Joseph D. Taylor

Joseph Danner Taylor (November 7, 1830 – September 19, 1899) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Joseph Danner Taylor
Joseph D. Taylor steel engraving
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 18th district
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893
Preceded byWilliam McKinley
Succeeded byGeorge P. Ikirt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 17th district
In office
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1891
Preceded byAdoniram J. Warner
Succeeded byAlbert J. Pearson
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
Preceded byWilliam McKinley
Succeeded byAdoniram J. Warner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 16th district
In office
January 2, 1883 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byJonathan T. Updegraff
Succeeded byBeriah Wilkins
Personal details
BornNovember 7, 1830
Belmont County, Ohio
DiedSeptember 19, 1899 (aged 68)
Cambridge, Ohio
Resting placeSouth Cemetery, Cambridge, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Elizabeth A. Hill
ResidenceCambridge, Ohio
Alma materMadison College
Cincinnati Law School
OccupationAttorney
Signature
Joseph D. Taylor's signature

Biography

Colonel Joseph Taylor House
Taylor's house in Cambridge, Ohio.

Joseph D. Taylor was born in Goshen Township, in Belmont County, Ohio. Taylor attended public schools in Belmont County and later attended Madison College at Antrim, obtaining a teaching degree.

Taylor taught in Fairview High School from 1854 to 1856, and became principal in 1857. He sought a new revenue for his talents and was accepted at Cincinnati Law School, now known as the University of Cincinnati College of Law, where he obtained his Juris Doctorate in 1860. He was admitted to the bar in 1859.

Taylor was impressed by his time in Guernsey County that he bought property in Cambridge and lived in a simple wood-frame home on Wheeling Avenue. He would later construct his elegant Queen Anne Style home in 1878 on Upland Drive and constructed the Berwick Hotel on the site of the house on Wheeling Avenue. In 1860 he opened his law practice and in 1861 started the Guernsey Times Newspaper. He would remain owner until 1871. Taylor rose in prominence as he made a name for himself in the courts as well as his newspaper articles. Leading up to the Civil War, Taylor ran articles denouncing slavery and called for negotiation to eliminate the practice.

Military service

Joining the Union Army during the Civil War he entered as a captain in the 88th Ohio Infantry. Taylor became a judge advocate from 1863 until 1865, when hostilities between the states ended. Taylor also served as a prosecuting attorney for Guernsey County from 1863 to 1866.

Political service

Taylor soon turned to the public welfare by entering politics. He served as delegate to the National Union Convention in 1866, joined the Cambridge School Board from 1870 to 1877, and even served as a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1876 and 1880.

Taylor was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Jonathan T. Updegraff. During his reelection he was voted into the Forty-eighth Congress and served until 1885, when he lost another reelection bid. This setback did not stop him as he campaigned and won his bid to the Fiftieth, Fifty-first, and Fifty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1887 until March 3, 1893.

Taylor retired from politics but remained an influential force in the development and growth of Guernsey County and Cambridge in particular. He died in Cambridge, Ohio, September 19, 1899 and was interred in the South Cemetery.

References

  • United States Congress. "Joseph D. Taylor (id: T000093)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-10-18

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jonathan T. Updegraff
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 16th congressional district

1883
Succeeded by
Beriah Wilkins
Preceded by
William McKinley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 17th congressional district

1883–1885
Succeeded by
Adoniram J. Warner
Preceded by
Adoniram J. Warner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 17th congressional district

1887–1891
Succeeded by
Albert J. Pearson
Preceded by
William McKinley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 18th congressional district

1891–1893
Succeeded by
George P. Ikirt
1888 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives held in 1888 were held to choose members of the 51st Congress, and were held at the same time as the election of President Benjamin Harrison.

Harrison's Republican Party gained a majority in the House at the expense of the Democratic Party, even though incumbent President Grover Cleveland actually received more votes than Harrison. The issue of tariffs played a key role in this election. The Democrats, with the support of farmers and laborers, wanted to lower tariffs in order to promote free trade, while the Republicans, backed by industry and big business, believed that higher tariffs were necessary to protect American manufacturing. Especially in industrializing regions, voters chose the Republican view on tariffs, as they gave the party a slim majority in the House.

1890 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1890 for members of the 52nd Congress, taking place in the middle of President Benjamin Harrison's term.

A stagnant economy which became worse after the Panic of 1890, combined with a lack of support for then Representative William McKinley's (defeated in the election) steep tariff act, which favored large industries at the expense of consumers, led to a sharp defeat for Harrison's Republican Party, giving a large majority to the Democratic Party and presaging Harrison's defeat in 1892. The Republican-controlled Congress was highly criticized for its lavish spending, and it earned the unflattering nickname of The Billion Dollar Congress. Democrats promised to cut the outlandish budget.

Furthermore, aggressive Republican promotion of controversial English-only education laws enacted by Wisconsin and Illinois in 1889, accompanied by a surge in nativist and anti-Catholic sentiment within the state parties, had greatly hollowed out the party's support base in these former strongholds. A rare multi-confessional alliance of mainly German clergy rallied their flocks in defense of language and faith to the Democratic Party, which tore through incumbent Republican majorities in both states, capturing a total of 11 formerly Republican seats between them alone. Bitterly divisive struggles over temperance laws had also been alienating immigrants from the increasingly prohibitionist Republican Party across the Midwest more broadly. Dramatic losses in the previous year's gubernatorial elections in Iowa and Ohio (which would lose another 14 Republican congressional seats between them during this election) were due in no small part to wet immigrant communities, especially Germans, expressing their resentment toward Republican efforts to ban or otherwise curtail alcohol consumption by throwing their support behind the Democratic candidates.This election also saw the Populist Party, a coalition of farmers and laborers who wanted to overhaul the nation's financial system, make a small mark on Congress.

47th United States Congress

The Forty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1881, to March 4, 1883, during the first and only year of James Garfield's presidency, and the first two years of his successor, Chester Arthur's tenure. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The House had a Republican majority; the Senate was evenly divided.

50th United States Congress

The Fiftieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1887, to March 4, 1889, during the third and fourth years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

52nd United States Congress

The Fifty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1891, to March 4, 1893, during the third and fourth years of Benjamin Harrison's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

88th Ohio Infantry

The 88th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 88th OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was initially known as the "1st Battalion Governor's Guard".

Adoniram J. Warner

Adoniram Judson Warner (January 13, 1834 – August 12, 1910) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Albert J. Pearson

Albert Jackson Pearson (May 20, 1846 – May 15, 1905) was a soldier, attorney, judge, and two-term U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Beriah Wilkins

Beriah Wilkins (July 10, 1846 – June 7, 1905) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Berwick Hotel

The Berwick Hotel is located on the northeast corner of Wheeling Avenue and Sixth Street in Cambridge, Ohio and was built in 1887 for Colonel Joseph D. Taylor in the Second Empire style.

George P. Ikirt

George Pierce Ikirt (November 3, 1852 – February 12, 1927) was a United States Representative from Ohio.

He was born near West Beaver (southeast of Gavers in Wayne Township) in Columbiana County, Ohio. He attended the public schools of New Lisbon, Ohio. He taught school and studied law, but on account of ill health was compelled to abandon both. He later attended Columbus Medical College, moved to Cincinnati, and graduated from the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery in 1877. He practiced for five years. He later went to New York City in 1882 and was graduated from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College in 1883. He then again resumed practice in East Liverpool, Ohio.

Ikirt was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1888 to the Fifty-first Congress. He was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-third Congress (March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895). He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1894.

He resumed the practice of medicine in East Liverpool, Ohio, and died there. He is buried in Riverview Cemetery.

He was married to Mary L. Hasson in 1873. She died in 1876, leaving a son, Frank H. Ikirt. He married Mary E. Holmes in 1880. She had five children.

Jonathan T. Updegraff

Jonathan Taylor Updegraff (May 13, 1822 – November 30, 1882) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Ohio's 16th congressional district

The 16th congressional district of Ohio is represented by Representative Anthony Gonzalez (R). It also includes some rural communities east of Akron, as well as some of the western suburbs of Cleveland.

From 2003 to 2013 the district was based in Stark County and the Canton area and also included Wayne County and most of Medina and Ashland counties.

On November 2, 2010, John Boccieri lost his bid for a second term to Republican Jim Renacci, who was seated in January 2011. In January 2018, Renacci announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate. Anthony Gonzalez was elected on November 6th to succeed him.

Ohio's 17th congressional district

The 17th congressional district of Ohio is an obsolete congressional district last represented by Representative Tim Ryan.

This district became obsolete for the 113th Congress in 2013 as congressional district lines were redrawn to accommodate the loss of the seat as a result of the 2010 Census. Most of the territory within the current 17th district has been merged into the Akron-based 13th district.

Ohio's 18th congressional district

The 18th congressional district of Ohio is an obsolete congressional district last represented by Republican Bob Gibbs. The district voted for the majority party in the House of Representatives in every election since 1954.After the 2010 census, Ohio lost two congressional seats, and the 18th district became obsolete after the 2012 elections. The territory of the 18th district was divided and placed into several other Ohio districts. A large portion of this district, including Congressman Gibbs' home in Holmes County, became part of the new 7th district in 2013.

United States House Committee on Alcoholic Liquor Traffic

The Committee on Alcoholic Liquor Traffic was a standing committee of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1893 to 1927. It was preceded by a select committee formed in 1879 during the 46th Congress.

United States congressional delegations from Ohio

These are tables of congressional delegations from Ohio to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

William McKinley

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver (effectively, expansionary monetary policy).

McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier, beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, Ohio, where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In 1876, he was elected to Congress, where he became the Republican Party's expert on the protective tariff, which he promised would bring prosperity. His 1890 McKinley Tariff was highly controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and 1893, steering a moderate course between capital and labor interests. With the aid of his close adviser Mark Hanna, he secured the Republican nomination for president in 1896 amid a deep economic depression. He defeated his Democratic rival William Jennings Bryan after a front porch campaign in which he advocated "sound money" (the gold standard unless altered by international agreement) and promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity.

Rapid economic growth marked McKinley's presidency. He promoted the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition and in 1900 secured the passage of the Gold Standard Act. McKinley hoped to persuade Spain to grant independence to rebellious Cuba without conflict, but when negotiation failed he led the nation into the Spanish–American War of 1898—the United States victory was quick and decisive. As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army. The United States annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898 and it became a United States territory.

Historians regard McKinley's 1896 victory as a realigning election in which the political stalemate of the post-Civil War era gave way to the Republican-dominated Fourth Party System, which began with the Progressive Era. McKinley defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election in a campaign focused on imperialism, protectionism and free silver. His legacy was suddenly cut short when he was shot on September 6, 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a second-generation Polish-American with anarchist leanings. McKinley died eight days later and was succeeded by his Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. As an innovator of American interventionism and pro-business sentiment, McKinley's presidency is generally considered above average, though his highly positive public perception was soon overshadowed by Roosevelt.

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