Julius Schwartz

Julius "Julie" Schwartz (/ʃwɔːrts/; June 19, 1915 – February 8, 2004) was a comic book editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan. He was born in The Bronx, New York. He is best known as a longtime editor at DC Comics, where at various times he was primary editor over the company's flagship superheroes, Superman and Batman.

He was inducted into the comics industry's Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1996 and the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1997.

Julius Schwartz
Julius Schwartz in 2002
Julius Schwartz, editor for DC Comics at the San Diego Comic-Con International in 2002
BornJune 19, 1915[1]
The Bronx, New York City, New York
DiedFebruary 8, 2004 (aged 88)
New York City, New York
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Editor, publisher, writer, literary agent
Pseudonym(s)Julie Schwartz

Early life

Born on June 19, 1915 to Romanian Jewish parents Joseph and Bertha[2] who emigrated from a small town outside Bucharest, Romania. Julius and his parents resided at 817 Caldwell Avenue in The Bronx. He graduated at age seventeen from Theodore Roosevelt High School in The Bronx.

Career

In 1932, Schwartz co-published (with Mort Weisinger and Forrest J. Ackerman) Time Traveller, one of the first science fiction fanzines. Schwartz and Weisinger also founded the Solar Sales Service literary agency (1934–1944) where Schwartz represented such writers as Alfred Bester, Stanley G. Weinbaum, Robert Bloch, Ray Bradbury, and H. P. Lovecraft, including some of Bradbury's first published work and Lovecraft's last. Schwartz helped organize the first World Science Fiction Convention in 1939. In 1944, while looking for work, he was encouraged by his client, Alfred Bester, who was writing "Green Lantern" at the time, to apply as an editor at All-American Publications, a subsidiary of DC Comics. In 1956, Schwartz worked along with writer Robert Kanigher and artists Carmine Infantino and Joe Kubert on the company's first attempt at reviving superheroes: an updated version of the Flash that would appear in Showcase #4 (October 1956).[3] The eventual success of the new, science-fiction oriented Flash heralded the wholesale return of superheroes, and the beginning of what fans and historians call the Silver Age of Comic Books.[4] Schwartz also worked with writers John Broome and Gardner Fox and revived other superheroes such as Green Lantern in Showcase #22 (October 1959);[5] Hawkman in The Brave and the Bold #34 (February–March 1961);[6][7] and the Atom in Showcase #34 (Sept-Oct. 1961).[8][9] A character Schwartz created himself, Adam Strange,[10] debuted in Showcase #17 (Nov–Dec. 1958), and was unusual in that he used his wits and scientific knowledge, rather than superpowers, to solve problems.

Schwartz first thought the concept of the Justice League of America as an updating of the Justice Society and the idea was then developed by Gardner Fox and artist Mike Sekowsky.[11] The new team debuted in The Brave and the Bold #28 (February/March 1960), and received its own title in October 1960. It became one of the most successful series of the Silver Age.

Schwartz oversaw the introduction of the Elongated Man in The Flash #112 (May 1960) by writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino.[12]

In 1964, Schwartz was made responsible for reviving the faded Batman titles. Under his editorial instructions, Broome and Infantino jettisoned the sillier aspects that had crept into the series such as Ace the Bathound and Bat-Mite and gave the character a "New Look" that premiered in Detective Comics #327 (May 1964).[13] During the rise in popularity of the Batman comics thanks to the Batman TV Series, William Dozier (producer of the show), pitched an initial concept for a female hero and Schwartz, Gardner Fox, and Carmine Infantino introduced Barbara Gordon as a new version of Batgirl in a story titled "The Million Dollar Debut of Batgirl!" in Detective Comics #359 (January 1967).[14]

He helped writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams come to prominence at DC Comics.[15] The duo, under the direction of Schwartz,[16] would revitalize the Batman with a series of stories reestablishing the character's dark, brooding nature. Schwartz edited Detective Comics until issue #481 (Dec. 1978/Jan. 1979) and Batman until issue #309 (March 1979).[9][17]

From 1971 to 1986 Schwartz was the editor of the Superman titles,[9] helping to modernize the settings of the books and move them away from "gimmick" stories to stories with more of a character-driven nature. This included an attempt to scale back Superman's powers while removing kryptonite as an overused plot device.[18] This proved short-lived, with Schwartz bowing to pressure to restore both elements in the titles. Schwartz oversaw the launch of DC Comics Presents in 1978 and edited it throughout its 97 issue run.[19]

As an editor, Schwartz was heavily involved in the writing of the stories published in his magazines. He worked out the plot with the writer in story conferences. The writer would then break down the plot into a panel-by-panel continuity, and write the dialogue and captions. Schwartz would in turn polish the script, sometimes rewriting extensively.

Later career

Schwartz retired from DC in 1986 after 42 years at the company, but continued to be active in comics and science fiction fandom until shortly before his death. As a coda to his career as a comic book editor, Schwartz edited seven releases in the DC Graphic Novel line adapted from classic science fiction works by Harlan Ellison, Robert Silverberg, Bradbury, and others. In 2000 he published his autobiography, Man of Two Worlds: My Life in Science Fiction and Comics, co-authored with Brian Thomsen.

He was a popular guest at comics and science fiction conventions, often attending 10–12 conventions a year.

Personal life

In 1952, Schwartz married Jean Ordwein who had been his secretary. She died in 1986 from emphysema. Schwartz's relationship with Jean had been particularly close, and he never remarried or dated following her death. Not many years later, Schwartz's stepdaughter Jeanne (Jean's daughter from a previous marriage) died from the same illness under similar circumstances.

Schwartz died at the age of 88, after being hospitalized for pneumonia. He was survived by his son-in-law, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. He remained a "goodwill ambassador" for DC Comics and an Editor Emeritus up until his death.[20]

Following his death, a number of women came forward alleging that Schwartz had behaved inappropriately with them.[21][22][23][24][25] These included Jo Duffy,[26] Jill Thompson,[26] and Colleen Doran, who stated that he had attempted to fondle her in a limousine when she was an aspiring artist in her teens.[27][28]

Awards

In 1998, Dragon*Con chairman Ed Kramer established the Julie Award, bestowed for universal achievement spanning multiple genres and selected each year by a panel of industry professionals.[29][30] The inaugural recipient was science-fiction and fantasy Grand Master Ray Bradbury.[29] Additional awards, presented by Schwartz each year, included Forrest J. Ackerman, Yoshitaka Amano, Alice Cooper, Will Eisner, Harlan Ellison, Neil Gaiman, Carmine Infantino, Anne McCaffrey, Peter David, Jim Steranko, and Micky Dolenz.[29]

In addition to his induction into both of the comic-book industry's halls of fame, Schwartz received a great deal of other recognition over the course of his career, including:

Appearances in comics

Schwartz has appeared as himself in a number of comics:

In the "Flash — Fact Or Fiction" story (reprinted in The Greatest Flash Stories Ever Told), the Flash finds himself on "Earth Prime" (the real Earth that we live on). He contacts the "one man on Earth who might believe his fantastic story and give him the money he needs. The editor of that Flash comic mag!" Schwartz helps the Flash build a cosmic treadmill so that he can return home.[34]
In "Where On Earth Am I?" and "Avenging Ghosts of the Justice Society", Schwartz tasks writers Cary Bates and Elliot S. Maggin with inventing a fresh plot for the Justice League of America comic book. Using the cosmic treadmill left behind by the Flash in Flash #179, Bates and Maggin are transported to Earth-Two and Earth-One, respectively, leaving Schwartz to cover for their absence when DC Publisher Carmine Infantino walks into his office.[35][36]
As a 70th birthday present, the staff at DC Comics made Superman #411 as a surprise tribute to Schwartz, who was involved in creating what he thought was #411. The cover shows Schwartz in his office being surprised by real-life co-workers just before Superman flies in the window with a birthday cake.[37] The story features Schwartz playing himself as a down-and-out character with a modified version of his real history.
The cover of part two of the two-part alternate-universe story "Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow?", written by Alan Moore and begun in the same month's Superman #423, shows Superman flying away from a number of DC Comics staff, including Schwartz.
  • Superman and Batman: World's Funnest (2000)
During Mister Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite's rampage in numerous DC Universe realities, they find the "real" Earth and Julie Schwartz working in the DC offices.
After Schwartz's death, DC Comics issued a series of eight standalone one-shot specials. Each issue featured two stories based on a classic DC cover from the mid-1950s and 1960s Silver Age of Comic Books, reflecting Schwartz's frequent practice of commissioning a cover concept, then telling the writers to create a story about that cover. Schwartz or a doppelganger thereof appeared in all eight issues, serving various roles.[38][39]
  • Schwartz appeared as a character in the Ambush Bug titles by Keith Giffen, which Schwartz edited.
  • Schwartz has made countless appearances in Adam Strange stories as Alanna's father, Sardath. Julie was proud to be recognized as the planet's chief scientist and "the finest mind on Rann". It was from the Adam Strange stories that he lifted the auto-bio title for himself as the "Man of Two Worlds".

Quotes

Nick Cardy on the popular but apocryphal anecdote, told by Schwartz, about Carmine Infantino firing Cardy over not following a cover layout, only to rehire him moments later when Schwartz praised the errant cover art:

[A]t one of the conventions ... I said, "You know, Carmine, Julie Schwartz wrote something in [his autobiography] that I don't remember at all and it doesn't sound like you at all." And I told him the incident ... and he said, "That's crazy. You know I always loved your work. Gee, you were one of the best artists in the business. The guy's crazy." So I said, "Okay, come on." We went over to Julie Schwartz's table and we told him what our problem was. And Carmine and I said, "We don't remember the incident." So Julie said, "Well, it's a good story, anyway." [laughs] And that was it. He let it go at that. [laughs] He just made it up.[40]

Bibliography

As editor unless noted:

DC Comics

DC Comics and Marvel Comics

References

  1. ^ "Julius Schwartz, 8 February 2004". United States Social Security Death Index. published online by FamilySearch. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  2. ^ Ellison, Harlan; Thomsen, Brian M. (September 2004). "Softly: A Living Legend Passes". DC Comics Presents: Mystery in Space (Julius Schwartz Tribute).
  3. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Silver Age 1956–1970". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 251. ISBN 9783836519816. Together Schwartz, Kanigher, Infantino, and Kubert would set a tone for the Flash that was both cinematic...and influenced by Schwartz's first love of science fiction.
  4. ^ Irvine, Alex (2010). "1950s". In Dolan, Hannah. DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. The arrival of the second incarnation of the Flash in [Showcase] issue #4 is considered to be the official start of the Silver Age of comics.
  5. ^ Levitz "The Silver Age 1956–1970", p. 252: "Schwartz enlisted Broome to update Green Lantern...He got a quick Showcase try before launching on his own even before sales figures came in."
  6. ^ McAvennie, Michael "1960s" in Dolan, p. 102: "DC's...renaissance soared to new heights with the return of Hawkman and Hawkgirl. Writer Gardner Fox and artist Joe Kubert...ushered in a pair of Winged Wonders that, costumes aside, were radically different from their Golden Age predecessors."
  7. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). "The Silver Age Applying a Fine Shine". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. p. 130. ISBN 0821220764. Hawkman took a little longer to get off the ground. He showed up initially in The Brave and the Bold #34 (March 1961), but had to wait three years for Hawkman #1 (April–May 1964).
  8. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 103: "The Atom was the next Golden Age hero to receive a Silver Age makeover from writer Gardner Fox and artist Gil Kane."
  9. ^ a b c Julius Schwartz at the Grand Comics Database
  10. ^ Amash, Jim (2003). "Foreword". The Adam Strange Archives: Volume 1. pp. 5–8.
  11. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 99: "Editor Julius Schwartz had repopulated the [superhero] subculture by revitalizing Golden Age icons like Green Lantern and the Flash..He recruited writer Gardner Fox and artist Mike Sekowsky, and together they came up with the Justice League of America, a modern version of the legendary Justice Society of America from the 1940s."
  12. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 109: "The two-part 'Crisis on Earth-One!' and 'Crisis on Earth-Two!' saga represented the first use of the term 'Crisis' in crossovers, as well as the designations 'Earth-1' and 'Earth-2'. In it editor Julius Schwartz, [writer Gardner] Fox, and artist Mike Sekowsky devised a menace worthy of the World's Greatest Heroes."
  13. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 110: "The Dark Knight received a much-needed facelift from new Batman editor Julius Schwartz, writer John Broome, and artist Carmine Infantino. With sales at an all-time low and threatening the cancellation of one of DC's flagship titles, their overhaul was a lifesaving success for DC and its beloved Batman."
  14. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 122: "Nine months before making her debut on Batman, a new Batgirl appeared in the pages of Detective Comics...Yet the idea for the debut of Barbara Gordon, according to editor Julius Schwartz, was attributed to the television series executives' desire to have a character that would appeal to a female audience and for this character to originate in the comics. Hence, writer Gardner Fox and artist Carmine Infantino collaborated on 'The Million Dollar Debut of Batgirl!'"
  15. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 139: "Under the editorship of Julius Schwartz, O'Neil and Adams tackled a plethora of real-world topics that helped launch comics' more socially relevant Bronze Age."
  16. ^ Greenberger, Robert; Manning, Matthew K. (2009). The Batman Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles from the Batcave. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-7624-3663-8. Editor Julius Schwartz had decided to darken the character's world to further distance him from the camp environment created by the 1966 ABC show. Bringing in the talented O'Neil as well as the innovative Frank Robbins and showcasing the art of rising star Neal Adams...Schwartz pointed Batman in a new and darker direction, a path the character still continues on to this day.
  17. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 130. ISBN 978-1465424563. As the decade drew to a close, longtime Batman editor Julius Schwartz finally passed the torch on to Paul Levitz, marking the end of an era.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  18. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 144: "New editor Julius Schwartz, new scripter Denny O'Neil, and regular artist Curt Swan removed the Man of Steel's greatest weakness from the face of the Earth."
  19. ^ Kingman, Jim (August 2013). "Men of Steel: Superman and Julius Schwartz in World's Finest Comics and DC Comics Presents". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (66): 53–64.
  20. ^ Kininger, Dennis. "'Man of 2 Worlds' Julius Schwartz". Archived from the original on February 17, 2005. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  21. ^ Berlatsky, Noah (November 20, 2013). "How to Dismantle the Comic-Books Boys' Club". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  22. ^ O'Malley, Harris (November 15, 2013). "Nerds and Male Privilege: Tess Fowler and Comic Harassment". Paging Dr. NerdLove. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  23. ^ Testa, Jessica; Kingkade, Tyler; Edidin, Jay (November 10, 2017). "The Comics Giant Behind Wonder Woman Is Accused Of Promoting An Editor After Women Accused Him Of Sexual Harassment". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  24. ^ O'Malley, Harris (December 9, 2015). "Sexual Harassment and the Toxic Culture of Comics". The Good Men Project. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  25. ^ Schaff-Stump, Catherine (November 10, 2010). "Harassment in the World of SF/F". Cathschaffstump.com. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  26. ^ a b Keller, Katherine (February 2006). "It's Not Love. It's Not Flirting. It's Not Flattering". Sequential Tart. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  27. ^ MacDonald, Heid (October 1, 2015). "How a toxic history of harassment has damaged the comics industry". The Beat. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  28. ^ Jensen, K. Thor (December 30, 2015). "11 shocking behind-the-scenes stories from the comics industry". Geek.com. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Julius Schwartz". Dragon*Con. April 25, 2004. Archived from the original on March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
  30. ^ Harlan Ellison; Brian M. Thomsen (March 18, 2004). "Harlan Ellison remembers friend Julie Schwartz". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
  31. ^ a b c "Julius Schwartz". London: The Daily Telegraph. February 24, 2004. Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  32. ^ Marx, Barry, Cavalieri, Joey and Hill, Thomas (w), Petruccio, Steven (a), Marx, Barry (ed). "Julius Schwartz The Golden Age Recreated" Fifty Who Made DC Great: 31 (1985), DC Comics
  33. ^ "I-CON Award Winners By Year". Science Fiction Awards Database. n.d. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018.
  34. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 130: "Trapped on 'Earth-Prime', the Flash knew only one man could possibly help him: DC Comics editor Julius Schwartz."
  35. ^ Bates, Cary; Maggin, Elliot S. (w), Dillin, Dick (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "Where on Earth Am I?" Justice League of America 123 (October 1975), DC Comics
  36. ^ Bates, Cary; Maggin, Elliot S. (w), Dillin, Dick (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "Avenging Ghosts of the Justice Society!" Justice League of America 124 (November 1975), DC Comics
  37. ^ Eury, Michael (February 2013). "The Julius Schwartz Superman Dynasty". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (62): 16.
  38. ^ "DC Comics Celebrates the Legacy of Julius Schwartz with Eight New Specials". Comics Bulletin. March 20, 2004. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2012. Beginning in July [2004], DC Comics will celebrate the late Julius Schwartz's contribution to comics by publishing eight stand-alone DC Comics Presents Specials.
  39. ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 314: "When DC Comics' icon Julius Schwartz sadly passed away in February 2004, some kind of major tribute was required...To celebrate his life, DC revived the DC Comics Presents series, producing eight one-shots in which DC writers and artists put their own twists on covers inspired by Schwartz and reimagined classic Silver Age stories."
  40. ^ Beck, Spencer (December 2005). "Nick Cardy: Man and Super Man". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (13): 6.

Further reading

  • Schwartz, Julius: Man of Two Worlds: My Life In Science Fiction and Comics, 197 pages, Harper Paperbacks, June 2000, ISBN 978-0380810512

External links

Preceded by
Sheldon Mayer
All-American Comics editor
1944–1947
Succeeded by
Sheldon Mayer
Preceded by
Sheldon Mayer
Flash Comics editor
1944–1949
Succeeded by
n/a
Preceded by
Sheldon Mayer
Comic Cavalcade editor
1944–1948
Succeeded by
Larry Nadle
Preceded by
Sheldon Mayer
Green Lantern editor
1944–1949
Succeeded by
n/a
Preceded by
n/a
The Flash editor
1959–1979
Succeeded by
Ross Andru
Preceded by
n/a
Green Lantern vol. 2 editor
1960–1972
Succeeded by
Dennis O'Neil (in 1976)
Preceded by
n/a
Justice League of America editor
1960–1979
Succeeded by
Ross Andru
Preceded by
Jack Schiff
Detective Comics editor
1964–1973
Succeeded by
Archie Goodwin
Preceded by
Jack Schiff
Batman editor
1964–1979
Succeeded by
Paul Levitz
Preceded by
Mort Weisinger
World's Finest Comics editor
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Murray Boltinoff
Preceded by
Mort Weisinger
Superman editor
1971–1986
Succeeded by
Andrew Helfer
Preceded by
Murray Boltinoff
Action Comics editor
1972–1986
Succeeded by
Andrew Helfer
Preceded by
Robert Kanigher
Wonder Woman editor
1974–1977
Succeeded by
Dennis O'Neil
Preceded by
Archie Goodwin
Detective Comics editor
1974–1979
Succeeded by
Paul Levitz
Preceded by
Dennis O'Neil
Green Lantern vol. 2 editor
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Jack C. Harris
1996 in comics

Notable events of 1996 in comics. See also list of years in comics.

Adam Strange

Adam Strange is a science fiction superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by editor Julius Schwartz with a costume designed by Murphy Anderson, he first appeared in Showcase #17 (November 1958).

All-American Comics

All-American Comics was a comics anthology and the flagship title of comic book publisher All-American Publications, one of the forerunners of DC Comics. It ran for 102 issues from 1939 to 1948. Characters created for the title, including Green Lantern, the Atom, the Red Tornado, Doctor Mid-Nite, and Sargon the Sorcerer, later became mainstays of the DC comics line.

Carmine Infantino

Carmine Michael Infantino (; May 24, 1925 – April 4, 2013) was an American comics artist and editor, primarily for DC Comics, during the late 1950s and early 1960s period known as the Silver Age of Comic Books. Among his character creations are the Silver Age version of DC super-speedster the Flash, with writer Robert Kanigher; the stretching Elongated Man, with John Broome, and Christopher Chance, the second iteration of the Human Target, with Len Wein.

He was inducted into comics' Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 2000.

Challenge of the Super Friends

Challenge of the Superfriends is an American animated television series about a team of superheroes which ran from September 9, 1978, to December 23, 1978, on ABC. The complete series (16 episodes) was produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions for Warner Bros. Television and is based on the Justice League and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics and created by Julius Schwartz, Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky. It was the third series of Super Friends cartoons, following the original Super Friends in 1973 and The All-New Super Friends Hour in 1977. It continued to air on Boomerang in the United States until February 2, 2009.

DC Comics Presents

DC Comics Presents is a comic book series published by DC Comics from 1978 to 1986 which ran for 97 issues and 4 annuals and featured team-ups between Superman and a wide variety of other characters of the DC Universe. A recurring back-up feature "Whatever Happened to...?" had stories revealing the status of various minor and little-used characters.

DC Graphic Novel

DC Graphic Novel was a line of graphic novel trade paperbacks published from 1983 to 1986 by DC Comics.The series generally featured stand-alone stories featuring new characters and concepts with one notable exception. The Hunger Dogs was intended by Jack Kirby and DC to serve as the end to the entire Fourth World saga. The project was mired in controversy over Kirby's insistence that the series should end with the deaths of the New Gods, which clashed with DC's demands that the New Gods could not be killed off.

As a result, production of the graphic novel suffered many delays and revisions. Pages and storyline elements from the never published "On the Road to Armagetto" were revised and incorporated into the graphic novel, while DC ordered the entire plot restructured, resulting in many pages of the story being rearranged out of Kirby's intended reading order.DC also published from 1985 to 1987 a second, related line called DC Science Fiction Graphic Novel. Rather than being original stories, the graphic novels of this line were instead adaptations of works published by well-known authors of science fiction. These were edited by Julius Schwartz, making use of his connections to recruit the famous authors whose works were adapted. This was the last editorial work Schwartz did before retiring.These two series were DC's counterparts to Marvel Comics' Marvel Graphic Novel line.

Flash of Two Worlds

"Flash of Two Worlds!" is a landmark comic book story that was published in The Flash #123 (Sept. 1961). It introduces Earth-Two, and more generally the concept of the multiverse, to DC Comics. The story was written by Gardner Fox under the editorial guidance of Julius Schwartz (whose subsequent autobiography was titled Man of Two Worlds), and illustrated by Carmine Infantino. In 2009, DC Comics released a new digitally remastered graphic novel collection, DC Comics Classics Library: The Flash of Two Worlds. It features the classic flagship story and other subsequent Pre-Crisis Flash material.

Jack Schiff

Jack Schiff (1909 – April 30, 1999) was an American comic book writer and editor best known for his work editing various Batman comic book series for DC Comics from 1942 to 1964. He was the co-creator of Starman, Tommy Tomorrow, and the Wyoming Kid.

Jerry Bails

Jerry Gwin Bails (June 26, 1933 – November 23, 2006) was an American popular culturist. Known as the "Father of Comic Book Fandom," he was one of the first to approach the comic book field as a subject worthy of academic study, and was a primary force in establishing 1960s comics fandom.

John Broome (writer)

John Broome (May 4, 1913 – March 14, 1999), who additionally used the pseudonyms John Osgood and Edgar Ray Meritt, was an American comic book writer for DC Comics.

Man-Bat

Man-Bat (Robert Kirkland "Kirk" Langstrom) is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, commonly as an adversary of the superhero Batman. Man-Bat was created by Frank Robbins and Neal Adams in collaboration with editor Julius Schwartz, and the character debuted in Detective Comics #400 (June 1970).

Mort Weisinger

Mortimer "Mort" Weisinger (; April 25, 1915 – May 7, 1978) was an American magazine and comic book editor best known for editing DC Comics' Superman during the mid-1950s to 1960s, in the Silver Age of comic books. He also co-created such features as Aquaman, Green Arrow, Johnny Quick, and the original Vigilante, served as story editor for the Adventures of Superman television series, and compiled the often-revised paperback 1001 Valuable Things You Can Get Free.

Mystery in Space

Mystery in Space is the name of two science fiction American comic book series published by DC Comics, and of a standalone Vertigo anthology released in 2012. The first series ran for 110 issues from 1951 to 1966, with a further seven issues continuing the numbering during a 1980s revival of the title. An eight-issue limited series began in 2006.

Together with Strange Adventures, Mystery In Space was one of DC Comics' major science fiction anthology series. It won a number of awards, including the 1962 Alley Award for "Best Book-Length Story" and the 1963 Alley Award for "Comic Displaying Best Interior Color Work". The title featured short science fiction stories and a number of continuing series, most written by many of the best-known comics and science fiction writers of the day, including John Broome, Gardner Fox, Jack Schiff, Otto Binder, and Edmond Hamilton. The artwork featured a considerable number of the 1950s and 1960s finest comics artists such as Carmine Infantino, Murphy Anderson, Gil Kane, Alex Toth, Bernard Sachs, Frank Frazetta, and Virgil Finlay.

Rick Norwood

Rick Norwood (born August 4, 1942) is an American publisher, mathematician, comics historian and short story author.

Born in Franklin, Louisiana, Norwood attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was one of four writer-editors of the early underground comic God Comics, along with Bill Osten, Durk Pearson and Al Kuhfeld. He published many letters in silver age DC and Marvel Comics and, with the permission of DC editor Julius Schwartz, wrote and published a fanzine story about the DC superhero Doctor Midnight.

In 1979, Norwood received his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Southwestern Louisiana. He was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey in 1980-81 and is currently a professor of mathematics at East Tennessee State University in Johnson City, Tennessee.

As a mathematician, Norwood has contributed to a number of publications in algebraic topology. He has written a book on logical thinking titled How to Think.He has also written articles, stories and verse. He is the film/TV reviewer for SF Site, a webzine, and he provided commentary for the Filmation Flash Gordon, Prince Valiant and Defenders of the Earth DVDs. His science fiction stories have appeared in Twilight Zone Magazine, Black Gate, Analog Science Fiction and The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction. He has edited the Captain Easy and Buz Sawyer books for Fantagraphics.

Sardath

Sardath is a science fiction character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by editor Julius Schwartz and Murphy Anderson, he first appeared in Showcase #17 (November 1958).

Star Rovers

"Star Rovers" was a short, science fiction, American comic book feature published by DC Comics between 1961 and 1964. The feature first appeared in seven issues of DC's science-fiction anthology comic Mystery in Space, followed by two issues of DC's companion science-fiction title Strange Adventures. The characters were created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Sid Greene, who were responsible for all nine stories.

The Sandman Saga

"The Sandman Saga" is a Superman story arc published in 1971 in Superman (Vol. 1) #233 - 235, #237 - 238 and #240 - 242. This is the first Superman storyline under editor Julius Schwartz and the first Bronze Age-era Superman story.

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