Jude, also known as Judas Thaddaeus (Greek: Θαδδαῖος; Coptic: ⲑⲁⲇⲇⲉⲟⲥ; Syriac/Aramaic: ܝܗܘܕܐ ܫܠܝܚܐ), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is generally identified with Thaddeus, and is also variously called Jude of James, Jude Thaddaeus, Judas Thaddaeus or Lebbaeus. He is sometimes identified with Jude, the brother of Jesus, but is clearly distinguished from Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus prior to his crucifixion. Catholic writer Michal Hunt suggests that Judas Thaddaeus became known as Jude after early translators of the New Testament from Greek into English sought to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot and subsequently abbreviated his forename. Most versions of the New Testament in languages other than English and French refer to Judas and Jude by the same name.
Saint Jude's attribute is a club. He is also often shown in icons with a flame around his head. This represents his presence at Pentecost, when he received the Holy Spirit with the other apostles. Another common attribute is Jude holding an image of Jesus Christ, known as the Image of Edessa. In some instances, he may be shown with a scroll or a book (the Epistle of Jude) or holding a carpenter's rule.
Saint Jude the Apostle
Apostle Jude by Anthony van Dyck
|Apostle and Martyr|
|Born||1st century AD|
Galilee, Roman Empire
|Died||1st century AD|
Persia, or Ararat, Armenia
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodox Churches,|
Roman Catholic Church,
Eastern Catholic Churches,
Oriental Orthodox Churches,
Church of the East,
|Major shrine||St. Thaddeus Armenian Monastery, northern Iran; Saint Peter's, Rome; Reims, Toulouse, France|
|Feast||28 October (Western Christianity)|
19 June (Eastern Christianity)
|Attributes||Axe, club, boat, oar, medallion|
|Patronage||Armenia; lost causes; desperate situations; hospitals; St. Petersburg, Florida; Cotta; the Chicago Police Department; Clube de Regatas do Flamengo from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Lucena, Quezon, Sibalom, Antique, and Trece Mártires, Cavite, the Philippines; and Sinajana in Guam|
Jude is clearly distinguished from Judas Iscariot, another apostle and later the betrayer of Jesus. Both Jude and Judas are translations of the name Ὶούδας in the Koine Greek language original text of the New Testament, which in turn is a Greek variant of Judah (Y'hudah), a name which was common among Jews at the time. In most Bibles in languages other than English and French, Jude and Judas are referred to by the same name.
Aside from Judas Iscariot, the New Testament mentions Jude or Judas six times, in four different contexts:
The first two are almost always thought to be the same person, although theologian Raymond Brown saw the identification as uncertain. The latter two are also usually thought to be the same person, though this too is not certain; see Epistle of Jude.
Catholic tradition generally holds all of these four to be the same person; while Protestants generally believe 1&2 to be one person, and 3&4 to be a one person, but different from 1&2.
Translations into English from the original Greek of the New Testament vary in their rendering of Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13. A literal translation of the references to Jude in these passages gives "Jude of James", as in Young's Literal Translation of the Bible, but scholars differ on whether this means "Jude, brother of James" or "Jude, son of James". The King James and the Douay-Rheims versions call him "Judas the brother of James", making him the same person as the writer of the Epistle of Jude, who identifies himself as "Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James" (Jude 1:1).
Most modern translations (including the New International Version, Revised Standard Version and New Revised Standard Version), identify him as "Jude the son of James", and not the same person as the author of the Epistle of Jude. Protestant scholar Darrell L. Bock writes that it must mean "son" not "brother", because when "brother" is intended, the Greek word for "brother" (adelphos) is present. Bock also says that means he was not the brother of Jesus.
Opinion is divided on whether Jude the apostle was also Jude, brother of Jesus, the traditional author of the Epistle of Jude. Generally, Catholics believe the two Judes are the same person, while Protestants generally do not.
According to the surviving fragments of the work Exposition of the Sayings of the Lord of the Apostolic Father Papias of Hierapolis, who lived c. 70–163 AD, Mary the wife of Cleophas or Alphaeus would be the mother of Judas the brother of Jesus that Papias identifies with Thaddeus:
Mary the wife of Cleophas or Alphaeus, who was the mother of James the bishop and apostle, and of Simon and Thaddeus, and of one Joseph...(Fragment X)
In the apostolic lists at Matthew 10:3 and Mark 3:18, Jude is omitted, but there is a Thaddeus (or in some manuscripts of Matthew 10:3, "Lebbaeus who was surnamed Thaddaeus", and therefore in the King James Version) listed in his place. This has led many Christians since early times to harmonize the lists by positing a "Jude Thaddeus", known by either name. This is made plausible by the fact that "Thaddeus" seems to be a nickname (see Thaddeus) and that many New Testament figures have multiple names (such as Simon Peter and Joseph Barnabas). A further reason is the fact that the name "Judas" was tarnished by Judas Iscariot. It has been argued that for this reason it is unsurprising that Mark and Matthew refer to him by an alternate name.
Some Biblical scholars reject this theory, however, holding that Jude and Thaddeus did not represent the same person. They have proposed alternative theories to explain the discrepancy: an unrecorded replacement of one for the other during the ministry of Jesus because of apostasy or death; the possibility that "twelve" was a symbolic number and an estimation; or simply that the names were not recorded perfectly by the early church.
In some Latin manuscripts of Matthew 10:3, Thaddeus is called Judas the Zealot.
This Judas was called by many names. He was said Judas James, for he was brother to James the Less, and he was called Thaddeus, which is as much to say as taking a prince; or Thadee is said of Thadea, that is a vesture, and of Deus, that is God, for he was vesture royal of God by ornament of virtues, by which he took Christ the prince. He is said also in the History Ecclesiastic, Lebbæus, which is as much to say as heart, or worshipper of heart. Or he is said Lebbæus of lebes, that is a vessel of heart by great hardiness, or a worshipper of heart by purity, a vessel by plenitude of grace, for he deserved to be a vessel of virtues and a caldron of grace.
Tradition holds that Saint Jude preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia and Libya. He is also said to have visited Beirut and Edessa, though the emissary of the latter mission is also identified as Thaddeus of Edessa, Addai, one of the Seventy. The 14th-century writer Nicephorus Callistus makes Jude the bridegroom at the wedding at Cana. The legend reports that St. Jude was born into a Jewish family in Paneas, a town in Galilee later rebuilt during the Roman period and renamed Caesarea Philippi.[note 1]
In all probability, he spoke both Greek and Aramaic, like almost all of his contemporaries in that area, and was a farmer by trade. According to the legend, St. Jude son of Clopas and Mary of Clopas, sister of Virgin Mary. Tradition has it that Jude's father, Clopas, was martyred because of his forthright and outspoken devotion to the risen Christ.
Although Saint Gregory the Illuminator is credited as the "Apostle to the Armenians", when he baptized King Tiridates III of Armenia in 301, converting the Armenians, the Apostles Jude and Bartholomew are traditionally believed to have been the first to bring Christianity to Armenia, and are therefore venerated as the patron saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Linked to this tradition is the Saint Thaddeus Monastery (now in northern Iran) and Saint Bartholomew Monastery (now in southeastern Turkey) which were both constructed in what was then Armenia.
According to tradition, Saint Jude suffered martyrdom about 65 AD in Beirut, in the Roman province of Syria, together with the apostle Simon the Zealot, with whom he is usually connected. The axe that he is often shown holding in pictures symbolizes the way in which he was killed. Their acts and martyrdom were recorded in an Acts of Simon and Jude that was among the collection of passions and legends traditionally associated with the legendary Abdias, bishop of Babylon, and said to have been translated into Latin by his disciple Tropaeus Africanus, according to the Golden Legend account of the saints.
Sometime after his death, Saint Jude's body was brought from Beirut to Rome and placed in a crypt in St. Peter's Basilica which was visited by many devotees. Now his bones are in the left transept of St. Peter's Basilica under the main altar of St. Joseph in one tomb with the remains of the apostle Simon the Zealot. According to another popular tradition, the remains of St. Jude were preserved in an Armenian monastery on an island in the northern part of Issyk-Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan at least until the mid-15th century. Later legends either deny that the remains are preserved there or claim that they were moved to a yet more desolate stronghold in the Pamir Mountains.
A plain ossuary marked with the inscription "Judas Thaddaeus" (Ιουδας Θαδδαιου) was found in Kefar Barukh, Jezreel Valley, alongside fragments of four uninscribed ossuaries. The site was dated by lamps and other pottery to no later than the early-second century. 
Jude is traditionally depicted carrying the image of Jesus in his hand or close to his chest, betokening the legend of the Image of Edessa, recorded in apocryphal correspondence between Jesus and Abgar which is reproduced in Eusebius' History Ecclesiastica, I, xiii. Eusebius relates that King Abgar of Edessa (now Şanlıurfa in southeast Turkey) sent a letter to Jesus seeking a cure for an illness afflicting him. With the letter he sent his envoy Hannan, the keeper of the archives, offering his own home city to Jesus as a safe dwelling place. The envoy painted a likeness of Jesus with choice paints (or alternatively, impressed with Abgar's faith, Jesus pressed his face into a cloth and gave it to Hannan) to take to Abgar with his answer. Upon seeing Jesus' image, the king placed it with great honor in one of his palatial houses. After Christ's execution, Jude Thomas the Apostle sent Addai, one of the 70 or 72 in Luke 10:1–12 to King Abgar and the king was cured. Astonished, he converted to Christianity, along with many of the people under his rule. Additionally, St. Jude is often depicted with a flame above his head, representing his presence at Pentecost, when he was said to have received the Holy Spirit with the other apostles.
According to tradition, after his martyrdom, pilgrims came to his grave to pray and many of them experienced the powerful intercessions of St. Jude. Thus the title, 'The Saint for the Hopeless and the Despaired'. St. Bridget of Sweden and St. Bernard had visions from God asking each to accept St. Jude as 'The Patron Saint of the Impossible'.
The Order of Preachers (better known as the Dominicans) began working in present-day Armenia soon after their founding in 1216. At that time, there was already a substantial devotion to Saint Jude by both Catholic and Orthodox Christians in the area. This lasted until persecution drove Christians from the area in the 18th century. Devotion to Saint Jude began again in earnest in the 19th century, starting in Italy and Spain, spreading to South America, and finally to the United States (starting in the vicinity of Chicago) owing to the influence of the Claretians and the Dominicans in the 1920s.
Among some Roman Catholics, Saint Jude is venerated as the "patron saint of lost causes". This practice stems from the belief that few Christians invoked him for misplaced fear of praying to Christ's betrayer, Judas Iscariot, because of their similar names. The ignored Jude thus supposedly became quite eager to assist anyone who sought his help, to the point of interceding in the most dire of circumstances. The Church also wanted to encourage veneration of this "forgotten" apostle, and maintained that Saint Jude would intercede in any lost cause to prove his sanctity and zeal for Christ.
Saint Jude is the patron saint of the Chicago Police Department and of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (a soccer team in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). His other patronages include desperate situations and hospitals. One of his namesakes is St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, which has helped many children with terminal illnesses and their families since its founding in 1962.
Many countries venerate the Apostle Jude and have constructed shrines or churches dedicated to his memory. Such sites include those in Australia, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Cuba, India, Iran, the Philippines, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States and Lebanon. The National Shrine of St. Jude in Chicago, Illinois was founded in 1929 by the Claretian Missionaries. The Nationwide Center of St. Jude Devotions  in Baltimore was founded in 1917 by the Pallottines. The National Shrine of Saint Jude Thaddeus in the Philippines was erected by the Archdiocese of Manila in 1954 as Espíritu Santo Chinese Parish. The Shrine holds the saint's novena liturgy every Thursday, and is now under the Society of the Divine Word that also runs the attached Saint Jude Catholic School. The National Shrine of Saint Jude at Faversham in England was founded in 1955.
An apostolic see is an episcopal see whose foundation is attributed to one or more of the apostles of Jesus or to one of their close associates. In Catholicism the phrase, with "the" and usually capitalized, refers to the See of Rome.Tertullian (c. 155 − c. 240) gives examples of apostolic sees: he describes as churches "in which the very thrones of the apostles are still pre-eminent in their places, in which their own authentic writings are read, uttering the voice and representing the face of each of them severally" the following churches: Corinth, Philippi, Ephesus, and Rome. And many more local churches are known to have been founded or at least governed by Saint Paul the Apostle and other apostles.
Tertullian says that from these "all the other churches, one after another, derived the tradition of the faith, and the seeds of doctrine, and are every day deriving them, that they may become churches. Indeed, it is on this account only that they will be able to deem themselves apostolic, as being the offspring of apostolic churches".Basilica and Convent of San Francisco, Lima
Basílica y Convento de San Francisco is the Spanish name for Saint Francis Monastery located in Lima, Peru, south of Parque la Muralla and one block northeast from the Plaza Mayor, Lima. The church and convent are part of the Historic Centre of Lima, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991. Aside from a church and monastery it also contains a library and catacombs. In this church, Jude the Apostle is venerated. At the feast of Saint Jude Tadeus a one and a half ton weighing silver stand is carried round in procession by 40 people, starting from the convent.Cathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle (St. Petersburg, Florida)
The Cathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in St. Petersburg, Florida, United States. It is the seat of the Diocese of St. Petersburg. St. Jude Parish was founded in 1950. The first church building, now Our Lady’s Chapel, was completed the following year. As the parish grew larger a combination school and church building was completed in 1954. The present church building, a Modern interpretation of the Byzantine style in the form of a Latin cross, was built in 1963. When Pope Paul VI established the Diocese of Petersburg on March 2, 1968, it became the cathedral of the new diocese. The cathedral underwent a $9 million renovation from 2012 to 2013.Dabney Tyler Smith
Dabney Tyler Smith (born December 7, 1953) is the fifth and current bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Southwest Florida. He was consecrated on March 10, 2007 at the Cathedral of St. Jude the Apostle in St. Petersburg. On May 1, 2015, he was nominated for presiding bishop of The Episcopal Church.Smith was born in Texas and raised in Florida, where his father, Dorsey Smith, served as priest. He received a doctorate of ministry from Seabury-Western Theological Seminary in 1999. He also has degrees from the University of South Florida and Nashotah House, where he serves on the Board of Trustees. He also serves on the Board of Regents of Sewanee: The University of the South.Egå Church
Egå Church (Danish: Egå Kirke) is a church located in Egå Parish in Aarhus, Denmark. The church is located 9 km north of Aarhus city centre and west of Risskov and the Bay of Aarhus. It is a parish church within the Church of Denmark with a population of 4.800 within the parish (2015). In medieval times the church was devoted to Jude the Apostle and Simon the Zealot.Epistle of Jude
The Epistle of Jude, often shortened to Jude, is the penultimate book of the New Testament and is traditionally attributed to Jude, the servant of Jesus and the brother of James the Just.Jude
Jude may refer to:
Jude, a unisex given name.
Jude the Apostle, an apostle also called Judas Thaddaeus or Lebbaeus, the patron saint of lost causes in the Catholic Church
Epistle of Jude, a book of the New Testament of the Bible
Jude, brother of Jesus, who is sometimes identified as being the same person as Jude the Apostle
German and Swedish for Jew
Der ewige Jude, a 1940 Nazi propaganda film whose German title means The Eternal Jew
Jude Deveraux, American novelist
Jude, a medieval Romanian judge over an area called a Judeţ
Jude Law, a British actor
Jude (singer), an American musician and songwriter
Jude the Obscure, a novel by Thomas Hardy
Jude (film), a film based on the Hardy novel
Jude Lizowski, a character on the Canadian animated series 6teen
Jude, a character in the 2007 film Across the Universe
astah*, a Java-based UML tool formerly known as JUDE
St Jude storm, weather stormJude, brother of Jesus
Jude (alternatively Judas or Judah) is one of the brothers of Jesus
(Greek: ἀδελφοί, romanized: adelphoi, lit. 'brethren') according to the New Testament. He is traditionally identified as the author of the Epistle of Jude, a short epistle which is reckoned among the seven general epistles of the New Testament—placed after Paul's epistles and before the Book of Revelation—and considered canonical by Christians. Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians believe this Jude is the same person as Jude the Apostle and that Jude was perhaps a cousin, but not literally a brother, of Jesus.List of Islamic prophets buried in Iran
This is a list of prophets buried in Iran (Persia).
East Azerbaijan Province, Iran
Gurjee (جرجیس) - Jolfa city, village of Shah Golfarak valley, Kaghi KeyYounis (یونس) - Marand County Jude the Apostle, also known as St. Thaddeus - St. Thaddeus Monastery, Maku, IranIsfahan province
Isaiah (شعیا) - Isfahan; Some muslims believe buried in Isaiah mausoleum, Imamzadeh Ismail located in the Old Jewish Quarter, Isfahan, Iran. Some claim Nahal Dishon, Israel.
Joshua (یوشع) - Historical cemetery of Takht e Foolad in Esfahan, Iran. Some claim Joshua's Tomb in Jordan, some claim Kifl Haris.
Serah - Pir Bakran, near Esfahan, IranTehran Province
Hannah and Samuel - Some claim Tomb of Samuel, West Bank. Other sources claim Samuel's tomb is located 30 km outside Saveh City, IranKhuzestan Province
Daniel (دانیال) - Susa, in southern Iran, at a site known as Shush-e DaniyalZanjan province
Qedarite (قیدار) - Qeydar, Zanjan, IranSemnan
Sam and Lam (سام و لام) - Semnan, Northeast Semnan
Jeremiah (ارمیا) - the city of Shahrood, Miami, the village of Jeremiah, some claim Harris County, West Benghazi, Gigah Village .Qazvin province
Four prophets (Khalid e Nabi, Shamun, Yuhanna and Yunus) - Qazvin city, central part, Peygambria Street
Sam and Gholot (سام و جالوت) - Qazvin, Rudbar, Oneakaleh Aliyeh VillageGolestan province
Khalid ibn Sinan (خالد بن سنان) - Gonbad Kavous city, Gachi Sou village, cemetery and shrine of Khalid NabiMarkazi Province
Samuel (اشموئیل) - Saveh, the central part of the village of Prophet, the shrine of Shmonoel the prophet. Some claim Tomb of Samuel.Hamedan province
Habakkuk (حیقوق) - Some locate it at Huqoq, others at Kadarim, Israel. Others claim at Toyserkan, IranMordecai and Esther- Tomb of Esther and Mordechai, Hamedan, IranLoa
Loa (also spelled lwa) are the spirits of Haitian Vodou and Louisiana Voodoo. They are also referred to as "mystères" and "the invisibles" and are intermediaries between Bondye (from French Bon Dieu, meaning "good God")—the Supreme Creator, who is distant from the world—and humanity. Unlike saints or angels, however, they are not simply prayed to, they are served. They are each distinct beings with their own personal likes and dislikes, distinct sacred rhythms, songs, dances, ritual symbols, and special modes of service. Contrary to popular belief, the loa are not deities in and of themselves; they are intermediaries for, and dependent on, a distant Bondye.Nicholas Anthony Ascioti
Nicholas Anthony Ascioti (born May 30, 1974) is an American composer.Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Petersburg
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Petersburg (Latin: Dioecesis Sancti Petri in Florida) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Florida. It was founded on March 2, 1968.St. Jude's Cathedral
St. Jude's Cathedral may refer to:
CanadaSt. Jude's Cathedral (Iqaluit)United StatesCathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle (St. Petersburg, Florida)St. Jude Medical
St. Jude Medical, Inc. was an American global medical device company headquartered in Little Canada, Minnesota, U.S., a suburb of Saint Paul. The company had more than 20 principal operations and manufacturing facilities worldwide with products sold in more than 100 countries. Its major markets include the United States, Europe, Latin America and Asia-Pacific. The company was named after Jude the Apostle, the patron saint of lost causes.St. Jude Medical was founded in 1976 and went public in 1977, and the company has been listed in the Fortune 500 every year since 2010. The company was acquired by Abbott Laboratories in January 2017.Michael T. Rousseau served as the company's president and chief executive officer from 2016 until its acquisition by AbbottSt Jude's, Bristol
St Jude's is an area of central Bristol, England. It takes its name from the former Church of England parish church of St Jude the Apostle, which was designed by Samuel Burleigh Gabriel and completed in 1849.St Jude's is east of the Broadmead shopping area. The main car park for Cabot Circus is there. Part of the land of St Jude's was also annexed to Broadmead for the construction of Cabot Circus in 2006.
An excavation, of a proposed residential development on a site of 1,260m² at the corner and on the north-west side of Little Anne Street and Wade Street, uncovered 18th century artisan's houses which were removed in the years on either side of the Second World War as part of a so-called 'slum clearance' project. Census records and other primary sources suggest that a property within the bounds of the study site, 26 Wade Street, served as a pipe factory, while several pipemaking families and individuals resided within the area.Statue of Jude the Apostle, Charles Bridge
The statue of Jude the Apostle is an outdoor sculpture by Jan Oldřich Mayer, installed on the north side of the Charles Bridge in Prague, Czech Republic.Yudin
Yudin (male) and Yudina (female) (Russian: Юдин, Юдина) are Russian surnames derived from the name Yuda, a russified version of the former calendar name Jude (given after Jude the Apostle, no longer in use). In Belarus and Western Ukraine the origin might be the Catholic name Judith. Also adopted by Jews following the Partitions of Poland, in reference to a village name Yudino or meaning "the son/daughter of Jude". Not related to the word Jew.
Yudin may refer to:
Aleksei Yudin (born 1981), Russian professional football player
Andriy Yudin (born 1967), Ukrainian football player and coach
Andrei Alekseyevich Yudin (born 1991), Russian professional football player
Artyom Yudin (born 1989), Russian professional football player
Benjamin Yudin, American rabbi
Benjamin P. Yudin (1928–1983), Kazakh scholar of oriental studies
Boris Stepanovich Yudin (1928–1986), Siberian theriologist
Ivan Yudin (born 1990), Russian professional football player
Erik Yudin, Russian philosopher
Konstantin Yudin (1896–1957), Soviet cinema director and screenwriter
Konstantin A. Yudin (1912–1980), Soviet zoologist
Larisa Yudina (1945–1998), Russian journalist and the editor of the opposition newspaper
Maria Yudina (1899–1970), Soviet pianist
Mikhail Yudin (born 1976), Russian professional football player
Robert Yudin (born 1939), Chairman of the Republican Party of the Bergen County, New Jersey
Sergei Yudin (tenor) (1889–1963), Russian opera singer, a lyric tenor
Sergei Yudin (surgeon) (1891–1954), Russian physician who developed early blood bank practices
Stepan Yudin (born 1980), Russian race walker
Jānis Judiņš (Yan Yudin, 1884–1918), Red Latvian Riflemen commander, hero of the Russian Civil War
Yelena Yudina (born 1988), Russian skeleton racer
New Testament people
† Recognized as a prophet. ‡Status as a prophet is not universally recognized