Judicial districts of Spain

In Spain, a judicial district (Spanish: Partido judicial) is a territorial unit for the administration of justice, composed of one or more municipalities bordering and within the same province.

Among the municipalities that make up the judicial parties, one of them, usually the largest or highest number of contentious matters occur, it is called head of judicial party. In this head is the seat of one or more courts of first instance and instruction. Leading the rest of municipalities of the administrative area are the magistrates' courts.

History

Conventushispanus
Map of Conventus in Roman times.

The first division was done in Spain on legal grounds would be during the Roman Empire. The provinces are divided into conventus where the inhabitants of the district regularly met in the header to resolve legal issues. The people could go to either conventus according to their convenience and the distance that separated them, that is why the boundaries were unclear.

The first modern division of Spain in judicial districts was held in 1834 -through an approved Decree 21 April 1834 in which provinces- subdivided following the new provincial management of Javier de Burgos. Among the motivations employment decree games constituency in the elections to Parliament of the Kingdom, was and facilitates faster receivership. 1 in 1834 were recorded in Spain, except the provinces provincial, a total of 451 matches judicial[nota 1].

Currently the number of these, variable throughout history, has been reduced. These divisions would be the basis for electoral districts and contribution. In 1868 there were 463 judicial districts and 8,000 municipalities. The judicial districts of the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are the 12th (Cádiz) and the 8th (Málaga).

Lists by autonomous community

Spain is currently divided into 432 judicial districts.

Autonomous community/city Districts Spanish
Judicial districts of Andalusia
85
(list)
Judicial districts of Aragon
16
(list)
Judicial districts of Asturias
18
(list)
Judicial districts of the Balearic Islands
6
(list)
Judicial districts of the Basque Country
14
(list)
Judicial districts of the Canary Islands
20
(list)
Judicial districts of Cantabria
8
(list)
Judicial districts of Castilla-La Mancha
31
(list)
Judicial districts of Castilla and Leon
42
(list)
Judicial districts of Catalonia
49
(list)
Judicial district of Ceuta
1
(article)
Judicial districts of Extremadura
21
(list)
Judicial districts of Galicia
45
(list)
Judicial districts of La Rioja
3
(list)
Judicial districts of the Community of Madrid
21
(list)
Judicial district of Melilla
1
(article)
Judicial districts of the Region of Murcia
11
(list)
Judicial districts of Navarre
5
(list)
Judicial districts of the Valencian Community
35
(list)

Notes

  1. ^ Until 1841 it was not possible to enforce a division in judicial parties of the Basque provinces and Navarra.[1]

References

  1. ^ Orduña Rebollo 2003, p. 413.

External links

  • Ministry of Justice of Spain. "Cartografía de partidos judiciales".
Mogrovejo

Mogrovejo is a small village of the municipality of Camaleño in Cantabria, Spain with 44 inhabitants in 2008.

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