Judith Miller

Judith Miller (born January 2, 1948) is an American journalist and commentator known for her coverage of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) program both before and after the 2003 invasion, which was later discovered to have been based on inaccurate information from the intelligence community.[1][2][3] She worked in The New York Times' Washington bureau before joining Fox News in 2008.

Miller co-wrote a book Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War, which became a top New York Times best seller shortly after she became a victim of a hoax anthrax letter at the time of the 2001 anthrax attacks.[4]

The New York Times determined that several stories she wrote about Iraq were inaccurate, and she was forced to resign from the paper in 2005.[1] According to commentator Ken Silverstein, Miller's Iraq reporting "effectively ended her career as a respectable journalist".[5] Miller acknowledged in The Wall Street Journal on April 4, 2015, that some of her Times coverage was inaccurate, although she relied on sources she had used previously. She further stated that policymakers and intelligence analysts had relied on the same sources, and that at the time the CIA, congress and foreign intelligence agencies, even those whose leaders opposed the war, believed that Hussein still had WMDs.[6] Her memoir The Story: A Reporter's Journey was published in April 2015 was an attempt to defend her reputation.[7] Bill Moyers of PBS published commentary including a compendium of over 100 sources that analyzed the inaccurate reporting that facilitated the war, including links to interviews with weapons inspector Scott Ritter.[8]

Miller was involved in the Plame Affair, which outed Valerie Plame as a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) spy. Miller spent 85 days in jail for refusing to reveal that her source in the Plame Affair was Scooter Libby. Later, she contributed to the Fox News Channel and was a fellow at the conservative Manhattan Institute. On December 29, 2010, numerous media outlets reported that she had signed on as a contributing writer to the conservative magazine Newsmax.[9][10]

Judith Miller
Judy Miller (32595090148)
Judith Miller in 2018
BornJanuary 2, 1948 (age 71)
New York City, New York, U.S.
CitizenshipUnited States
EducationHollywood High School;
Ohio State University;
Institute of European Studies,
University of Brussels
Alma materBarnard College,
Columbia University (B.A.);
Woodrow Wilson School,
Princeton University (M.P.A.)
OccupationJournalist
Known forNew York Times allegations of Iraqi WMD program
Spouse(s)Jason Epstein
Parent(s)Bill Miller, Denise B. Miller
FamilyJimmy Miller (half-brother)

Early life

Her Russian-born father, Bill Miller, was Jewish. He owned the Riviera night club in New Jersey and later operated several casinos in Las Vegas.[11][1] Bill Miller was known for booking iconic Las Vegas performers. His biggest success was getting Elvis Presley to return to Las Vegas after initially being an unsuccessful booking.[12] Her mother was a "pretty Irish Catholic showgirl".[11]

Miller attended Ohio State University, where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. She graduated from Barnard College in 1969 and received a master's degree in public affairs from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Early in her career at The New York Times bureau in Washington, D.C. she dated one of the newspaper's other reporters )and future investment banker) Steven Rattner.[13] In 1993, she married Jason Epstein, an editor and publisher.

Judith Miller is the half-sister of Jimmy Miller who was a record producer for many classic Rock bands of the 1960's through to the 1990's including the Rolling Stones, Traffic and Cream. [14]

Career at The New York Times

Mike Pence and Judith Miller
Miller and Mike Pence in 2005

During Miller's tenure at The New York Times, she was a member of the team that won the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting, for its 2001 coverage of global terrorism before and after the September 11 attacks. She and James Risen received the award and one of the cited articles appeared under her byline.[15]

Her writing during this period was criticised by Middle-east scholar Edward Said for the anti-Islamic bias in her writing. In his book Covering Islam Said stated that Miller's book God Has Ninety-Nine Names "is like a textbook of the inadequacies and distortions of media coverage of Islam." He criticised her poor grasp of Arabic, saying that "nearly every time she tries to impress us with her ability to say a phrase or two in Arabic she unerringly gets it wrong... They are the crude mistakes committed by a foreigner who neither has care nor... respect for her subject." He concluded Miller "fears and dislikes Lebanon, hates Syria, laughs at Libya, dismisses Sudan, feels sorry for and a little alarmed by Egypt and is repulsed by Saudi Arabia. She hasn't bothered to learn the language and is relentlessly only concerned with the dangers of Islamic militancy, which, I would hazard a guess, accounts for less than 5 percent of the billion-strong Islamic world."[16] However, Miller asserted that in the wake of the September 11 attacks she argued that militant Islamism of the type represented by Al Qaeda had peaked and was fading into insignificance.[17]

Anthrax hoax victim

On October 12, 2001, Miller opened an anthrax hoax letter mailed to her New York Times office. The 2001 anthrax attacks had begun occurring in the wake of the September 11 attacks in 2001, with anthrax-laced letters sent to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, and the New York Post, all in New York City, as well as the National Enquirer in Boca Raton, Florida. Two additional letters (with a higher grade of anthrax) were sent on October 9, 2001, to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy in Washington. Twenty-two people were infected; five died. In 2008, the government's investigation of these mailings focused on Bruce Ivins, who later committed suicide, with the investigation determining that Ivins acted alone.[18]

Miller was the only major U.S. media reporter, and The New York Times the only major U.S. media organization, to be victimized by a fake anthrax letter in the fall of 2001. Miller had reported extensively on the subject of biological threats and had co-authored, with Stephen Engelberg and William Broad, a book on bio-terrorism, Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War, which was published on October 2, 2001. Miller co-authored an article on Pentagon plans to develop a more potent version of weaponized anthrax, "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits", published in The New York Times on September 4, 2001, weeks before the first anthrax mailings.[19]

Miller also participated in a senior-level bio-terror attack simulation on Oklahoma City conducted on June 22 and June 23, 2001, called "Operation Dark Winter"; her role was media reporter/observer.[20]

Islamic charities search leak

Shortly after the September 11 attacks, the U.S. government was considering adding the Holy Land Foundation to a list of organizations with suspected links to terrorism and was planning to search the premises of the organization. The information about the impending raid was given to Miller by a confidential source. On December 3, 2001, Miller telephoned the Holy Land Foundation for comment, and The New York Times published an article in the late edition papers and on its website that day. The next day, the government searched HLF's offices. These occurrences led to a lawsuit brought by US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales,[21] with prosecutors claiming that Miller and her colleague Philip Shenon had queried this Islamic charity, and another, in ways that made them aware of the planned searches.[22]

The Iraq War

At The New York Times, Miller wrote on security issues, particularly about Iraq and weapons of mass destruction. Many of these stories later turned out to have been based upon faulty information.[23][24] (One of her stories that wasn't disproved reported that inspectors in Iraq "saw nothing to prompt a war.")[25]

On September 8, 2002, Miller and her Times colleague Michael R. Gordon reported the interception of "aluminum tubes" bound for Iraq. Her front-page story quoted unnamed "American officials" and "American intelligence experts" who said the tubes were intended to be used to enrich nuclear material, and cited unnamed "Bush administration officials" who claimed that, in recent months, Iraq had "stepped up its quest for nuclear weapons and [had] embarked on a worldwide hunt for materials to make an atomic bomb".[26] Miller added that

Mr. Hussein's dogged insistence on pursuing his nuclear ambitions, along with what defectors described in interviews as Iraq's push to improve and expand Baghdad's chemical and biological arsenals, have brought Iraq and the United States to the brink of war.[26]

Shortly after Miller's article was published, Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell, and Donald Rumsfeld appeared on television and pointed to Miller's story in support of their position.[27] As summarized by The New York Review of Books, "in the following months, the tubes would become a key prop in the administration's case for war, and the Times played a critical part in legitimizing it."[27] Miller later said of the controversy

[M]y job isn't to assess the government's information and be an independent intelligence analyst myself. My job is to tell readers of The New York Times what the government thought about Iraq's arsenal.[27]

In an April 21, 2003 article, Miller, ostensibly on the basis of statements from the military unit in which she was embedded, reported claims allegedly made by an Iraqi scientist that Iraq had kept biological and chemical weapons until "right before the invasion."[28] This report was covered extensively in the press. Miller went on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer and stated:

Well, I think they found something more than a smoking gun. What they've found is a silver bullet in the form of a person, an Iraqi individual, a scientist, as we've called him, who really worked on the programs, who knows them firsthand, and who has led MET Alpha people[29] to some pretty startling conclusions.[30]

There was strong internal dissent amongst other Times reporters regarding publication of the inflammatory, unsourced accusations, however, and that the military were allowed to censor it before it appeared. A week after it appeared, one Times insider called Miller's piece, "wacky-assed, and complained there were, "real questions about it and why it was on page 1."[31]

On May 26, 2003, Howard Kurtz of The Washington Post reported on a Miller internal email sent to John Burns, the Times' Baghdad bureau chief. In it she admitted her source regarding the alleged WMDs, according to Seymour Hersh writing for The New Yorker, was none other than Ahmed Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress, which claims Pentagon officials passed on to Miller, despite the Central Intelligence Agency disagreeing with its content. Her Times editor, Andrew Rosenthal, criticized Hersh for its release.[32]

A year later, on May 26, 2004, a week after the U.S. government apparently severed ties with Chalabi, a Times editorial acknowledged that some of the paper's coverage in the run-up to the war had relied too heavily on Chalabi and other Iraqi exiles, who were bent on regime change.[33] The editorial also expressed "regret" that "information that was controversial [was] allowed to stand unchallenged." However, the editorial explicitly rejected "blame on individual reporters."[34]

On May 27, 2004, the day after the Times' mea culpa, James C. Moore quoted Miller in an article in Salon:

You know what, ... I was proved fucking right. That's what happened. People who disagreed with me were saying, 'There she goes again.' But I was proved fucking right."[23]

The statement about being "proved...right" was in relation to another Miller story, wherein she'd claimed that trailers found in Iraq had been shown to be mobile weapons labs.[35] However that claim, too, was subsequently refuted as false.[36][37][38]

It was alleged later in Editor & Publisher that, while Miller's reporting "frequently [did] not meet published Times standards", she was not sanctioned and was given a relatively free rein, because she consistently delivered frequent front-page scoops for the paper by "cultivating top-ranking sources."[39][40]

In 2005, facing federal court proceedings for refusing to divulge a source in the Plame affair criminal investigation,[41] Miller spent 85 days in jail in Alexandria, Va. (where French terrorist Zacarias Moussaoui was also held).[42] After her release, the Times' Public Editor Byron Calame wrote:

Ms. Miller may still be best known for her role in a series of Times articles in 2002 and 2003 that strongly suggested Saddam Hussein already had or was acquiring an arsenal of weapons of mass destruction ... Many of those articles turned out to be inaccurate ... [T]he problems facing her inside and outside the newsroom will make it difficult for her to return to the paper as a reporter.[43]

Two weeks later, Miller negotiated a private severance package with Times' publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. She contested Calame's claims about her reporting and gave no ground in defending her work. She cited "difficulty" in performing her job effectively after having become "an integral part of the stories [she] was sent to cover."[44]

Refusal to disclose source

In July 2005, several months prior to her October 2005 resignation from The New York Times, Miller was jailed for contempt of court for refusing to testify before a federal grand jury investigating a leak naming Valerie Plame as a CIA officer. While Miller never wrote about Plame, she was believed to be in possession of evidence relevant to the leak investigation. According to a subpoena, Miller met with an unnamed government official, later revealed to be I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's Chief of Staff, on July 8, 2003. Plame's CIA identity was divulged publicly in a column by conservative political commentator Robert Novak on July 14, 2003. Novak's source was revealed to have not been Libby, but Richard Armitage of the Department of State.

On July 16, 2005, The Washington Post reported that Miller could face criminal contempt charges, which could have extended her jail time six months beyond the four months then anticipated.[45] The Post suggested that special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald was particularly interested in hearing Miller's version of her encounter with Libby. Filings by Fitzgerald reportedly alleged that Miller's defiance of the court constituted a crime. On September 29, 2005, after spending 85 days in jail, Miller was released following a telephone call with Libby. He had reconfirmed the release of confidentiality. Under oath, Miller was questioned by Fitzgerald before a federal grand jury the following day, September 30, 2005,[46] but was not relieved of contempt charges until after testifying again on October 12, 2005.

For her second grand jury appearance, Miller produced a notebook from a previously undisclosed meeting with Libby on June 23, 2003. This was several weeks before Joseph Wilson's New York Times editorial was published. This belied the theory that Libby was retaliating against Wilson for his Times editorial. According to Miller's notes from that earlier meeting, Libby disclosed that Joseph Wilson's wife was a CIA employee involved in her husband's trip to Niger. Miller's notebook from her July 8, 2003, meeting with Libby contains the name "Valerie Flame [sic]".[47] This reference occurred six days before Novak published Plame's name and unmasked her as a CIA operative.

Miller's grand jury account was the basis for her last article in The New York Times. The newspaper published Miller's first-person account, "My Four Hours Testifying in the Federal Grand Jury Room", on October 16, 2005. Miller said she could not remember who gave her the name "Valerie Plame" but she was sure it didn't come from Libby.[48]

Miller testified as a witness on January 30, 2007, at the trial of Scooter Libby, which began in January 2007. The trial ended on March 6, 2007, with Libby's conviction on four of five counts, though none of the counts had to do with actually revealing Plame's name to the media.[49]

Contempt of court

On October 1, 2004, federal Judge Thomas F. Hogan found Miller in contempt of court for refusing to appear before a federal grand jury, which was investigating who had leaked to reporters the fact that Valerie Plame was a CIA operative. Miller did not write an article about the subject at the time of the leak, but others did, notably Robert Novak, spurring the investigation. Judge Hogan sentenced her to 18 months in jail, but stayed the sentence while her appeal proceeded. On February 15, 2005, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit unanimously upheld Judge Hogan's ruling. On June 17, 2005, the US Supreme Court declined to hear the case. On July 6, 2005, Judge Hogan ordered Miller to serve her sentence at "a suitable jail within the metropolitan area of the District of Columbia". She was taken to Alexandria City Jail on July 7, 2005.[50][51]

In a separate case, Federal Judge Robert W. Sweet ruled on February 24, 2005, that Miller was not required to reveal who in the government leaked word of an impending raid to her. Patrick Fitzgerald, the same prosecutor who had had Miller jailed in the Plame case, argued that Miller's calls to groups suspected of funding terrorists had tipped them off to the raid and allowed them time to destroy evidence. Fitzgerald wanted Miller's phone records to confirm the time of the tip and determine who had leaked the information to Miller in the first place. Judge Sweet held that because Fitzgerald could not demonstrate in advance that the phone records would provide the information he sought the prosecutor's needs were outweighed by a 'reporter's privilege' to keep sources confidential. On August 1, 2006, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Judge Sweet's decision, holding 2–1 that federal prosecutors could inspect the telephone records of Miller and Philip Shenon. Judge Ralph K. Winter, Jr. wrote: "No grand jury can make an informed decision to pursue the investigation further, much less to indict or not indict, without the reporters' evidence".[52]

Prior to her jailing for civil contempt, Miller's lawyers argued that it was pointless to imprison her because she would never talk or reveal confidential sources. Under such circumstances, argued her lawyers, jail term would be "merely punitive" and would serve no purpose. Arguing that Miller should be confined to her home and could forego Internet access and cellphone use, Miller's lawyers suggested that "impairing her unrestricted ability to do her job as an investigative journalist ... would present the strictest form of coercion to her".[53] Failing that, Miller's lawyers asked that she be sent to a women's facility in Danbury, Connecticut, nearer to "Ms. Miller's 76-year-old husband", retired book publisher Jason Epstein, who lives in New York City, and whose state of health was the subject of a confidential medical report filed by Miller's attorneys. Upon being jailed, the Times reported on July 7, 2005, that Miller had purchased a cockapoo puppy to keep her husband company during her absence.[54]

On September 17, 2005, The Washington Post reported that Miller had received a "parade of prominent government and media officials" during her first 11 weeks in prison, including visits by former U.S. Republican Senator Bob Dole, NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, and John R. Bolton, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.[55] After her release on September 29, 2005, Miller agreed to disclose to the grand jury the identity of her source, Lewis Libby, Vice President Cheney's chief of staff.

On Tuesday, January 30, 2007, Miller took the stand as a witness for the prosecution against Lewis Libby. Miller discussed three conversations she had had with Libby in June and July 2003, including the meeting on June 23, 2003. In her first appearance before the grand jury, Miller said she could not remember. According to The New York Times, when asked if Libby discussed Valerie Plame, Miller responded in the affirmative, "adding that Libby had said Wilson worked at the agency's (C.I.A.) division that dealt with limiting the proliferation of unconventional weapons". The trial resulted in guilty verdicts against Libby.[56]

Independent journalist and author

Since leaving The New York Times, Miller has continued her work as a writer in Manhattan and has contributed several op-ed pieces to The Wall Street Journal. On May 16, 2006, she summarized her investigations on U.S. foreign policy regarding Libya's dismantling of its weapons programs in an essay published in two parts.[57]

On May 17, 2006, NavySEALs.com and MediaChannel.org published an exclusive interview with Miller in which she detailed how the attack on the U.S.S. Cole led her to investigate Al-Qaeda and, in July 2001, to her receiving information from a top-level White House source concerning top-secret NSA signals intelligence (SIGINT) about an impending Al-Qaeda attack, possibly against the continental United States. Two months later, on September 11, Miller and her editor at the Times, Stephen Engelberg, both regretted not writing that story.[58]

On September 7, 2007, she was hired as an adjunct fellow of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, a neo-conservative free-market think tank. Her duties included being a contributing editor for the organization's publication, City Journal. On October 20, 2008, Fox News announced that it had hired Miller.[59]

As of 2018, she is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.[60] She has also been a member of the Aspen Strategy Group, and has served on a prestigious National Academy of Sciences panel examining how best to expand of the work of the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, which since 1991 has sought to stop the spread of WMD material and expertise from the former Soviet Union. She lectures frequently on the Middle East, Islam, terrorism, biological and chemical weapons, as well as other national security topics.

The Iraq War revisited

On April 3, 2015, The Wall Street Journal published an op-ed piece by Miller[61] in which she defended her comportment during the lead-up to the war in Iraq, as well as the Bush administration's stance and decisions regarding the war. "Officials [of the Bush administration] didn't lie, and I wasn't fed a line," she wrote.[61] Miller acknowledged that "there was no shortage of mistakes about Iraq, and I made my share of them. The newsworthy claims of some of my prewar WMD stories were wrong", but rejected the notion that "I took America to war in Iraq. It was all me", which according to her "continue[d] to have believers".[61]

Critics subsequently wrote that "Miller's war reporting was disastrously wrong, and now she's trying desperately to spin it all away,".[62] Valerie Plame commented that while "no one is crediting [Miller] with starting the Iraq war," and she was "not actually on the team that took us into the biggest, most tragic US foreign policy debacle ever..., [Miller's] attempt to re-write history is both pathetic and self-serving."[63]

The Guardian wrote that "in arguing that Bush was a victim of faulty intelligence analysis, Miller ignores extensive reporting showing that the Bush administration was making plans for an Iraq invasion before the advent of intelligence used to justify it."[64]

Others[65] focused on what they termed as factual inaccuracies, such as Miller's claim that "Hans Blix, the former chief of the international weapons inspectors, bears some responsibility [for the war]" because he "told the U.N. in January 2003 that despite America's ultimatum, Saddam was still not complying fully with his U.N. pledges."[61] Her critics pointed out that, although Blix indeed reported that "Iraq wasn't fully compliant,"[66] he also reported that Iraq was "largely cooperative with regard to process,"[67] and, subsequently,[65] "made it abundantly clear, in an interview published in The New York Times, that nothing he'd seen at the time justified war," an interview taken by Miller herself.[68]

Memoir

In April 2015, Miller published The Story: A Reporter's Journey, a memoir that focused largely on her reporting during the second Gulf War. Her former colleague Neil Lewis characterized most of the reviews as "unreservedly critical".[69] Writing in The New York Times, former Los Angeles Times reporter Terry McDermott wrote that although "this is not a score-settling book", he found it "sad and flawed".[70] Ιn The Washington Post, Erik Wemple wrote that the book's "dynamic" of "Judy Miller against the world" lends her book an aspect that is "both depressing and desperate".[71] A review in The Columbia Journalism Review called the book "less a memoir than an apologia and an assault".[7] In The Daily Beast, Lloyd Grove characterized Miller's work as "self-pitying".[72] Criticizing Miller's failure to fully take responsibility for the flaws in her reporting, Matt Taibbi wrote in Rolling Stone: "Most of The Story is a tale of dog after scheming dog eating Miller's homework. ... Mostly, she just had a lot of rotten luck. Or at least, that's how it reads. It's a sweeping, epic non-apology. Every bad thing Miller has ever been accused of turns out to be wrong or taken out of context, according to her."[73]

Bibliography

  • One, by One, by One: Facing the Holocaust, Simon & Schuster (1990) ISBN 0-671-64472-6
  • Saddam Hussein & the Crisis in the Gulf (with Laurie Mylroie) Random House USA Inc (1990) ISBN 0-09-989860-8
  • God Has Ninety Nine Names: Reporting from a Militant Middle East, Simon & Schuster (1997) ISBN 0-684-83228-3
  • Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War (with William Broad and Stephen Engelberg) Simon & Schuster (2001) ISBN 0-684-87158-0
  • The Story: A Reporter's Journey, Simon & Schuster, (April 7, 2015), ISBN 978-1476716015

See also

External sources

References

  1. ^ a b c Foer, Franklin. "The Source of the Trouble". NYMag.com. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  2. ^ "A few months after the aluminum tubes story, a former CIA analyst explained to me how simple it had been to manipulate [Judith Miller] and her newspaper. 'The White House had a perfect deal with Miller ... Chalabi is providing the Bush people with the information they need to support their political objectives, and he is supplying the same material to Judy Miller. Chalabi tips her on something and then she goes to the White House, which has already heard the same thing from Chalabi, and she gets it corroborated. She also got the Pentagon to confirm things for her, which made sense, since they were working so closely with Chalabi. Too bad Judy didn't spend a little more time talking to those of us who had information that contradicted almost everything Chalabi said.' Long after the fact, Miller conceded in her interview with me that she was wrong about the tubes, but not that she had made a mistake."
  3. ^ James Moore (May 28, 2004). "How Chalabi and the White House held the front page: The New York Times has burned its reputation on a pyre of lies about Iraq". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  4. ^ Judith Miller (Oct. 14, 2001), "A NATION CHALLENGED: THE LETTER; Fear Hits Newsroom In a Cloud of Powder, The New York Times.
  5. ^ Ken Silverstein (Aug. 15, 2013), Anatomy of an Al Qaeda “Conference Call”, Harper's.
  6. ^ Judith Miller (April 3, 2015), "The Iraq War and Stubborn Myths", Wall Street Journal Op-Ed.
  7. ^ a b Klein, Julia M. (April 22, 2015). "Judith Miller tells her side of The Story". The Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  8. ^ Buying the War: Article Library, Bill Moyers Journal, April 25, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  9. ^ Alex Pareene (Dec. 30, 2010) "Judith Miller: From the Times to the nuts", Salon.
  10. ^ Hagey, Keach (December 29, 2010). "Judith Miller joins Newsmax". Politico. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  11. ^ a b Berkowitz, Peter (April 8, 2015). "Judith Miller's "Story": Setting the Record Straight". Real Clear Politics.
  12. ^ https://lasvegassun.com/news/2002/dec/12/booking-agent-who-brought-elvis-back-to-las-vegas-/
  13. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/07/politics/a-difficult-moment-long-anticipated.html
  14. ^ Jimmy Miller
  15. ^ "The 2002 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Explanatory Reporting". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved May 21, 2017. With reprints of ten 2001 works.
  16. ^ Said, Edward (1997). Covering Islam: how the media and the experts determine how we see the rest of the world. New York: Random House. pp. xxxiv–xliii. ISBN 978-0-679-75890-7.
  17. ^ Miller, Judith (29 September 2002). "Naming the Evildoers". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  18. ^ Office of Public Affairs, Department of Justice (2010-02-19). "Justice Department and FBI Announce Formal Conclusion of Investigation into 2001 Anthrax Attacks". Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  19. ^ Miller, Judith "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits", The New York Times, September 4, 2001.
  20. ^ UPMC, Center for Biosecurity of. "About the Exercise: Dark Winter". www.upmchealthsecurity.org. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  21. ^ New York Times v. Gonzales, 459 F.3d 160 (2006).
  22. ^ A brief analysis of the decisions in New York Times v. Gonzales and Miller v. Unitesd States/Cooper v. United States is at: Ongoing confidential sources cases, accessed October 31, 2009.
  23. ^ a b James C. Moore (May 27, 2004), "Not fit to print: How Ahmed Chalabi and the Iraq war lobby used New York Times reporter Judith Miller to make the case for invasion", Salon
  24. ^ NYTimes Editors (May 26, 2004), "FROM THE EDITORS; The Times and Iraq", The New York Times
  25. ^ Judith Miller; Julia Preston (January 31, 2003). "THREATS AND RESPONSES: THE INSPECTOR; Blix Says He Saw Nothing to Prompt a War". The New York Times.
  26. ^ a b Michael R. Gordon and Judith Miller (Sept. 8, 2002), "U.S. Says Hussein Intensifies Quest for A-Bomb Parts, The New York Times
  27. ^ a b c Michael Massing (Feb. 26, 2004), "Now They Tell Us: The American Press and Iraq", New York Review of Books
  28. ^ Judith Miller (April 21, 2003). "Illicit Arms Kept Till Eve of War, an Iraqi Scientist Is Said to Assert". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  29. ^ MET Alpha: Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha. A U.S. Army unit charged with trying to find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, at the time
  30. ^ "Search for Evidence: Judith Miller Reports", transcript by PBS, April 22, 2003
  31. ^ Off the Record, New York Observer, Sridhar Pappu, April 28, 2003. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  32. ^ 'Scoops' and Truth at the Times - What happens when Pentagon objectives and journalists' needs coincide, The Nation, Russ Baker, June 5, 2003. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  33. ^ NYTimes Editors (May 26, 2004), "FROM THE EDITORS; The Times and Iraq", The New York Times
  34. ^ "The Times and Iraq: A Sample of the Coverage". New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2017. "sampling of articles published by The Times about the decisions that led the United States into the war in Iraq, and especially the issue of Iraq's weapons"
  35. ^ Judith Miller and William J. Broad (May 21, 2003), "AFTEREFFECTS: GERM WEAPONS; U.S. Analysts Link Iraq Labs To Germ Arms", The New York Times
  36. ^ Bob Woodward (2008). State of Denial: Bush at War. Simon & Schuster. p. 210. ISBN 978-1-84739-603-7.
  37. ^ Alexander Cockburn (Aug. 16, 2003), "Judy Miller's War", Counterpunch
  38. ^ Byron Calame (Oct. 23, 2005), "The Miller Mess: Lingering Issues Among the Answers", The New York Times
  39. ^ William E. Jackson, Jr. (October 2, 2003). "Miller's Star Fades (Slightly) at NY Times". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  40. ^ Douglas Jehl (Sept. 29, 2003), "AGENCY BELITTLES INFORMATION GIVEN BY IRAQ DEFECTORS", The New York Times
  41. ^ Don van Natta Jr., Adam Liptack and Clifford J. Levy (Oct. 16, 2005), "The Miller Case: A Notebook, a Cause, a Jail Cell and a Deal", The New York Times
  42. ^ Rachel Weiner (July 12, 2018), "Paul Manafort moves to Alexandria jail, a past home to spies and terrorists", Chicago Tribune
  43. ^ Byron Calame (Oct. 23, 2005), "The Miller Mess: Lingering Issues Among the Answers", The New York Times
  44. ^ "Reporter at center of CIA leak retires". CNN. November 10, 2005. Retrieved June 26, 2006.
  45. ^ Kurtz, Howard; Leonnig, Carol D. (July 16, 2005). "Criminal Contempt Could Lengthen Reporter's Jail Stay". Washington Post. p. A06.
  46. ^ "US CIA case reporter will testify". BBC News. September 30, 2005. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  47. ^ Don Van Natta Jr., Adam Liptak & Clifford J. Levy "The Miller Case: A Notebook, a Cause, a Jail Cell and a Deal". The New York Times. October 16, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2005.
  48. ^ Miller, Judith (October 16, 2005). "My Four Hours Testifying in the Federal Grand Jury Room". The New York Times. Common Dreams. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  49. ^ "Reporter's Account Hurts Libby Defense". The Washington Post. January 30, 2007. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  50. ^ "US reporter jailed in CIA trial". BBC News. July 6, 2005. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  51. ^ "Prosecutor in Leak Case Calls for Reporters' Jailing". The New York Times. July 6, 2005. Archived from the original on May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  52. ^ Liptak, Adam (August 2, 2006). "U.S. Wins Access to Reporter Phone Records". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  53. ^ Carol D. Leonnig, "Reporters Ask Judge for Home Detention", The Washington Post, July 2, 2005, p. A02.
  54. ^ Manly, Lorne (July 7, 2005). "A Reporter Jailed: Woman in the News; A Difficult Moment, Long Anticipated". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  55. ^ Leonnig, Carol D. (September 17, 2005). "Jailed Reporter Is Distanced From News, Not Elite Visitors". The Washington Post. p. A01.
  56. ^ "Reporter Who Was Jailed Testifies in Libby Case". The New York Times. January 31, 2007. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  57. ^ Judith Miller, "How Gadhafi Lost His Groove: The complex surrender of Libya's WMD", The Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2006, Archived at Miller's website; "Gadhafi's Leap of Faith". The Wall Street Journal, May 17, 2006, Archived at Miller's website.
  58. ^ Rory O'Connor and William Scott Malone, "The 9/11 Story That Got Away". AlterNet. May 17, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
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  60. ^ "Membership Roster". Council on Foreign Relations. October 25, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
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  63. ^ "Dear Judy". Valerie Plame. Facebook. April 7, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
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  65. ^ a b "Judy Miller: Hans Blix Bears More Responsibility For The Iraq War Than I Do". Crooks and Liars. April 4, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
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  67. ^ "Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC, Dr. Hans Blix: An Update on Inspection". United Nations Security Council. January 27, 2003. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
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External links

After (book)

After is a non-fiction book, written by Canadian writer Francis Chalifour, first published in October 2005 by Tundra Books. In the book, the author narrates his pain and confusion as he grieved his father's death by suicide. Judith Miller, an award judge for the Edna Staebler Award called After, "deeply moving" saying, "We enjoyed the lyricism of his language and his strong sense of character."

Bill Keller

Bill Keller (born January 18, 1949) is an American journalist. He is Editor-in-Chief of The Marshall Project. He was a columnist for The New York Times, and was executive editor from July 2003 until September 2011. He announced on June 2, 2011, that he would step down from the position to become a full-time writer. Jill Abramson replaced him as executive editor.Keller worked in the Times Moscow bureau from 1986 to 1991, eventually as bureau chief, spanning the final years of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union. For his reporting during 1988 he won a Pulitzer Prize.

Conscience-in-Media Award

The Conscience-in-Media Award is presented by the American Society of Journalists and Authors (ASJA) to journalists that the society deems worthy of recognition for their distinctive contributions. The award is not given out often, and is awarded to those journalists which the ASJA feels have demonstrated integrity to journalistic values, while enduring personal costs to themselves. Candidates are decided by an initial vote of the ASJA's First Amendment Committee, which must then be confirmed by a separate vote of the ASJA's Board of Directors.

The award has been presented a total of twelve times since the first award was given out in 1975. Notable recipients have included Jonathan Kozol, for work researching homelessness while writing his book Rachel and Her Children, Richard Behar and Paulette Cooper, for separate pieces investigating the Church of Scientology, and Anna Rosmus, for her investigation into the Nazi history of her hometown in Passau, Germany. In 2005, the committee voted to present the Award to Judith Miller, but this vote was later overturned by a unanimous decision of the board not to honor Miller with the award.

Janice Dean

Janice Dean is a Canadian meteorologist, TV host, and author. She currently appears on the Fox News Channel where she serves as co-host and weather anchor on Fox and Friends weekday mornings.

Josiah Smith

Josiah Smith (February 26, 1738 – April 4, 1803) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. Born in Pembroke, to Reverend Thomas Smith and Judith Miller Smith. Smith graduated from Harvard College in 1774, studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced.

Judith McCoy Miller

Judith McCoy Miller (born 1944) is an author of Christian fiction.

Judith Miller (antiques expert)

Judith Miller (born 16 September 1951) is an antiques expert, writer and broadcaster based in the UK.

Judith Miller (disambiguation)

Judith Miller (born 1948) is an American journalist.

Judith Miller may also refer to:

Judith Miller (philosopher) (1941–2017), French philosopher

Judith Miller (antiques expert) (born 1951), TV presenter and writer

Judith McCoy Miller (born 1944), author of Christian fiction

Judy Miller, a character on TV series Still Standing

Judy Hoback Miller (born 1937), American woman known for her involvement in the Watergate scandal

Judith Miller (philosopher)

Judith Miller (French: [milɛʁ]; 3 July 1941 – 6 December, 2017) was a French psychoanalyst, born in Antibes. She was the daughter of the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and Sylvia Bataille. Her spouse was Lacanian Jacques-Alain Miller.

Matthew Cooper (American journalist)

Matthew Cooper (born 1963) is political journalist with a career spanning over 30 years. From 2014 to 2018 he was a senior writer and an editor at “Newsweek”. Before that he was the managing editor for White House coverage at National Journal magazine and editor of “”National Journal Daily” Cooper is a former reporter for Time who, along with New York Times reporter Judith Miller was held in contempt of court and threatened with imprisonment for refusing to testify before the Grand Jury regarding the Valerie Plame CIA leak investigation. He was a blogger for Talking Points Memo in early 2009, and contributed to the magazine Condé Nast Portfolio until it closed in April, 2009, after which he became a correspondent for The Atlantic magazine. He worked for the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission on a book about the group's findings from the economic collapse in 2010.In 2018, Cooper resigned from his senior writer position at “Newsweek” after two top editors were fired for investigating their parent company's potential illegal dealings. In his resignation letter, Cooper cited the company's dwindling standards and “reckless leadership” following several scandals both editorial and organizational.

Miller Introduction to Judaism Program

The Louis and Judith Miller Introduction to Judaism Program is an educational institute based at the American Jewish University in Bel Air, Los Angeles, California. It has, since its founding in 1986, helped thousands of students explore and deepen their Jewish roots or prepare for conversion to Judaism. Based primarily at AJU’s Familian Campus in Bel Air, as well as at a number of other Southern California locationsand throughout the United States, the Miller Program helps people of all backgrounds find a home in the Jewish community.The core of the Miller Introduction to Judaism Program is an 18-week course that surveys Jewish living and practice, including history, ritual, culture, texts, and values. Classes are designed to be highly interactive, with lots of time for discussion and questions, and include personalized instruction in reading Hebrew. In addition, the Miller Intro to Judaism Program offers its curriculum and resources to affiliates around the United States and Canada. During the 2018-2019 year, the Intro Program had more than fifty-five affiliates.In addition to classes, the Miller Program offers regular Shabbat services and dinners, a support group for new and potential converts, and ongoing programming for alumni. The Miller Program is also a Los Angeles partner for Honeymoon Israel, a new, national initiative providing highly subsidized, immersive experiences in Israel for couples between the ages of 25-40.The Miller Program is under the direction of Rabbi Adam Greenwald. Rabbi Greenwald is a "Rabbis Without Borders" Fellow with Clal, the Center for Learning and Leadership and is a recipient of the Covenant Foundation's Pomegranate Prize in Jewish Education. Before coming to AJU and the Intro Program, Rabbi Greenwald served as the Revson Rabbinic Fellow of IKAR. Supervision of the Intro Program is provided by Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson, Dean of the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies and Vice President of the AJU.The Miller Introduction to Judaism Program was named among the “Ten Best Classes in Los Angeles” by LA Weekly in its annual “Best of LA" 2012 edition. The Miller Program is endorsed by the Rabbinical Assembly of America, as well as by more than nearly 40 of LA’s top clergy—including Rabbi David Wolpe (Sinai Temple), Rabbi Sharon Brous (IKAR) and Rabbi Ed Feinstein (Valley Beth Shalom). Conversions performed under the auspices of the Miller Introduction to Judaism Program are recognized by the State of Israel for purposes of making Aliyah.

Nothing but the Truth (2008 American film)

Nothing but the Truth is a 2008 American drama film written and directed by Rod Lurie. According to comments made by Lurie in The Truth Hurts, a bonus feature on the DVD release, his inspiration for the screenplay was the case of journalist Judith Miller, who in July 2005 was jailed for contempt of court for refusing to testify before a federal grand jury investigating a leak naming Valerie Plame as a covert CIA operative, but this was merely a starting point for what is primarily a fictional story. In an April 2009 interview, Lurie stressed: "I should say that the film is about neither of these women although certainly their stories as reported in the press went into the creation of their characters and the situation they find themselves in."The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2008. It was scheduled to open in New York City and Los Angeles on December 19, but because distributor Yari Film Group filed for Chapter 11 protection, it was never given a theatrical release.

Plame affair

The Plame affair (also known as the CIA leak scandal and Plamegate) was a political scandal that revolved around journalist Robert Novak's public identification of Valerie Plame as a covert Central Intelligence Agency officer in 2003.In 2002, Plame wrote a memo to her superiors in which she expressed hesitation in recommending her husband, former diplomat Joseph C. Wilson, to the CIA for a mission to Niger to investigate claims that Iraq had arranged to purchase and import uranium from the country, but stated that he "may be in a position to assist". After President George W. Bush stated that "Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa" during the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Wilson published a July 2003 op-ed in The New York Times stating his doubts during the mission that any such transaction with Iraq had taken place.A week after Wilson's op-ed was published, Novak published a column which mentioned claims from "two senior administration officials" that Plame had been the one to suggest sending her husband. Novak had learned of Plame's employment, which was classified information, from State Department official Richard Armitage. David Corn and others suggested that Armitage and other officials had leaked the information as political retribution for Wilson's article.

The scandal led to a criminal investigation; no one was charged for the leak itself. Scooter Libby was convicted of lying to investigators. His prison sentence was ultimately commuted by President Bush, and he was pardoned by President Donald Trump in 2018.

Plame affair grand jury investigation

The CIA leak grand jury investigation (related to the "CIA leak scandal", also known as the "Plame affair") was a federal inquiry "into the alleged unauthorized disclosure of a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee's identity", a possible violation of criminal statutes, including the Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982, and Title 18, United States Code, Section 793.

Robert W. Sweet

Robert Workman Sweet (born October 15, 1922) is an American jurist, and currently a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Scooter Libby

I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby (first name generally given as Irv, Irve or Irving; born August 22, 1950) is an American lawyer and former adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney.

From 2001 to 2005, Libby held the offices of Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States, and Assistant to the President during the administration of President George W. Bush.

In October 2005, Libby resigned from all three government positions after he was indicted on five counts by a federal grand jury concerning the investigation of the leak of the covert identity of Central Intelligence Agency officer Valerie Plame Wilson. He was subsequently convicted of four counts (one count of obstruction of justice, two counts of perjury, and one count of making false statements), making him the highest-ranking White House official convicted in a government scandal since John Poindexter, the national security adviser to President Ronald Reagan in the Iran–Contra affair.After a failed appeal, President Bush commuted Libby's sentence of 30 months in federal prison, leaving the other parts of his sentence intact. As a consequence of his conviction in United States v. Libby, Libby's license to practice law was suspended until being reinstated in 2016. President Donald Trump fully pardoned Libby on April 13, 2018.

Sylvia Bataille

Sylvia Bataille (born Sylvia Maklès; 1 November 1908 – 23 December 1993) was a French actress of Romanian-Jewish descent. When she was twenty, she married the writer Georges Bataille with whom she had a daughter, the psychoanalyst Laurence Bataille (1930–1986). Georges Bataille and Sylvia separated in 1934 but did not divorce until 1946. Starting in 1938, she was a companion of the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan with whom, in 1941, she had a daughter, Judith, today Judith Miller. Sylvia Bataille married Jacques Lacan in 1953.

A pupil of Charles Dullin, Bataille's theatrical debut was with the agit-prop troupe Groupe Octobre, directed by Jacques Prévert. Her film debut came in 1933, and in 1936 she played her most memorable role in Partie de campagne (A Day in the Country) directed by Jean Renoir. Her final appearance was in 1950.

The New York Times controversies

The New York Times has been the subject of criticism from a variety of sources. Criticism has been aimed at the newspaper has been in response to individual controversial reporters, along with alleged political bias.The New York Times used to have a public editor who acted as an ombudsman and "investigates matters of journalistic integrity". The sixth and last NYT public editor was Liz Spayd, who contributed her last piece in June 2017.

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