Kōchi Prefecture

Kōchi Prefecture (高知県 Kōchi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the south coast of Shikoku.[1] The capital is the city of Kōchi.[2]

Kōchi Prefecture

高知県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese高知県
 • RōmajiKōchi-ken
Flag of Kōchi Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kōchi Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kōchi Prefecture
Coordinates: 33°26′N 133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°ECoordinates: 33°26′N 133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°E
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalKōchi (city)
Government
 • GovernorMasanao Ozaki
Area
 • Total7,104.87 km2 (2,743.21 sq mi)
Area rank14th
Population
(December 1, 2011)
 • Total757,914
 • Rank45th
 • Density106.68/km2 (276.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-39
Districts6
Municipalities34
FlowerYamamomo (Myrica rubra)
TreeYanase Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)
BirdFairy pitta (Pitta nympha)
Websitewww.pref.kochi.lg.jp/english/

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration, Kōchi was known as Tosa Province and was controlled by the Chōsokabe clan in the Sengoku period and the Yamauchi clan during the Edo period.[3]

Kōchi City is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma.

Geography

Map of Kochi Prefecture Ja
Map of Kōchi Prefecture
     City      Town

Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ehime to the north-west and Tokushima to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude of 1,506 meters above sea level.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park; Ishizuchi, Muroto-Anan Kaigan, and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

高知城 天守からの景色3 Kochi Castle - panoramio
Skyline of Kōchi City

Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Tourism

Cape Ashizuri - 足摺岬 - panoramio (11)
Cape of Ashizuri
Cape Muroto 2011
Cape of Muroto

Media

The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi.[5] The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.

The 2009 movie The Harimaya Bridge starring Danny Glover was set in Kochi.[6][7]

Culture

Food

Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, Katsuo no Tataki. Katsuo no Tataki is Skipjack Tuna or Bonito, lightly seared. Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest.

Festival and events

Festival
  • Yosakoi Festival - Yosakoi (よさこい) is a unique style of dance that originated in Japan and that is performed at festivals and events all over the country.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.

Baseball
Football

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōchi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 538, p. 538, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kōchi" at p. 538, p. 538, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Yukiyo Teramoto Makes Short Insert Anime for "Prefectural Office Hospitality Department: The Movie" - Tokyo Otaku Mode News". otakumode.com.
  6. ^ Matt Alt; Hiroko Yoda; Melinda Joe (27 March 2012). Frommer's? Japan Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 532. ISBN 978-0-470-90826-6.
  7. ^ Iris-Aya Laemmerhirt (March 2014). Embracing Differences: Transnational Cultural Flows between Japan and the United States. transcript Verlag. p. 254. ISBN 978-3-8394-2600-5.

References

External links

Media related to Kōchi prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Edagawa Station

Edagawa Station (枝川駅, Edagawa-eki) is a railway station in Ino, Agawa District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Erinono Station

Erinono Station (襟野々駅, Erinono-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Sakawa, Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "K14".

Gomen Station

Gomen Station (後免駅, Gomen-eki) is a railway station located in Nankoku, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The station is operated by JR Shikoku for its Dosan Line with the station number "D40" and by the third-sector Tosa Kuroshio Railway for its Asa Line with the station number "GN40".

Hakawa Station

Hakawa Station (波川駅, Hakawa-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Ino, Agawa District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "K08".

Harimayabashi Station

Harimayabashi Station (はりまや橋駅, Harimayabashi-eki) is a tram station in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Kubokawa Station

Kubokawa Station (窪川駅, Kubokawa-eki) is a railway station in Shimanto, Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is the main station for the town of Shimanto and hosts the railway services of both JR Shikoku (as station "K26) and the Tosa Kuroshio Railway (as station "TK26").

Kōchi Airport

Kōchi Airport (Japanese: 高知空港, Kōchi Kūkō) (IATA: KCZ, ICAO: RJOK), also known as Kōchi Ryōma Airport (Japanese: 高知龍馬空港, Kōchi Ryōma Kūkō), is a regional airport in Nankoku, a city in Kōchi Prefecture of Japan. It is located on the southeastern coast, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) east of the city of Kōchi.

The 120 ha (297 acres) airport has a single runway handling small to medium size aircraft. The 10,900 m2 (117,327 sq ft) two storey terminal building is located to the north side of the runway. The arrivals level is on the first floor and departures on the second. There are 14 retail stores in the small terminal building. There is an observation deck on the third floor of the building. Transportation from the airport is by car, taxi or bus.

Kōchi Castle

Kōchi Castle (高知城, Kōchi-jō) is a castle located in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Kōchi Station (Kōchi)

Kōchi Station (高知駅, Kōchi-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line of the Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku) located in the city center of Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

In front of the station is Kōchi-Ekimae Station, a tram stop on the Tosaden Kōtsū Sanbashi Line.

Kōchi University

Kochi University (高知大学, Kōchi Daigaku) is a national university in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1922, and it was chartered as a university in 1949.

List of mergers in Kōchi Prefecture

Here is a list of mergers in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan since the Heisei era.

Shimanto River

The Shimanto River (四万十川, Shimanto-gawa) is a river in western Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. 196 km in length, it has a watershed of 2,270 km². Its name is written with kanji meaning "forty thousand and ten".

Since the river is remote from major cities and does not have any dams, it is sometimes referred to as "the last clear stream of Japan". Fishing and production of nori is a thriving industry along the river. It has been named one of the "Three Clear-Flowing Rivers in Japan", along with the Nagara River in Gifu Prefecture and the Kakita River (柿田川 Kakita-gawa) in Shizuoka Prefecture.

The river also has 47 chinkabashi (沈下橋 lit. 'sinking bridge') including those of tributaries. Chinkabashi are low water crossings without parapets in order not to be washed away by floods. The prefecture decided to preserve them as cultural heritages.

Tosa-Kamo Station

Tosa-Kamo Station (土佐加茂駅, Tosa-Kamo-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Sakawa, Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "K11".

Tosa-Nagaoka Station

Tosa-Nagaoka Station (土佐長岡駅, Tosa-Nagaoka-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Nankoku, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "D39".

Tosa Province

Tosa Province (土佐国, Tosa no kuni) is a former province of Japan in the area that is today Kōchi Prefecture on Shikoku. Tosa was bordered by Iyo and Awa Provinces. It was sometimes called Doshū (土州) .

Tosa dialect

Tosa dialect (土佐弁, Tosa-ben) is spoken in the central and eastern regions of modern-day Kōchi Prefecture in Japan. This area was once known as the Tosa area and the name of the dialect still reflects this older name. The dialect itself developed from the linguistic influence of immigrants to the Tosa area from other parts of Japan and is largely a combination of the Kansai dialect and Chugoku dialects. In particular the accent system used is that of old Kansai-ben.

One of the distinctions between Tosa dialect and other Western Japanese dialects is the use of the verb suffixes -yuu and -chuu to show aspect. Grammatically, -yuu encapsulates the continuative and progressive aspects while -chuu separately encapsulates a repeated action or continuing state. In Standard Japanese both are represented by -te-iru. The respective past tense forms are -yotta and -chotta, while the negative forms are -yasen and -chasen.

Other distinctive features of Tosa dialect include its clause-ending particles, such as kendo for disjunction, ga as a question marker and ki to denote reason.

Many features of Tosa dialect are shared with neighbouring Hata dialect, spoken in the western part of Kōchi Prefecture.

Yoshino River

The Yoshino River (吉野川 Yoshino-gawa) is a river on the island of Shikoku, Japan. It is 194 km (121 mi) long and has a watershed of 3,750 km2 (1,450 sq mi). It is the second longest river in Shikoku (slightly shorter than the Shimanto), and is the only river whose watershed spreads over the four prefectures of the island.

It is regarded as one of the three greatest rivers of Japan along with the Tone and the Chikugo, and is nicknamed Shikoku Saburō (四国三郎; Saburō is a popular given name for a third son).

The Yoshino rises from Mount Kamegamori (瓶ケ森) in Ino, Kōchi Prefecture and flows to the east. In Ōtoyo it turns to the north and crosses the Shikoku Mountains. The gorge, named Ōboke Koboke, is a famous tourist attraction of Shikoku. In Ikeda, Tokushima Prefecture it turns to the east again and pours into the Kii Channel at the north of Tokushima city. Its major tributaries include Ananai, Iya, Dōzan, Sadamitsu, and Anabuki.

The river has some "submerged bridges" (潜水橋 Sensuikyō), equivalents of Chinkabashi of the Shimanto, which lack parapets in order not to be washed away by floods. Reconstruction of the Yoshino Daiju Dam (吉野川第十堰 Yoshino-gawa Daijūzeki) near its mouth provoked much controversy among environmentalists.

Yuki Maeda

Yuki Maeda (前田 有紀, Maeda Yuki, born August 28, 1979 in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan) is a former Japanese enka singer within Hello! Project. She started her career under the enka record label Teichiku in 2000 with her debut single "Naki Usagi", but did not have any charting singles in Japan until she signed with Up-Front Works and their label Zetima in 2003. In mid-2004 she was transferred to another Up-Front Works' label, Rice Music.

Ōtaguchi Station

Ōtaguchi Station (大田口駅, Ōtaguchi-eki) is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Ōtoyo, Nagaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "D30".

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