Köping

Köping (cognate to the English toponymical name chipping) was a Swedish denomination for a market town since the Middle Ages . This term was abolished with the municipal reform of 1971, when Sweden was subdivided into the Municipalities of Sweden (currently amounting to 290).

Sweden

History

In 1863 the first local government acts were implemented in Sweden. There were two acts, one for cities and one for rural areas. Of the around 2,500 municipalities, 89 had city rights and thus had the right to call themselves stad (city). Under the "rural" act there were also eight localities given the status of köping, which positioned them between a rural municipality and a town (see municipalköping). The number of localities designated as köping rose dramatically during the 20th century and reached its peak in 1959, when they were 95. Many new settlements during the industrialization of Sweden, as well as some of the suburbs in the metropolitan areas, first received the title of köping and it was also made part of their name (such as Linköping or Nyköping). They later grew further and received town privileges, but kept the köping ending of their names. See the list below. It has been found that a vast majority, nearly 70%, of such designated market-towns lie within an area of 200 km2 (77 sq mi) in south-central Sweden, especially in the highly economically productive region immediately west and south of Stockholm, in Södermanland, Örebro, Östergötland, and Jönköping counties.

A large-scale merger of Swedish municipalities in 1971 removed the distinctions between towns, market towns and rural municipalities. Many of the former market towns are now seats of municipalities. In contrast to the term stad, köping is seldom used in everyday speech today.

Toponyms containing the word köping

Municipal Seats

Minor Localities

Localities/Parishes in the Diocese of Lund

Köping titles issued 1863–1959

County Köping From To Note
Blekinge County Kristianopel see municipalköping
Olofström 01.01.1941 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Ronneby 1686 30.11.1882 received city privileges
Dalarna County Avesta 01.01.1907 31.03.1919 received city privileges
Borlänge 01.01.1898 31.12.1943 received city privileges
Krylbo 01.01.1919 31.12.1966 merged into Avesta city
Ludvika 01.01.1915 31.12.1918 received city privileges
Mora 01.01.1959 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Morastrand 01.01.1908 31.12.1958 merged into Mora köping)
Smedjebacken 01.01.1918 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Gävleborg County Björkhamre 01.01.1923 31.12.1941 merged into Bollnäs city
Bollnäs 01.01.1906 31.12.1941 received city privileges
Ljusdal 01.01.1914 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Sandviken 01.01.1927 31.12.1942 received city privileges
Storvik 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 merged into Sandviken Municipality
Gotland County Slite 01.01.1936 31.12.1970 merged into Gotland Municipality
Halland County Oskarström 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; today part of Halmstad Municipality
Jämtland County Frösön 01.01.1948 31.12.1970 merged into Östersund Municipality
Sveg 01.01.1937 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; today part of Härjedalen Municipality
Jönköping County Anderstorp 01.01.1953 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; today part of Gislaved Municipality
Bodafors 01.01.1930 31.12.1970 merged into Nässjö Municipality
Gislaved 01.01.1949 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Huskvarna 31.12 1907 31.12.1910 received city privileges; today part of Jönköping Municipality
Mariannelund 01.01.1928 31.12.1970 merged into Eksjö Municipality
Norrahammar 31.12 1943 31.12.1970 merged into Jönköping Municipality
Skillingaryd 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Tranås 01.01.1882 31.12.1918 received city privileges
Vaggeryd 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Vetlanda 01.01.1909 31.12.1919 received city privileges
Värnamo 1620 31.12.1920 received city privileges
Kalmar County Emmaboda 01.01.1930 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Figeholm 01.01.1878 31.12.1951 merged into Misterhult Municipality, today part of Oskarshamn Municipality; municipalköping prior to 1878
Gamleby see municipalköping
Hultsfred 01.01.1927 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Mönsterås 1620 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Mörbylånga 1881 31.12.1951 formed a municipality; municipalköping prior to 1880)
Nybro 25.04.1879 31.12.1931 received city privileges; previously municipalköping from 1865)
Pataholm see municipalköping
Påskallavik see municipalköping
Virserum 01.01.1956 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Kronoberg County Alvesta 01.01.1945 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Hovmantorp 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 split between Lessebo and Växjö Municipalities)
Lenhovda 01.01.1957 31.12.1970 merged into Uppvidinge Municipality
Lessebo 01.01.1939 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Ljungby see municipalköping
Markaryd 01.01.1916 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Ryd (Almundsryd) 01.01.1958 31.12.1970 split between Tingsryd and Älmhult Municipalities)
Tingsryd 01.01.1921 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Traryd 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 merged into Markaryd Municipality
Åseda 01.01.1943 31.12.1970 merged into Uppvidinge Municipality
Älmhult 01.01.1901 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Norrbotten County Älvsbyn 01.01.1948 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Örebro County Degerfors 01.01.1943 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Frövi 01.01.1955 31.12.1970 merged into Lindesberg Municipality
Hallsberg 01.01.1908 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Hällefors 01.01.1950 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Kopparberg 01.01.1908 31.12.1961 merged into Ljusnarsbergs köping)
Laxå 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Ljusnarsberg 01.01.1962 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Östergötland County Boxholm 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Finspång 01.01.1942 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Motala 1820 31.12.1880 received city privileges
Valdemarsvik 01.01.1914 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; prior to 1914 municipalköping; oldest köping charter from 1647)
Åtvidaberg 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Skåne County Bjuv 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Bromölla 01.01.1942 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Båstad 01.01.1937 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; before 1937 municipalköping)
Eslöv 01.01.1875 31.12.1910 received city privileges
Furulund 01.01.1952 31.12.1968 merged into Kävlinge köping)
Hässleholm 01.01.1901 31.12.1913 received city privileges
Hörby 01.01.1900 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Höör 01.01.1939 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Klippan 01.01.1945 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Kävlinge 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Limhamn 01.01.1906 31.12.1914 merged into Malmö city
Lomma 01.01.1951 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Osby 01.01.1937 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Perstorp 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Sjöbo 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Skurup 01.01.1914 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Svedala 01.01.1919 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Tomelilla 01.01.1921 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Trelleborg see municipalköping
Vinslöv 01.01.1934 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Åhus 01.01.1905 31.12.1970 merged into Kristianstad Municipality
Åstorp 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Södermanland County Gnesta 01.01.1955 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Malmköping 1784 31.12.1970 merged into Flen Municipality
Stockholm County Danderyd 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 became municipality
Djursholm 01.01.1901 31.12.1913 received city privileges; today part of Danderyd Municipality
Hässelby Villastad 01.01.1926 01.01.1948 merged into Stockholm City
Lidingö 01.01.1910 31.12.1925 received city privileges
Nynäshamn 01.01.1911 31.12.1945 received city privileges
Saltsjöbaden 01.01.1909 31.12.1970 merged into Nacka Municipality
Sollentuna 01.01.1944 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Stocksund 01.01.1910 31.12.1966 merged into Djursholm city; today part of Danderyd Municipality
Sundbyberg 01.01.1888 31.12.1926 received city privileges
Täby 01.01.1948 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Uppsala County Tierp 01.01.1920 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Värmland County Arvika 1811 31.12 1910 received city privileges
Grums 01.01.1948 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Hammarö 01.01.1950 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Munkfors 01.01.1949 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Storfors 01.01.1950 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Sunne 01.01.1920 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Säffle 01.01.1882 31.12.1950 received city privileges
Årjäng 01.01.1941 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Västerbotten County Holmsund 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality; today part of Umeå Municipality
Lycksele 01.01.1929 31.12.1945 received city privileges
Vilhelmina 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Vännäs 01.01.1928 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Åsele 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Västernorrland County Skön 01.01.1952 31.12.1964 merged into Sundsvall city
Sollefteå 01.01.1902 31.12.1916 received city privileges
Timrå 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Ånge 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Örnsköldsvik 06.12.1842 30.06.1894 received city privileges
Västmanland County Hallstahammar 01.01.1943 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Kungsör 01.01.1907 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Norberg 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Västra Götaland County Bengtsfors 01.01.1926 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Grebbestad 01.01.1929 31.12.1951 merged into Tanum Municipality
Grästorp 01.01.1900 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Götene 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Herrljunga 01.01.1952 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Kinna 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 merged into Mark Municipality
Lilla Edet 01.01.1951 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Mellerud 01.01.1908 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Skene 01.01.1951 31.12.1970 merged into Mark Municipality
Svenljunga 01.01.1946 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Tibro 01.01.1947 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Tidaholm 01.01.1895 31.12.1909 received city privileges
Töreboda 01.01.1909 31.12.1970 formed a municipality
Vara 01.01.1894 31.12.1970 formed a municipality

Finland

As present-day Finland was then a part of Sweden, the Finnish word kauppala has the same meaning. The Finnish word kaupunki, borrowed from the Old Norse word for köping, is today the main word for town in Finnish.

See also

References

  1. ^ sv:Dalköpinge socken
  2. ^ sv:Kyrkoköpinge socken
  3. ^ sv:Sireköpinge socken
  4. ^ sv:Stora Köpinge socken
2018–19 Basketligan season

The 2018–19 Basketligan season is the 26th season of the Basketligan, the top tier basketball league on Sweden. Norrköping Dolphins are the defending champions.

Anna Jönsson Haag

Anna Margret Jönsson Haag (born 1 June 1986 as Anna Hansson) is a Swedish retired cross-country skier who competed between 2003 and 2018. At the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics Haag won gold in the 4 × 5 km relay, earning Sweden the first gold medal in the women's relay event since 1960.

Bengtsfors Municipality

Bengtsfors Municipality (Bengtsfors kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Bengtsfors.

The present municipality was formed in 1971 when the former market town (köping) of Bengtsfors (instituted in 1926) was amalgamated with the municipalities of Bäckefors, Lelång and Steneby.

Carl Gustaf Ekman

Carl Gustaf Ekman (6 October 1872 – 15 June 1945) was a Swedish politician. He was a Member of Parliament from 1911 to 1932 (serving in both lower and upper houses), leader of the Freeminded People's Party between 1924 and 1932, and served as Prime Minister from 1926 to 1928 and again from 1930 to 1932.

Forsby-Köping limestone cableway

The Forsby-Köping limestone cableway, commonly referred to in Swedish as Kalklinbanan, is a 42 km aerial tramway running from Forsby in Vingåker municipality to industrial town Köping in central Sweden. Its final destination is the factory at the port of Köping, where cement was manufactured until 1978, and later various limestone derivatives. The cableway was Europe's longest at the time of construction. It was later superseded by a handful of longer cableways, notably the Norsjö aerial tramway, all of which were demolished during the 1960s–1980s. It was taken out of service in 1997 but kept in working order. By that time all longer industrial cableways had been demolished making it at present the world's longest cableway in working order.Despite its officially affirmed value as cultural heritage the cableway is being demolished starting June 26, 2013. The fully functioning cableway will be run one last time as carriages are removed from the track and sold for scrap. Cables will be removed later during the year and poles demolished towards the winter of 2013/14.

Grästorp Municipality

Grästorp Municipality (Grästorps kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Grästorp.

Grästorp Municipality is located right in the middle of Västra Götaland County, by the shores of Lake Vänern.

In the year 1900 the village Grästorp was detached from Tengene and made a market town (köping). The local government reform of 1952 amalgamated it with twelve surrounding municipalities (among them Tengene). The 1971 reform made the term köping obsolete, thus forming Grästorps kommun without amendment of territory.

The area has been inhabited at least since the Viking Age as it contains several runestones. To the left a stone by the church at Sal. The inscription reads "Torgård satte denna sten efter Toke, sin frände", meaning "Torgård raised this stone for Toke, his kinsman".

Johan Ryström

Johan Ryström (born 13 January 1964) is a Swedish professional golfer.

Ryström grew up in Köping. He started playing golf at age six and was a scratch golfer by age fifteen. He turned professional in 1986 and won three times on the Challenge Tour. He had six top-10 finishes on the Challenge Tour in 2000 including victory in the Costa Blanca Challenge after beating Henrik Stenson in a playoff.Ryström twice graduated from the Challenge Tour but never won a European Tour title, finishing runner-up three times. He tied for second in the 1992 Monte Carlo Open together with Mark McNulty, two strokes behind Ian Woosnam. Later the same year he tied for second at the Open de Catalonia, one stroke behind José Rivero. In the 1993 Honda Open he lost in a playoff to Sam Torrance.Ryström earned a medical exemption for the 2003 season after suffering an elbow injury in 2002, but that were to be his last season. His European Tour official prize money 1988–2003 totaled €886,715.

Karl Gustafsson

Karl "Köping" Gustafsson (16 September 1888 – 20 February 1960) was a Swedish football player who competed at the 1908, 1912 and 1920 Summer Olympics. He did not win any medals.

Köping, Sweden

Köping is a locality and the seat of Köping Municipality in Västmanland County, Sweden. It had 17,743 inhabitants in 2010. It is known for the television series I en annan del av Köping.

Köping Municipality

Köping Municipality (Swedish: Köpings kommun) is a municipality in Västmanland County in central Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Köping.

The municipality was created in 1971, when the former City of Köping was merged with the municipalities of Kolsva, Medåker and Munktorp forming a new municipality of unitary type.

Köpings IS

Köpings IS, KIS is a sports club in Köping, Sweden, mostly active with playing bandy. The club colours are yellow and black. The club was founded in 1910.The club had played in the second level bandy league in Sweden, Allsvenskan since the start of the present Allsvenskan in 2007 but was relegated to Division 1 in 2013. However, the club got promoted to Allsvenskan again for the 2014/15 season.

Köpingsvik

Köpingsvik is a locality situated in Borgholm Municipality, Kalmar County, Sweden with 599 inhabitants in 2010. It is located about 4 kilometres (2 1⁄2 miles) east of the city of Borgholm on the island Öland.

Köpingsvik is known as a tourist center, offering large and modern camping sites. Nearby are the historic sites of Borgholm Castle and Halltorps Estate.

Köping (historically) was an important Viking Age port of what is today's Sweden, covering an area of approximately 25 hectares (62 acres), almost four times larger than the similar site on the island of Björkö near Stockholm. Köping was in operation from the 7th to the 13th century. It was also an important center of early Christianity in Sweden. Remains of an unfinished, massive 12th century church 42 metres (138 feet) long have been excavated as well as the largest collection of the so-called eskilstunakistor, 75 pieces. During the last ten years there have been several small excavations which have confirmed the earlier findings and the importance of the site. Note that these findings are almost unknown to public in Sweden and the ruling view is that little site on Björkö is Sweden's "oldest town".

Köping faded away around 1200, and Kalmar took over as the most important harbour town in south-eastern Sweden.

Köping is claimed by some amateur historians and historians as a possible alternative to Björkö for the location of the old viking village Birka in SvíÞjóð (the ancient name for Sweden). Birka is mentioned in Vita Ansgari and the work of Adam of Bremen. He states that Birka is situated directly north of Jomsborg and directly opposite to Kurland and at the same distance between them. This theory has not been widely accepted.

Köping–Uttersberg–Riddarhyttan Railway

The Köping–Uttersberg–Riddarhyttan Railway (Swedish: Köping-Uttersberg-Riddarhyttans Järnväg or KURJ) was a narrow-gauge railway in central Sweden, 46 kilometres (29 mi) long. The railway ran northwest from the port city of Köping to several small industry cities such as Uttersberg and Riddarhyttan. The line operated between 1864 and 1968.

MD FF Köping

MD FF Köping is a Swedish football club located in Köping in Västmanland County. The club was previously known as Köping FF, but changed their name, badge and colors in 2014.

Mellerud Municipality

Mellerud Municipality (Melleruds kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County by Lake Vänern in Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Mellerud.

The amalgamation leading to the present municipality took place in 1969 when "old" Mellerud (instituted as a market town (köping) in 1908) was merged with Bolstad, Kroppefjäll and Skållerud. Before the municipal reform of 1952 there were ten entities in the area.

Perstorp Municipality

Perstorp Municipality (Perstorps kommun) is a municipality in Skåne County in southern Sweden. Its seat is located in the town Perstorp.

Perstorp was made a market town (köping) in 1947. It was amalgamated with Oderljunga in the first of the two nationwide local government reforms (1952). The reform of 1971 did not bring any new amalgamations, but the köping status was abolished.

Teteh Bangura

Ibrahim "Teteh" Bangura (born 27 December 1989 in Freetown) is an unattached Sierra Leonean football striker.

Töreboda Municipality

Töreboda Municipality (Töreboda kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Töreboda.

The present municipality was formed in 1971, when the market town (köping) of Töreboda (itself instituted in 1909) was amalgamated with Moholm and parts of Undenäs and Hova.

Åstorp Municipality

Åstorp Municipality (Åstorps kommun) is a municipality in Skåne County in South Sweden in southern Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Åstorp.

In 1974 "old" Åstorp (a market town (köping) since 1946) was amalgamated with Kvidinge to form the present municipality.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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