Journey's End

Journey's End is a 1928 dramatic play, the seventh of English playwright R. C. Sherriff. It was first performed at the Apollo Theatre in London by the Incorporated Stage Society on 9 December 1928, starring a young Laurence Olivier, and soon moved to other West End theatres for a two-year run. It was included in Burns Mantle's The Best Plays of 1928–1929. The piece quickly became internationally popular, with numerous productions and tours in English and other languages. A 1930 film version was followed by other adaptations, and the play set a high standard for other works dealing with similar themes, and influenced playwrights including Noël Coward.

Set in the trenches near Saint-Quentin, Aisne in 1918, towards the end of the First World War, Journey's End gives a glimpse into the experiences of the officers of a British Army infantry company. The story plays out in the officers' dugout over four days from 18 March 1918 to 21 March 1918, the last few days before Operation Michael.

Sherriff considered calling it Suspense or Waiting, but eventually found a title in the closing line of a chapter of an unidentified book, "It was late in the evening when we came at last to our journey's end".[1]

Journey's End
Journey's End Bretano 1929
Brentano's Publisher's first edition, 1929
Written byR. C. Sherriff
Date premiered9 December 1928
Place premieredApollo Theatre
London, England
Original languageEnglish
GenreDrama
SettingBritish trenches in the days before the Battle of Saint-Quentin during the First World War

Plot summary

Act I

In the British trenches before Saint-Quentin, Captain Hardy converses with Lieutenant Osborne, an older man and public school master, who has come to relieve him. Hardy jokes about the behaviour of Captain Stanhope, who has turned to alcohol to cope with the stress which the war has caused him. While Hardy jokes, Osborne defends Stanhope and describes him as "the best company commander we've got".

Private Mason, a servant cook, often forgets about ingredients and key parts of the food that he prepares for the officers.

Second Lieutenant Trotter is a rotund officer commissioned from the ranks who likes his food; he can't stand the war and counts down each hour that he serves in the front line by drawing circles onto a piece of paper and then colouring them in.

Second Lieutenant James "Jimmy" Raleigh is a young and naive officer who joins the company. Raleigh knew Stanhope from school, where Stanhope was skipper at rugby; Raleigh refers to Stanhope as Dennis.

Raleigh admits that he requested to be sent to Stanhope's company. Osborne hints to Raleigh that Stanhope will not be the same person he knew from school, as the experiences of war have changed him; however, Raleigh does not seem to understand.

Stanhope is angry that Raleigh has been allowed to join him and describes the boy as a hero-worshipper. As Stanhope is in a relationship with Raleigh's sister Madge, he is concerned that Raleigh will write home and inform his sister of Stanhope's drinking. Stanhope tells Osborne that he will censor Raleigh's letters so this will not happen; Osborne does not approve.

Stanhope has a keen sense of duty and feels that he must continue to serve rather than take leave to which he is entitled. He criticises another soldier, Second Lieutenant Hibbert, who he thinks is faking neuralgia in the eye so that he can be sent home instead of continuing fighting.

Osborne puts a tired and somewhat drunk Stanhope to bed. Stanhope (and the other officers) refer to Osborne as "Uncle".

Act II

Scene 1

Trotter and Mason converse about the bacon rashers which the company has to eat. Trotter talks about how the start of spring makes him feel youthful; he also talks about the hollyhocks which he has planted. These conversations are a way of escaping the trenches and the reality of the war.

Osborne and Raleigh discuss how slowly time passes at the front, and the fact that both of them played rugby before the war and that Osborne was a schoolmaster before he signed up to fight. While Raleigh appears interested, Osborne points out that it is of little use now.

Osborne describes the madness of war when describing how German soldiers allowed the British to rescue a wounded soldier in No Man's Land, while the next day the two sides shelled each other heavily. He describes the war as "silly".

Stanhope announces that the barbed wire around the trenches needs to be mended. Information gathered from a captured German indicates that an enemy attack is planned to begin on Thursday morning, only two days away.

Stanhope confiscates a letter from Raleigh, insisting on his right to censor it. Stanhope is in a relationship with Raleigh's sister and is worried that, in the letter, Raleigh will reveal Stanhope's growing alcoholism. Full of self-loathing, Stanhope accedes to Osborne's offer to read the letter for him. The letter is, in fact, full of praise for Stanhope. The scene ends with Stanhope quietly demurring from Osborne's suggestion to re-seal the envelope.

Scene 2

In a meeting with the Sergeant Major it is announced that the attack is taking place on Thursday. Stanhope and the Sergeant-Major discuss battle plans. The Colonel relays orders that the General wants a raid to take place on the German trench prior to the attack, "a surprise daylight raid", all previous raids having been made under cover of darkness, and that they want to be informed of the outcome by 7 p.m. Stanhope states that such a plan is absurd, and that the General and his staff merely want this so their dinner will not be delayed.

The Colonel agrees with Stanhope but says that orders are orders, and they must be obeyed. Later, it is stated that in a similar raid, after the British artillery bombardment, the Germans had tied red rag to the gaps in the barbed wire so that their soldiers knew exactly where to train their machine guns.

It is decided that Osborne and Raleigh will be the officers to go on the raid, despite the fact that Raleigh has only recently entered the war.

Hibbert complains to Stanhope about the neuralgia he states he has been suffering from. Stanhope replies: "it would be better to die from the pain, than from being shot for desertion". Hibbert maintains that he does have neuralgia and the right to leave the battlefield to seek treatment, but when Stanhope threatens to shoot him if he goes, Hibbert breaks down crying. The two soldiers admit to each other that they feel exactly the same way, and are struggling to cope with the stresses that the war is putting on them.

Osborne reads aloud to Trotter from Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland; another attempt to escape from the realities of the war. The scene ends with the idealistic Raleigh, who is untouched by the war, stating that it is "frightfully exciting" that he has been picked for the raid.

Act III

Scene 1

There is confirmation that the raid is still going ahead. The Colonel states that a German soldier needs to be captured so that intelligence can be extracted from him. Osborne admits to Stanhope that he knows he's probably not coming back, and asks Stanhope to look after his most cherished possessions and send them to his wife if he does not return after the raid. In the minutes before going over the top, Raleigh and Osborne talk about home – the New Forest and the town of Lyndhurst – to pass the time. Smoke-bombs are fired, the soldiers move towards the German trench, and a young German soldier is captured. However, Stanhope finds out that Osborne has been killed although Raleigh has survived.

Stanhope sarcastically states, "How awfully nice – if the Brigadier's pleased", when the Colonel's first concern is whether information has been gathered, not whether all the soldiers have returned safely. Six of ten other ranks have been killed.

Scene 2

Trotter, Stanhope, and Hibbert drink and talk about women. They all appear to be enjoying themselves until Hibbert is annoyed when Stanhope tells him to go to bed, and he tells Stanhope to go to bed instead, then Stanhope suddenly becomes angry and begins to shout at Hibbert, and tells him to clear off and get out.

Stanhope also becomes angry at Raleigh, who did not eat with the officers that night but preferred to eat with his men. Stanhope is offended by this, and Raleigh eventually admits that he feels he cannot eat while he thinks that Osborne is dead, and his body is in No Man's Land. Stanhope is angry because Raleigh had seemed to imply that Stanhope didn't care about Osborne's death because Stanhope was eating and drinking. Stanhope yells at Raleigh that he drinks to cope with the fact that Osborne died, to forget. Stanhope asks to be left alone and angrily tells Raleigh to leave.

Scene 3

The German attack on the British trenches approaches, and the Sergeant Major tells Stanhope they should expect heavy losses. When it arrives, Hibbert is reluctant to get out of bed and into the trenches.

A message is relayed to Stanhope telling him that Raleigh has been injured by a shell and that his spine is damaged, meaning he can't move his legs. Stanhope orders that Raleigh be brought into his dugout. He comforts Raleigh while Raleigh lies in bed. Raleigh says that he is cold and that it is becoming dark; Stanhope moves the candle to the bed and goes deeper into the dugout to fetch a blanket, but, by the time he returns, Raleigh has died.

The shells continue to explode in the background. Stanhope receives a message that he is needed. He gets up to leave and, after he has exited, a mortar hits the dugout causing it to collapse and entomb Raleigh's corpse.

Productions (professional)

Sherriff had trouble getting Journey's End produced in the West End, writing that "Every management in London had turned the play down. They said people didn't want war plays [...] 'How can I put on a play with no leading lady?' one [theatre manager] had asked complainingly."[1] Sherriff used No Leading Lady as the title of his autobiography, published in 1968.

Geoffrey Dearmer of the Incorporated Stage Society suggested that Sherriff send the script to George Bernard Shaw, because a good word from him would convince the ISS committee to stage it.[1] Shaw replied that, like other sketches of trench life, it was a "useful [corrective] to the romantic conception of war", and that "As a 'slice of life' – horribly abnormal life – I should say let it be performed by all means".[1]

Colinclive
Colin Clive as Stanhope in the 1929 production of Journey's End, directed by James Whale

Journey's End opened as a semi-staged production running for two nights at the Apollo Theatre.[1] It starred Laurence Olivier, then only 21, offered the role of Stanhope by the then equally unknown director James Whale.[1] Under a new producer, Maurice Browne, the play soon transferred to the Savoy Theatre where it ran for three weeks starting on 21 January 1929.[2] The entire cast from the Apollo reprised their roles (George Zucco playing Osborne and Maurice Evans Raleigh) except for Olivier, who had secured another role and was replaced by Colin Clive as Stanhope.[3] The play then transferred to the Prince of Wales Theatre, where it ran for the next two years.

Whale travelled to the United States to direct the Broadway production in 1930 at Henry Miller's Theatre.[1] Colin Keith-Johnston played Stanhope, and Leon Quartermaine Osborne.[1] By late 1929 the work was played by 14 companies in English and 17 in other languages, in London, New York, Paris (in English), Stockholm, Berlin, Rome, Vienna, Madrid, and Budapest, and in Canada, Australia, and South Africa.[1] The first revival of the work was in 1934, with Horne, Stoker and Smith reprising their original roles, and Reginald Tate as Stanhope.[4] The first New York revival was in 1939, with Keith-Johnston again playing Stanhope.[5] There were further London revivals in 1950[6] (which won enthusiastic praise from Field Marshal Montgomery)[7] and 1972.[8] The BBC Radio 4 Saturday Night Theatre produced the play in November 1970, with the adaptation by Peter Watts and featuring Martin Jarvis as Captain Stanhope.

In 2004, the play was again revived in London, directed by David Grindley. From its initial twelve-week season at the Comedy Theatre from January 2004, it transferred to the Playhouse Theatre and the Duke of York's Theatre, finally closing on 18 February 2005. A touring company took the same production to over 30 venues across Britain in 2004 and 2005 and back to London, to the New Ambassadors Theatre from September 2005 to January 2006. Grindley's production received its Broadway debut in 2007. Starring Hugh Dancy, Boyd Gaines, Jefferson Mays and Stark Sands, it opened in New York at the Belasco Theatre on 22 February 2007 and closed on 10 June after 125 performances. Grindley's production was revived in 2011 for a UK tour from March to June, and transferred to the Duke of York's Theatre in the West End from July to September. The Sell A Door Theatre Company ran this play[9] at the Greenwich Theatre until 17 February 2013. During 2014 it was presented at the Octagon Theatre, Bolton; directed by David Thacker, it featured David Birrell, Richard Graham and, as Stanhope, James Dutton.

Casts

1928

2011 tour and West End revival

  • Hardy/Sergeant Major: Tim Chipping
  • Osborne: Dominic Mafham
  • Mason: Tony Turner
  • Raleigh: Graham Butler
  • Stanhope: James Norton
  • Trotter: Christian Patterson
  • Hibbert: Simon Harrison
  • Colonel: Nigel Hastings
  • Private: Daniel Hanna
  • German Soldier: Andy Daniel
  • Broughton: Mike Hayley

In the second part of the 2011 tour, after the West End run, Nick Hendrix took over the role of Stanhope and Simon Dutton the role of Osborne.

Productions (amateur)

Over the years there have been numerous amateur productions, the all-male cast making the play a particularly attractive choice for boys' schools, scout troops and other all-male environments. The British Scout Association owns a share of the rights to the play.[11]

During the Second World War, productions were staged by members of the Royal Natal Carbineers at El Khatatba, Egypt (January 1944); and by British prisoners in Changi Prison, Singapore (February 1943); in another Japanese labour camp on the Burma Railway at Tha Maa Kham (Tamarkan), Thailand (July 1943); in Stalag 344, near Lamsdorf, Germany (July 1944); and in Campo PG 75, near Bari, Italy.[12]

In 2015 the Shute Theatre and Arts Guild (STAG) staged a production of the play in St Michael's Church, Shute, Devon, directed by Elisabeth Miller.[13]

In August 2018 a production was staged to commemorate the end of the First World War at St John's School, Leatherhead, and the Leatherhead Theatre, directed by Graham Pountney.[14]

In September 2018 a production was staged by Fintry Amateur Dramatic Society (FADS), in "The Studio", a converted barn outside Killearn, Stirling.[15]

Adaptations

Film

In 1930, James Whale directed an eponymous film based on the play, starring Colin Clive, David Manners and Ian Maclaren.[16]

A German remake, The Other Side (Die andere Seite), was directed by Heinz Paul in 1931.

The play is the basis for the film Aces High (1976), although the action was switched from the infantry to the Royal Flying Corps.

A second eponymous English film adaptation was released in 2017, with a wider theatrical release in Spring 2018.

Television

The play was televised by the BBC Television Service, live from its Alexandra Palace studios, on 11 November 1937, in commemoration of Armistice Day. Condensed into a one-hour version by the producer George More O'Ferrall, some short sequences from the film Westfront 1918 (1930) by G. W. Pabst were used for scene-setting purposes. Reginald Tate starred as Stanhope, with Basil Gill as Osborne, Norman Pierce as Trotter, Wallace Douglas as Raleigh, J. Neil More as the Colonel, R. Brooks Turner as the Company Sergeant-Major, Alexander Field as Mason, Reginald Smith as Hardy, and Olaf Olsen as the young German soldier. Because it was broadcast live, and the technology to record television programmes did not exist at the time, no visual records of the production survive other than still photographs.[17]

The play was adapted for television in 1988, starring Jeremy Northam as Stanhope, Edward Petherbridge as Osborne, and Timothy Spall as Trotter.[18] It held close to the original script although there were changes, the most obvious being the depiction on camera of the raid, which happens off-stage in the theatre production.

Legacy

Other plays of the period dealing with the war tended to be judged by the standard of Journey's End.[19] The play and its characters also influenced other writers. In 1930, Noël Coward briefly played the role of Stanhope while on tour in the Far East. He did not consider his performance successful, writing afterwards that his audience "politely watched me take a fine part in a fine play and throw it into the alley."[20] However, he was "strongly affected by the poignancy of the play itself", and was inspired to write Post Mortem, his own "angry little vilification of war", shortly afterwards.[21]

An alternate-timeline version of Raleigh appears in the 1995 novel The Bloody Red Baron by Kim Newman. The final series of the British comedy programme Blackadder (Blackadder Goes Forth) focuses on the same theme and setting, sometimes with heavy parallels. In Withnail & I the out of work actor Marwood (played by Paul McGann) is seen reading a copy of the play in the holiday cottage and goes on to win a role in a touring production by the close of the film.

Awards and nominations

Awards

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sherriff, Robert Cedric (1968). No Leading Lady: An Autobiography. London: Victor Gollancz. pp. 39, 9, 43–44, 45, 52, 49, 70–76, 129, 130, 181. ISBN 978-0-575-00155-8.
  2. ^ Browne, Maurice. Too Late to Lament: An Autobiography. London, Gollancz, 1955, pp. 306-309.
  3. ^ Olivier played the part again in 1934 at a special performance for a post-war charity, with Horne and Zucco from the original cast. See "Special Performance of 'Journey's End'", The Times, 3 November 1934, p. 10
  4. ^ "Journey's End", The Times, 28 November 1934, p. 12
  5. ^ "New York Stage, 'Journey's End' Revived", The Times, 25 October 1939, p. 6
  6. ^ "Journey's End", The Times, 6 October 1950, p. 8
  7. ^ Letters to the Editor, The Times, 20 October 1950, p. 5
  8. ^ "Journey's End", The Times, 19 May 1972, p. 11
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Savoy Theatre – Journey's End", The Play Pictorial, February 1929, p. 7
  11. ^ "The Scout Association's Copyright and Trade Marks" (PDF). Members.scouts.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  12. ^ Walters 2016, pp. 368–9, 372–3.
  13. ^ "Journey's End". Shute Theatre and Arts Guild. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Journey's End". Theatre Reviva!. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  15. ^ "FADS Past Productions". Fintry Amateur Dramatic Society. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Journey's End", The Times, 15 April 1930, p. 14
  17. ^ Vahimagi, Tise (1994). British Television: An Illustrated Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-19-818336-5.
  18. ^ "Journey's End (1988), TV Movie on IMDb film database". imdb.com. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  19. ^ Purkis 2016.
  20. ^ Coward, Present Indicative, p. 304
  21. ^ Lesley, p. 140

Sources

  • Coward, Noël (1937). Present Indicative. London: Methuen. ISBN 978-0-413-77413-2.
  • Gore-Langton, Robert (2013). Journey's End: the classic war play explored. London: Oberon. ISBN 9781849433952.
  • Lesley, Cole (1976). The Life of Noel Coward. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-01288-1.
  • Purkis, Charlotte (2016). "The mediation of constructions of pacifism in Journey's End and The Searcher, two contrasting dramatic memorials from the late 1920s". Journalism Studies. 17 (4): 502–16. doi:10.1080/1461670X.2015.1135753.
  • Sherriff, R. C. (1929). Journey's End, a Play in Three Acts (First ed.). New York: Brentano's. OCLC 1490502.
  • Walters, Emily Curtis (2016). "Between entertainment and elegy: the unexpected success of R. C. Sherriff's Journey's End (1928)". Journal of British Studies. 55 (2): 344–73.

External links

A Journey's End

A Journey's End is the second album of the Irish black metal band Primordial. It was originally released in 1998.

Re-released in 2005 by Candlelight Records with Imrama as a two disc set.

Re-released again on September 1, 2009 in Europe via Metal Blade Records (and August

29 in Germany, Switzerland and Austria) as a double digipak package in a

precious black linen slipcase with glossy golden hot foil print, containing a

six-page digipak with the original artwork, the two discs and a 16-page booklet

with new liner notes and additional photos.

Allum Green

Allum Green is a hamlet southwest of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, England.

During the night of 5/6 September 1940 it was the scene of a Luftwaffe bombing raid, which resulted in the deaths of four British Army soldiers of the RAOC (Royal Army Ordnance Corps) and 14 men were injured.The precise location of bomb strike was on Allum Green House itself, which still exists and is a private home. The site is commemorated by a memorial bench erected in 1980 by comrades of the deceased.

Those killed were:

Warrant Officer Class 2 H S Tyler

Staff Sergeant S H Avon,

Staff Sergeant E W E Gifford

Sergeant A W Blunn.It was mentioned in R. C. Sherriff's Journey's End, as Raleigh lived there. Vera Brittain bought Allum Green Cottage in May 1939.

Bionicle

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Unlike previous Lego themes, Bionicle was accompanied by an original story told on a multimedia spectrum that expanded as the theme continued. The success prompted subsequent Lego themes to utilize similar story-telling methods. Set in a science fantasy universe featuring a diversity of cyborgs, the saga depicts the exploits of the Toa, heroic biomechanical beings with innate elemental abilities whose duty is to maintain peace throughout their universe.

Companion (Doctor Who)

In the long-running BBC television science fiction programme Doctor Who and related works, the term "companion" refers to a character who travels with, or shares the adventures of, the Doctor. In most Doctor Who stories, the primary companion acts as an audience surrogate. They provide the lens through which the viewer is introduced to the series. The companion character often furthers the story by asking questions and getting into trouble, or by helping, rescuing, or challenging the Doctor. This designation is applied to a character by the show's producers and appears in the BBC's promotional material and off-screen fictional terminology. Until the modern revival of the series in 2005, the term was rarely used on-screen. The Doctor also refers to the show's other leads as his "friends" or "assistants"; the British press have also used the latter term.

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Deathstroke has been ranked as the 24th Greatest Villain of All Time by Wizard magazine, and as the 32nd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time by IGN. The character has been substantially adapted from the comics into multiple forms of media, including several Batman-related projects and the Teen Titans animated series. He has been portrayed in live-action by Manu Bennett on The CW's television series Arrow, by Joe Manganiello in the DC Extended Universe, beginning with a cameo in the 2017 film Justice League, and by Esai Morales in the web television series Titans.

Doctor Who (series 4)

The fourth series of British science fiction television programme Doctor Who was preceded by the 2007 Christmas special "Voyage of the Damned". Following the special, a regular series of thirteen episodes aired, starting with "Partners in Crime" on 5 April 2008 and ending with "Journey's End" three months later on 5 July 2008.

"Partners in Crime" marked the debut of Donna Noble, as played by Catherine Tate, as a full-time companion to the Tenth Doctor, after she first appeared in the 2006 Christmas special, "The Runaway Bride". Freema Agyeman also returns as the Doctor's companion Martha Jones from the previous series. John Barrowman, Elisabeth Sladen, Noel Clarke and Camille Coduri also returned to appear in the series finale, as well Billie Piper, who appeared as Rose Tyler in the three final episodes of the series.

The series started production on 8 August 2007 and concluded on 29 March 2008. A short Children in Need special titled "Time Crash" was also produced and before "Voyage of the Damned", as well as a mini-episode entitled "Music of the Spheres", which was premiered at the Doctor Who Prom after the fourth series finale in July 2008. The fourth series was the final full series to star David Tennant as the Doctor, and the last with lead writer and showrunner Russell T Davies, but they would both stay until 2010, following the 2008–2010 specials. The series incorporates a loose story arc consisting of recurring mentions of the disappearance of bees from planet Earth and the loss of various planets and moons.

James Whale

James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theater director and actor. He is best remembered for several horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935), all considered classics. Whale also directed films in other genres, including the 1936 film version of the musical Show Boat. He became increasingly disenchanted with his association with horror, and many of his non-horror films have fallen into obscurity.

Whale was born into a large family in Dudley, in the Black Country area of the English West Midlands. He discovered his artistic talent early on and studied art. With the outbreak of World War I he enlisted in the British Army and became an officer. He was captured by the Germans and during his time as a prisoner of war he realized he was interested in drama. Following his release at the end of the war he became an actor, set designer and director. His success directing the 1928 play Journey's End led to his move to the US, first to direct the play on Broadway and then to Hollywood, California, to direct films. He lived in Hollywood for the rest of his life, most of that time with his longtime companion, producer David Lewis. Apart from Journey's End (1930), which was released by Tiffany Films, and Hell's Angels (1930), released by United Artists, he directed a dozen films for Universal Pictures between 1931 and 1937, developing a style characterized by the influence of German Expressionism and a highly mobile camera.

At the height of his career as a director Whale directed The Road Back (1937), a sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front. Studio interference, possibly spurred by political pressure from Nazi Germany, led to the film's being altered from Whale's vision and it was a critical and commercial failure. A run of similar box-office disappointments followed and, while he would make one final short film in 1950, by 1941 his film directing career was effectively over. He continued to direct for the stage and also rediscovered his love for painting and travel. His investments made him wealthy and he lived a comfortable retirement until suffering strokes in 1956 that robbed him of his vigor and left him in pain. He committed suicide on 29 May 1957 by drowning himself in his swimming pool.

Whale was openly gay throughout his career, something that was very unusual in the 1920s and 1930s. As knowledge of his sexual orientation has become more common, some of his films, Bride of Frankenstein in particular, have been interpreted as having a gay subtext and it has been claimed that his refusal to remain in the closet led to the end of his career.

Journey's End (1930 film)

Journey's End is a 1930 British-American war film directed by James Whale. Based on the play of the same name by R. C. Sherriff, the film tells the story of several British army officers involved in trench warfare during the First World War. The film, like the play before it, was an enormous critical and commercial success and launched the film careers of Whale and several of its stars.

The following year there was a German film version Die andere Seite directed by Heinz Paul starring Conrad Veidt as Stanhope and Wolfgang Liebeneiner as Raleigh. The film was banned just weeks after the Nazis took power in 1933.

In 1976, the play was adapted again as Aces High with the scenario shifted to the British Royal Flying Corps. The play was adapted for film again with its original title and scenario in 2017.

Journey's End (2017 film)

Journey's End is a 2017 British war film, based on the 1928 play Journey's End by R. C. Sherriff. Written by Simon Reade and directed by Saul Dibb, it is the fifth film adaptation of the play, following Journey's End (1930), The Other Side (1931), Aces High (1976), and a 1988 BBC TV film (also Journey's End). The film was screened in the Special Presentations section at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival.

Journey's End (Boca Grande, Florida)

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Journey's End (Doctor Who)

"Journey's End" is the thirteenth and final episode of the fourth series of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast on BBC One on 5 July 2008. It is the second episode of a two-part crossover story featuring the characters of spin-off shows Torchwood and The Sarah Jane Adventures, preceded by "The Stolen Earth", which aired on 28 June. At 65 minutes in length, it was approximately 20 minutes longer than a standard fourth series episode. It marked the final regular appearance of Catherine Tate as Donna Noble.

In the episode, Sarah Jane Smith (Elisabeth Sladen) and Martha Jones (Freema Agyeman), former travelling companions of the time-travelling Tenth Doctor (David Tennant), prepare to counter the Daleks' universe-destroying Reality Bomb with devastating weapons of their own. Meanwhile, Dalek Caan of the Cult of Skaro (voice of Nicholas Briggs) intends to betray his race by hastening a prophecy involving the Doctor's current companion Donna, where the Daleks will become extinct.

"Journey's End" received mixed reviews, not matching the acclaim of "The Stolen Earth".

Journey's End (album)

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Loreena McKennitt

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R. C. Sherriff

Robert Cedric Sherriff, FSA, FRSL (6 June 1896 – 13 November 1975) was an English writer best known for his play Journey's End, which was based on his experiences as an army officer in the First World War. He wrote several plays, novels, and screenplays, and was nominated for an Academy Award and two BAFTA awards.

Saul Dibb

Saul Dibb (born 1968) is an English director and screenwriter. His father is the documentary maker Mike Dibb.

Born in London, England, Saul Dibb is a graduate of the University of East Anglia. He is best known for co-writing and directing Bullet Boy, for which he was nominated for the Douglas Hickox Award, The Line of Beauty, and The Duchess. In 2016, he directed the adaptation for BBC2 of Zadie Smith's bestselling novel NW into a 90-minute television film of the same name, starring Nikki Amuka-Bird and Phoebe Fox. Dibb directed a film adaptation of R. C. Sherriff's 1928 play Journey's End, which was released in 2017. This has been dubbed 'The best ever film about the Great War' by The Times.

The Slitheen Excursion

The Slitheen Excursion is a BBC Books original novel written by Simon Guerrier and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Tenth Doctor initially without a companion, most likely following on from the fourth series finale Journey's End. During the story he does acquire a temporary companion in the form of university student June who—while still with him at the end of the story—does not appear in any other adventure. It was released on 2 April 2009, alongside Judgement of the Judoon and Prisoner of the Daleks.

The Stolen Earth

"The Stolen Earth" is the twelfth episode of the fourth series and the 750th overall episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It was first broadcast on BBC One on 28 June 2008. The episode was written by show runner and head writer Russell T Davies and is the first of a two-part crossover story with spin-offs The Sarah Jane Adventures and Torchwood; the concluding episode is "Journey's End", the finale of the fourth series, broadcast on 5 July.

The finale's narrative brings closure to several prominent story arcs created during Davies' tenure as show runner. In the episode, contemporary Earth and twenty-six other planets are stolen by the Daleks, aided by their megalomaniacal creator Davros and a shattered but precognitive Dalek Caan. As the Doctor (David Tennant) and his companion Donna Noble (Catherine Tate) try to find Earth, his previous companions Jack Harkness (John Barrowman), Martha Jones (Freema Agyeman), Sarah Jane Smith (Elisabeth Sladen), and Rose Tyler (Billie Piper) convene to contact him and mount a defence against the Daleks. In the episode's climax, the Doctor is shot by a Dalek and begins to regenerate.

The episode marks the first appearance of Davros since the 1988 serial Remembrance of the Daleks; he is portrayed by Julian Bleach. It is also the first Doctor Who appearance of Gwen Cooper (Eve Myles); Ianto Jones (Gareth David-Lloyd); Luke Smith (Thomas Knight); and Mr Smith (voiced by Alexander Armstrong), though Myles and Armstrong appeared in other episodes playing different roles. Adjoa Andoh and Penelope Wilton reprise supporting roles as Martha's mother Francine Jones and former Prime Minister Harriet Jones respectively. Paul O'Grady and Richard Dawkins make cameo appearances as themselves as television personalities who attempt to assuage public fear.

The two-part finale's epic scale and underlying plot was first conceived in early 2007 as the last regular-series story for departing producers Russell T Davies, Julie Gardner, and Phil Collinson: the fourth series finale is the last story produced by Collinson; and Steven Moffat and Piers Wenger replaced Davies and Gardner as show runner and executive producer respectively in 2010. Major concepts were already specified by July 2007 and the script was written in December 2007; Davies began on the 7th and finished on the 31st. Filming for the finale took place in February and March 2008, and post-production finished in mid-June 2008, only two weeks before the episode aired. To conceal as many plot elements as possible, "The Stolen Earth"'s title was not disclosed until sixteen days before broadcast, preview DVDs omitted the scene where the Doctor regenerates—the last scene is the Doctor being shot by a Dalek—and the episode aired without a preview trailer for "Journey's End".

The episode was reviewed positively by both the audience and professional reviewers. The Audience Appreciation Index score was 91: an unprecedented figure for Doctor Who and one of the highest ratings ever given to a television programme. On its original broadcast, it was viewed by 8.78 million viewers and was the second most-watched programme of the week; at the time of broadcast, it was the highest position Doctor Who had ever reached. Critical reaction was overwhelmingly positive. Nicholas Briggs and Julian Bleach were commended for their portrayal of Dalek Caan and Davros respectively; and most aspects of Davies' writing were applauded. Most notably, the twist ending of the episode was universally appreciated. The shock regeneration created an unprecedented level of public interest in the show, which continued until the transmission of "Journey's End".

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