The Justice League is a team of fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The Justice League was conceived by writer Gardner Fox, and they first appeared together, as Justice League of America (JLA) in The Brave and the Bold #28 (March 1960).
The Justice League is an assemblage of superheroes who join together as a team. The seven original members were Aquaman, Batman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Superman and Wonder Woman. The team roster has rotated throughout the years, consisting of various superheroes from the DC Universe, such as The Atom, Big Barda, Black Canary, Cyborg, Green Arrow, Elongated Man, The Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl, Hawkman, Metamorpho, Plastic Man, Power Girl, Orion, Red Tornado, Stargirl, Captain Marvel/Shazam and Zatanna, among many others.
The team received its own comic book title called Justice League of America in November 1960. With the 2011 relaunch, DC Comics released a second volume of Justice League. In July 2016, the DC Rebirth initiative again relaunched the Justice League comic book titles with the third volume of Justice League. Since its inception, the team has been featured in various films, television programs and video games.
|First appearance||The Brave and the Bold #28 (March 1960)|
|Created by||Gardner Fox|
|See: List of Justice League members|
Various comic book series featuring the Justice League have remained generally popular with fans since inception and, in most incarnations, its roster includes DC's most popular characters. The Justice League concept has also been adapted into various other entertainment media, including various forms of television from the classic Saturday morning Super Friends animated series (1973–1986), a live action series of specials Legends of the Superheroes (1979), an unproduced Justice League of America live-action series (for which the pilot film exists), the acclaimed Justice League animated series (2001–2004), its sequel Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006) and Justice League Action (2016–present).
A live-action film was also in the works around 2008 before being shelved. On June 6, 2012, Warner Bros. announced a new live action Justice League film was in development with Will Beall hired as screenwriter. However, the project was scrapped again. After the success of the Superman reboot Man of Steel, a film titled Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice was released in March 2016, directed by Zack Snyder. Batman v Superman script writer Chris Terrio has also penned the script for Justice League.
In a story told in flashback in Justice League of America #9 (February 1962), the Appelaxians infiltrated Earth. Competing alien warriors were sent to see who could conquer Earth first, to determine who will become the new ruler of their home planet. The aliens' attacks drew the attentions of Aquaman, Batman, Flash (Barry Allen), Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Martian Manhunter, Superman and Wonder Woman. While the superheroes individually defeated most of the invaders, the heroes fell prey to a single competitor's attack; only by working together were they able to defeat the competitor. For many years, the heroes heralded this adventure as the event that prompted them to agree to pool resources when confronted with similar menaces.
In Justice League of America #144 (July 1977), Green Arrow uncovered inconsistencies in the team's records and extracted admissions from his colleagues that the seven founders had actually formed the League after Martian Manhunter was rescued from Martian forces by the other six founders, along with several other heroes including Robin, Robotman, Congorilla, Rex the Wonder Dog, and even Lois Lane.
Green Lantern participated in this first adventure solely as Hal Jordan, as he had yet to become the costumed hero, the biggest inconsistency Arrow found, as they celebrated the earlier incident's date, while recounting only the later one's events. When the group formalized their agreement, they suppressed news of it because of anti-Martian hysteria. Because the heroes had not revealed their identities to each other at the time, they did not realize that Jordan and Green Lantern were one and the same when he turned up in costume during the event described in #9. While most subsequent accounts of the League have made little mention of this first adventure, the animated Justice League series adapted this tale as the origin of the Justice League as well.
Secret Origins vol. 2, #32 (Nov. 1988) updated Justice League of America #9's origin for post-Crisis continuity. Differences included the inclusion of the Silver Age Black Canary as a founding member and the absence of Batman, Wonder Woman and Superman. The JLA: Year One limited series, by Mark Waid, Brian Augustyn and Barry Kitson, further expanded the Secret Origins depiction.
In Justice League Task Force #16 (Sept. 1994), during Zero Hour, a then unknown superhuman named Triumph appeared. Triumph was revealed to have been a founding member of the Justice League and was their leader. On his first mission with the Justice League, Triumph seemingly "saved the world" but was teleported into a dimensional limbo that also affected the timestream, erasing all memory of him.
In Infinite Crisis #7 (June 2006), the formation of "New Earth" (the new name for the post-Crisis Earth) restored Wonder Woman as a founding member of the Justice League. In Brad Meltzer's Justice League of America (vol. 2) #0 (September 2006), it was revealed that Superman and Batman were again founding members as well. 52 #51 (June 2007) confirmed that the 1989 Secret Origins and JLA: Year One origins were still in continuity at that time, with Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman joining the team with founding members' status shortly after the group's formation with Aquaman, Black Canary, Flash, Green Lantern and Martian Manhunter. In Justice League of America #12 (October 2007), the founding members of the Justice League were shown to be Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Flash (Barry Allen), Aquaman, and the Martian Manhunter.
With DC's history rewritten due to the Flashpoint limited series, an entirely new origin for the Justice League appeared in the subsequent Justice League series which debuted with an October 2011 cover date as part of the company-wide event, The New 52. Issue #1 portrayed the first meeting between Batman and Hal Jordan, with the two encountering each other during a battle against a Parademon in Gotham City. After realizing the creature is extraterrestrial in origin, the two heroes head to Metropolis to seek out Superman only to be attacked by him. Later, after a brief fight in which the Flash arrives and Batman convinces Superman they are on the same side, they move to an abandoned building to work on analyzing a mysterious alien box, when it suddenly activates and more Parademons arrive. While fighting the Parademons, Aquaman and Wonder Woman appear and join forces with the other heroes. The mysterious box leads to Darkseid's arrival on Earth, and the heroes come together, along with the newcomer Cyborg, to defeat him. The public becomes enamored with the heroes, and a writer dubs the group the "Justice League", following the Flash's suggestion of "Super Seven".
|Character||Real name||Joined in||Notes|
|New 52 Justice League
The Justice League was rebooted in 2011.
|Aquaman||Arthur Curry||Justice League Vol. 2 #6||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Currently missing|
|Batman||Bruce Wayne||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active; Former member of the Justice League of America II, and Justice League International|
|Cyborg||Victor Stone||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active|
|Flash||Barry Allen||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active|
|Green Lantern||Hal Jordan||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active as a reserve member, Active in the Green Lantern Corps|
|Superman||Kal-El/Clark Kent||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active|
|Wonder Woman||Princess Diana/Diana Prince||Co-Founder of the Justice League; Active in the team and as leader in the Justice League Dark|
|Martian Manhunter||J'onn J'onzz/John Jones||Between Justice League Vol. 2 #6 and Justice League Vol. 2 #7||Joined but later attacked the Justice League and left, as noted in Justice League vol. 2 #8; Former member of Stormwatch, the Justice League of America, and Justice League United|
|The Atom/Atomica||Rhonda Pineda||Justice League Vol. 2 #18||Revealed in Justice League Vol. 2 #23 to actually be a member of the Crime Syndicate of America, a spy posing as a member of the Justice League; Died in Forever Evil #7|
|Element Woman||Emily Sung||Left after Forever Evil #7; Joined the Doom Patrol|
|Firestorm||Ronnie Raymond and Jason Rusch||Left after Forever Evil #7|
|Shazam||Billy Batson||Justice League Vol. 2 #31||No longer a member after the DC Rebirth event|
|Lex Luthor||Lex Luthor||Justice League Vol. 2 #33|
|Captain Cold||Leonard Snart|
|Green Lantern||Jessica Cruz||Justice League Vol. 2 #35||Left the team in Justice League Vol. 3 #8 but returned in Vol. 3 #11|
|Simon Baz||Green Lanterns: Rebirth #1||Former member of the Justice League of America.|
|Mera||Justice League Vol. 3 #24||Active; Former member of Justice League United|
|Green Arrow||Oliver Queen||Justice League: No Justice #4||Active as a reserve member and rogue agent of the League; Former member of Justice League United|
|Hawkgirl||Kendra Saunders||Dark Nights Metal #6||Active; Former member of the BlackHawks|
|Green Lantern||John Stewart||Justice League Vol. 4 #1||Active; Active in the Green Lantern Corps|
|Vixen||Mari McCabe||Active as a reserve member; Former member of the Justice League of America II, and Justice League International|
|Adam Strange||Active as a reserve member; Former member of the Justice League United|
|Animal Man||Bernhard Baker||Active as a reserve member; Former member of the Justice League United|
|Hawkman||Carter Hall||Active as a reserve member|
|Mister Terrific||Michael Holt||Active as a reserve member; Also active in The Terrifics|
|Plastic Man||Patrick O'Brian|
|Swamp Thing||Alec Holland||Active as a reserve member; Also active in Justice League Dark|
|The Atom||Ray Palmer||Active as a reserve member|
|Miss Martian||M'gann M'orzz||Active as a liaison of the league to the Titans|
|Firestorm||Ronnie Raymond and Martin Stein||Active as a reserve member|
|Green Lantern||Guy Gardner||Active as a reserve member; Also active in the Green Lantern Corps; Former member of Justice League International|
The Justice League often unite to face supervillains who pose catastrophic challenges to the world.
Throughout the years, various incarnations or subsections of the team have operated as Justice League Dark, Justice League Europe, Justice League International, Justice League Task Force, Justice League Elite, Justice League United, and Extreme Justice.
In 2003, Giffen, DeMatteis, and Maguire returned with a separate limited series called Formerly Known as the Justice League with the same humor as their Justice League run, and featuring some of the same characters in a team called the "Super Buddies" (a parody of the Super Friends). A follow-up limited series, entitled I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League, soon was prepared, although it was delayed due to the events shown in the Identity Crisis limited series, but was eventually released as the second arc in JLA: Classified. The Super Buddies consisted of Blue Beetle, Booster Gold, Captain Atom, Fire, Mary Marvel, the Elongated Man with his wife, Sue Dibny, Maxwell Lord, and L-Ron. The second story arc of JLA: Classified focuses on the Super Buddies in a humorous story that features Power Girl, Guy Gardner, with and associated by Doctor Fate.
In 2003–2004, George Pérez and Kurt Busiek produced a JLA/Avengers crossover, an idea that had been delayed for 20 years for various reasons. In this limited series, the Justice League and Marvel Comics' superhero team the Avengers were forced to find key artifacts in one another's universe, as well as deal with the threats of villains Krona and the Grandmaster.
In 2004, DC began an anthology series titled JLA: Classified, which would feature rotating writers and artists producing self-contained story arcs and aborted miniseries projects that were reappropriated for publication within the pages of the series, starring the JLA. While the bulk of the stories took place within the continuity of the series (circa JLA #76–113) some of the stories take place outside of regular DC Universe canon. The series was canceled as of issue #54 (May 2008).
In October 2005, DC began publishing the 12-issue miniseries Justice by writer Jim Krueger, writer/illustrator Alex Ross, and artist Doug Braithwaite. The story, which takes place outside regular DC continuity, has Lex Luthor assembling the Legion of Doom after he and several other villains begin to have nightmares about the end of the world and the failure of the Justice League to prevent the apocalypse. As the Legion begins engaging in unprecedented humanitarian deeds throughout the world, they also launch a series of attacks on the Justice League and their families. The threat that the Legion was warned about destroying the Earth turns out to be caused by Brainiac, who seeks to destroy Earth during the chaos.
Originally planned as an ongoing title, Justice League: Cry For Justice is a miniseries created by writer James Robinson and artist Mauro Cascioli. The miniseries, set after the events of Final Crisis, has Hal Jordan leaving the League following the deaths of Batman and Martian Manhunter, as their deaths have caused Hal to seek a more proactive manner of dealing with supervillains. Hal, along with Green Arrow, and later joined by Supergirl, Captain Marvel Jr., and Batwoman are then recruited by Ray Palmer to investigate a murder of a former colleague that had been carried out on orders from Prometheus. This ties into another string of murders, bringing Starman Mikaal Tomas and Congorilla together as their investigation of the murders of several European superheroes are also revealed to be the work of Prometheus.
With help from the Hawkman villain I.Q., Prometheus plans on creating the ultimate weapon in mass murder, a massive doomsday device which he plans on using to destroy entire cities, as part of his revenge scheme against the JLA for lobotomizing him. Disguised as Captain Marvel Jr., Prometheus maims Roy Harper and brutally injures JLA members Dr. Light II, Vixen, and Plastic Man while using the JLA Satellite to activate his doomsday device, which destroys Star City, killing 90,000 innocent civilians, including Roy Harper's young daughter Lian. Prometheus ultimately extorts his freedom from the League in exchange for the codes that will shut down his weapon, much to the horror of the JLA members. Green Arrow (with help from reformed supervillain the Shade), tracks Prometheus down and kills him by firing an arrow into his head.
The miniseries leads directly into the formation of a brand new JLA roster with Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Donna Troy, Dick Grayson as Batman, Doctor Light (Kimiyo Hoshi), Mon-El, Cyborg, Starfire, Congorilla, Guardian, and Mikaal Tomas.
Launching in October 2010, JLA/The 99 was a crossover mini-series featuring the Justice League teaming up with the heroes of Teshkeel Comics' The 99 series. The JLA consisted of Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (John Stewart), The Flash (Barry Allen), The Atom (Ray Palmer), Doctor Light (Kimiyo Hoshi), Hawkman, and Firestorm (Jason Rusch).
|Justice League of America|
Cover for Justice League of America #1 (October 1960).
Art by Murphy Anderson
|No. of issues|
|Created by||Gardner Fox |
Having successfully reintroduced a number of DC Comics' (then known as National Periodical Publications) Golden Age superhero characters (Flash, Green Lantern, etc.) during the late 1950s, editor Julius Schwartz asked writer Gardner Fox to reintroduce the Justice Society of America. Schwartz, influenced by the popularity of Major League Baseball's National League and American League, decided to change the name of the team from the Justice Society of America (JSA) to the Justice League of America (JLA).
The Justice League of America debuted in The Brave and the Bold #28 (March 1960), and after two further appearances in that title, got their own series which quickly became one of the company's best-selling titles. Fox and artist Mike Sekowsky were the creative team for the title's first eight years. Sekowsky's last issue was #63 (June 1968) and Fox departed with #65 (September 1968). Schwartz was the new title's editor and oversaw it until 1979.
The initial Justice League lineup included seven of DC Comics' superheroes who were regularly published at that time: Superman, Batman, Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, and Wonder Woman. Rarely featured in most of the stories, Superman and Batman did not even appear on the cover most of the time. Three of DC's other surviving or revived characters, Green Arrow, the Atom, and Hawkman were added to the roster over the next four years.
The Justice League operated from a secret cave outside of the small town of Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. A teenager named Lucas "Snapper" Carr tagged along on missions, becoming both the team's mascot and an official member. Snapper, noted for speaking in beatnik dialect and snapping his fingers, helped the group defeat the giant space starfish Starro the Conqueror in the team's first appearance.
The supervillain Doctor Light first battled the team in issue #12 (June 1962). Justice League of America #21 and #22 (August–September 1963) saw the first team-up of the Justice League and the Justice Society of America as well as the first use of the term "Crisis" in reference to a crossover between the characters. The following year's team-up with the Justice Society introduced the threat of the Crime Syndicate of America of Earth-Three. The character Metamorpho was offered membership in the Justice League but declined. Following the departures of Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky, writer Denny O'Neil and artist Dick Dillin became the new creative team. Dillin would draw the title from issue #64 (August 1968) through #183 (October 1980).
O'Neil reshaped the Justice League's membership by removing Wonder Woman in issue #69 and the Martian Manhunter in issue #71. Following the JLA–JSA team-up in issues #73–74 and the death of her husband, the Black Canary decided to move from Earth-Two to Earth-One to make a fresh start, where she joins the Justice League. The following issue saw the character develop the superpower known as her "canary cry". In issue #77 (December 1969), Snapper Carr is tricked into betraying the cave headquarters' secret location to the Joker, resulting in his resignation from the team.
In need of a new secure headquarters, the Justice League moved into an orbiting satellite headquarters in Justice League of America #78 (February 1970). The Elongated Man, the Red Tornado, Hawkgirl, Zatanna, and Firestorm joined the team, and Wonder Woman returned during this period.
Len Wein wrote issues #100–114, in which he and Dillin re-introduced the Seven Soldiers of Victory in issues #100–102 and the Freedom Fighters in issues #107–108. In the fall of 1972, Wein and writers Gerry Conway and Steve Englehart crafted a metafictional unofficial crossover spanning titles from both Marvel and DC. Each comic featured Englehart, Conway, and Wein, as well as Wein's first wife Glynis, interacting with Marvel or DC characters at the Rutland Halloween Parade in Rutland, Vermont. Beginning in Amazing Adventures #16 (by Englehart with art by Bob Brown and Frank McLaughlin), the story continued in Justice League of America #103 (by Wein, Dillin and Dick Giordano), and concluded in Thor #207 (by Conway and penciler John Buscema). As Englehart explained in 2010, "It certainly seemed like a radical concept and we knew that we had to be subtle (laughs) and each story had to stand on its own, but we really worked it out. It's really worthwhile to read those stories back to back to back—it didn't matter to us that one was at DC and two were at Marvel—I think it was us being creative, thinking what would be really cool to do." Justice League of America #103 also featured the Justice League offering membership to the Phantom Stranger. Len Wein commented on the Phantom Stranger's relationship with the JLA in a 2012 interview stating that the character "only sort of joined. He was offered membership but vanished, as per usual, without actually accepting the offer. Over the years, other writers have just assumed [he] was a member, but in my world, he never really said yes." Issues #110 (March–April 1974) to #116 (March–April 1975) of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format. Libra, a supervillain created by Wein and Dillin in Justice League of America #111 (May–June 1974), would play a leading role in Grant Morrison's Final Crisis storyline in 2008.
Wonder Woman rejoined the team following a major two-year story arc, largely written by Martin Pasko. To prove her worthiness to rejoin the JLA, Wonder Woman voluntarily underwent twelve trials analogous to the labors of Hercules, each of which was monitored in secret by a member of the JLA. After the conclusion of the storyline in Wonder Woman #222, the character's return to the JLA occurred in a two-part story in Justice League of America #128–129 (March–April 1976).
Steve Englehart wrote the series beginning with issue #139 and provided another unofficial crossover with Marvel Comics in issue #142 by reworking his character Mantis into the DC Universe as a character named "Willow". Englehart left the title with issue #150. From issue #139 to #157 on, the issues were giant-sized.
Writer Gerry Conway had a lengthy association with the title as well. His first JLA story appeared in issue #125 (December 1975) and he became the series' regular writer with issue #151 (February 1978). With a few exceptions, Conway would write the team's adventures until issue #255 (October 1986). Julius Schwartz, who had edited the title since the first issue, left the series with issue #165 (April 1979). The 1979 crossover with the Justice Society in issues #171 and 172 saw the death of the original Mister Terrific. After Dick Dillin's death, George Pérez, Don Heck, and Rich Buckler would rotate as artist on the title. The double-sized anniversary issue #200 (March 1982) was a "jam" featuring a story written by Conway, a framing sequence drawn by Pérez, and chapters drawn by Pat Broderick, Jim Aparo, Dick Giordano, Gil Kane, Carmine Infantino, Brian Bolland, and Joe Kubert. Bolland's chapter gave the artist his "first stab at drawing Batman." Pérez would leave the title with issue #200 to concentrate on The New Teen Titans although he would contribute covers to the JLA through issue #220 (November 1983). The 1982 team-up with the Justice Society in issues #207–209 crossed over with All-Star Squadron #14–15. A Justice League story by Gerry Conway and Rich Buckler originally intended for publication as an issue of All-New Collectors' Edition saw print in Justice League of America #210–212 (January–March 1983).
Seeking to capitalize on the popularity of their other team books, which focused upon heroes in their late teens/early 20s, Gerry Conway and artist Chuck Patton revamped the Justice League series. After most of the original heroes fail to help fend off an invasion of Martians, Aquaman dissolves the League and rewrites its charter to allow only heroes who will devote their full-time to the roster. The new team initially consists of Aquaman, Zatanna, Martian Manhunter, Elongated Man, the Vixen, and a trio of teenage heroes Gypsy, Steel, and Vibe. Aquaman leaves the team after a year, due to resolving marital problems, and his role as leader is assumed by the Martian Manhunter.
The final storyline for the original Justice League of America series (#258–261), by writer J. M. DeMatteis and artist Luke McDonnell, concludes with the murders of Vibe and Steel at the hands of robots created by long-time League nemesis Professor Ivo, and the resignations of Vixen, Gypsy, and the Elongated Man during the events of DC's Legends miniseries, which sees the team disband.
The 1986 company-wide crossover "Legends" concluded with the formation of a new Justice League. The new team was dubbed "Justice League" then "Justice League International" (JLI) and was given a mandate with less of an American focus. The new series, written by Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis with art by Kevin Maguire (and later Adam Hughes), added quirky humor to the team's stories. In this incarnation, the membership consisted partly of heroes from Earths that, prior to their merging in the Crisis on Infinite Earths, were separate. The initial team included Batman, Black Canary, Blue Beetle, Captain Marvel, Doctor Light (a new Japanese female character, emerging from the Crisis on Infinite Earths, not the supervillain who had appeared previously), Doctor Fate, Martian Manhunter, Mister Miracle, and Guy Gardner; and soon after inception, adds Booster Gold, Captain Atom, Fire (then known as the Global Guardians' Green Flame), Ice (then known as the Global Guardians' Icemaiden), and two Rocket Reds (one was a Manhunter spy, and one was Dimitri Pushkin). The Giffen/DeMatteis team worked on Justice League for five years and closed out their run with the "Breakdowns" storyline in 1991 and 1992. The series' humorous tone and high level of characterization proved very popular.
The low sales of the various Justice League spinoff books prompted DC to revamp the League as a single team (all of the branch teams were disbanded) in a single title. A Justice League of America formed in the September 1996 limited series Justice League: A Midsummer's Nightmare by Mark Waid and Fabian Nicieza, which reunited the "Original Seven" of the League for the first time since Crisis on Infinite Earths. In 1997, DC Comics launched a new Justice League series titled JLA, written by Grant Morrison with art by Howard Porter and inker John Dell.
Morrison introduced the idea of the JLA allegorically representing a pantheon of gods, with their different powers and personalities, incorporating such characters as Zauriel, Big Barda, Orion, Huntress, Oracle (Barbara Gordon), Steel (John Henry Irons), and Plastic Man. He also had Aztek, Tomorrow Woman, and Green Arrow (Connor Hawke) as temporaries.
Morrison revamped the League's Rogues Gallery by introducing new powerful adversaries for them to face. These include; White Martians, Renegade Angels, a new incarnation of the Injustice Gang led by Lex Luthor, and the Key. Other foes were the new villain Prometheus, the existing JLA villain Starro the Conqueror, "The Ultra-Marines", and a futuristic Darkseid.
During the 2005–2006 event Infinite Crisis, the series ended as Green Arrow struggled in vain to keep the League afloat. (JLA #120–125)
In 52 Week 24, Firestorm recruits a group to reform the Justice League. It consists of Firehawk, Super-Chief, Bulleteer, and Ambush Bug. They fight a deranged Skeets who takes Super-Chief's powers, killing him and numerous people who had received powers through Lex Luthor's Everyman Project. Afterward, Firestorm breaks up the team. Also in the series, Luthor's new Infinity, Inc. was informally referred to as a "Justice League" in solicitations and on covers.
One year after the events of Infinite Crisis, Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman reunite in the Batcave to re-form the League in Justice League of America #0, the kick-off for a new series by Brad Meltzer and Ed Benes. The series featured a roster which included Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Black Canary, Red Arrow (Green Arrow's former sidekick), Red Tornado, Vixen, Black Lightning, and Hawkgirl. The first arc of the series focused upon Red Tornado and pitted the team against a new intelligent incarnation of Solomon Grundy and the rebuilt Amazo. The new incarnation of the team has two main headquarters, linked by a transporter. At the first site is the Hall, which in the mainstream DC Universe is a refurnished version of the Justice Society of America and the All-Star Squadron's former headquarters located in Washington, D.C.. Black Canary is elected as the first official Chairperson after the fight against Amazo and Solomon Grundy, and led both the Justice League and Justice Society in a complex quest to reunite time-lost members of the pre-Crisis Legion of Super-Heroes, who had been sent back in time to free both Bart Allen and Flash from the other dimensional realm of the Speed Force. Meltzer left the series at the end of issue #12, with one of his subplots (Per Degaton, a pre-nuclear fire mutation version of Despero, and a circa 1948 version of the Ultra-Humanite gathering for an unknown plot) resolved in the pages of Booster Gold.
Dwayne McDuffie took over the writing job with the Justice League Anniversary Special and the main book with issue #13. Due to DC Comics seeking to launch a spin-off Justice League book led by Hal Jordan, the character was removed from the main League series and replaced by John Stewart. Firestorm also joined the roster, with the series entering into a series of tie-in storylines towards Countdown to Final Crisis, with the arrest of a large number of supervillains (gathered by Lex Luthor and Deathstroke to attack the League on the eve of the wedding of Black Canary and Green Arrow) setting up the Salvation Run tie-in miniseries. Also, roster members Red Tornado and Geo-Force were written out. Jordan was restored to the roster by issue #19 of the series, only to be removed once again by issue #31.
Issue #21 saw the return of Libra and the Human Flame, setting up their appearances in Final Crisis. Later issues would resolve issues involving Vixen's power level increase and see the integration of the Milestone Comics characters the Shadow Cabinet and Icon, who fought the Justice League over the remains of the villainous Doctor Light. The group suffered greater losses during Final Crisis with the deaths of Martian Manhunter and Batman, as well as the resignations of Superman and Wonder Woman, who could no longer devote themselves full-time to the League due to the events of the New Krypton and Rise of the Olympian storylines in their respective titles. Hal Jordan would resign as well, clearing the way for John Stewart's return to the team. Black Canary found herself declaring the League no more, though the group would continue with Canary taking a secondary role. Her last act as leader was to assign John Stewart and Firestorm the task of hunting down the Human Flame, for his part in the murder of Martian Manhunter, as seen in the Final Crisis Aftermath: Run! miniseries.
Vixen would take over the team, with Plastic Man rejoining the group. Len Wein wrote a three-part fill-in story for Justice League of America that ran from #35 to #37. McDuffie was fired from the title before he could return, after discussion postings to the DC Comics message board, detailing behind-the-scenes creative decisions on his run, which were republished in the rumor column "Lying In The Gutter". James Robinson was announced as the new Justice League of America writer.
Wein's fill-in run would be published as Justice League: Cry For Justice neared its conclusion, as Vixen and Black Canary's group (sans John Stewart) would confront Hal Jordan and Green Arrow's makeshift Justice League group, which had stumbled upon a plot by the villain Prometheus that had resulted in much death and carnage. During the confrontation over Jordan's group using torture to extract information from the villains being blackmailed into carrying out Prometheus' plan, both Roy Harper and Supergirl would discover that one of Jordan's heroes, Captain Marvel Jr., was really Prometheus in disguise. In the ensuing battle, the League would suffer horrible losses: Roy Harper was maimed and his daughter Lian and hundreds of thousands of people in Star City would be killed by a doomsday device that Prometheus had activated. Vixen would have her leg broken and Plastic Man would have his powers permanently scrambled, making him a slowly disintegrating puddle creature. To save other cities from being destroyed like Star City, the League reluctantly allowed Prometheus to go free. Green Arrow (with help from the Shade) would later track down and kill Prometheus.
Following the events of "Blackest Night", a reluctant Donna Troy began the task of rebuilding the League , with Hal Jordan, Green Arrow, the Atom, Batman, Mon-El, Donna, Cyborg, Doctor Light, Starfire, Congorilla, and the Guardian.
At the end of issue #43, the majority of the new members leave. Mon-El and the Guardian leave after Mon-El returns to the future, Black Canary returns to the Birds of Prey, Starfire leaves to join the R.E.B.E.L.S., Green Lantern leaves to locate the other Lantern Corps Entities, and Green Arrow is forced to leave due to his fugitive status. James Robinson said this was due to having second thoughts about his decision to use so many characters, and that the team would have a different roster in the coming months. To replace the departed members, Jade, Supergirl, and Jesse Quick were added to the team. Cyborg remained with the team in a reduced capacity, and was eventually given his own co-feature storyline for issues #48–50.
DC announced that Saint Walker of the Blue Lantern Corps would be joining the Justice League during a tie-in to the Reign of Doomsday crossover, but the character did not become a full member due to the cancellation of the title.
The series ended with issue #60 (October 2011), the title being one of the numerous DC books cancelled after the "Flashpoint" crossover. The finale issue was set one year after the events of #59 and saw Batman disbanding the League due to most of the individual members becoming preoccupied with personal commitments. The final storyline recounted the League's activities during the year-long gap, summarizing story arcs that had been planned for upcoming JLA issues but abandoned due to the transition to the New 52 continuity.
|No. of issues|
|Main character(s)||Justice League|
|Created by||Geoff Johns |
In September 2011, following the conclusion of the Flashpoint miniseries, all DC titles were canceled, relaunched as the New 52, and started at issue #1, rebooting DC's continuity. Justice League of America was relaunched as Justice League, written by Geoff Johns and drawn by Jim Lee, and was the first of the new titles released, coming out the same day as the final issue of Flashpoint. The first six-issue storyline is set five years in the past and features a new origin for the team. The series then shifted to the present in issue #7. After the first 12 issues, Jim Lee was succeeded as artist by Ivan Reis. Subsequently, Jason Fabok succeeded Reis as the book's regular penciller.
The initial roster of the team consists of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (Hal Jordan; who has since left the team), Aquaman, the Flash (Barry Allen), and Cyborg, while the Atom (Rhonda Pineda), Firestorm (Ronnie Raymond), and Element Woman join as additional members.
In addition to this series, two other Justice League-related titles were launched during the same month: a new Justice League International; written by Dan Jurgens and drawn by Aaron Lopresti; featuring an initial roster of Batman, Booster Gold, Rocket Red (Gavril Ivanovich), Vixen, Green Lantern (Guy Gardner), Fire, Ice, August General in Iron, and Godiva, and Justice League Dark; written by Peter Milligan and drawn by Mikel Janin; featuring an initial roster consisting of John Constantine, Shade, the Changing Man, Madame Xanadu, Deadman, Zatanna, and a new character called Mindwarp. In May 2012, DC announced the cancellation of Justice League International with issue 12 and an annual.
The cancellation of Justice League International led into the launch of a new Justice League of America title (volume 3). The new Justice League of America is entirely separate from the main Justice League as the new team was formed by Amanda Waller and consists of Steve Trevor, Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman, Catwoman, the new Green Lantern Simon Baz, Stargirl, Katana, and Vibe. Katana and Vibe later received their own ongoing titles, although both were cancelled after 10 issues. The new Atom, Rhonda Pineda, is also a member of the Justice League of America. She works as a spy to gain intel on the Justice League, reporting to Amanda Waller and Steve Trevor. It is later revealed that, unknown to the members of either team, she is actually a member of Earth-3's Crime Syndicate, and is betraying both teams. Each member of the Justice League of America is intended to be a counterpart to the members of the Justice League, in case the Justice League would ever go rogue. Catwoman and Green Arrow both serve as counterparts for Batman.
The Justice League, Justice League of America and Justice League Dark clash in the "Trinity War" storyline, and Shazam (whose origin was told in a back-up feature in Justice League) joins the Justice League. Atom is revealed to be from a parallel universe; she is in fact a mole spying on both teams for the evil Crime Syndicate of Earth-3. The Syndicate roundly defeats the assembled Leagues, triggering the Forever Evil crossover event. In the aftermath of Forever Evil, following their crucial and public role in defeating the Crime Syndicate, Lex Luthor and Captain Cold join the Justice League. A young woman named Jessica Cruz joins the team after becoming attached to Crime Syndicate's sentient Power Ring and gaining control of its Green Lantern-like abilities.
In August 2013, it was announced that Justice League of America would be retitled Justice League Canada following Forever Evil, with the team relocating to Canada, although in the end it launched as a new series, Justice League United in January 2014. Its team members are Animal Man, Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman, Stargirl, Supergirl, Adam Strange and his wife Alanna, along with new Canadian superhero Equinox, a 16-year-old Cree teenager from Moose Factory whose civilian name is Miiyahbin and whose powers change with the seasons. The series, written by Lemire and drawn by Mike McKone. This new team has taken part in mostly space-faring adventures, and its adventures have not involved the other Justice League.
In April 2015, DC began "Justice League: The Darkseid War", which would be the final installment in Geoff Johns' five-year run of Justice League. The event consisted of 10 Justice League issues, 6 one-shots, and one Special issue. The story took hidden elements from Johns's run as well as answering all questions posed since the beginning.
In June 2015, DC launched a fourth volume, Justice League of America, written and illustrated by Bryan Hitch. It features the same members from Justice League. In this ten-issue run, the Justice League fights the Kryptonian deity Rao.
In February 2016, DC announced a "Rebirth" event similar to the New 52. In March, they announced a new line of books, including a Justice League series written by Bryan Hitch and drawn by Tony Daniel and Fernando Pasarin, which debuted in June 2016. The team consists of Superman (pre-Flashpoint version, prior to Superman Reborn event), Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash (Barry Allen), Aquaman, Cyborg, two Green Lanterns, Jessica Cruz and Simon Baz & Mera.
Starting in February 2017 as part of DC Rebirth's second wave, a new Justice League of America series was released. The team consists of the Atom, Vixen, the Ray, and Killer Frost. The month prior to this, each of these members received a one-shot issue. On October 28, it was revealed that Batman, Black Canary, and Lobo would be joining the team as well. Batman will have a dual membership in both Justice League teams. This series is set to end in April 2018 with the release of issue #29.
During the events of Justice League vs. Suicide Squad, Maxwell Lord uses the Heart of Darkness to infect Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, the Flash, Cyborg, and the two Green Lanterns. In order to stop Lord and the infected League members, Batman recruits and temporarily inducts Suicide Squad members: Deadshot, Harley Quinn, Killer Croc, Captain Boomerang, Killer Frost and Lobo (a member of Waller's first Suicide Squad) into the Justice League. Following this crisis, Batman, concluding that the world needs more human, relatable heroes to prepare for a new threat, assembles his new Justice League, selecting Killer Frost due to her actions in the battle with Lord, Black Canary to act as the team conscience, Lobo in return for a favor he owes Batman after beating Lord, the Atom and Ray as he sees their potential, and Vixen to act as the team's core due to her ability to coordinate so much in her life.
In Justice League #24, Mera joins the team, but leaves in issue #34.
In the Dark Nights: Metal event series written by Scott Snyder and Greg Capullo, the league roster reverts to Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern Hal Jordan, the Flash, Cyborg, and Aquaman. In the event, the League fights against the Dark Knights with the assistance of Mr. Terrific, Hawkgirl and Doctor Fate.
DC Comics ended the Rebirth branding in December 2017, opting to include everything under a larger "DC Universe" banner and naming. The continuity established by Rebirth continues across DC's comic book titles. In March 2018, it was announced that the Justice League series was going to be relaunched, written by Scott Snyder. The new roster consists of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Flash (Barry Allen), Aquaman, Hawkgirl, Cyborg, Martian Manhunter, and Green Lantern (John Stewart). The first issue was released on June 6, 2018.
In addition, two more Justice League titles are in development. A new volume of Justice League Dark will feature a team led by Wonder Woman. The other, Justice League Odyssey, will feature Cyborg, Starfire, Green Lantern (Jessica Cruz), Azrael, and Darkseid as they search for answers in the Ghost Sector in one of Brainiac's old starships.
The comic's early success was indirectly responsible for the creation of the Fantastic Four. When Marvel-Timely owner Martin Goodman heard in 1961 how well DC's then-new book Justice League was selling, he told Stan Lee, his comics editor, to come up with a team of superheroes for Marvel. The result was Fantastic Four #1 by Lee and Jack Kirby, which debuted in November 1961.
Marvel also introduced a team of villains in 1971 based on the Justice League called Squadron Sinister. The characters are analogous to Superman (Hyperion), Batman (Nighthawk), Wonder Woman (Power Princess), Green Lantern (Doctor Spectrum), and Flash (Speed Demon).
The original Justice League of America series has won:
Justice League: The New Frontier was based on Darwyn Cooke's 2003–2004 comic book limited series DC: The New Frontier where the heroes of Earth unite to take on an evil entity called the Centre. It was released on February 26, 2008.
Justice League: The New Frontier received mostly positive reviews. Screener copies were sent to website reviewers a month before the DVD's official release. Most of the reviews were positive and geared up the film's release even more.
In 2004, Bruce Timm revealed that a DCAU direct-to-video Justice League feature was in development to connect Justice League and Justice League Unlimited. The film was titled as Justice League: Worlds Collide. Later the film was rewritten by the late Dwayne McDuffie for DC Universe Animated Original Movies as Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, but removing all connections with the animated series
Based on Grant Morrison's 2000 comic book JLA: Earth 2, Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths dealt with a heroic Lex Luthor from an alternate universe appearing to recruit the Justice League to help save his Earth from the Crime Syndicate, a gang of villainous characters who are essentially evil versions of the Justice League.
The good performance of the Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths release led Warner Premiere and DC Universe to release the sequel Justice League: Doom.
Justice League: Doom, a sequel to Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, is a loose adaptation of Mark Waid's JLA story arc, "JLA: Tower of Babel".
The plot follows the Justice League as Batman's contingency plans against his fellow league members, which were only meant to be used if anyone of them went rogue, gets stolen and are used against them by Vandal Savage and his Legion of Doom while he preps a grave plan for the world.
It earned $6,543,809 from domestic home video sales.
In July 2014, as part of the San Diego Comic-Con, DC Comics announced Justice League: Gods and Monsters for a 2015 release. The movie, featuring an original plot, was written by Alan Burnett and directed by Sam Liu and executive produced by Bruce Timm and Sam Register. Along with the film, a three-part animated series entitled Justice League: Gods and Monsters Chronicles was released before the film on Machinima with Timm as an executive producer in 2015.
Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox received very positive reviews. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported a 100% approval rating.Critics and audiences said that the film stays true to its source material. It is generally praised for its mature storyline and the way Flash obtains justice, but criticized for its excessive violence and use of blood that exceeds the comics it is adapted from.
In July 2015, it was revealed that filming would begin in spring 2016 after Wonder Woman ended principal photography. Principal photography commenced on April 11, 2016, with shooting taking place at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden, as well as various locations around London, Scotland, Los Angeles and in Djúpavík in the Westfjords of Iceland. Snyder's longtime cinematographer Larry Fong was replaced by Fabian Wagner due to scheduling conflicts.
The film premiered in Beijing on October 26, 2017, and was released in the United States in 2D, 3D, and IMAX on November 17, 2017. It grossed over $650 million worldwide, against a production budget of $300 million.
War was released on February 4, 2014. The film is based on Geoff Johns and Jim Lee's "Origin" storyline.The film depicts an invasion of Earth by the alien Darkseid and the subsequent formation of the titular superhero team to counter it, which includes Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Flash, Green Lantern, Cyborg and Shazam.
On July 11, 2015, it was announced that a film was in development and slated for release in 2016; it would feature the Justice League and the Teen Titans.
An adaptation of Justice League Dark where the titular group will unite to deal with heavenly forces that the Justice League can't handle. The Justice League will also have new members with them. Matt Ryan, who portrayed John Constantine on NBC's Constantine as well as The CW's Arrow, returns to voice the character.
It is the first Justice League film and the second DC Universe animated film to be rated R by the MPAA.
Super Friends is an American animated television series about the Justice League, which ran from 1973 to 1986 on ABC as part of its Saturday morning cartoon lineup. It was produced by Hanna-Barbera and was based on the Justice League of America (JLA) and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics.
Justice League is an American animated television series which ran from 2001 to 2006 on Cartoon Network. It is part of the DC animated universe. The show was produced by Warner Bros. Animation. It is based on the Justice League of America and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics. After the second season, the series name changed to Justice League Unlimited.
This series has been collected in the following:
|1||Justice League of America Archives volume 1||The Brave and the Bold #28–30, Justice League of America #1–6||978-1563890437|
|2||Justice League of America Archives volume 2||Justice League of America #7–14||978-1563891199|
|3||Justice League of America Archives volume 3||Justice League of America #15–22||978-1563891595|
|4||Justice League of America Archives volume 4||Justice League of America #23–30||978-1563894121|
|5||Justice League of America Archives volume 5||Justice League of America #31–38, #40*||978-1563895401|
|6||Justice League of America Archives volume 6||Justice League of America #41–47, #49–50*||978-1563896255|
|7||Justice League of America Archives volume 7||Justice League of America #51–57, #59–60*||978-1563897047|
|8||Justice League of America Archives volume 8||Justice League of America #61–66, #68–70*||978-1563899775|
|9||Justice League of America Archives volume 9||Justice League of America #71–80||978-1401204020|
|10||Justice League of America Archives volume 10||Justice League of America #81–93||978-1401234126|
|11||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 1||The Brave and the Bold #28–30; Justice League of America #1–16; Mystery in Space #75||978-1401207618|
|12||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 2||Justice League of America #17–36||978-1401212032|
|13||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 3||Justice League of America #37–38; #40–47; #49–57; #59–60*||978-1401217181|
|14||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 4||Justice League of America #61–66; #68–75; #77–83*||978-1401221843|
|15||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 5||Justice League of America #84; #86–92; #94–106*||978-1401230258|
|16||Showcase Presents Justice League of America volume 6||Justice League of America #107–132*||978-1401238353|
|17||Justice League of America Chronicles volume 1||The Brave and the Bold #28–30; Justice League of America #1–3||978-1401240820|
* omitted issues that featured reprints of material from earlier volumes.
Also collected in Omnibus
|#||Title||Material collected||Release Date||ISBN|
|1||Justice League of America Omnibus Volume 1||The Brave and the Bold #28–30, Justice League of America #1–30||April 2014||978-1401248420|
|2||Justice League of America Silver Age Omnibus Volume 2||Justice League of America #31–76, Mystery in Space #75||June 2016||978-1401266608|
|3||Justice League of America: The Bronze Age Omnibus Volume 1||Justice League of America #77–113||March 2017||978-1401268060|
|4||Justice League of America: The Bronze Age Omnibus Volume 2*||Justice League of America #114-146, DC Super-Stars #10||March 2018||978-1401277857|
|Justice League of America: The Detroit Era Omnibus||Justice League of America #233-261, Justice League of America Annual #2-3, JLA Classified #22-25, JSA Classified #14-16, DC Retroactive: JLA-the 80's #1 and Infinity Inc #19||December 2017||978-1401276850|
This series has been collected in the following collections (there are hardcover and trade paperback versions of all volumes):
|1||Justice League International Volume 1||Justice League #1–6, Justice League International #7||1-4012-1666-8|
|2||Justice League International Volume 2||Justice League International #8–14, Justice League Annual #1||1-4012-1826-1|
|3||Justice League International Volume 3||Justice League International #15–22||1-4012-1941-1|
|4||Justice League International Volume 4||Justice League International #23–25, Justice League America #26–30||1-4012-2196-3|
|5||Justice League International Volume 5||Justice League International Annual #2–3, Justice League Europe #1–6||978-1-4012-3010-4|
|6||Justice League International Volume 6||Justice League America #31–35, Justice League Europe #7–11||978-1-4012-3119-4|
|Justice League Breakdowns (Cancelled by publisher)||Justice League America #52-60, Justice League Europe #29-36||N/A|
|1||Superman and Justice League America Volume 1||Justice League America #61-68, Justice League Spectacular #1||978-1-4012-6097-2|
|2||Superman and Justice League America Volume 2||Justice League America #69-77, Justice League of America Annual #6||978-1401263843|
|1||Wonder Woman and Justice League America Volume 1||Justice League America #78-85, Justice League of America Annual #7||978-1401268343|
|2||Wonder Woman and Justice League America Volume 2||Justice League America #86-91, Justice League International Vol. 2 #65-66 and Justice League Task Force #13-14||978-1401274009|
This series has been collected in the following trade paperbacks:
|1||New World Order||JLA #1–4||1-56389-369-X|
|2||American Dreams||JLA #5–9||1-56389-394-0|
|3||Rock of Ages||JLA #10–15||1-56389-416-5|
|4||Strength in Numbers||JLA #16–23, JLA Secret Files #2, New Year's Evil: Prometheus (one-shot)||1-56389-435-1|
|5||Justice For All||JLA #24–33||1-56389-511-0|
|6||World War III||JLA #34–41||1-56389-618-4|
|7||Tower of Babel||JLA #42–46, JLA Secret Files #3, JLA 80-Page Giant #1||1-56389-727-X|
|8||Divided We Fall||JLA #47–54||1-56389-793-8|
|9||Terror Incognita||JLA #55–60||1-56389-936-1|
|10||Golden Perfect||JLA #61–65||1-56389-941-8|
|11||The Obsidian Age (Book 1)||JLA #66–71||1-56389-991-4|
|12||The Obsidian Age (Book 2)||JLA #72–76||1-4012-0043-5|
|13||Rules of Engagement||JLA #77–82||1-4012-0215-2|
|14||Trial By Fire||JLA #84–89||1-4012-0242-X|
|15||The Tenth Circle||JLA #94–99||1-4012-0346-9|
|16||Pain of the Gods||JLA #101–106||1-4012-0468-6|
|17||Syndicate Rules||JLA #107–114, and a story from JLA Secret Files 2004||1-4012-0477-5|
|18||Crisis of Conscience||JLA #115–119||1-4012-0963-7|
|19||World Without a Justice League||JLA #120–125||1-4012-0964-5|
This series has been collected in the following Grant Morrison-centric hardcover collections:
|1||JLA: The Deluxe Edition HC Vol. 1||JLA #1–9, plus a story included in JLA: Secret Files and Origins #1||1-4012-1843-1|
|2||JLA: The Deluxe Edition HC Vol. 2||JLA #10–17, Prometheus (one-shot), plus JLA/WILDCATS||1-4012-2265-X|
|3||JLA: The Deluxe Edition HC Vol. 3||JLA #22–26, 28–31 and 1,000,000||1-4012-2659-0|
|4||JLA: The Deluxe Edition HC Vol. 4||JLA #34, 36–41, JLA: Classified #1–3, JLA: Earth II||1-4012-2909-3|
Deluxe Trade Paperbacks
|1||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 1||JLA #1–9, plus a story included in JLA: Secret Files and Origins #1||978-1401233143|
|2||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 2||JLA #10–17, Prometheus (one-shot), plus JLA/WILDCATS, JLA: Secret Files and Origins #2||978-1401235185|
|3||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 3||JLA #18-31||978-1401238322|
|4||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 4||JLA #32-46||978-1401243852|
|5||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 5||JLA #47-60, JLA Heaven's Ladder||978-1401247508|
|6||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 6||JLA #61-76||978-1401251369|
|7||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 7||JLA #77-93||978-1401255282|
|8||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 8||JLA #94-106||978-1401263423|
|9||JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 9||JLA #107-125, JLA Secret Files 2004||978-1401265670|
This series has been collected in the following hardcover collections:
|1||The Tornado's Path||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #1–7||HC: 978-1401213497|
|2||The Lightning Saga||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #0, #8–12;
Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #5–6
|3||The Injustice League||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #13–16;
JLA Wedding Special #1
|4||Sanctuary||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #17–21||HC: 978-1401219925|
|5||The Second Coming||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #22–26||HC: 978-1401222529|
|6||When Worlds Collide||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #27–28, #30–34||HC: 978-1401224226|
|7||Team History||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #38–43||HC: 978-1401228385|
|8||The Dark Things||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #44–48;
Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #41–42
|9||Omega||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #49–53||HC: 978-1401232436|
|10||The Rise of Eclipso||Justice League of America (vol. 2) #54–60, Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #43||SC: 978-1401234133|
|#||Title||Part||Material collected||Pages||Cover||Publication date||ISBN|
|Justice League (vol. 2) (2011–2016)|
|1||Origin||Justice League (vol. 2) #1–6||192||HC||May 8, 2012||978-1401234614|
|SC||February 5, 2013||978-1401237882|
|2||The Villain's Journey||Justice League (vol. 2) #7–12||160||HC||February 5, 2013||978-1401237646|
|SC||October 1, 2013||978-1401237653|
|3||Throne of Atlantis||Justice League (vol. 2) #13–17, Aquaman (vol. 7) #15–16||HC||2014||978-1-4012-4698-3|
|4||The Grid||Justice League (vol. 2) #18–20, 22–23||HC|
|5||Forever Heroes||Justice League (vol. 2) #24–29||HC|
|6||Injustice League||Justice League (vol. 2) #30–39||HC|
|7||The Darkseid War||1||Justice League (vol. 2) #40–44 and a sneak peek from Divergence||144||HC||March 15, 2016||978-1401259778|
|SC||September 27, 2016||978-1401264529|
|8||2||Justice League (vol. 2) #45–50, Justice League: Darkseid War #1||200||HC||978-1401263416|
|SC||December 13, 2016||978-1401265397|
|Justice League of America (vol. 3) (2013–2014)|
|1||World's Most Dangerous||Justice League of America Vol. 3 #1–7||224||HC||November 12, 2013||978-1401242367|
|SC||July 15, 2014||978-1401246891|
|2||Survivors of Evil||Justice League of America Vol. 3 #8–14||160||HC||September 16, 2014||978-1401247263|
|SC||March 24, 2015||978-1401250478|
|Justice League of America (vol. 4) (2015-2016)|
|Power & Glory||Justice League of America Vol. 4 #1–4, 6-10||288||HC||March 21, 2017||978-1401259761|
|SC||March 13, 2018||978-1401278007|
|#||Title||Material collected||Publication Date||ISBN|
|Justice League (vol. 3) (2016–2018)|
|1||The Extinction Machine||Justice League: Rebirth #1, Justice League Vol. 3 #1–5 and Justice League: Rebirth One Shot||January||2017||978-1401267797|
|2||Outbreak||Justice League Vol. 3 #6–11||May||978-1401268701|
|3||Timeless||Justice League Vol. 3 #14–19||July||978-1401271121|
|4||Endless||Justice League Vol. 3 #20–25||November||978-1401273972|
|5||Legacy||Justice League Vol. 3 #26–31||March||2018||978-1401277253|
|6||The People vs. the Justice League||Justice League Vol. 3 #34–38||June||978-1401280765|
|7||Justice Lost||Justice League Vol. 3 #39–43||September||978-1401284251|
|1||Deluxe||Justice League: Rebirth #1, Justice League Vol. 3 #1–11||July 2017||978-1401271138|
|2||Justice League Vol. 3 #12-25||April||2018||978-1401278281|
|3||Justice League Vol. 3 #26-33||November||978-1401284367|
|4||Justice League Vol. 3 #34–43||April 2019||978-1401288761|
|#||Title||Material collected||Pages||Publication Date||ISBN|
|No Justice||Justice League: No Justice #1-4, story from DC Nation #0||144||September 25, 2018||978-1401283346|
|1||The Totality||Justice League Vol. 4 #1–7||176||November 27, 2018||978-1401284992|
|2||Justice League Vol. 4 #8–14||200||May 14, 2019||978-1401288495|
These trades reprint themed issues.
|1||Justice League of America Hereby Elects||Justice League of America #4, 75, 105–106, 146, 161, and 173–174||978-1401212674|
|2||JLA: The Greatest Stories Ever Told||Justice League of America #19, 77, 122, and 166–168,
Justice League #1, JLA Secret Files #1 and JLA #61
|3||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 1||Justice League of America ##21–22, 29–30, 37–38, and 46–47||978-1563898952|
|4||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 2||Justice League of America #55–56, 64–65, 73–74, and 82–83||978-1401200039|
|5||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 3||Justice League of America #91–92, 100–102, 107–108, and 113||978-1401202316|
|6||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 4||Justice League of America #123–124, 135–137, and 147–148||978-1401209575|
|7||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 5||Justice League of America #159–160, 171–172, and 183–185||978-1401226237|
|8||Crisis on Multiple Earths volume 6||Justice League of America #195–197, 207–209 and crossover issues All-Star Squadron #14–15||978-1401238223|
The readers were more familiar with 'League' from the National League and the American League.
Editor Julius Schwartz had repopulated the [superhero] subculture by revitalizing Golden Age icons like Green Lantern and the Flash. He recruited writer Gardner Fox and artist Mike Sekowsky, and together they came up with the Justice League of America, a modern version of the legendary Justice Society of America from the 1940s.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
Justice League was a hit. It solidified once and for all the importance of super hero groups, and in the process provided a playground where DC's characters could attract new fans while entertaining established admirers.
Englehart next began a run on Justice League of America, and in issue #142, Mantis showed up! Only this time, she was calling herself Willow.
Aquaman is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Paul Norris and Mort Weisinger, the character debuted in More Fun Comics #73 (November 1941). Initially a backup feature in DC's anthology titles, Aquaman later starred in several volumes of a solo comic book series. During the late 1950s and 1960s superhero-revival period known as the Silver Age, he was a founding member of the Justice League. In the 1990s Modern Age, writers interpreted Aquaman's character more seriously, with storylines depicting the weight of his role as king of Atlantis.The character's original 1960s animated appearances left a lasting impression, making Aquaman widely recognized in popular culture and one of the world's most recognized superheroes. Jokes about his wholesome, weak portrayal in Super Friends and perceived feeble powers and abilities have been staples of comedy programs and stand-up routines, leading DC at several times to attempt to make the character edgier or more powerful in comic books. Modern comic book depictions have attempted to reconcile these various aspects of his public perception, casting Aquaman as serious and brooding, saddled with an ill reputation, and struggling to find a true role and purpose beyond his public side as a deposed king and a fallen hero.Aquaman has been featured in several adaptations, first appearing in animated form in the 1967 The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure and then in the related Super Friends program. Since then he has appeared in various animated productions, including prominent roles in the 2000s series Justice League and Justice League Unlimited and Batman: The Brave and the Bold, as well as several DC Universe Animated Original Movies. Actor Alan Ritchson also portrayed the character in the live-action television show Smallville. In the DC Extended Universe, actor Jason Momoa portrayed the character in the films Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Justice League, and Aquaman.Captain Marvel (DC Comics)
Shazam (), also known as Captain Marvel, is a fictional comic book superhero appearing in publications by the American publisher DC Comics. Artist C. C. Beck and writer Bill Parker created the character in 1939. Captain Marvel first appeared in Whiz Comics #2 (cover-dated Feb. 1940), published by Fawcett Comics. He is the alter ego of Billy Batson, a boy who, by speaking the magic word "SHAZAM" (acronym of six "immortal elders": Solomon, Hercules, Atlas, Zeus, Achilles and Mercury), can transform himself into a costumed adult with the powers of superhuman strength, speed, flight and other abilities.
Based on book sales, the character was the most popular superhero of the 1940s, outselling even Superman. Fawcett expanded the franchise to include other "Marvels", primarily Marvel Family associates Mary Marvel and Captain Marvel Jr., who can harness Billy's powers as well. Captain Marvel was also the first comic book superhero to be adapted into film, in a 1941 Republic Pictures serial titled Adventures of Captain Marvel, with Tom Tyler as Captain Marvel and Frank Coghlan, Jr. as Billy Batson.
Fawcett ceased publishing Captain Marvel-related comics in 1953, partly because of a copyright infringement suit from DC Comics, alleging that Captain Marvel was a copy of Superman. In 1972, DC licensed the Marvel Family characters from Fawcett, and returned them to publication. By 1991, DC had acquired all rights to the characters. DC has since integrated Captain Marvel and the Marvel Family into their DC Universe and has attempted to revive the property several times, with mixed success. Due to trademark conflicts over another character named "Captain Marvel" owned by Marvel Comics, DC has branded and marketed the character using the trademark Shazam! since his 1972 reintroduction. This, in turn, led many to assume that "Shazam" was the character's name. DC later officially renamed the character "Shazam" when relaunching its comic book properties in 2011, and his associates became known as the "Shazam Family" the following year. Captain Marvel/Shazam and his family battle an extensive rogues' gallery, primarily archenemies Dr. Sivana and Black Adam.
The character has been featured in two television series adaptations by Filmation: one live action 1970s series with actors Jackson Bostwick and Michael Gray portraying the character, and one animated 1980s series. An upcoming New Line Cinema/Warner Bros. Shazam! feature film is scheduled for release in April 2019 as part of the DC Extended Universe, with Zachary Levi and Asher Angel portraying the title role. Captain Marvel was ranked as the 55th greatest comic book character of all time by Wizard magazine. IGN also ranked Captain Marvel as the 50th greatest comic book hero of all time, stating that the character will always be an enduring reminder of a simpler time. UGO Networks ranked him as one of the top heroes of entertainment, saying, "At his best, Shazam has always been compared to Superman with a sense of crazy, goofy fun."Cyborg (comics)
Cyborg is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics . The character was created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez and first appears in a special insert in DC Comics Presents #26 (October 1980). Originally known as a member of the Teen Titans, Cyborg was established as a founding member of the Justice League in DC's 2011 reboot of its comic book titles and subsequently in the 2016 relaunch of its continuity. However, he has since been re-established as a past member of the Teen Titans again.The character appears in the DC Extended Universe, where he is played by actor Ray Fisher. This adaptation of Cyborg had a cameo appearance in the 2016 film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and a main role in the 2017 film Justice League, and is set to appear in a standalone Cyborg film in 2020, but is believed to have been canceled. Cyborg is portrayed as a mechanical cyborg, hence the name. Cyborg is part of the main cast of the Doom Patrol television series on the DC streaming service played by Joivan Wade.DC Extended Universe
The DC Extended Universe (DCEU) is the unofficial term used to refer to an American media franchise and shared universe that is centered on a series of superhero films, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures and based on characters that appear in American comic books by DC Comics. The shared universe, much like the original DC Universe in comic books and the television programs, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters. The films have been in production since 2011 and in that time Warner Bros. has distributed six films. The series has grossed over $4.90 billion at the global box office, currently making it the 12th highest-grossing film franchise.
The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Several actors, including Henry Cavill, Ben Affleck, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, and Ray Fisher, have appeared in numerous films of the franchise, with continued appearances in sequels planned. In May 2016, DC's chief creative officer Geoff Johns and Warner Bros. executive vice president Jon Berg were appointed to co-run the DC Films division and oversee creative decisions, production and story-arcs in order to create a cohesive overarching plot within the films. In January 2018, Walter Hamada was appointed the president of DC Films, replacing Berg.
The first film in the DCEU was Man of Steel (2013) followed by Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016), Suicide Squad (2016), Wonder Woman (2017), Justice League (2017), and Aquaman (2018). The franchise will continue with scheduled release dates for Shazam! (2019), Birds of Prey (and the Fantabulous Emancipation of One Harley Quinn) (2020), Wonder Woman 1984 (2020), The Batman (2021), The Suicide Squad (2021), and The Flash (2021). A multitude of other projects are in various stages of development.DC Universe Animated Original Movies
The DC Universe Animated Original Movies (also known as DC Universe Original Movies or DC Universe Movies) are direct-to-video film projects being created by Warner Premiere, Warner Bros. Animation, and DC Comics. These more recent movie projects have also included many of the voice actors who worked on previous DC animated series and films.Justice League (TV series)
Justice League is an American animated television series which ran from 2001 to 2004 on Cartoon Network. It is part of the DC animated universe. The show was produced by Warner Bros. Animation. It is based on the Justice League of America and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics. After two seasons, the series was replaced by Justice League Unlimited, a successor series which aired for three seasons.Justice League (film)
Justice League is a 2017 American superhero film based on the DC Comics superhero team of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. It is the follow-up to 2016's Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and the fifth installment in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU). The film is directed by Zack Snyder, written by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon, and features an ensemble cast that includes Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, Ray Fisher, Amy Adams, Jeremy Irons, Diane Lane, Connie Nielsen, and J. K. Simmons. In the film, Batman and Wonder Woman recruit The Flash, Aquaman, and Cyborg after Superman's death to save the world from the catastrophic threat of Steppenwolf and his army of Parademons.
The film was announced in October 2014, with Snyder on board to direct and Terrio attached to write the script. Initially titled Justice League Part One, with a second part to follow in 2019, the second film was indefinitely delayed to accommodate a standalone Batman film with Affleck. Principal photography commenced in April 2016 and ended in October 2016. After Snyder stepped down to deal with the death of his daughter, Joss Whedon was hired to oversee the remainder of post-production, including directing additional scenes written by himself; Snyder retained sole directorial credit, while Whedon received a screenwriting credit. Justice League premiered in Beijing on October 26, 2017, and was released in the United States in 2D, Real D 3D, and IMAX on November 17, 2017.
With an estimated production budget of $300 million, Justice League is one of the most expensive films ever made. The film grossed $657 million worldwide and was declared a box office bomb after losing the studio around $60 million, while also making it the lowest overall gross of the DCEU. The film received mixed to negative reviews from critics; with criticism directed at the pacing and tone. The film's tone was met with a polarized reception by audiences, with some appreciating the lighter tone compared to the previous DCEU films, and others finding it inconsistent.Justice League Action
Justice League Action is an American animated television series based on the DC Comics superhero team of the same name. The series is produced by Jim Krieg, Butch Lukic, and Alan Burnett.
This show debuted on Cartoon Network UK on November 26, 2016, and premiered in the United States on Cartoon Network on December 16, 2016. The first season later concluded on June 3, 2018.Justice League Dark (film)
Justice League Dark is a 2017 American animated superhero film produced by Warner Bros. Animation and distributed by Warner Home Video. Featuring the DC Comics team of the same name created by Peter Milligan and Mikel Janin, the film is the twenty-seventh in the DC Universe Animated Original Movies series and a part of DC Animated Movie Universe. It was released on Digital HD on January 24, 2017, and on DVD and Blu-ray on February 7, 2017.The film is directed by Jay Oliva, and stars the voices of Matt Ryan, Jason O'Mara, Camilla Luddington, Nicholas Turturro, and Ray Chase. It is the first Justice League film and the second DC Universe animated film to be rated R by the MPAA for some disturbing violence. Justice League Dark features an original premise wherein a supernatural force is causing violent crimes across America, and Justice League member Batman consults occult detective John Constantine to form a team of paranormal metahumans.
The film spawned a spin-off animated web series, Constantine: City of Demons, released on The CW's online streaming platform CW Seed on March 24, 2018, with Ryan reprising his role. It was originally made to be a sequel to the live-action series Constantine and a part of the Arrowverse franchise, but writer J. M. DeMatteis stated that the direction of this series was changed.Justice League Unlimited
Justice League Unlimited (JLU) is an American animated television series that was produced by Warner Bros. Animation and aired on Cartoon Network. Featuring a wide array of superheroes from the DC Comics universe, and specifically based on the Justice League superhero team, it is a direct sequel to the previous Justice League animated series. JLU debuted on July 31, 2004 on Toonami and ended with the episode aired May 13, 2006. It was also the final series set in the long-running DC animated universe, which started with Batman: The Animated Series in 1992.
Boomerang reran the series from June 3, 2007 to March 26, 2010 as part of Boomeraction. On August 25, 2012, The CW's Vortexx Saturday morning block began airing reruns of this series, lasting until August 23, 2014.Justice League vs. Teen Titans
Justice League vs. Teen Titans is a 2016 direct-to-video animated superhero film directed by Sam Liu from a screenplay by Alan Burnett and Bryan Q. Miller. It is part of the DC Universe Animated Original Movies and DC Animated Movie Universe. The film features the voices of Jon Bernthal, Taissa Farmiga, and Jason O'Mara.
The film had its world premiere at WonderCon on March 26, 2016, and was released through digital download on March 29, 2016. It was released through home media on April 12, 2016, by Warner Home Video.List of Justice League episodes
Justice League and Justice League Unlimited are American animated series about a team of superheroes which ran from 2001 to 2006 on Cartoon Network. It is based on the Justice League and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics.
After the second season, the show is renamed Justice League Unlimited, has a vastly expanded cast of characters, and largely changes from two-part episodes to single-episode stand-alone stories that often intertwine to form long (even season-long) story arcs. Combined, there are a total of 91 episodes, along with two crossover episodes of Static Shock in which the League appears.
The show is the last in a series of animated features that together constitute what is known as the DC animated universe (though Batman Beyond and The Zeta Project take place later in the same continuity). It consists of a series of eight television shows and four films, largely surrounding DC Comics characters and their respective mythos.Martian Manhunter
The Martian Manhunter (J'onn J'onzz) is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Joseph Samachson and designed by artist Joe Certa, the character first appeared in the story "The Manhunter from Mars" in Detective Comics #225 (Nov. 1955). Martian Manhunter is one of the seven original members of the Justice League of America and one of the most powerful beings in the DC Universe.
J'onzz has been featured in other DC Comics-endorsed products, such as video games, television series, animated films, and merchandise like action figures and trading cards. The character was ranked #43 on IGN's greatest comic book hero list. J'onzz was played by David Ogden Stiers in the 1997 Justice League of America live-action television pilot. Phil Morris also portrayed him in the television series Smallville. David Harewood portrays the human guise of Martian Manhunter on Supergirl.Steppenwolf (comics)
Steppenwolf is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by Jack Kirby and made his first appearance in New Gods #7 (February 1972). Steppenwolf (which is German for "steppe wolf") is one of the New Gods, the uncle of the supervillain Darkseid, the brother of Heggra, the great-uncle of Kalibak and Orion, and a member of Darkseid's Elite.
The character made his live-action debut in Zack Snyder's Justice League film, played by Ciarán Hinds.Zatanna
Zatanna Zatara () is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by Gardner Fox and Murphy Anderson, and first appeared in Hawkman #4 (November 1964).
Zatanna is both a stage magician and an actual magician, like her father Giovanni "John" Zatara. As such she has many of her father's powers relating to magic, typically controlled by speaking the words of her incantations spelled backwards.
She is known for her involvement with the Justice League, her retconned childhood association with Batman, and her crossing of the Vertigo line with characters such as romantic partner John Constantine.