Kıyıköy

Kıyıköy, formerly Midye, ancient/medieval Medea (Greek: Μήδεια), is a village in the district of Vize in Kırklareli Province at northwestern Turkey. It is situated on the coast of the Black Sea. It is 36 km (22 mi) far from the district center and 95 km (59 mi) away from the province center. The village became a municipality in 1987. The population of Kıyıköy is 2,077 according to the 2010 National Census.[1]

Fishing and forestry are the main ways of living in addition to tourism in the summer. The town has a small beach. The area surrounding the town is covered by dense forests of mainly oak. Two streams, Kazandere and Pabuçdere, surround the town in the south and the north respectively. Flowing into the Black Sea, these streams are suitable for fishing, boating and swimming.

The Kasatura Bay Nature Reserve Area is 18 km (11 mi) south of the town along the Black Sea. The site harbors a pristine forest and a beach. The only naturally growing grove of black pine (Pinus nigra) in the European part Rumelia of Turkey is found at this site.

Medea is a Roman Catholic titular see[2]

The village is scheduled to host the onshore terminal of the Turkish Stream pipeline from Russia.

Kıyıköy
Village
Kıyıköy
Kıyıköy
Kıyıköy is located in Turkey
Kıyıköy
Kıyıköy
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 41°38′07″N 28°05′46″E / 41.63528°N 28.09611°E
Country Turkey
RegionMarmara
ProvinceKırklareli Province
DistrictVize
Municipality1987
Government
 • Mayorİsmail Gök (CHP)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total2,077
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
39480
Area code(s)0 288
Licence plate39
Websitekiyikoy.bel.tr

In mythology

Kıyıköy is identified with Salmydessus,[3] where in Greek mythology the Argonauts rescued Phineus from the Harpies.[4]

History

In the near past, Kıyıköy was occupied by Imperial Russian troops after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), and later by Bulgarians and Greeks following the Balkan Wars (1912-1913). For a short time after the first Balkan War, the borderline of the Ottoman Empire to the west passed through the town, and was called the "Midye-Enez Line" (Turkish: Midye-Enez Hattı) or the Enos-Midia line, as its name was still Midye.[5] The border was moved further west after the Ottomans regained some territory after the second war.

In the frame of population exchange between Greece and Turkey that took place in 1923, the mostly Greek and Bulgarian ethnicity residents of the town were replaced by Turks from Thessaloniki in Greece because of their wide knowledge of maritime matters.[5]

In 1960, the settlement's name was changed from Midye to Kıyıkent assuming the former is a foreign language name.[5]

Places of interest

St. Nicholas' Monastery (Turkish: Aya Nikolas Manastırı) (Greek: Μονὴ του Ἁγίου Νικόλαου) is a Byzantine era Orthodox monastery, built during the time of Emperor Justinian I (reigned 527-565). It is situated about 800 m (2,600 ft) southwest of the town. The monastery consists of a chapel at the ground floor, cells for the monks and storerooms. In the basement, there is a holy well (hagiasma) (Turkish: ayazma) (Greek: ἁγίασμα). The monastery was constructed entirely by cutting into a massive rock. It is known that the monastery was renovated in 1856 by Metropolitan bishop Matthaios, who built also a wooden annex in front of the monastery, which does not exist today. An inscription "St. Nikolas" in Greek alphabet letters is found engraved over the arched north entrance.[6][7]

Kıyıköy Fortress (Turkish: Kıyıkent Kalesi) is a fortification, built in the Justinian I times as well, surrounding almost the entire old town. From the examination of its mortar, it is understood that the fortress was renovated in the 9th and 10th centuries. The fortress is constructed on a hillside stretching to the coast between Pabuçdere in the north and Kazandere in the south. Its eastern part is completely ruined. The walls are built with cut stone and rubble masonry. They are at some places 2.20 m (7.2 ft) thick and 2.50 m (8.2 ft) high. The walls around the second gate reach a height of 5 m (16 ft). At the second watchtower, which is not existing today, the walls rise to 6 m (20 ft). There is a 13 m (43 ft) wide defense moat stretching between the third and the sixth watchtower. A hidden gate is situated in the south of the southern walls connected to the fortress by a stairway of 180 steps. The Vize Gate was renovated in 1991 with stone, brick and plank by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b "Kıyıköy Belediyesi" (in Turkish). Yerel Net. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Medea" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ World Places: Kiyikoy Archived 2011-10-09 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Greek Mythology: Salmydessus
  5. ^ a b c "Tarihte Kıyıköy" (in Turkish). Kıyıköy Belediyesi. 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  6. ^ "Aya Nikola Manastırı" (in Turkish). Kıyıköy. 2011-03-29. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  7. ^ "Aya Nikola Manastırı, Kıyıköy" (in Turkish). Gezenbilir. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  8. ^ "Kıyıköy Kalesi" (in Turkish). Vize. 2006-04-06. Retrieved 2011-12-17.

External links

First Balkan War

The First Balkan War (Bulgarian: Балканска война; Greek: Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Serbian: Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Turkish: Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire. The combined armies of the Balkan states overcame the numerically inferior and strategically disadvantaged Ottoman armies and achieved rapid success.

As a result of the war, the League captured and partitioned almost all remaining European territories of the Ottoman Empire. Ensuing events also led to the creation of an independent Albania which angered the Serbs. Despite having the greatest success, the main victor, Bulgaria, was dissatisfied over the division of the spoils in Macedonia, which provoked the start of the Second Balkan War.

List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia

This is a list of ancient cities, towns, villages, and fortresses in and around Thrace and Dacia. A number of these settlements were Dacian and Thracian, but some were Celtic, Greek, Roman, Paeonian, or Persian.

A number of cities in Dacia and Thrace were built on or close to the sites of preexisting Dacian or Thracian settlements. Some settlements in this list may have a double entry, such as the Paeonian Astibo and Latin Astibus. It is believed that Thracians did not build true cities even if they were named as such; the largest Thracian settlements were large villages. The only known attempt to build a polis by the Thracians was Seuthopolis., although Strabo considered the Thracian cities with "bria" ending polises. Some of the Dacian settlements and fortresses employed the traditional Murus Dacicus construction technique.

Note: Throughout these lists, an asterisk [*] indicates that the toponym is reconstructed.

List of cities of Thrace

This is a list of cities and towns in Thrace, a geographical region split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey. Largest cities of Thrace are: Istanbul (European side), Plovdiv, Burgas, Edirne, Stara Zagora.

List of municipalities in Kırklareli Province

This is the List of municipalities in Kırklareli Province, Turkey as of October 2007.

List of populated places in Diyarbakır Province

Below is the list of populated places in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey by the districts. The first four districts (Bağlar, Kayapınar, Sur and Yenişehir) are parts of the city of Greater Diyarbakır. In the following lists, the first place in each district list is the administrative center of that district.

List of populated places in Düzce Province

Below is the list of populated places in Düzce Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists, first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

List of populated places in Kırklareli Province

Below is the list of populated places in Kırklareli Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

List of renamed cities, towns and regions in Turkey

The names of many populated places and geographical features in Turkey have undergone changes over the centuries, and more particularly since the establishment of the present-day nation in the early 20th century, when there were extensive campaigns to change to recognizably Turkish names. Names changed were usually of Armenian, Greek, Georgian (including Laz), Bulgarian, Kurdish, Zazaki, Syriac or Arabic origin.

Second Balkan War

The Second Balkan War was a conflict which broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the First Balkan War, attacked its former allies, Serbia and Greece, on 16 (O.S.) / 29 (N.S.) June 1913. Serbian and Greek armies repulsed the Bulgarian offensive and counter-attacked, entering Bulgaria. With Bulgaria also having previously engaged in territorial disputes with Romania, this war provoked Romanian intervention against Bulgaria. The Ottoman Empire also took advantage of the situation to regain some lost territories from the previous war. When Romanian troops approached the capital Sofia, Bulgaria asked for an armistice, resulting in the Treaty of Bucharest, in which Bulgaria had to cede portions of its First Balkan War gains to Serbia, Greece and Romania. In the Treaty of Constantinople, it lost Edirne to the Ottomans.

The political developments and military preparations for the Second Balkan War attracted an estimated 200 to 300 war correspondents from around the world.

Timeline of historical geopolitical changes

This is a timeline of country and capital changes around the world. It includes dates of declarations of independence, changes in country name, changes of capital city or name, and significant changes in territory such as the annexation, cession, or secession of land.

The types of changes listed here usually include (but are not limited to) the alteration of borders, the creation and fall of states, changes of geographical names, as well as a few geographical changes caused by unusually destructive natural disasters. Through the knowledge of such dates and events, the approximate year and age of a world map could be calculated and estimated.

Not all maps of the world created during a given age or period will be the same across the globe, as different mapmakers – or their employers – may have different views on the sovereignty or territorial integrity of the countries of the world or possess different levels of technological sophistication or geographical insight. Even maps created by the same mapmaker around the same time can differ significantly.The timeline below presents its information in reverse chronological order, beginning in the modern era and working backwards. Geopolitical changes are grouped and color-coded by the continent on which they occurred.

This article uses the Common Calendar System, which was established as the new Christian Calendar by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. The Common Calendar uses the designation Common Era (CE or AD for Anno Domini) for years starting 1 January 1 CE, and Before Common Era (BCE or BC for Before Christ) for years before that date. The Common Calendar also follows the ordinal numbers rather than the cardinal numbers, so there was no "year zero" in this format; that is, the date 1 January 1 CE immediately followed the date 31 December 1 BCE. For the same reason, while the 2000s began on Saturday, 1 January 2000 CE, the official Third Millennium began on Monday, 1 January 2001 CE.

TurkStream

TurkStream (originally: Turkish Stream, Turkish: TürkAkım or Türk Akımı, Russian: Турецкий поток) is a natural gas pipeline running from the Russian Federation to Turkey. It runs from Russkaya compressor station near Anapa in Krasnodar Region across the Black Sea to Kıyıköy on the Turkish Thrace coast. It is replacing the cancelled South Stream project.Following the shootdown of a Russian fighter jet by Turkey in November 2015, the project was temporarily halted. However, Russia–Turkey relations were restored in summer 2016 and the intergovernmental agreement for TurkStream was signed in October 2016. Construction started in May 2017 and was completed in November 2018.

Yenesu Cave

Yenesu Cave (Turkish: Yenesu Mağarası) is a cave in Kırklareli Province, northwestern Turkey.

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