Julius Albert Krug (November 23, 1907 – March 26, 1970) was a politician who served as the United States Secretary of the Interior for the administration of President Harry S. Truman from 1946 until 1949.
|33rd United States Secretary of the Interior|
March 18, 1946 – December 1, 1949
|President||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Harold L. Ickes|
|Succeeded by||Oscar L. Chapman|
|Born||November 23, 1907|
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||March 26, 1970 (aged 62)|
Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Education||University of Wisconsin, Madison (BA)|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
Krug was born November 23, 1907, in Madison, Wisconsin, to son of Julius J. Krug (1877 - 1971) and the former Emma M. Korfmacher (1877 - 1949). Krug graduated from what is now the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1929. His first notable jobs were with the Tennessee Valley Authority, where he worked as chief power engineer, and then manager of power. In 1941, Krug was promoted to chief of the power branch of the Office of Production Management. After the beginning of World War II, this office became the War Production Board. Krug was promoted to director of the Office of War Utilities in 1943. In April 1944, Krug enlisted in the United States Navy. He was recalled that August to serve as chairman of the War Production Board, where he served until the board's dissolution in November 1945.
President Truman nominated Krug for the position of Secretary of the Interior on February 26, and Julius Krug took office on March 18, 1946. As Secretary, Krug opposed lumber companies' efforts to gain logging rights to huge forests in Washington state, and opposed the building of unnecessary dams. As the administrator of coal mines in the United States, he led failed negotiations between John L. Lewis and mine owners in an attempt to end a nationwide strike by the United Mine Workers of America.
In August, 1949, Krug chaired the 19-member United States Citizens Committee that participated in the United Nations Scientific Conference on Conservation and Utilization of Resources, held at Lake Success, New York. Other members of the committee included Herbert Hoover, Thomas Watson, Howard E. Babcock, and Randolph Greene Pack.
Krug resigned from the cabinet effective on December 1, 1949, and he moved on the private industry as a utilities consultant in Washington. He also served as the chairman of the board of Brookside Mills, and a cofounded the Volunteer Asphalt Company in the Knoxville, Tennessee.
He died there on March 26, 1970, at the age of 62, and is interred at the Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. He and his wife, Margaret Catherine Dean, had two children; a daughter, Marilyn Krug Grether, and a son, James Allen Krug.
Harold L. Ickes
| U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: Harry S. Truman
Oscar L. Chapman
The Anacostia Pool riot took place on June 29, 1949, at a recently-desegregated public swimming pool in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, DC. After two days of tense confrontations between white and black patrons of the pool, a two-hour large-scale disturbance involving 450 people resulted in five arrests and at least four serious injuries. Bill Mabry, one of the black swimmers involved, called the incident “Washington’s first race riot.” Despite pressure to relax the enforcement of the federal government’s nonsegregation policy, the Department of the Interior stated that “no backward step of any sort should be made in effectuating the President’s Civil Rights program,” specifically with respect to Washington, DC.Committee of European Economic Co-operation
The Committee of European Economic Co-operation (CEEC) was a joint European conference to determine the priorities for the recovery of the European economy after World War II, and to assist in the administration of the Marshall Plan. The committee, consisting of representatives from 16 European nations, met from 12 July to 22 September 1947 in Paris, France.
The conference resulted in a request from those nations of Europe that participated in the deliberations of the committee, which did not include the Soviet Union and her satellite states, for a total of US$22.4 billion (251 billion in 2019) over a four-year period.
From the viewpoint of today, one of the most tangible result from the activities of the CEEC was the establishment in 1948 of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) to administer the Marshall plan from the European perspective. The OEEC is the precursor to today's Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).Edith Bouvier Beale
Edith "Little Edie" Bouvier Beale (November 7, 1917 – January 14, 2002) was an American socialite, fashion model and cabaret performer. She was a first cousin of Jacqueline Onassis and Lee Bouvier Radziwill. She is most known for her participation, along with her mother, with whom she lived, in the 1975 documentary film Grey Gardens by Albert and David Maysles.K-25
K-25 was the codename given by the Manhattan Project to the program to produce enriched uranium for atomic bombs using the gaseous diffusion method. Originally the codename for the product, over time it came to refer to the project, the production facility located at the Clinton Engineer Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, the main gaseous diffusion building, and ultimately the site. When it was built in 1944, the four-story K-25 gaseous diffusion plant was the world's largest building, comprising over 1,640,000 square feet (152,000 m2) of floor space and a volume of 97,500,000 cubic feet (2,760,000 m3).
Gaseous diffusion is based on Graham's law, which states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular mass. The highly corrosive uranium hexafluoride (UF6) was the only known compound of uranium sufficiently volatile to be used in this process. Before this could be done, the Special Alloyed Materials (SAM) Laboratories at Columbia University and the Kellex Corporation had to overcome formidable difficulties to develop a suitable barrier.
Construction of the K-25 facility was undertaken by J. A. Jones Construction. At the height of construction, over 25,000 workers were employed on the site. Gaseous diffusion was but one of three enrichment technologies used by the Manhattan Project. Slightly enriched product from the S-50 thermal diffusion plant was fed into the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant. Its product in turn was fed into the Y-12 electromagnetic plant. The enriched uranium was used in the Little Boy atomic bomb used in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In 1946, the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant became capable of producing highly enriched product.
After the war, four more gaseous diffusion plants named K-27, K-29, K-31 and K-33 were added to the site. The K-25 site was renamed the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant in 1955. Production of enriched uranium ended in 1964, and gaseous diffusion finally ceased on the site on 27 August 1985. The Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant was renamed the Oak Ridge K-25 Site in 1989, and the East Tennessee Technology Park in 1996. Demolition of all five gaseous diffusion plants was completed in February 2017.Krug (surname)
Krug is a German surname meaning jug and may refer to:
Adam Krug (born 1991), American professional ice hockey player
Arnold Krug (1849–1904), German composer
Barbara Krug (born 1956), German athlete
Brian Krug (born 1976), Inventor of the self-cleaning bottle cap
Charles Krug (1825–1892), founder, first winery in Napa Valley, California
Diederich Krug (1821–1880), German pianist and composer
Edward A. Krug (1911–1979), American education historian
Etienne Krug, Belgian physician and epidemiologist
Frederick Krug (1855–1930), German founder of Krug Brewery and Krug Park in Omaha, Nebraska
Hellmut Krug (born 1956), German football referee
Johann-Joseph Krug (1800–1866), German founder of the Champagne Krug (Champagnerhauses Krug)
Judith Krug (1940–2009), American librarian
Julius Albert Krug (1907–1970), American Secretary of the Interior under President Harry Truman
Karl Wilhelm Leopold Krug (1833–1898), German botanist
Manfred Krug (1937–2016), German writer and actor
Marty Krug (1888–1966), German baseball player
Mikhail Krug (1962–2002), Russian singer
Róger Krug Guedes (born 1996), Brazilian footballer
Shirley Krug (born 1958), American politician
Spencer Krug (born 1977), Canadian musician
Torey Krug (born 1991), American professional ice hockey player
Wilhelm Traugott Krug (1770–1842), German philosopherLewis A. Pick
Lewis Andrew Pick (November 18, 1890 – December 2, 1956) was born in Brookneal, Virginia, and graduated from Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1914. He received his Regular Army commission in the United States Army Corps of Engineers on July 1, 1917.List of people from Madison, Wisconsin
The following notable people are or have been associated with Madison, Wisconsin.List of people from Wisconsin
This is a list of notable people from the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The person's hometown is in parentheses.Taylor Grazing Act of 1934
The Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 (Pub.L. 73–482) is a United States federal law that provides for the regulation of grazing on the public lands (excluding Alaska) to improve rangeland conditions and regulate their use.
The law initially permitted 80,000,000 ac (32,000,000 ha) of previously unreserved public lands of the United States to be placed into grazing districts to be administered by the Department of the Interior. As amended, the law now sets no limit on the amount of lands in grazing districts. Currently, there are approximately 162,000,000 ac (65,600,000 ha) inside grazing allotments.
These can be vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved land from public lands, all except for Alaska, national forests, parks, monuments, Indian reservations, railroad grant lands, and revested Coos Bay Wagon Road grant lands. Surrounding land owners may be granted right of passage over these districts. Permits are given for grazing privileges in the districts. Also permits can be given to build fences, reservoirs, and other improvements.
The permittees are required to pay a fee, and the permit cannot exceed ten years but is renewable. Permits can be revoked because of severe drought or other natural disasters that deplete grazing lands.Timeline of the Harry S. Truman presidency
The presidency of Harry S. Truman began on April 12, 1945 when Harry S. Truman became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the last months of World War II, and ended on January 20, 1953.
|Secretary of State|
|Secretary of the Treasury|
|Secretary of War|
|Secretary of Defense|
|Secretary of the Navy|
|Secretary of the Interior|
|Secretary of Agriculture|
|Secretary of Commerce|
|Secretary of Labor|