The name Kōshin'etsu is a composite formed from the names of old provinces which are adjacent to each other — Kai (now Yamanashi), Shinano (now Nagano) and Echigo (now Niigata). The region is surrounded by the Sea of Japan to its north west, Hokuriku region to its west, Tōkai region to its south west, Kantō region to its south east, and Tōhoku region to its north east. The name for this geographic area is usually combined with Kantō region (as in "Kantō-Kōshin'etsu"); and it is sometimes combined with Hokuriku region (as in "Kantō-Kōshin'etsu-Hokuriku" or "Hokuriku-Kōshin'etsu").
Media related to Kōshin'etsu region at Wikimedia CommonsChūbu region
The Chūbu region (中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), Central region, or Central Japan (中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū, Japan's main island. Chūbu has a population of 23,010,276 as of 1 June 2019. It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.It is located directly between the Kantō region and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya as well as Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji.
The region is the widest part of Honshū and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.Continued Top 100 Japanese Castles
The Continued Top 100 Japanese Castles (日本続百名城, Nihon Zoku Hyaku-Meijō) is a list of 100 castles chosen based on their significance in culture, history, and in their regions by the Japanese Castle Foundation (日本城郭協会, Nihon Jōkaku Kyōkai) in 2017.East Japan Railway Company
East Japan Railway Company is a major passenger railway company in Japan and is the largest of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR-EAST or JR East in English, and as JR Higashi-Nihon (JR東日本, Jeiāru Higashi-Nihon) in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo, next to Shinjuku Station.Hokuriku region
The Hokuriku region (北陸地方, Hokuriku chihō, Lit. "Northlands region") was located in the northwestern part of Honshu, the main island of Japan. It lay along the Sea of Japan within the Chūbu region, which it is currently a part of. It is almost equivalent to Koshi Province and Hokurikudō area in pre-modern Japan. Due to its elongated shape, and the Noto Peninsula jutting out, the region is known as a 'rising dragon' 昇龍道 (しょうりゅうどう, Shōryudō). Since the Heian period until the Edo period the region was a core recipient of population, the population grew to be much larger proportionately than it is today, despite the rural character. With the growth of urban centers in the 20th century, particularly Tokyo and Chūkyō, the Hokuriku has steadily declined in importance to become relative backwaters. The region is also known for traditional culture that originated from elsewhere that has been long lost along the Taiheiyō Belt.
The Hokuriku region includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui, Niigata and Toyama, although Niigata is sometimes included in one of the following regions:
Shin'etsu (信越): includes Niigata and Nagano prefectures
Kōshin'etsu (甲信越): includes Niigata, Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures
Hokushin'etsu (北信越): includes both the Hokuriku and Shin'etsu regionsJōshin'etsu region
The Jōshin'etsu region (上信越地方, Jōshin'etsu chihō) is a region on the main Japanese island of Honshu, comprising parts of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata Prefectures. It is a mountainous area with a large national park and numerous hot springs and ski resorts. It has long been a transportation corridor between the Kantō plain and coastal areas on the Japan Sea side of the island.Kamaitachi
Kamaitachi (鎌鼬) is a Japanese yōkai often told about in the Kōshin'etsu region, and can also refer to the strange events that this creature causes.
They appear riding on dust devils, and they cut people using the nails on both their hands that are like sickles. One would receive a sharp, painless wound.
They are seen to be the same as the Qiongqi (窮奇) of China, and kamaitachi are also sometimes written as 窮奇.List of regions of Japan
The regions of Japan are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. For instance, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tōhoku University, etc.). While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions below.Okuchichibu Mountains
Okuchichibu Mountains (奥秩父山塊, Okuchichibu Sankai) or the Okuchichibu Mountainous Region (奥秩父山地, Okuchichibu Sanchi) is a mountainous district in the Kantō region and Kōshin'etsu region, Japan. It covers the western part of Tokyo, the western part of Saitama Prefecture, the southwestern part of Gunma Prefecture, the southeastern part of Nagano Prefecture, and the northern part of Yamanashi Prefecture. Oku (奥, oku) means the interior, Okuchichibu means the interior of chichibu (秩父, chichibu). The meaning of the word Okuchichibu is based on the point of view from the Kantō region. This mountain area consists of folded mountains and ranges from 1000 to 2600 meters in height. Mount Kita Okusenjō (北奥千丈岳, Kita Okusenjō-dake) is the highest at 2601m. Most of the range lies in the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park (秩父多摩甲斐国立公園, Chichibu Tama Kai Kokuritsu Kōen).
Some of the mountains in the Okuchichibu Mountains include:
Mt. Kumotori (雲取山, Kumotori-yama) (2017 m)
Mt. Hiryū (飛竜山, Hiryū-san) (2077 m)
Mt. Karamatsuo (唐松尾山, Karamatsuo-san) (2109 m)
Mt. Kasatori (笠取山, Kasatori-san) (1953 m)
Mt. Suisho (水晶山, Suisho-san) (2158 m)
Karisaka Pass (雁坂峠, Karisaka Tōge) (2082 m)
Mt. Tokusa (木賊山, Tokusa-yama) (2468 m)
Mt. Kobushi (甲武信ヶ岳, Kōbushi-dake) (2475 m)
Mt. Sanpō (三宝山, Sanpō-zan) (2483 m)
Mt. Kokushi (国師岳, Kokushi-dake) (2591 m)
Mt. Kita Okusenjō (北奥千丈岳, Kita Okusenjō-dake) (2601 m)
Mt. Asahi (朝日岳, Asahi-dake) (2579 m)
Mt. Kimpu (金峰山, Kinpu-san) (2599 m)
Mt. Mizugaki (瑞牆山, Mizugaki-yama) (2230 m)
Mt. Ogawa (小川山, Ogawa-yama) (2418 m)
Mt. Yokō (横尾山, Yokō-san) (1818 m)
Mt. Meshimori (飯盛山, Meshimori-san) (1643 m)
Mt. Azumaya (四阿屋山, Azumaya-san) (772 m)
Mt. Ryōkami (両神山, Ryōkami-san) (1723 m)
Mt. Nanten (南天山, Nanten-san) (1483 m)
Mt. Chichibu-ontake (秩父御岳山, Chichibu Ontake-san) (1081 m)
Nakatsu Valley (中津峡, Nakatsu-kyō)
Mt. Mitsumine (三峰山, Mitsumine-san)
(Mt. Myōhō 1332 m, Mt. Shiraiwa 1921 m, Mt. Kumotori 2017 m)
Mt. Hakutai (白泰山, Hakutai-san) (1794 m)
Mt. Myōhō (妙法が岳, Myōhō-san) (1332 m)
Mt. Kirimo (霧藻ヶ峰, Kirimogamine) (1523 m)
Mt. Shiraiwa (白岩山, Shiraiwa-san) (1921 m)
Mt. Kumakura (熊倉山, Kumakura-san) (1427 m)
Mt. Wanakura (和名倉山, Wanakura-san) (2036 m)
Mikuni Pass (三国峠, Mikuni Tōge) (1740 m)
Jūmonji Pass (十文字峠, Jūmonji Tōge) (2000 m)
Mt. Gorō (五郎山, Gorō-san) (2132 m)
Nishizawa Gorge (西沢渓谷, Nishizawa Keikoku)
Higashizawa Gorge (東沢渓谷, Higashizawa Keikoku)
Mt. Kurogane (黒金山, Kurogane-san) (2232 m)
Mt. Kentoku (乾徳山, Kentoku-san) (2031 m)
Mt. Kurakake (倉掛山, Kurakake-san) (1777 m)
Mikubo Plateau (三窪高原, Mikubo Kōgen) (1650 m)Outline of Japan
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan:
Japan – an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean. It lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin" (because it lies to the east of nearby countries), which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area.Shin'etsu region
Shin'etsu (信越地方, Shin'etsu Chihō) is a geographical region of Japan.The area encompasses the old provinces of Shinano and Echigo. Though the name is a combination of those two provinces, the region also contains Sado Island from Sado Province. It is located in the modern-day prefectures of Nagano and Niigata.Typhoon Maria (2006)
Typhoon Maria was a minimal typhoon which brushed the southeastern coast of Japan during early August 2006. The seventh named storm of the 2006 Pacific typhoon season, Maria formed out of a tropical depression over the open waters of the western Pacific Ocean. On August 5, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) classified the depression as a tropical storm while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) kept it as a depression. The storm quickly strengthened into a typhoon the next day, reaching its peak intensity with winds of 130 km/h (80 mph 10-minute winds) early on August 6. The storm gradually weakened as it began to recurve, causing it to parallel the southeastern coast of Japan. On August 9, Maria weakened into a tropical depression and later into an extratropical cyclone before dissipating on August 15. Maria had only minor effects in Japan, mainly heavy rains which were estimated to have peaked over 400 mm (15.7 in) on the Izu Peninsula. One person was killed after being struck by lightning and six others were injured.Tōkai region
The Tōkai region (東海地方, Tōkai-chihō) is a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean. The name comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes. Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures.
The largest major city in the region is Nagoya and the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Nagoya Metropolitan Area) makes up a large portion of the region and has Japan's third strongest economy. The business influence of this urban area sometimes extends out into the outlying areas of the three prefectures centered on Nagoya which are Aichi, Gifu, and Mie; this area is sometimes referred to as the Chūkyō region.
Tōkai is a heavy manufacturing area and is one of the most industrial regions in Japan. Its coast is lined with densely populated cities with economies that thrive on factories.
The Tōkai region has experienced a number of large earthquakes in the past, including the two great earthquakes in 1944 (also known as the "Tonankai earthquake") and 1945 (also known as the "Mikawa earthquake"). Following the work of Kiyoo Mogi, it is predicted that there is a possibility that the area will be subject to a shallow magnitude 8.0 earthquake in the near future. Nagoya, Shizuoka, and other large cities would be greatly damaged, with potential casualties in the tens of thousands. The Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction designated the region as an Area of Specific Observation in 1970, and upgraded it to an Area of Intensified Observation in 1974.