Julie Cart

Julie Cart is an American journalist. She won a Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting.


Cart was born in Louisiana, USA. She began showing an interest in writing during her high school years when she was editor of the school newspaper. At the same time, she was writing news briefs as an unpaid student for her local paper. She moved to Los Angeles with her Australian journalist husband.[1]

Journalistic ventures

Following her time in high school as a mainly unpaid reporter, Cart took on the role of copy kid at a newspaper and thereafter joined United Press International (UPI) in Phoenix, Arizona as a reporter.

In 1982, she became a reporter for the Metro Section at the Los Angeles Times, later becoming national correspondent there. Other roles she has held there included Denver bureau chief and sports writer. Throughout her career at the LA Times, Cart has focused on investigations and special projects. She also became known as one of the first women to go into professional sports’ locker rooms. In that field, she covered the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy, Winter Olympic Games, Summer Olympic Games, Wimbledon, boxing in China, soccer in Argentina and apartheid athletes in South Africa [2] In 2003, Cart joined the environmental staff, focusing on public lands and endangered species.[3]

Issues Cart has covered in her LA Times reporting include Utah polygamy, the Columbine High School massacre, post-911 and the recovery of Hurricane Katrina.

In 2015 Cart joined CALmatters, a journalism organization covering California's state capitol. She covers the environment beat.[4]


In 1983, Cart was in third place for Investigative Reporting, earning the Associated Press Sports Editors award. In 1984, she was in first place for the Best Sports Story and Best News Story from the UPI-California Nevada Association. Three years later, the Greater Los Angeles Press Club awarded her first place for the Best Sports Story. In 1990, she received an honorable mention for Enterprise Reporting and two years later fifth place for Enterprise Reporting. In 1993, she received the Women's Sports Foundation Award. In 1995, Cart was in second place for Enterprise Reporting. In 2005, she took second place in the Kevin Carmody Award for Outstanding Investigative Reporting awarded by the Society of Environmental Journalists and a year later an honorable mention from the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism in the John B. Oakes Award for Distinguished Environmental Journalism.

In 2009, Cart and her colleague Bettina Boxall won the Pulitzer Prize for explanatory reporting.[5] This was for the five-part series they created which investigated the increasing hazard of western American wildfires, the enduring deployment of federal firefighting jobs, the escalation of the "fire-industrial complex" and the political influence and pressure put on fire commanders to use burdensomely pricey, and ultimately ineffective, aircraft to combat fires.

In 2018, Cart was selected as a recipient of the SEAL Environmental Journalism Award in recognition of her environmental coverage[6].

Cart also created the winning series on the "cost and effectiveness of attempts to combat the growing menace of wildfires across the western United States".


Cart has a BS in journalism from Arizona State University and a postgraduate diploma from the Caribbean Institute of Mass Communications at the University of the West Indies.


  1. ^ "Biography". Pulitzer Prize Winners Workshop. Pulitzer Prize Winners Workshop. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Julie Cart Guest". KCRW. KCRW. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Environmental News from California and Beyond". LA Times. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Julie Cart bio page". CALmatters. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  5. ^ "The 2009 Pulitzer Prize Winners - Explanatory Reporting". Pulitzer. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  6. ^ "2018 Environmental Journalism Award Winners Announced". SEAL Awards. 2018-11-11. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
1995 NCAA Division I Softball Tournament

The 1995 NCAA Division I Softball Tournament was the fourteenth annual tournament to determine the national champion of NCAA women's collegiate softball. Held during May 1995, thirty-two Division I college softball teams contested the championship. The tournament featured eight regionals of four teams, each in a double elimination format. The 1995 Women's College World Series was held in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from May 25 through May 29 and marked the conclusion of the 1995 NCAA Division I softball season. UCLA won their eighth NCAA championship, and ninth overall, by defeating Arizona 4–2 in the final game. UCLA pitcher Tanya Harding was named Women's College World Series Most Outstanding Player, the first time the honor was awarded by the NCAA. The Bruins' participation and championship were later vacated by the NCAA.

2009 Pulitzer Prize

The 2009 Pulitzer Prizes were announced on April 20, 2009, the 93rd annual awards.The New York Times won five awards this year, with the Tampa Bay Times (Formally the St. Petersburg Times) being the only other multi-prize winner with two. Three organizations were awarded prizes for the first time: Las Vegas Sun, East Valley Tribune and The Post-Star.

Alice Marble

Alice Marble (September 28, 1913 – December 13, 1990) was an American tennis player who won 18 Grand Slam championships (1936–40): five in singles, six in women's doubles, and seven in mixed doubles.

Bert Bonanno

Bert Bonanno (born January 30, 1935) is a retired American track and field coach and sports administrator who has produced numerous Olympic champions and world-record holders.

Bettina Boxall

Bettina Boxall (born 1952) is an American journalist who covers water issues and the environment for the Los Angeles Times. She is a recipient of a Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting.

Carrizo Plain

The Carrizo Plain (Obispeño: tšɨłkukunɨtš, "Place of the rabbits"; is a large enclosed grassland plain, approximately 50 miles (80 km) long and up to 15 miles (24 km) across, in southeastern San Luis Obispo County, California, about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Los Angeles. It contains the 246,812-acre (99,881 ha) Carrizo Plain National Monument, and it is the largest single native grassland remaining in California. It includes Painted Rock in the Carrizo Plain Rock Art Discontiguous District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2012 it was further designated a National Historic Landmark due to its archeological value. The San Andreas Fault cuts across the plain.

Gerald White

Gerald Eugene White (born December 9, 1964) is a former American football running back in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at the University of Michigan.

Hana Mandlíková

Hana Mandlíková (born 19 February 1962) is a former professional tennis player from Czechoslovakia who later obtained Australian citizenship. During her career, she won four Grand Slam singles titles: the 1980 Australian Open, 1981 French Open, 1985 US Open, and the 1987 Australian Open. She was also the runner-up at four Grand Slam singles events, including the Wimbledon finals of 1981 and 1986, and won one Grand Slam women's doubles title, at the 1989 US Open with Martina Navratilova.

Mandlikova had a career-high singles ranking of No. 3, and was ranked in the world top 50 for 12 consecutive seasons (1978–89), including seven in the top 10. She led Czechoslovakia to three consecutive Fed Cup titles from 1983–1985, and was only the third woman to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay, and hard courts, joining Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova. She defeated both Evert and Navratilova on consecutive days to accomplish this feat at the 1985 US Open. She retired in 1990, and went on to coach Jana Novotná to the 1998 Wimbledon singles title and a career-high ranking of No. 2. She also served as the Czech Republic's Olympic and Fed Cup coach until 1996.

Helen Wills

Helen Newington Wills (October 6, 1905 – January 1, 1998), also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player. She became famous around the world for holding the top position in women's tennis for a total of nine years: 1927–33, 1935 and 1938. She won 31 Grand Slam tournament titles (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) during her career, including 19 singles titles.

Wills was the first American woman athlete to become a global celebrity, making friends with royalty and film stars despite her preference for staying out of the limelight. She was admired for her graceful physique and for her fluid motion. She was part of a new tennis fashion, playing in knee-length pleated skirts rather than the longer ones of her predecessors. Unusually, she practiced against men to hone her craft, and she played a relentless game, wearing down her female opponents with power and accuracy. In 1933 she beat the 8th-ranked US male player in an exhibition match.

Her record of eight wins at Wimbledon was not surpassed until 1990 when Martina Navratilova won nine. She was said to be "arguably the most dominant tennis player of the 20th century", and has been called by some (including Jack Kramer, Harry Hopman, Mercer Beasley, Don Budge, and AP News) the greatest female player in history.

List of tennis violations

This is a list of tennis violations that have occurred by professional tennis players in tournaments.

When a player violates a rule or does not follow the tennis code of conduct, the umpire or tournament official can issue one of the following:


Losing a point

Losing a game


Los Angeles Times

The Los Angeles Times (sometimes abbreviated as LA Times or L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, and is the largest U.S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues particularly salient to the U.S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters. It has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of these and other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, and the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine.In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910. The paper's profile grew substantially in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, and other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, and in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.

Matthew Shepard

Matthew Wayne Shepard (December 1, 1976 – October 12, 1998) was an American student at the University of Wyoming who was beaten, tortured, and left to die near Laramie on the night of October 6, 1998. He was taken by rescuers to Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, Colorado, where he died six days later from severe head injuries.

Suspects Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson were arrested shortly after the attack and charged with first-degree murder following Shepard's death. Significant media coverage was given to the killing and to what role Shepard's sexual orientation played as a motive in the commission of the crime. The prosecutor argued that McKinney's murder of Shepard was premeditated and driven by greed. McKinney's defense counsel countered that he had intended only to rob Shepard but had killed him in a rage when Shepard made a sexual advance toward him. McKinney's girlfriend told police that he had been motivated by anti-gay sentiment but later recanted her statement, saying that she had lied because she thought it would help him. Both McKinney and Henderson were convicted of the murder, and each received two consecutive life sentences.

Shepard's murder brought national and international attention to hate crime legislation at the state and federal levels. In October 2009, the United States Congress passed the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act (commonly the "Matthew Shepard Act" or "Shepard/Byrd Act" for short), and on October 28, 2009, President Barack Obama signed the legislation into law. Following her son's murder, Judy Shepard became a prominent LGBT rights activist and established the Matthew Shepard Foundation. Shepard's death inspired films, novels, plays, songs, and other works.

Paul Davies-Hale

Paul Davies-Hale (born 21 June 1962) is an English former long-distance runner. He won the 2000 metres steeplechase at the 1981 European Junior Championships and went on to represent Great Britain at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics and the 1992 Barcelona Olympics.

Paula Houston

Paula Houston (born 1960) was Utah's Obscenity and Pornography Complaints Ombudsman or "porn czar." She was the czar from 2001-2003. Before rising to her post, she was a prosecutor.

Houston grew up in Columbia Falls, Montana, and graduated from Brigham Young University. She served as an LDS missionary in New Zealand and has a law degree from BYU.Houston worked as city prosecutor for West Valley City, Utah for 15 years.The role of the Obscenity and Pornography Complaints Ombudsman was to provide resources for residents attempting to curb the unwelcome presence of pornography in their neighbourhoods and on the Internet. Houston came under fire on several fronts during her brief tenure. Critics doubted she could remain objective and fair in regard to pornography, given the fact that she was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which vehemently opposes pornography. The American Civil Liberties Union opposed the creation of such a position, describing it as unnecessary given existing laws and feared Houston might violate due process, and First Amendment Rights.

One of the key duties of this position was developing a model ordinance for local community standards on sexually explicit businesses.

The position was part of the attorney general's office and in its creation, the annual budget for the "porn czar" was $150,000. So when the Attorney General's office had to cut $750,000 from its budget, Houston's job was made redundant.

Houston later would be deputy city prosecutor for St. George, Utah.

Pele's Curse

Pele's Curse is the belief that anything natively Hawaiian, such as sand, rock, or pumice, will effect bad luck on whoever takes it away from Hawaii.

One version about the legend's genesis is this: a disgruntled park ranger, angry at the number of rocks that were being taken from the islands by visitors, said that Pele would curse them with bad luck should they take anything. Another version often told is that bus drivers, tired of the dirt and grime brought on their buses by the tourists' collection of rocks, started the story at the beginning of each tour to discourage the rock collecting.

The myth has caught on, told as if it were an original Hawaiian taboo, and every year countless tourists send these back in order to escape the awful luck that Pele has caused them.So, although the legend itself is probably of twentieth-century origin, the removal of rocks as souvenirs is now frowned upon by Hawaiians. Also, it is illegal to remove minerals from within a U.S. national park.

Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting

The Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting has been presented since 1998, for a distinguished example of explanatory reporting that illuminates a significant and complex subject, demonstrating mastery of the subject, lucid writing and clear presentation. From 1985 to 1997, it was known as the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Journalism.

The Pulitzer Prize Board announced the new category in November 1984, citing a series of explanatory articles that seven months earlier had won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing. The series, "Making It Fly" by Peter Rinearson of The Seattle Times, was a 29,000-word account of the development of the Boeing 757 jetliner. It had been entered in the National Reporting category, but judges moved it to Feature Writing to award it a prize. In the aftermath, the Pulitzer Prize Board said it was creating the new category in part because of the ambiguity about where explanatory accounts such as "Making It Fly" should be recognized. The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.


Self-censorship is the act of censoring or classifying one's own discourse. This is done out of fear of, or deference to, the sensibilities or preferences (actual or perceived) of others and without overt pressure from any specific party or institution of authority. Self-censorship is often practiced by film producers, film directors, publishers, news anchors, journalists, musicians, and other kinds of authors including individuals who use social media.

In authoritarian countries, creators of artworks may remove material that their government might find controversial for fear of sanction by their governments. In pluralistic capitalist countries, repressive judicial lawmaking can also cause widespread "rivercrabbing" of Western media.Self-censorship can also occur in order to conform to the expectations of the market. For example, the editor of a periodical may consciously or unconsciously avoid topics that will anger advertisers, customers, or the owners in order to protect her or his livelihood either directly (i.e., fear of losing his job) or indirectly (e.g., a belief that a book will be more profitable if it does not contain offensive material). This phenomenon is referred to as soft censorship.

Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights guarantees freedom of speech from all forms of censorship. Article 19 explicitly states that “everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”

Stephanie Rehe

Stephanie Rehe (born November 5, 1969) is a retired American tennis player who played on the WTA Tour between 1985 and 1993. She won five singles and two doubles titles and reached a career-high singles ranking of No. 10 in March 1989.

Steve Williams (sprinter)

Steve Williams (born November 13, 1953) is a retired track and field sprinter from the United States. He equalled the men's world records for the 100 m and 200 m with hand-timed runs of 9.9 seconds and 19.8 seconds, respectively, and was also a member of a team that set a world record in the 4 × 100 m relay.

He never competed at the Olympics, but had success at the IAAF World Cup: he won the 100 m and set a world record in the 4×100-meter relay with the USA team at the inaugural championship in 1977. He won the 100 yd and 220 yd American titles at the 1973 AAU Championships and retained his short sprint title with a 100 m victory in 1974.

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