Angels

Shattered Angels (京四郎と永遠の空, Kyōshirō to Towa no Sora, lit. "Kyoshiro and the Eternal Sky") is a Japanese manga created by Kaishaku which was first serialized in the Japanese shōnen manga magazine Monthly Dragon Age in May 2006. A 12-episode anime, adapted from the manga, aired in Japan from January 5 to March 23, 2007. The series refers to several of Kaishaku's past works: Kannazuki no Miko, Magical Nyan Nyan Taruto, UFO Ultramaiden Valkyrie and Steel Angel Kurumi.

Tōi Umi kara Kita Coo

Tōi Umi kara Kita Coo (遠い海から来たCOO, Tōi Umi kara Kita Kū, lit. "From a Distant Ocean Came Coo") is a Japanese novel by Tamio Kageyama. It won the Naoki Prize in 1988. It was adapted into an anime film named Coo: Tōi Umi kara Kita Coo (COO: 遠い海から来たCOO, Kū: Tōi Umi kara Kita Kū, lit. "Coo: From a Distant Ocean Came Coo"), released in 1993 by Toei Animation. The story revolves around a boy who finds a baby plesiosaur.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.