July 22 is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 162 days remaining until the end of the year.
|July 22 in recent years
| 2018 (Sunday)
| 2017 (Saturday)
| 2016 (Friday)
| 2015 (Wednesday)
| 2014 (Tuesday)
| 2013 (Monday)
| 2012 (Sunday)
| 2011 (Friday)
| 2010 (Thursday)
| 2009 (Wednesday)
- 838 – Battle of Anzen: The Byzantine emperor Theophilos suffers a heavy defeat by the Abbasids.
- 1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
- 1209 – Massacre at Béziers: The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade.
- 1298 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk: King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk.
- 1443 – Battle of St. Jakob an der Sihl in the Old Zürich War.
- 1456 – Ottoman wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade: John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire
- 1484 – Battle of Lochmaben Fair: A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
- 1499 – Battle of Dornach: The Swiss decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
- 1587 – Roanoke Colony: A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
- 1598 – William Shakespeare’s play, The Merchant of Venice, is entered on the Stationers’ Register. By decree of Queen Elizabeth, the Stationers’ Register licensed printed works, giving the Crown tight control over all published material.
- 1686 – Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
- 1706 – The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each countries' Parliaments, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of North America.
- 1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
- 1797 – Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Battle between Spanish and British naval forces during the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Battle, Rear-Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm and the arm had to be partially amputated.
- 1802 – Emperor Gia Long conquers Hanoi and unified Viet Nam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
- 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Cape Finisterre: An inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleet under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
- 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War: Battle of Salamanca: British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
- 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta: Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
- 1893 – Katharine Lee Bates writes America the Beautiful after admiring the view from the top of Pikes Peak near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
- 1894 – The first ever motor race is held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the 'official' victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître driving his 3 hp petrol engined Peugeot.
- 1916 – Preparedness Day Bombing: In San Francisco, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a parade, killing ten and injuring 40.
- 1933 – Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York City, completing the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 hours and 49 minutes.
- 1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
- 1942 – The Holocaust in Poland: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto begins.
- 1943 – World War II: Allied forces capture Palermo during the Allied invasion of Sicily.
- 1943 – World War II: Axis occupation forces violently disperse a massive protest in Athens, killing 22.
- 1944 – The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
- 1946 – King David Hotel bombing: A Zionist underground organisation, the Irgun, bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, site of the civil administration and military headquarters for Mandatory Palestine, resulting in 91 deaths.
- 1962 – Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
- 1963 – Crown Colony of Sarawak gains self-governance.
- 1976 – Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during imperial Japan's conquest of the country in the Second World War.
- 1977 – Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
- 1983 – Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
- 1990 – Greg LeMond, an American road racing cyclist, wins his third Tour de France after leading the majority of the race. It was LeMond’s second consecutive Tour de France victory.
- 1992 – Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
- 1993 – Great Flood of 1993: Levees near Kaskaskia, Illinois rupture, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by the Army Corps of Engineers.
- 1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
- 2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son, and a bodyguard.
- 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers responsible for the 7 July 2005 London bombings and the 21 July 2005 London bombings.
- 2011 – 2011 Norway attacks: first a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo, followed by a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya.
- 2013 – 2013 Dingxi earthquakes, a series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others.
- 1210 – Joan of England, Queen of Scotland (d. 1238)
- 1437 – John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, English Baron (d. 1498)
- 1476 – Zhu Youyuan, Ming Dynasty politician (d. 1519)
- 1478 – Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
- 1531 – Leonhard Thurneysser, scholar and elector of Brandenburg (d. 1595)
- 1535 – Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
- 1552 – Anthony Browne, Sheriff of Surrey and Kent (d. 1592)
- 1552 – Mary Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton, Lady of English peer and others (d. 1607)
- 1559 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian priest and saint (d. 1619)
- 1615 – Marguerite of Lorraine, princess of Lorraine, duchess of Orléans (d. 1672)
- 1618 – Johan Nieuhof, Dutch traveler (d. 1672)
- 1621 – Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (d. 1683)
- 1630 – Madame de Brinvilliers, French aristocrat (d. 1676)
- 1647 – Margaret Mary Alacoque, French nun, mystic and saint (d. 1690)
- 1651 – Ferdinand Tobias Richter, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1711)
- 1711 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, German-Russian physicist and academic (d. 1753)
- 1713 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect, designed the Panthéon (d. 1780)
- 1733 – Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and historian (d. 1790)
- 1755 – Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1839)
- 1784 – Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
- 1839 – Jakob Hurt, Estonian theologist and linguist (d. 1907)
- 1844 – William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
- 1848 – Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
- 1849 – Emma Lazarus, American poet and educator (d. 1887)
- 1856 – Octave Hamelin, French philosopher (d. 1907)
- 1862 – Cosmo Duff-Gordon, Scottish fencer (d. 1931)
- 1863 – Alec Hearne, English cricketer (d. 1952)
- 1878 – Janusz Korczak, Polish pediatrician and author (d. 1942)
- 1881 – Augusta Fox Bronner, American psychologist, specialist in juvenile psychology (d. 1966)
- 1882 – Edward Hopper, American painter and etcher (d. 1967)
- 1884 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1967)
- 1886 – Hella Wuolijoki, Estonian-Finnish author (d. 1954)
- 1887 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- 1888 – Kirk Bryan, American geologist and academic (d. 1950)
- 1888 – Selman Waksman, Jewish-American biochemist and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- 1889 – James Whale, English director (d. 1957)
- 1890 – Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (d. 1995)
- 1892 – Jack MacBryan, English cricketer and field hockey player (d. 1983)
- 1893 – Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (d. 1978)
- 1893 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (d. 1990)
- 1895 – León de Greiff, Colombian poet, journalist, and diplomat (d. 1976)
- 1898 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American poet, short story writer, and novelist (d. 1943)
- 1899 – Sobhuza II of Swaziland (d. 1982)
- 1908 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
- 1909 – Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (d. 2014)
- 1909 – Dorino Serafini, Italian race car driver (d. 2000)
- 1910 – Ruthie Tompson, American animator and artist
- 1913 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bassist, songwriter, and bandleader (d. 1995)
- 1915 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Indian-Pakistani politician and diplomat (d. 2000)
- 1916 – Gino Bianco, Brazilian race car driver (d. 1984)
- 1916 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
- 1921 – William V. Roth Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
- 1923 – Bob Dole, American soldier, lawyer, and politician
- 1923 – César Fernández Ardavín, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
- 1924 – Margaret Whiting, American singer (d. 2011)
- 1925 – Jack Matthews, American author, playwright, and academic (d. 2013)
- 1925 – Joseph Sargent, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
- 1926 – Bryan Forbes, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
- 1926 – Wolfgang Iser, German scholar, literary theorist (d. 2007)
- 1927 – Johan Ferner, Norwegian sailor (d. 2015)
- 1928 – Orson Bean, American actor
- 1928 – Jimmy Hill, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2015)
- 1929 – John Barber, English race car driver
- 1929 – Leonid Stolovich, Russian-Estonian philosopher and academic (d. 2013)
- 1929 – Neil Welliver, American painter (d. 2005)
- 1929 – Baselios Thomas I, Indian bishop
- 1931 – Leo Labine, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
- 1932 – Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (d. 2014)
- 1932 – Tom Robbins, American novelist
- 1934 – Junior Cook, American saxophonist (d. 1992)
- 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American actress
- 1935 – Tom Cartwright, English-Welsh cricketer and coach (d. 2007)
- 1936 – Don Patterson, American organist (d. 1988)
- 1936 – Harold Rhodes, English cricketer
- 1936 – Geraldine Claudette Darden, American mathematician
- 1937 – Chuck Jackson, American R&B singer and songwriter
- 1937 – Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese-American wrestler and manager (d. 1999)
- 1937 – John Price, English cricketer
- 1937 – Vasant Ranjane, Indian cricketer (d. 2011)
- 1938 – Terence Stamp, English actor
- 1940 – Judith Walzer Leavitt, American historian and academic
- 1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host and producer
- 1941 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (d. 2009)
- 1941 – Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (d. 1975)
- 1941 – George Clinton, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1941 – David M. Kennedy, American historian and author
- 1942 – Michael Abney-Hastings, 14th Earl of Loudoun, English-Australian politician (d. 2012)
- 1942 – Peter Habeler, Austrian mountaineer and skier
- 1942 – Les Johns, Australian rugby league player and coach
- 1943 – Masaru Emoto, Japanese author and activist (d. 2014)
- 1943 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, American lawyer and politician
- 1943 – Bobby Sherman, American singer-songwriter and actor
- 1944 – Rick Davies, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- 1944 – Sparky Lyle, American baseball player and manager
- 1944 – Anand Satyanand, New Zealand lawyer, judge, and politician, 19th Governor-General of New Zealand
- 1945 – Philip Cohen, English biochemist and academic
- 1946 – Danny Glover, American actor, director, and producer
- 1946 – Paul Schrader, American director and screenwriter
- 1946 – Rolando Joven Tria Tirona, Filipino archbishop
- 1946 – Johnson Toribiong, Palauan lawyer and politician, 7th President of Palau
- 1947 – Albert Brooks, American actor, comedian, director, and screenwriter
- 1947 – Gilles Duceppe, Canadian politician
- 1947 – Don Henley, American singer-songwriter and drummer
- 1949 – Alan Menken, American pianist and composer
- 1949 – Lasse Virén, Finnish runner and police officer
- 1950 – S. E. Hinton, American author
- 1951 – Richard Bennett, American guitarist and producer
- 1951 – J. V. Cain, American football player (d. 1979)
- 1951 – Patriarch Daniel of Romania
- 1953 – Brian Howe, English singer-songwriter
- 1954 – Al Di Meola, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1954 – Steve LaTourette, American lawyer and politician (d. 2016)
- 1954 – Lonette McKee, American actress and singer
- 1954 – Ingrid Daubechies, Belgian physicist and mathematician
- 1955 – Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (d. 2013)
- 1955 – Willem Dafoe, American actor
- 1956 – Mick Pointer, English neo-progressive rock drummer (Marillion; Arena)
- 1956 – Scott Sanderson, American baseball player and sportscaster
- 1957 – Dave Stieb, American baseball player
- 1958 – Tatsunori Hara, Japanese baseball player and coach
- 1958 – David Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1984)
- 1960 – Jon Oliva, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- 1961 – Calvin Fish, English race car driver and sportscaster
- 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1962 – Alvin Robertson, American basketball player
- 1962 – Martine St. Clair, Canadian singer and actress
- 1963 – Emilio Butragueño, Spanish footballer
- 1963 – Emily Saliers, American singer-songwriter and musician
- 1964 – Will Calhoun, American rock drummer (Living Colour)
- 1964 – Bonnie Langford, English actress and dancer
- 1964 – John Leguizamo, Colombian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- 1964 – David Spade, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- 1965 – Derrick Dalley, Canadian educator and politician
- 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American wrestler, trainer, and actor
- 1965 – Richard B. Poore, New Zealand humanitarian
- 1965 – Doug Riesenberg, American football player and coach
- 1966 – Tim Brown, American football player and manager
- 1967 – Lauren Booth, English journalist and activist
- 1967 – Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor
- 1969 – Despina Vandi, German-Greek singer and actress
- 1970 – Jason Becker, American guitarist and songwriter
- 1970 – Steve Carter, Australian rugby league player
- 1970 – Devendra Fadnavis, Indian lawyer and politician, 18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- 1970 – Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player and coach
- 1971 – Aaron McCargo Jr., American chef, TV personality and TV show host
- 1972 – Colin Ferguson, Canadian actor, director, and producer
- 1972 – Seth Fisher, American illustrator (d. 2006)
- 1972 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player and sportscaster
- 1973 – Brian Chippendale, American singer and drummer
- 1973 – Daniel Jones, English-Australian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1973 – Mike Sweeney, American baseball player and sportscaster
- 1973 – Ece Temelkuran, Turkish journalist and author
- 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, American-Canadian singer-songwriter
- 1974 – Franka Potente, German actress
- 1974 – Johnny Strong, American actor, musician, stuntman and martial artist
- 1977 – Ezio Galon, Italian rugby player
- 1977 – Ingo Hertzsch, German footballer
- 1977 – Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
- 1978 – Martyn Lee, English radio host and producer
- 1978 – Runako Morton, Nevisian cricketer (d. 2012)
- 1978 – Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
- 1979 – Anna Bieleń-Żarska, Polish tennis player
- 1979 – Lucas Luhr, German race car driver
- 1979 – Yadel Martí, Cuban baseball player
- 1980 – Dirk Kuyt, Dutch footballer
- 1980 – Kate Ryan, Belgian singer-songwriter
- 1980 – Tablo, South Korean-Canadian rapper
- 1982 – Nuwan Kulasekara, Sri Lankan cricketer
- 1983 – Aldo de Nigris, Mexican footballer
- 1983 – Dries Devenyns, Belgian cyclist
- 1983 – Steven Jackson, American football player
- 1983 – Andreas Ulvo, Norwegian pianist
- 1984 – Stewart Downing, English footballer
- 1985 – Jessica Abbott, Australian swimmer
- 1985 – Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean-American rugby player
- 1985 – Akira Tozawa, Japanese wrestler
- 1986 – Steve Johnson, American football player
- 1987 – Charlotte Kalla, Swedish skier
- 1988 – William Buick, Norwegian-British flat jockey
- 1988 – Paul Coutts, Scottish footballer
- 1988 – Thomas Kraft, German footballer
- 1988 – Sercan Temizyürek, Turkish footballer
- 1989 – Keegan Allen, American actor, photographer and musician
- 1991 – Matty James, English footballer
- 1992 – Anja Aguilar, Filipino actress and singer
- 1992 – Selena Gomez, American singer and actress
- 1993 – Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Kyrgyzstani-American terrorist
- 1994 – Jaz Sinclair, American film and television actress
- 1995 – Ezekiel Elliott, American football player
- 1995 – Armaan Malik, Indian playback singer, composer and songwriter
- 1996 – Skyler Gisondo, American actor
- 2002 – Prince Felix of Denmark
- 2013 – Prince George of Cambridge
- 698 – Wu Chengsi, nephew of Chinese sovereign Wu Zetian
- 1258 – Meinhard I, Count of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. c. 1200)
- 1274 – Henry I of Navarre, Count of Champagne and Brie and King of Navarre
- 1298 – Sir John de Graham, Scottish soldier at the Battle of Falkirk
- 1362 – Louis, Count of Gravina (b. 1324)
- 1376 – Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1310)
- 1387 – Frans Ackerman, Flemish politician (b. 1330)
- 1461 – Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
- 1525 – Richard Wingfield, English courtier and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1426)
- 1540 – John Zápolya, Hungarian king (b. 1487)
- 1550 – Jorge de Lencastre, Duke of Coimbra (b. 1481)
- 1581 – Richard Cox, English bishop (b. 1500)
- 1619 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian priest and saint (b. 1559)
- 1645 – Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
- 1676 – Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
- 1726 – Hugh Drysdale, English-American politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia
- 1734 – Peter King, 1st Baron King, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1669)
- 1789 – Joseph Foullon de Doué, French politician, Controller-General of Finances (b. 1715)
- 1802 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (b. 1771)
- 1824 – Thomas Macnamara Russell, English admiral
- 1826 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1746)
- 1832 – Napoleon II, French emperor (b. 1811)
- 1833 – Joseph Forlenze, Italian ophthalmologist and surgeon (b. 1757)
- 1864 – James B. McPherson, American general (b. 1828)
- 1869 – John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge (b. 1806)
- 1902 – Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish cardinal (b. 1822)
- 1903 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American publisher, lawyer, and politician, United States Ambassador to Russia (b. 1810)
- 1904 – Wilson Barrett, English actor and playwright (b. 1846)
- 1906 – William Snodgrass, Canadian minister and academic (b. 1827)
- 1908 – Randal Cremer, English politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1828)
- 1915 – Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor, developed Standard time (b. 1827)
- 1916 – James Whitcomb Riley, American poet and author (b. 1849)
- 1918 – Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and first Indian fighter aircraft pilot (b. 1898)
- 1920 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1849)
- 1922 – Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American chemist and academic (b. 1854)
- 1932 – J. Meade Falkner, English author and poet (b. 1858)
- 1932 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and academic (b. 1866)
- 1932 – Errico Malatesta, Italian activist and author (b. 1853)
- 1932 – Flo Ziegfeld, American actor and producer (b. 1867)
- 1934 – John Dillinger, American gangster (b. 1903)
- 1937 – Ted McDonald, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1891)
- 1940 – George Fuller, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1861)
- 1940 – Albert Young, American boxer and promoter (b. 1877)
- 1948 – Rūdolfs Jurciņš, Latvian basketball player (b. 1909)
- 1950 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian economist and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- 1958 – Mikhail Zoshchenko, Ukrainian-Russian soldier and author (b. 1895)
- 1967 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (b. 1878)
- 1968 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist and cartoonist (b. 1908)
- 1970 – George Johnston, Australian journalist and author (b. 1912)
- 1974 – Wayne Morse, American lawyer and politician (b. 1900)
- 1979 – J. V. Cain, American football player (b. 1951)
- 1979 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1929)
- 1986 – Floyd Gottfredson, American author and illustrator (b. 1905)
- 1986 – Ede Staal, Dutch singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
- 1987 – Fahrettin Kerim Gökay, Turkish physician and politician, Turkish Minister of Health (b. 1900)
- 1990 – Manuel Puig, Argentinian author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
- 1990 – Eduard Streltsov, Soviet footballer (b. 1937)
- 1992 – David Wojnarowicz, American painter, photographer, and activist (b. 1954)
- 1995 – Harold Larwood, English-Australian cricketer (b. 1904)
- 1996 – Rob Collins, English keyboard player (b. 1956)
- 1998 – Fritz Buchloh, German footballer and coach (b. 1909)
- 2000 – Eric Christmas, English-born Canadian actor (b. 1916)
- 2000 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1925)
- 2000 – Raymond Lemieux, Canadian chemist and academic (b. 1920)
- 2000 – Claude Sautet, French director and screenwriter (b. 1924)
- 2001 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
- 2004 – Sacha Distel, French singer and guitarist (b. 1933)
- 2004 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1922)
- 2005 – Eugene Record, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
- 2006 – Dika Newlin, American composer, singer-songwriter, and pianist (d. 1923)
- 2006 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountaineer (b. 1965)
- 2007 – Mike Coolbaugh, American baseball player and coach (b. 1972)
- 2007 – Jarrod Cunningham, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1968)
- 2007 – László Kovács, Hungarian-American director and cinematographer (b. 1933)
- 2007 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)
- 2008 – Estelle Getty, American actress (b. 1923)
- 2009 – Richard M. Givan, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
- 2009 – Peter Krieg, German director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1947)
- 2010 – Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (b. 1936)
- 2010 – Phillip Walker, American singer and guitarist (b. 1937)
- 2011 – Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (b. 1923)
- 2011 – Cees de Wolf, Dutch footballer (b. 1945)
- 2012 – Ding Guangen, Chinese engineer and politician (b. 1929)
- 2012 – George Armitage Miller, American psychologist and academic (b. 1920)
- 2012 – Frank Pierson, American director and screenwriter (b. 1925)
- 2013 – Natalie de Blois, American architect, co-designed the Lever House (b. 1921)
- 2013 – Dennis Farina, American policeman and actor (b. 1944)
- 2013 – Lawrie Reilly, Scottish footballer (b. 1928)
- 2013 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and judge (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Johann Breyer, German SS officer (b. 1925)
- 2014 – Louis Lentin, Irish director and producer (b. 1933)
- 2014 – Nitzan Shirazi, Israeli footballer and manager (b. 1971)
Holidays and observances
External links 2011 Norway attacks
The 2011 Norway attacks, referred to in Norway as 22 July (Norwegian: 22. juli) or as 22/7, the date of the events, were two sequential lone wolf terrorist
attacks by Anders Behring Breivik against the government, the civilian population, and a Workers' Youth League (AUF) summer camp, in which 77 people were killed, including 33 children under the age of 18.
The first attack was a car bomb explosion in Oslo within Regjeringskvartalet, the executive government quarter of Norway, at 15:25:22 (CEST). The bomb was placed inside of a van next to the tower block housing the office of the Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg. The explosion killed eight people and injured at least 209 people, twelve severely.The second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud. The camp was organized by the AUF, the youth division of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party (AP). Breivik, dressed in a homemade police uniform and showing false identification, took a ferry to the island and opened fire at the participants, killing 69 and injuring at least 110, 55 seriously. Among the dead were friends of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, and the stepbrother of Norway's crown princess Mette-Marit.The attack was the deadliest in Norway since World War II. A survey found that one in four Norwegians knew someone affected. The European Union, NATO and several countries expressed their support for Norway and condemned the attacks. The 2012 Gjørv Report concluded that Norway's police could have prevented the bombing and caught Breivik faster at Utøya, and that measures to prevent further attacks and "mitigate adverse effects" should have been implemented.The Norwegian Police arrested Anders Behring Breivik, a 32-year-old Norwegian right-wing extremist, on Utøya island and charged him with both attacks. His trial took place between 16 April and 22 June 2012 in Oslo District Court, where Breivik admitted carrying out the attacks, but denied criminal guilt and claimed the defense of necessity (jus necessitatis). On 24 August, Breivik was convicted as charged and sentenced to 21 years of preventive detention in prison, the maximum sentence allowed in Norway. The sentence can be extended indefinitely as long as the prisoner is deemed a threat to society. 2013
was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2013th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 13th year of the 3rd millennium, the 13th year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2010s decade.
2013 was designated as:
International Year of Water Cooperation
International Year of Quinoa Bloomberg Businessweek
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published since 2009 by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek, founded in 1929, aimed to provide information and interpretation about events in the business world. The magazine is headquartered in New York City. Megan Murphy served as editor from November 2016; she stepped down from the role in January 2018 and Joel Weber was appointed in her place.
The magazine is published 47 times a year. Bob Cousy
Robert Joseph Cousy (, born August 9, 1928) is an American retired professional basketball player. Cousy played point guard with the Boston Celtics from 1950 to 1963 and briefly with the Cincinnati Royals in the 1969–70 season. Making his high school varsity squad as a junior, he went on to earn a scholarship to the College of the Holy Cross, where he led the Crusaders to berths in the 1948 NCAA Tournament and 1950 NCAA Tournament and was named an NCAA All-American for 3 seasons.
Cousy was initially drafted by the Tri-Cities Blackhawks as the third overall pick in the first round of the 1950 NBA draft, but after he refused to report, he was picked up by Boston. He had an exceptionally successful career with the Celtics, leading the league an unprecedented 8 straight years in assists, playing on six NBA championship teams, and being voted into 13 NBA All-Star Games in his 13 full NBA seasons. He was also named to 12 All-NBA First and Second Teams and won the 1957 NBA Most Valuable Player Award.En route to his assist streak that was unmatched either in number of crowns or consecutive years, Cousy introduced a new blend of ball-handling and passing skills to the NBA that earned him the nickname "The Houdini of the Hardwood". Also known as "Cooz", he was regularly introduced at Boston Garden as "Mr. Basketball". After his playing career, he coached the Royals for several years, capped by a seven-game cameo comeback for them at age 41.
Cousy then became a broadcaster for Celtics games. Upon his election to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1971 the Celtics retired his #14 jersey and hung it in the rafters of the Garden. Cousy was named to the NBA 25th Anniversary Team in 1971, the NBA 35th Anniversary Team in 1981, and the NBA's 50th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1996, making him one of only four players that were selected to each of those teams. He was also the first president of National Basketball Players Association. Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an American supernatural drama television series based on the 1992 film of the same name. It was created by Joss Whedon under his production tag, Mutant Enemy Productions, with later co-executive producers being Jane Espenson, David Fury, David Greenwalt, Doug Petrie, Marti Noxon, and David Solomon.
The series premiered on March 10, 1997, on The WB and concluded on May 20, 2003, on UPN. The series narrative follows Buffy Summers (played by Sarah Michelle Gellar), the latest in a line of young women known as "Vampire Slayers", or simply "Slayers". In the story, Slayers or the 'Chosen Ones' are "called" (chosen by fate) to battle against vampires, demons, and other forces of darkness. Being a young woman, Buffy wants to live a normal life, but as the series progresses, she learns to embrace her destiny. Like previous Slayers, Buffy is aided by a Watcher, who guides, teaches, and trains her. Unlike her predecessors, Buffy surrounds herself with a circle of loyal friends who become known as the "Scooby Gang".
The series received critical and popular acclaim, frequently being listed as one of the greatest TV shows of all-time, and usually reached between four and six million viewers on original airings. Although such ratings are lower than successful shows on the "big four" networks (ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox), they were a success for the relatively new and smaller WB Television Network.The success of Buffy has led to hundreds of tie-in products, including novels, comics, and video games. The series has received attention in fandom (including fan films), parody, and academia, and has influenced the direction of other television series. The series, as well as its spinoff series Angel, and extensions thereof, have been collectively termed the "Buffyverse". As of 2018, a reboot of the series is being developed for television, with Monica Owusu-Breen as showrunner. Dororo
Dororo (どろろ) is a Japanese manga series from the manga creator Osamu Tezuka in the late 1960s. An anime television series based on the manga consists of 26 half-hour episodes that aired in 1969. It was also made into a live-action film in 2007. A new anime adaptation began airing in 2019 and will consist of 24 episodes.
During the late 1960s, manga featuring demons was popular among kids. Dororo was first serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday between August 27, 1967, and July 22, 1968, before being cancelled. Parallel to the anime broadcast the manga was then concluded in Akita Shoten's Bōken'ō magazine.
Tezuka's childhood memory of his friends pronouncing dorobō (どろぼう, "thief") as dororo inspired the title of this work. In the live action movie series, the name is explained to be a southern term for Hyakkimaru, meaning "Little Monster".
The anime series bears the distinction of being the first entry in what is now known as the World Masterpiece Theater series.
A new anime television series adaptation by MAPPA and Tezuka Productions premiered on January 7, 2019 and is streaming on Amazon. Jessica Chastain
Jessica Michelle Chastain (born March 24, 1977) is an American actress and producer. She is known for her portrayals of strong-willed women in films with feminist themes. Chastain's accolades include a Golden Globe Award and two Academy Award nominations. Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2012.
Born and raised in Sacramento, California, Chastain developed an interest in acting from a young age. In 1998, she made her professional stage debut as Shakespeare's Juliet. After studying acting at the Juilliard School, she was signed to a talent holding deal with the television producer John Wells. She was a recurring guest star in several television shows, including Law & Order: Trial by Jury. She also took on roles in the stage productions of Anton Chekhov's play The Cherry Orchard in 2004 and Oscar Wilde's tragedy Salome in 2006.
Chastain made her film debut in the drama Jolene (2008), and gained wide recognition in 2011 for starring roles in half a dozen films, including the dramas Take Shelter and The Tree of Life. Her performance as an aspiring socialite in The Help earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 2012, she won a Golden Globe Award and received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for playing a CIA analyst in the thriller Zero Dark Thirty. Chastain made her Broadway debut in a revival of The Heiress in the same year. Her highest-grossing releases came with the science fiction films Interstellar (2014) and The Martian (2015), and she continued to draw praise for her performances in the dramas A Most Violent Year (2014), Miss Sloane (2016), and Molly's Game (2017).
Chastain is the founder of the production company Freckle Films, which was created to promote diversity in film. She is vocal about mental health issues, as well as gender and racial equality. She is married to the fashion executive Gian Luca Passi de Preposulo, with whom she has a daughter. Liberia
Liberia ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its northwest, Guinea to its north, Ivory Coast to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean to its south-southwest. It covers an area of 111,369 square kilometers (43,000 sq mi) and has a population of around 4,700,000 people. English is the official language and over 20 indigenous languages are spoken, representing the numerous ethnic groups who make up more than 95% of the population. The country's capital and largest city is Monrovia.
Liberia began as a settlement of the American Colonization Society (ACS), who believed black people would face better chances for freedom and prosperity in Africa than in the United States. The country declared its independence on July 26, 1847. The U.S. did not recognize Liberia's independence until February 5, 1862, during the American Civil War. Between January 7, 1822, and the American Civil War, more than 15,000 freed and free-born black people who faced legislated limits in the U.S., and 3,198 Afro-Caribbeans, relocated to the settlement. The black settlers carried their culture and tradition with them to Liberia. The Liberian constitution and flag were modeled after those of the U.S. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a wealthy, free-born African American from Virginia who settled in Liberia, was elected as Liberia's first president after the people proclaimed independence.Liberia was the first African republic to proclaim its independence, and is Africa's first and oldest modern republic. Liberia retained its independence during the Scramble for Africa. During World War II, Liberia supported the United States war efforts against Germany and in turn, the U.S. invested in considerable infrastructure in Liberia to help its war effort, which also aided the country in modernizing and improving its major air transportation facilities. In addition, President William Tubman encouraged economic changes. Internationally, Liberia was a founding member of the League of Nations, United Nations, and the Organisation of African Unity.
The Americo-Liberian settlers did not relate well to the indigenous peoples they encountered, especially those in communities of the more isolated "bush". The colonial settlements were raided by the Kru and Grebo from their inland chiefdoms. Americo-Liberians developed as a small elite that held on to political power, and the indigenous tribesmen were excluded from birthright citizenship in their own lands until 1904, in a repetition of the United States' treatment of Native Americans. The Americo-Liberians promoted religious organizations to set up missions and schools to educate the indigenous peoples.
Political tensions from the rule of William R. Tolbert resulted in a military coup in 1980 during which Tolbert was killed, marking the beginning of years-long political instability. Five years of military rule by the People's Redemption Council and five years of civilian rule by the National Democratic Party of Liberia were followed by the First and Second Liberian Civil Wars. These resulted in the deaths of 250,000 people (about 8% of the population), the displacement of many more, and shrunk Liberia's economy by 90%. A peace agreement in 2003 led to democratic elections in 2005, in which Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was elected President. Recovery proceeds, but about 85% of the population lives below the international poverty line. National Enquirer
The National Enquirer is an American supermarket tabloid published by American Media, Inc., (AMI). Founded in 1926, the tabloid has undergone a number of changes over the years.
The National Enquirer openly acknowledges that it will pay sources for tips, a practice generally disapproved of by the mainstream press. It has also been embroiled in several controversies related to its catch and kill practices and allegations of blackmail.
The tabloid has struggled with declining circulation figures because of competition from glossy tabloid publications.
In May 2014, American Media announced a decision to shift the headquarters of the National Enquirer from Florida, where it had been located since 1971, back to New York City, where it originally began as The New York Enquirer in 1926. National Film Registry
The National Film Registry (NFR) is the United States National Film Preservation Board's (NFPB) selection of films deserving of preservation. The NFPB, established by the National Film Preservation Act of 1988, was reauthorized by acts of Congress in 1992, 1996, 2005, and again in October 2008. The NFPB's mission, to which the NFR contributes, is to ensure the survival, conservation, and increased public availability of America's film heritage. The 1996 law also created the non-profit National Film Preservation Foundation which, although affiliated with the NFPB, raises money from the private sector. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bosque County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bosque County, Texas.
This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Bosque County, Texas. There are two districts and 37 individual properties listed on the National Register in the county. An additional, formerly listed property has since been removed. Two individual properties are State Antiquities Landmarks. One of these, along with two others, are Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks. One district contains additional Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 8, 2019. Selena Gomez
Selena Marie Gomez (born July 22, 1992) is an American singer, actress, and producer. After appearing on the children's television series Barney & Friends, she received wider recognition for her portrayal of Alex Russo on the Disney Channel television series Wizards of Waverly Place, which aired for four seasons from 2007 until 2012.
With her former band Selena Gomez & the Scene, she attained the top-ten albums Kiss & Tell (2009), A Year Without Rain (2010) and When the Sun Goes Down (2011) on the US Billboard 200. As a solo artist, Gomez has released the two number-one albums Stars Dance (2013) and Revival (2015). She has also earned seven top-ten entries on the US Billboard Hot 100: "Come & Get It", "The Heart Wants What It Wants", "Good for You" with ASAP Rocky, "Same Old Love", "Hands to Myself", "We Don't Talk Anymore" and "It Ain't Me" with Kygo. In 2017, Billboard reported that Gomez has sold over 7 million albums and 22 million singles worldwide.Gomez's acting credits include starring roles in the films Another Cinderella Story (2008), Princess Protection Program (2009), Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie (2009), Ramona and Beezus (2010), Monte Carlo (2011), Spring Breakers (2012), Getaway (2013) and The Fundamentals of Caring (2016). She voices the character of Mavis in the Hotel Transylvania film franchise. Outside of entertainment, Gomez released her own clothing line through Kmart in 2010 and a self-titled fragrance in 2013. In 2017, she released a limited-edition collection of handbags called "Selena Grace" that she designed in collaboration with the luxury brand Coach, Inc. She has worked with various charitable organizations for years and became a UNICEF ambassador at the age of seventeen. Gomez was the most followed Instagram user in the world before surpassed by athlete Cristiano Ronaldo in late October 2018. Gomez has earned numerous awards throughout her career, including an ALMA Award, an American Music Award, an MTV Video Music Award, a People's Choice Award, two Billboard Women in Music Awards, and eighteen Teen Choice Awards. Slackware
Slackware is a Linux distribution created by Patrick Volkerding in 1993. Originally based on Softlanding Linux System, Slackware has been the basis for many other Linux distributions, most notably the first versions of SUSE Linux distributions, and is the oldest distribution that is still maintained.Slackware aims for design stability and simplicity and to be the most "Unix-like" Linux distribution. It makes as few modifications as possible to software packages from upstream and tries not to anticipate use cases or preclude user decisions. In contrast to most modern Linux distributions, Slackware provides no graphical installation procedure and no automatic dependency resolution of software packages. It uses plain text files and only a small set of shell scripts for configuration and administration. Without further modification it boots into a command-line interface environment. Because of its many conservative and simplistic features, Slackware is often considered to be most suitable for advanced and technically inclined Linux users.Slackware is available for the IA-32 and x86_64 architectures, with a port to the ARM architecture. While Slackware is mostly free and open source software, it does not have a formal bug tracking facility or public code repository, with releases periodically announced by Volkerding. There is no formal membership procedure for developers and Volkerding is the primary contributor to releases. Solar eclipse of July 22, 1990
A total solar eclipse occurred on July 22, 1990. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible in southern Finland, the Soviet Union (including today's northern Estonia and northern Russia), and eastern Andreanof Islands and Amukta of Alaska.
In Finland the solar eclipse occurred during sunrise and enabled observation and photography without protective glasses, which was however hampered by strong clouds. The Sun was totally eclipsed in Helsinki began at 06:03:07 local time. Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009
A total solar eclipse occurred on July 22, 2009. It was the longest total solar eclipse during the 21st century. It lasted a maximum of 6 minutes and 39 seconds off the coast of Southeast Asia, causing tourist interest in eastern China, Pakistan, Japan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Solar eclipse of July 22, 2028
A total solar eclipse will occur on July 22, 2028.
The central line of the path of the eclipse will cross the Australian continent from the Kimberley region in the north west and continue in a south-easterly direction through Western Australia, the Northern Territory, south-west Queensland and New South Wales, close to the towns of Wyndham, Kununurra, Tennant Creek, Birdsville, Bourke and Dubbo, and continuing on through the centre of Sydney, where the eclipse will have a duration of over three minutes. It will also cross Dunedin, New Zealand. Tim Kaine
Timothy Michael Kaine (, born February 26, 1958) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Virginia since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 38th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 2002 to 2006 and 70th Governor of Virginia from 2006 to 2010. Kaine was the Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election.
Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Kaine grew up in Overland Park, Kansas, graduated from the University of Missouri and earned a Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School before entering private practice and becoming a lecturer at the University of Richmond School of Law. He was first elected to public office in 1994, when he won a seat on the Richmond City Council. He was then elected Mayor of Richmond in 1998 and was in that position until being elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2001. Kaine was elected Governor of Virginia in 2005 and was in that office from 2006 to 2010. He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2009 to 2011.
On July 22, 2016, Hillary Clinton announced that she had selected Kaine to be her vice presidential running mate in the 2016 presidential election, and the 2016 Democratic National Convention nominated him on July 27. Despite winning a plurality of the national popular vote, the Clinton-Kaine ticket lost the Electoral College, and thus the election, to the Republican ticket of Donald Trump and Mike Pence on November 8, 2016.
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